Merge branch 'kd/t0028-octal-del-is-377-not-777'
authorJunio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
Thu, 14 Feb 2019 02:18:42 +0000 (18:18 -0800)
committerJunio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
Thu, 14 Feb 2019 02:18:42 +0000 (18:18 -0800)
Test fix.

* kd/t0028-octal-del-is-377-not-777:
  t0028: fix wrong octal values for BOM in setup

1225 files changed:
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trailer.c
trailer.h
transport-helper.c
transport-internal.h
transport.c
transport.h
tree-diff.c
tree-walk.c
tree-walk.h
tree.c
tree.h
unicode-width.h
unpack-trees.c
unpack-trees.h
upload-pack.c
url.c
url.h
urlmatch.h
userdiff.c
userdiff.h
utf8.c
utf8.h
vcs-svn/fast_export.h
vcs-svn/line_buffer.h
vcs-svn/sliding_window.h
vcs-svn/svndiff.h
vcs-svn/svndump.h
walker.c
wildmatch.c
wildmatch.h
worktree.c
worktree.h
wrapper.c
ws.c
wt-status.c
wt-status.h
xdiff-interface.c
xdiff-interface.h
xdiff/xdiff.h
xdiff/xdiffi.c
xdiff/xhistogram.c
xdiff/xutils.c

index 12a89f9..de1c8b5 100644 (file)
@@ -6,6 +6,8 @@
 
 # Use tabs whenever we need to fill whitespace that spans at least from one tab
 # stop to the next one.
+#
+# These settings are mirrored in .editorconfig.  Keep them in sync.
 UseTab: Always
 TabWidth: 8
 IndentWidth: 8
diff --git a/.editorconfig b/.editorconfig
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..42cdc4b
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,16 @@
+[*]
+charset = utf-8
+insert_final_newline = true
+
+# The settings for C (*.c and *.h) files are mirrored in .clang-format.  Keep
+# them in sync.
+[*.{c,h,sh,perl,pl,pm}]
+indent_style = tab
+tab_width = 8
+
+[*.py]
+indent_style = space
+indent_size = 4
+
+[COMMIT_EDITMSG]
+max_line_length = 72
index 1bdc91e..9fa72ad 100644 (file)
@@ -5,7 +5,12 @@
 *.pl eof=lf diff=perl
 *.pm eol=lf diff=perl
 *.py eol=lf diff=python
-/Documentation/git-*.txt eol=lf
+/Documentation/**/*.txt eol=lf
 /command-list.txt eol=lf
 /GIT-VERSION-GEN eol=lf
 /mergetools/* eol=lf
+/t/oid-info/* eol=lf
+/Documentation/git-merge.txt conflict-marker-size=32
+/Documentation/gitk.txt conflict-marker-size=32
+/Documentation/user-manual.txt conflict-marker-size=32
+/t/t????-*.sh conflict-marker-size=32
index 388cc4b..7374587 100644 (file)
@@ -1,3 +1,7 @@
+/fuzz-commit-graph
+/fuzz_corpora
+/fuzz-pack-headers
+/fuzz-pack-idx
 /GIT-BUILD-OPTIONS
 /GIT-CFLAGS
 /GIT-LDFLAGS
@@ -78,6 +82,7 @@
 /git-init-db
 /git-interpret-trailers
 /git-instaweb
+/git-legacy-rebase
 /git-log
 /git-ls-files
 /git-ls-remote
 /git-mergetool--lib
 /git-mktag
 /git-mktree
-/git-name-rev
+/git-multi-pack-index
 /git-mv
+/git-name-rev
 /git-notes
 /git-p4
 /git-pack-redundant
 /git-pull
 /git-push
 /git-quiltimport
+/git-range-diff
 /git-read-tree
 /git-rebase
 /git-rebase--am
-/git-rebase--helper
+/git-rebase--common
 /git-rebase--interactive
-/git-rebase--merge
+/git-rebase--preserve-merges
 /git-receive-pack
 /git-reflog
 /git-remote
 /config.mak.autogen
 /config.mak.append
 /configure
+/.vscode/
 /tags
 /TAGS
 /cscope*
 *.pdb
 /Debug/
 /Release/
+*.dSYM
index df7cf63..82cd056 100644 (file)
--- a/.mailmap
+++ b/.mailmap
@@ -21,25 +21,33 @@ Anders Kaseorg <andersk@MIT.EDU> <andersk@mit.edu>
 Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@gmail.com>
 Amos Waterland <apw@debian.org> <apw@rossby.metr.ou.edu>
 Amos Waterland <apw@debian.org> <apw@us.ibm.com>
+Ben Peart <benpeart@microsoft.com> <Ben.Peart@microsoft.com>
+Ben Peart <benpeart@microsoft.com> <peartben@gmail.com>
 Ben Walton <bdwalton@gmail.com> <bwalton@artsci.utoronto.ca>
 Benoit Sigoure <tsunanet@gmail.com> <tsuna@lrde.epita.fr>
 Bernt Hansen <bernt@norang.ca> <bernt@alumni.uwaterloo.ca>
 Brandon Casey <drafnel@gmail.com> <casey@nrlssc.navy.mil>
-brian m. carlson <sandals@crustytoothpaste.net> Brian M. Carlson <sandals@crustytoothpaste.ath.cx>
+Brandon Williams <bwilliams.eng@gmail.com> <bmwill@google.com>
+brian m. carlson <sandals@crustytoothpaste.net>
 brian m. carlson <sandals@crustytoothpaste.net> <sandals@crustytoothpaste.ath.cx>
 Bryan Larsen <bryan@larsen.st> <bryan.larsen@gmail.com>
 Bryan Larsen <bryan@larsen.st> <bryanlarsen@yahoo.com>
 Cheng Renquan <crquan@gmail.com>
 Chris Shoemaker <c.shoemaker@cox.net>
 Chris Wright <chrisw@sous-sol.org> <chrisw@osdl.org>
+Christian Ludwig <chrissicool@gmail.com> <chrissicool@googlemail.com>
 Cord Seele <cowose@gmail.com> <cowose@googlemail.com>
 Christian Couder <chriscool@tuxfamily.org> <christian.couder@gmail.com>
 Christian Stimming <stimming@tuhh.de> <chs@ckiste.goetheallee>
+Christopher Díaz Riveros <chrisadr@gentoo.org> Christopher Diaz Riveros
+Clemens Buchacher <drizzd@gmx.net> <drizzd@aon.at>
+Clemens Buchacher <drizzd@gmx.net> <clemens.buchacher@intel.com>
 Csaba Henk <csaba@gluster.com> <csaba@lowlife.hu>
 Dan Johnson <computerdruid@gmail.com>
 Dana L. How <danahow@gmail.com> <how@deathvalley.cswitch.com>
 Dana L. How <danahow@gmail.com> Dana How
 Daniel Barkalow <barkalow@iabervon.org>
+Daniel Knittl-Frank <knittl89@googlemail.com> knittl
 Daniel Trstenjak <daniel.trstenjak@gmail.com> <daniel.trstenjak@online.de>
 Daniel Trstenjak <daniel.trstenjak@gmail.com> <trsten@science-computing.de>
 David Brown <git@davidb.org> <davidb@quicinc.com>
@@ -49,6 +57,7 @@ David Reiss <dreiss@facebook.com> <dreiss@dreiss-vmware.(none)>
 David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
 David Turner <novalis@novalis.org> <dturner@twopensource.com>
 David Turner <novalis@novalis.org> <dturner@twosigma.com>
+Derrick Stolee <dstolee@microsoft.com> <stolee@gmail.com>
 Deskin Miller <deskinm@umich.edu>
 Dirk Süsserott <newsletter@dirk.my1.cc>
 Eric Blake <eblake@redhat.com> <ebb9@byu.net>
@@ -57,6 +66,7 @@ Eric S. Raymond <esr@thyrsus.com>
 Eric Wong <e@80x24.org> <normalperson@yhbt.net>
 Erik Faye-Lund <kusmabite@gmail.com> <kusmabite@googlemail.com>
 Eyvind Bernhardsen <eyvind.bernhardsen@gmail.com> <eyvind-git@orakel.ntnu.no>
+Fangyi Zhou <fangyi.zhou@yuriko.moe> Zhou Fangyi
 Florian Achleitner <florian.achleitner.2.6.31@gmail.com> <florian.achleitner2.6.31@gmail.com>
 Franck Bui-Huu <vagabon.xyz@gmail.com> <fbuihuu@gmail.com>
 Frank Lichtenheld <frank@lichtenheld.de> <djpig@debian.org>
@@ -86,6 +96,8 @@ Jason McMullan <mcmullan@netapp.com>
 Jason Riedy <ejr@eecs.berkeley.edu> <ejr@EECS.Berkeley.EDU>
 Jason Riedy <ejr@eecs.berkeley.edu> <ejr@cs.berkeley.edu>
 Jay Soffian <jaysoffian@gmail.com> <jaysoffian+git@gmail.com>
+Jean-Noël Avila <jn.avila@free.fr> Jean-Noel Avila
+Jean-Noël Avila <jn.avila@free.fr> Jean-Noël AVILA
 Jeff King <peff@peff.net> <peff@github.com>
 Jeff Muizelaar <jmuizelaar@mozilla.com> <jeff@infidigm.net>
 Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> <axboe@suse.de>
@@ -93,6 +105,7 @@ Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
 Jens Lindström <jl@opera.com> Jens Lindstrom <jl@opera.com>
 Jim Meyering <jim@meyering.net> <meyering@redhat.com>
 Joachim Berdal Haga <cjhaga@fys.uio.no>
+Joachim Jablon <joachim.jablon@people-doc.com> <ewjoachim@gmail.com>
 Johannes Schindelin <Johannes.Schindelin@gmx.de> <johannes.schindelin@gmx.de>
 Johannes Sixt <j6t@kdbg.org> <J.Sixt@eudaptics.com>
 Johannes Sixt <j6t@kdbg.org> <j.sixt@viscovery.net>
@@ -145,12 +158,15 @@ Mark Levedahl <mdl123@verizon.net> <mlevedahl@gmail.com>
 Mark Rada <marada@uwaterloo.ca>
 Martin Langhoff <martin@laptop.org> <martin@catalyst.net.nz>
 Martin von Zweigbergk <martinvonz@gmail.com> <martin.von.zweigbergk@gmail.com>
+Masaya Suzuki <masayasuzuki@google.com> <draftcode@gmail.com>
 Matt Draisey <matt@draisey.ca> <mattdraisey@sympatico.ca>
 Matt Kraai <kraai@ftbfs.org> <matt.kraai@amo.abbott.com>
 Matt McCutchen <matt@mattmccutchen.net> <hashproduct@gmail.com>
 Matthias Kestenholz <matthias@spinlock.ch> <mk@spinlock.ch>
+Matthias Rüster <matthias.ruester@gmail.com> Matthias Ruester
 Matthias Urlichs <matthias@urlichs.de> <smurf@kiste.(none)>
 Matthias Urlichs <matthias@urlichs.de> <smurf@smurf.noris.de>
+Matthieu Moy <git@matthieu-moy.fr> <Matthieu.Moy@imag.fr>
 Michael Coleman <tutufan@gmail.com>
 Michael J Gruber <git@grubix.eu> <michaeljgruber+gmane@fastmail.fm>
 Michael J Gruber <git@grubix.eu> <git@drmicha.warpmail.net>
@@ -174,7 +190,11 @@ Nick Stokoe <nick@noodlefactory.co.uk> Nick Woolley <nick@noodlefactory.co.uk>
 Nick Stokoe <nick@noodlefactory.co.uk> Nick Woolley <nickwoolley@yahoo.co.uk>
 Nicolas Morey-Chaisemartin <devel-git@morey-chaisemartin.com> <nicolas.morey@free.fr>
 Nicolas Morey-Chaisemartin <devel-git@morey-chaisemartin.com> <nmorey@kalray.eu>
+Nicolas Morey-Chaisemartin <devel-git@morey-chaisemartin.com> <nicolas@morey-chaisemartin.com>
+Nicolas Morey-Chaisemartin <devel-git@morey-chaisemartin.com> <NMoreyChaisemartin@suse.com>
+Nicolas Morey-Chaisemartin <devel-git@morey-chaisemartin.com> <nmoreychaisemartin@suse.com>
 Nicolas Sebrecht <nicolas.s.dev@gmx.fr> <ni.s@laposte.net>
+Orgad Shaneh <orgads@gmail.com> <orgad.shaneh@audiocodes.com>
 Paolo Bonzini <bonzini@gnu.org> <paolo.bonzini@lu.unisi.ch>
 Pascal Obry <pascal@obry.net> <pascal.obry@gmail.com>
 Pascal Obry <pascal@obry.net> <pascal.obry@wanadoo.fr>
@@ -194,6 +214,7 @@ Philipp A. Hartmann <pah@qo.cx> <ph@sorgh.de>
 Philippe Bruhat <book@cpan.org>
 Ralf Thielow <ralf.thielow@gmail.com> <ralf.thielow@googlemail.com>
 Ramsay Jones <ramsay@ramsayjones.plus.com> <ramsay@ramsay1.demon.co.uk>
+Randall S. Becker <randall.becker@nexbridge.ca> <rsbecker@nexbridge.com>
 René Scharfe <l.s.r@web.de> <rene.scharfe@lsrfire.ath.cx>
 René Scharfe <l.s.r@web.de> Rene Scharfe
 Richard Hansen <rhansen@rhansen.org> <hansenr@google.com>
@@ -213,6 +234,8 @@ Sean Estabrooks <seanlkml@sympatico.ca>
 Sebastian Schuberth <sschuberth@gmail.com> <sschuberth@visageimaging.com>
 Seth Falcon <seth@userprimary.net> <sfalcon@fhcrc.org>
 Shawn O. Pearce <spearce@spearce.org>
+Wei Shuyu <wsy@dogben.com> Shuyu Wei
+Sidhant Sharma <tigerkid001@gmail.com> Sidhant Sharma [:tk]
 Simon Hausmann <hausmann@kde.org> <simon@lst.de>
 Simon Hausmann <hausmann@kde.org> <shausman@trolltech.com>
 Stefan Beller <stefanbeller@gmail.com> <stefanbeller@googlemail.com>
@@ -230,6 +253,7 @@ Steven Walter <stevenrwalter@gmail.com> <swalter@lpdev.prtdev.lexmark.com>
 Sven Verdoolaege <skimo@kotnet.org> <Sven.Verdoolaege@cs.kuleuven.ac.be>
 Sven Verdoolaege <skimo@kotnet.org> <skimo@liacs.nl>
 SZEDER Gábor <szeder.dev@gmail.com> <szeder@ira.uka.de>
+Tao Qingyun <taoqy@ls-a.me> <845767657@qq.com>
 Tay Ray Chuan <rctay89@gmail.com>
 Ted Percival <ted@midg3t.net> <ted.percival@quest.com>
 Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
@@ -253,7 +277,8 @@ Uwe Kleine-König <u.kleine-koenig@pengutronix.de> <ukleinek@informatik.uni-frei
 Uwe Kleine-König <u.kleine-koenig@pengutronix.de> <uzeisberger@io.fsforth.de>
 Uwe Kleine-König <u.kleine-koenig@pengutronix.de> <zeisberg@informatik.uni-freiburg.de>
 Ville Skyttä <ville.skytta@iki.fi> <scop@xemacs.org>
-Vitaly "_Vi" Shukela <public_vi@tut.by>
+Vitaly "_Vi" Shukela <vi0oss@gmail.com> <public_vi@tut.by>
+Vitaly "_Vi" Shukela <vi0oss@gmail.com> Vitaly _Vi Shukela
 W. Trevor King <wking@tremily.us> <wking@drexel.edu>
 William Pursell <bill.pursell@gmail.com>
 YONETANI Tomokazu <y0n3t4n1@gmail.com> <qhwt+git@les.ath.cx>
index 4d4e26c..36cbdea 100644 (file)
@@ -1,7 +1,5 @@
 language: c
 
-sudo: false
-
 cache:
   directories:
     - $HOME/travis-cache
@@ -10,23 +8,15 @@ os:
   - linux
   - osx
 
+osx_image: xcode10.1
+
 compiler:
   - clang
   - gcc
 
-addons:
-  apt:
-    sources:
-    - ubuntu-toolchain-r-test
-    packages:
-    - language-pack-is
-    - git-svn
-    - apache2
-    - gcc-8
-
 matrix:
   include:
-    - env: jobname=GETTEXT_POISON
+    - env: jobname=GIT_TEST_GETTEXT_POISON
       os: linux
       compiler:
       addons:
@@ -52,22 +42,11 @@ matrix:
     - env: jobname=StaticAnalysis
       os: linux
       compiler:
-      addons:
-        apt:
-          packages:
-          - coccinelle
-      before_install:
       script: ci/run-static-analysis.sh
       after_failure:
     - env: jobname=Documentation
       os: linux
       compiler:
-      addons:
-        apt:
-          packages:
-          - asciidoc
-          - xmlto
-      before_install:
       script: ci/test-documentation.sh
       after_failure:
 
index c7096f1..3ef54e0 100644 (file)
@@ -12,3 +12,4 @@ cmds-*.txt
 mergetools-*.txt
 manpage-base-url.xsl
 SubmittingPatches.txt
+tmp-doc-diff/
index 48aa4ed..8579530 100644 (file)
@@ -118,6 +118,24 @@ For shell scripts specifically (not exhaustive):
                do this
        fi
 
+ - If a command sequence joined with && or || or | spans multiple
+   lines, put each command on a separate line and put && and || and |
+   operators at the end of each line, rather than the start. This
+   means you don't need to use \ to join lines, since the above
+   operators imply the sequence isn't finished.
+
+       (incorrect)
+       grep blob verify_pack_result \
+       | awk -f print_1.awk \
+       | sort >actual &&
+       ...
+
+       (correct)
+       grep blob verify_pack_result |
+       awk -f print_1.awk |
+       sort >actual &&
+       ...
+
  - We prefer "test" over "[ ... ]".
 
  - We do not write the noiseword "function" in front of shell
@@ -358,7 +376,10 @@ For C programs:
    string_list for sorted string lists, a hash map (mapping struct
    objects) named "struct decorate", amongst other things.
 
- - When you come up with an API, document it.
+ - When you come up with an API, document its functions and structures
+   in the header file that exposes the API to its callers. Use what is
+   in "strbuf.h" as a model for the appropriate tone and level of
+   detail.
 
  - The first #include in C files, except in platform specific compat/
    implementations, must be either "git-compat-util.h", "cache.h" or
index d079d7c..26a2342 100644 (file)
@@ -36,14 +36,19 @@ MAN7_TXT += gittutorial-2.txt
 MAN7_TXT += gittutorial.txt
 MAN7_TXT += gitworkflows.txt
 
+ifdef MAN_FILTER
+MAN_TXT = $(filter $(MAN_FILTER),$(MAN1_TXT) $(MAN5_TXT) $(MAN7_TXT))
+else
 MAN_TXT = $(MAN1_TXT) $(MAN5_TXT) $(MAN7_TXT)
+MAN_FILTER = $(MAN_TXT)
+endif
+
 MAN_XML = $(patsubst %.txt,%.xml,$(MAN_TXT))
 MAN_HTML = $(patsubst %.txt,%.html,$(MAN_TXT))
 GIT_MAN_REF = master
 
 OBSOLETE_HTML += everyday.html
 OBSOLETE_HTML += git-remote-helpers.html
-DOC_HTML = $(MAN_HTML) $(OBSOLETE_HTML)
 
 ARTICLES += howto-index
 ARTICLES += git-tools
@@ -73,9 +78,11 @@ TECH_DOCS += technical/hash-function-transition
 TECH_DOCS += technical/http-protocol
 TECH_DOCS += technical/index-format
 TECH_DOCS += technical/long-running-process-protocol
+TECH_DOCS += technical/multi-pack-index
 TECH_DOCS += technical/pack-format
 TECH_DOCS += technical/pack-heuristics
 TECH_DOCS += technical/pack-protocol
+TECH_DOCS += technical/partial-clone
 TECH_DOCS += technical/protocol-capabilities
 TECH_DOCS += technical/protocol-common
 TECH_DOCS += technical/protocol-v2
@@ -87,11 +94,13 @@ TECH_DOCS += technical/trivial-merge
 SP_ARTICLES += $(TECH_DOCS)
 SP_ARTICLES += technical/api-index
 
-DOC_HTML += $(patsubst %,%.html,$(ARTICLES) $(SP_ARTICLES))
+ARTICLES_HTML += $(patsubst %,%.html,$(ARTICLES) $(SP_ARTICLES))
+HTML_FILTER ?= $(ARTICLES_HTML) $(OBSOLETE_HTML)
+DOC_HTML = $(MAN_HTML) $(filter $(HTML_FILTER),$(ARTICLES_HTML) $(OBSOLETE_HTML))
 
-DOC_MAN1 = $(patsubst %.txt,%.1,$(MAN1_TXT))
-DOC_MAN5 = $(patsubst %.txt,%.5,$(MAN5_TXT))
-DOC_MAN7 = $(patsubst %.txt,%.7,$(MAN7_TXT))
+DOC_MAN1 = $(patsubst %.txt,%.1,$(filter $(MAN_FILTER),$(MAN1_TXT)))
+DOC_MAN5 = $(patsubst %.txt,%.5,$(filter $(MAN_FILTER),$(MAN5_TXT)))
+DOC_MAN7 = $(patsubst %.txt,%.7,$(filter $(MAN_FILTER),$(MAN7_TXT)))
 
 prefix ?= $(HOME)
 bindir ?= $(prefix)/bin
@@ -284,7 +293,7 @@ docdep_prereqs = \
        mergetools-list.made $(mergetools_txt) \
        cmd-list.made $(cmds_txt)
 
-doc.dep : $(docdep_prereqs) $(wildcard *.txt) build-docdep.perl
+doc.dep : $(docdep_prereqs) $(wildcard *.txt) $(wildcard config/*.txt) build-docdep.perl
        $(QUIET_GEN)$(RM) $@+ $@ && \
        $(PERL_PATH) ./build-docdep.perl >$@+ $(QUIET_STDERR) && \
        mv $@+ $@
@@ -343,7 +352,7 @@ $(OBSOLETE_HTML): %.html : %.txto asciidoc.conf
        mv $@+ $@
 
 manpage-base-url.xsl: manpage-base-url.xsl.in
-       sed "s|@@MAN_BASE_URL@@|$(MAN_BASE_URL)|" $< > $@
+       $(QUIET_GEN)sed "s|@@MAN_BASE_URL@@|$(MAN_BASE_URL)|" $< > $@
 
 %.1 %.5 %.7 : %.xml manpage-base-url.xsl
        $(QUIET_XMLTO)$(RM) $@ && \
@@ -455,4 +464,9 @@ print-man1:
 lint-docs::
        $(QUIET_LINT)$(PERL_PATH) lint-gitlink.perl
 
+ifeq ($(wildcard po/Makefile),po/Makefile)
+doc-l10n install-l10n::
+       $(MAKE) -C po $@
+endif
+
 .PHONY: FORCE
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.19.0.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.19.0.txt
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..a06ccf6
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,615 @@
+Git 2.19 Release Notes
+======================
+
+Updates since v2.18
+-------------------
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * "git diff" compares the index and the working tree.  For paths
+   added with intent-to-add bit, the command shows the full contents
+   of them as added, but the paths themselves were not marked as new
+   files.  They are now shown as new by default.
+
+   "git apply" learned the "--intent-to-add" option so that an
+   otherwise working-tree-only application of a patch will add new
+   paths to the index marked with the "intent-to-add" bit.
+
+ * "git grep" learned the "--column" option that gives not just the
+   line number but the column number of the hit.
+
+ * The "-l" option in "git branch -l" is an unfortunate short-hand for
+   "--create-reflog", but many users, both old and new, somehow expect
+   it to be something else, perhaps "--list".  This step warns when "-l"
+   is used as a short-hand for "--create-reflog" and warns about the
+   future repurposing of the it when it is used.
+
+ * The userdiff pattern for .php has been updated.
+
+ * The content-transfer-encoding of the message "git send-email" sends
+   out by default was 8bit, which can cause trouble when there is an
+   overlong line to bust RFC 5322/2822 limit.  A new option 'auto' to
+   automatically switch to quoted-printable when there is such a line
+   in the payload has been introduced and is made the default.
+
+ * "git checkout" and "git worktree add" learned to honor
+   checkout.defaultRemote when auto-vivifying a local branch out of a
+   remote tracking branch in a repository with multiple remotes that
+   have tracking branches that share the same names.
+   (merge 8d7b558bae ab/checkout-default-remote later to maint).
+
+ * "git grep" learned the "--only-matching" option.
+
+ * "git rebase --rebase-merges" mode now handles octopus merges as
+   well.
+
+ * Add a server-side knob to skip commits in exponential/fibbonacci
+   stride in an attempt to cover wider swath of history with a smaller
+   number of iterations, potentially accepting a larger packfile
+   transfer, instead of going back one commit a time during common
+   ancestor discovery during the "git fetch" transaction.
+   (merge 42cc7485a2 jt/fetch-negotiator-skipping later to maint).
+
+ * A new configuration variable core.usereplacerefs has been added,
+   primarily to help server installations that want to ignore the
+   replace mechanism altogether.
+
+ * Teach "git tag -s" etc. a few configuration variables (gpg.format
+   that can be set to "openpgp" or "x509", and gpg.<format>.program
+   that is used to specify what program to use to deal with the format)
+   to allow x.509 certs with CMS via "gpgsm" to be used instead of
+   openpgp via "gnupg".
+
+ * Many more strings are prepared for l10n.
+
+ * "git p4 submit" learns to ask its own pre-submit hook if it should
+   continue with submitting.
+
+ * The test performed at the receiving end of "git push" to prevent
+   bad objects from entering repository can be customized via
+   receive.fsck.* configuration variables; we now have gained a
+   counterpart to do the same on the "git fetch" side, with
+   fetch.fsck.* configuration variables.
+
+ * "git pull --rebase=interactive" learned "i" as a short-hand for
+   "interactive".
+
+ * "git instaweb" has been adjusted to run better with newer Apache on
+   RedHat based distros.
+
+ * "git range-diff" is a reimplementation of "git tbdiff" that lets us
+   compare individual patches in two iterations of a topic.
+
+ * The sideband code learned to optionally paint selected keywords at
+   the beginning of incoming lines on the receiving end.
+
+ * "git branch --list" learned to take the default sort order from the
+   'branch.sort' configuration variable, just like "git tag --list"
+   pays attention to 'tag.sort'.
+
+ * "git worktree" command learned "--quiet" option to make it less
+   verbose.
+
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, Development Support etc.
+
+ * The bulk of "git submodule foreach" has been rewritten in C.
+
+ * The in-core "commit" object had an all-purpose "void *util" field,
+   which was tricky to use especially in library-ish part of the
+   code.  All of the existing uses of the field has been migrated to a
+   more dedicated "commit-slab" mechanism and the field is eliminated.
+
+ * A less often used command "git show-index" has been modernized.
+   (merge fb3010c31f jk/show-index later to maint).
+
+ * The conversion to pass "the_repository" and then "a_repository"
+   throughout the object access API continues.
+
+ * Continuing with the idea to programatically enumerate various
+   pieces of data required for command line completion, teach the
+   codebase to report the list of configuration variables
+   subcommands care about to help complete them.
+
+ * Separate "rebase -p" codepath out of "rebase -i" implementation to
+   slim down the latter and make it easier to manage.
+
+ * Make refspec parsing codepath more robust.
+
+ * Some flaky tests have been fixed.
+
+ * Continuing with the idea to programmatically enumerate various
+   pieces of data required for command line completion, the codebase
+   has been taught to enumerate options prefixed with "--no-" to
+   negate them.
+
+ * Build and test procedure for netrc credential helper (in contrib/)
+   has been updated.
+
+ * Remove unused function definitions and declarations from ewah
+   bitmap subsystem.
+
+ * Code preparation to make "git p4" closer to be usable with Python 3.
+
+ * Tighten the API to make it harder to misuse in-tree .gitmodules
+   file, even though it shares the same syntax with configuration
+   files, to read random configuration items from it.
+
+ * "git fast-import" has been updated to avoid attempting to create
+   delta against a zero-byte-long string, which is pointless.
+
+ * The codebase has been updated to compile cleanly with -pedantic
+   option.
+   (merge 2b647a05d7 bb/pedantic later to maint).
+
+ * The character display width table has been updated to match the
+   latest Unicode standard.
+   (merge 570951eea2 bb/unicode-11-width later to maint).
+
+ * test-lint now looks for broken use of "VAR=VAL shell_func" in test
+   scripts.
+
+ * Conversion from uchar[40] to struct object_id continues.
+
+ * Recent "security fix" to pay attention to contents of ".gitmodules"
+   while accepting "git push" was a bit overly strict than necessary,
+   which has been adjusted.
+
+ * "git fsck" learns to make sure the optional commit-graph file is in
+   a sane state.
+
+ * "git diff --color-moved" feature has further been tweaked.
+
+ * Code restructuring and a small fix to transport protocol v2 during
+   fetching.
+
+ * Parsing of -L[<N>][,[<M>]] parameters "git blame" and "git log"
+   take has been tweaked.
+
+ * lookup_commit_reference() and friends have been updated to find
+   in-core object for a specific in-core repository instance.
+
+ * Various glitches in the heuristics of merge-recursive strategy have
+   been documented in new tests.
+
+ * "git fetch" learned a new option "--negotiation-tip" to limit the
+   set of commits it tells the other end as "have", to reduce wasted
+   bandwidth and cycles, which would be helpful when the receiving
+   repository has a lot of refs that have little to do with the
+   history at the remote it is fetching from.
+
+ * For a large tree, the index needs to hold many cache entries
+   allocated on heap.  These cache entries are now allocated out of a
+   dedicated memory pool to amortize malloc(3) overhead.
+
+ * Tests to cover various conflicting cases have been added for
+   merge-recursive.
+
+ * Tests to cover conflict cases that involve submodules have been
+   added for merge-recursive.
+
+ * Look for broken "&&" chains that are hidden in subshell, many of
+   which have been found and corrected.
+
+ * The singleton commit-graph in-core instance is made per in-core
+   repository instance.
+
+ * "make DEVELOPER=1 DEVOPTS=pedantic" allows developers to compile
+   with -pedantic option, which may catch more problematic program
+   constructs and potential bugs.
+
+ * Preparatory code to later add json output for telemetry data has
+   been added.
+
+ * Update the way we use Coccinelle to find out-of-style code that
+   need to be modernised.
+
+ * It is too easy to misuse system API functions such as strcat();
+   these selected functions are now forbidden in this codebase and
+   will cause a compilation failure.
+
+ * Add a script (in contrib/) to help users of VSCode work better with
+   our codebase.
+
+ * The Travis CI scripts were taught to ship back the test data from
+   failed tests.
+   (merge aea8879a6a sg/travis-retrieve-trash-upon-failure later to maint).
+
+ * The parse-options machinery learned to refrain from enclosing
+   placeholder string inside a "<bra" and "ket>" pair automatically
+   without PARSE_OPT_LITERAL_ARGHELP.  Existing help text for option
+   arguments that are not formatted correctly have been identified and
+   fixed.
+   (merge 5f0df44cd7 rs/parse-opt-lithelp later to maint).
+
+ * Noiseword "extern" has been removed from function decls in the
+   header files.
+
+ * A few atoms like %(objecttype) and %(objectsize) in the format
+   specifier of "for-each-ref --format=<format>" can be filled without
+   getting the full contents of the object, but just with the object
+   header.  These cases have been optimized by calling
+   oid_object_info() API (instead of reading and inspecting the data).
+
+ * The end result of documentation update has been made to be
+   inspected more easily to help developers.
+
+ * The API to iterate over all objects learned to optionally list
+   objects in the order they appear in packfiles, which helps locality
+   of access if the caller accesses these objects while as objects are
+   enumerated.
+
+ * Improve built-in facility to catch broken &&-chain in the tests.
+
+ * The more library-ish parts of the codebase learned to work on the
+   in-core index-state instance that is passed in by their callers,
+   instead of always working on the singleton "the_index" instance.
+
+ * A test prerequisite defined by various test scripts with slightly
+   different semantics has been consolidated into a single copy and
+   made into a lazily defined one.
+   (merge 6ec633059a wc/make-funnynames-shared-lazy-prereq later to maint).
+
+ * After a partial clone, repeated fetches from promisor remote would
+   have accumulated many packfiles marked with .promisor bit without
+   getting them coalesced into fewer packfiles, hurting performance.
+   "git repack" now learned to repack them.
+
+ * Partially revert the support for multiple hash functions to regain
+   hash comparison performance; we'd think of a way to do this better
+   in the next cycle.
+
+ * "git help --config" (which is used in command line completion)
+   missed the configuration variables not described in the main
+   config.txt file but are described in another file that is included
+   by it, which has been corrected.
+
+ * The test linter code has learned that the end of here-doc mark
+   "EOF" can be quoted in a double-quote pair, not just in a
+   single-quote pair.
+
+
+Fixes since v2.18
+-----------------
+
+ * "git remote update" can take both a single remote nickname and a
+   nickname for remote groups, and the completion script (in contrib/)
+   has been taught about it.
+   (merge 9cd4382ad5 ls/complete-remote-update-names later to maint).
+
+ * "git fetch --shallow-since=<cutoff>" that specifies the cut-off
+   point that is newer than the existing history used to end up
+   grabbing the entire history.  Such a request now errors out.
+   (merge e34de73c56 nd/reject-empty-shallow-request later to maint).
+
+ * Fix for 2.17-era regression around `core.safecrlf`.
+   (merge 6cb09125be as/safecrlf-quiet-fix later to maint).
+
+ * The recent addition of "partial clone" experimental feature kicked
+   in when it shouldn't, namely, when there is no partial-clone filter
+   defined even if extensions.partialclone is set.
+   (merge cac1137dc4 jh/partial-clone later to maint).
+
+ * "git send-pack --signed" (hence "git push --signed" over the http
+   transport) did not read user ident from the config mechanism to
+   determine whom to sign the push certificate as, which has been
+   corrected.
+   (merge d067d98887 ms/send-pack-honor-config later to maint).
+
+ * "git fetch-pack --all" used to unnecessarily fail upon seeing an
+   annotated tag that points at an object other than a commit.
+   (merge c12c9df527 jk/fetch-all-peeled-fix later to maint).
+
+ * When user edits the patch in "git add -p" and the user's editor is
+   set to strip trailing whitespaces indiscriminately, an empty line
+   that is unchanged in the patch would become completely empty
+   (instead of a line with a sole SP on it).  The code introduced in
+   Git 2.17 timeframe failed to parse such a patch, but now it learned
+   to notice the situation and cope with it.
+   (merge f4d35a6b49 pw/add-p-recount later to maint).
+
+ * The code to try seeing if a fetch is necessary in a submodule
+   during a fetch with --recurse-submodules got confused when the path
+   to the submodule was changed in the range of commits in the
+   superproject, sometimes showing "(null)".  This has been corrected.
+
+ * Bugfix for "rebase -i" corner case regression.
+   (merge a9279c6785 pw/rebase-i-keep-reword-after-conflict later to maint).
+
+ * Recently added "--base" option to "git format-patch" command did
+   not correctly generate prereq patch ids.
+   (merge 15b76c1fb3 xy/format-patch-prereq-patch-id-fix later to maint).
+
+ * POSIX portability fix in Makefile to fix a glitch introduced a few
+   releases ago.
+   (merge 6600054e9b dj/runtime-prefix later to maint).
+
+ * "git filter-branch" when used with the "--state-branch" option
+   still attempted to rewrite the commits whose filtered result is
+   known from the previous attempt (which is recorded on the state
+   branch); the command has been corrected not to waste cycles doing
+   so.
+   (merge 709cfe848a mb/filter-branch-optim later to maint).
+
+ * Clarify that setting core.ignoreCase to deviate from reality would
+   not turn a case-incapable filesystem into a case-capable one.
+   (merge 48294b512a ms/core-icase-doc later to maint).
+
+ * "fsck.skipList" did not prevent a blob object listed there from
+   being inspected for is contents (e.g. we recently started to
+   inspect the contents of ".gitmodules" for certain malicious
+   patterns), which has been corrected.
+   (merge fb16287719 rj/submodule-fsck-skip later to maint).
+
+ * "git checkout --recurse-submodules another-branch" did not report
+   in which submodule it failed to update the working tree, which
+   resulted in an unhelpful error message.
+   (merge ba95d4e4bd sb/submodule-move-head-error-msg later to maint).
+
+ * "git rebase" behaved slightly differently depending on which one of
+   the three backends gets used; this has been documented and an
+   effort to make them more uniform has begun.
+   (merge b00bf1c9a8 en/rebase-consistency later to maint).
+
+ * The "--ignore-case" option of "git for-each-ref" (and its friends)
+   did not work correctly, which has been fixed.
+   (merge e674eb2528 jk/for-each-ref-icase later to maint).
+
+ * "git fetch" failed to correctly validate the set of objects it
+   received when making a shallow history deeper, which has been
+   corrected.
+   (merge cf1e7c0770 jt/connectivity-check-after-unshallow later to maint).
+
+ * Partial clone support of "git clone" has been updated to correctly
+   validate the objects it receives from the other side.  The server
+   side has been corrected to send objects that are directly
+   requested, even if they may match the filtering criteria (e.g. when
+   doing a "lazy blob" partial clone).
+   (merge a7e67c11b8 jt/partial-clone-fsck-connectivity later to maint).
+
+ * Handling of an empty range by "git cherry-pick" was inconsistent
+   depending on how the range ended up to be empty, which has been
+   corrected.
+   (merge c5e358d073 jk/empty-pick-fix later to maint).
+
+ * "git reset --merge" (hence "git merge ---abort") and "git reset --hard"
+   had trouble working correctly in a sparsely checked out working
+   tree after a conflict, which has been corrected.
+   (merge b33fdfc34c mk/merge-in-sparse-checkout later to maint).
+
+ * Correct a broken use of "VAR=VAL shell_func" in a test.
+   (merge 650161a277 jc/t3404-one-shot-export-fix later to maint).
+
+ * "git rev-parse ':/substring'" did not consider the history leading
+   only to HEAD when looking for a commit with the given substring,
+   when the HEAD is detached.  This has been fixed.
+   (merge 6b3351e799 wc/find-commit-with-pattern-on-detached-head later to maint).
+
+ * Build doc update for Windows.
+   (merge ede8d89bb1 nd/command-list later to maint).
+
+ * core.commentchar is now honored when preparing the list of commits
+   to replay in "rebase -i".
+
+ * "git pull --rebase" on a corrupt HEAD caused a segfault.  In
+   general we substitute an empty tree object when running the in-core
+   equivalent of the diff-index command, and the codepath has been
+   corrected to do so as well to fix this issue.
+   (merge 3506dc9445 jk/has-uncommitted-changes-fix later to maint).
+
+ * httpd tests saw occasional breakage due to the way its access log
+   gets inspected by the tests, which has been updated to make them
+   less flaky.
+   (merge e8b3b2e275 sg/httpd-test-unflake later to maint).
+
+ * Tests to cover more D/F conflict cases have been added for
+   merge-recursive.
+
+ * "git gc --auto" opens file descriptors for the packfiles before
+   spawning "git repack/prune", which would upset Windows that does
+   not want a process to work on a file that is open by another
+   process.  The issue has been worked around.
+   (merge 12e73a3ce4 kg/gc-auto-windows-workaround later to maint).
+
+ * The recursive merge strategy did not properly ensure there was no
+   change between HEAD and the index before performing its operation,
+   which has been corrected.
+   (merge 55f39cf755 en/dirty-merge-fixes later to maint).
+
+ * "git rebase" started exporting GIT_DIR environment variable and
+   exposing it to hook scripts when part of it got rewritten in C.
+   Instead of matching the old scripted Porcelains' behaviour,
+   compensate by also exporting GIT_WORK_TREE environment as well to
+   lessen the damage.  This can harm existing hooks that want to
+   operate on different repository, but the current behaviour is
+   already broken for them anyway.
+   (merge ab5e67d751 bc/sequencer-export-work-tree-as-well later to maint).
+
+ * "git send-email" when using in a batched mode that limits the
+   number of messages sent in a single SMTP session lost the contents
+   of the variable used to choose between tls/ssl, unable to send the
+   second and later batches, which has been fixed.
+   (merge 636f3d7ac5 jm/send-email-tls-auth-on-batch later to maint).
+
+ * The lazy clone support had a few places where missing but promised
+   objects were not correctly tolerated, which have been fixed.
+
+ * One of the "diff --color-moved" mode "dimmed_zebra" that was named
+   in an unusual way has been deprecated and replaced by
+   "dimmed-zebra".
+   (merge e3f2f5f9cd es/diff-color-moved-fix later to maint).
+
+ * The wire-protocol v2 relies on the client to send "ref prefixes" to
+   limit the bandwidth spent on the initial ref advertisement.  "git
+   clone" when learned to speak v2 forgot to do so, which has been
+   corrected.
+   (merge 402c47d939 bw/clone-ref-prefixes later to maint).
+
+ * "git diff --histogram" had a bad memory usage pattern, which has
+   been rearranged to reduce the peak usage.
+   (merge 79cb2ebb92 sb/histogram-less-memory later to maint).
+
+ * Code clean-up to use size_t/ssize_t when they are the right type.
+   (merge 7726d360b5 jk/size-t later to maint).
+
+ * The wire-protocol v2 relies on the client to send "ref prefixes" to
+   limit the bandwidth spent on the initial ref advertisement.  "git
+   fetch $remote branch:branch" that asks tags that point into the
+   history leading to the "branch" automatically followed sent to
+   narrow prefix and broke the tag following, which has been fixed.
+   (merge 2b554353a5 jt/tag-following-with-proto-v2-fix later to maint).
+
+ * When the sparse checkout feature is in use, "git cherry-pick" and
+   other mergy operations lost the skip_worktree bit when a path that
+   is excluded from checkout requires content level merge, which is
+   resolved as the same as the HEAD version, without materializing the
+   merge result in the working tree, which made the path appear as
+   deleted.  This has been corrected by preserving the skip_worktree
+   bit (and not materializing the file in the working tree).
+   (merge 2b75fb601c en/merge-recursive-skip-fix later to maint).
+
+ * The "author-script" file "git rebase -i" creates got broken when
+   we started to move the command away from shell script, which is
+   getting fixed now.
+   (merge 5522bbac20 es/rebase-i-author-script-fix later to maint).
+
+ * The automatic tree-matching in "git merge -s subtree" was broken 5
+   years ago and nobody has noticed since then, which is now fixed.
+   (merge 2ec4150713 jk/merge-subtree-heuristics later to maint).
+
+ * "git fetch $there refs/heads/s" ought to fetch the tip of the
+   branch 's', but when "refs/heads/refs/heads/s", i.e. a branch whose
+   name is "refs/heads/s" exists at the same time, fetched that one
+   instead by mistake.  This has been corrected to honor the usual
+   disambiguation rules for abbreviated refnames.
+   (merge 60650a48c0 jt/refspec-dwim-precedence-fix later to maint).
+
+ * Futureproofing a helper function that can easily be misused.
+   (merge 65bb21e77e es/want-color-fd-defensive later to maint).
+
+ * The http-backend (used for smart-http transport) used to slurp the
+   whole input until EOF, without paying attention to CONTENT_LENGTH
+   that is supplied in the environment and instead expecting the Web
+   server to close the input stream.  This has been fixed.
+   (merge eebfe40962 mk/http-backend-content-length later to maint).
+
+ * "git merge --abort" etc. did not clean things up properly when
+   there were conflicted entries in the index in certain order that
+   are involved in D/F conflicts.  This has been corrected.
+   (merge ad3762042a en/abort-df-conflict-fixes later to maint).
+
+ * "git diff --indent-heuristic" had a bad corner case performance.
+   (merge 301ef85401 sb/indent-heuristic-optim later to maint).
+
+ * The "--exec" option to "git rebase --rebase-merges" placed the exec
+   commands at wrong places, which has been corrected.
+
+ * "git verify-tag" and "git verify-commit" have been taught to use
+   the exit status of underlying "gpg --verify" to signal bad or
+   untrusted signature they found.
+   (merge 4e5dc9ca17 jc/gpg-status later to maint).
+
+ * "git mergetool" stopped and gave an extra prompt to continue after
+   the last path has been handled, which did not make much sense.
+   (merge d651a54b8a ng/mergetool-lose-final-prompt later to maint).
+
+ * Among the three codepaths we use O_APPEND to open a file for
+   appending, one used for writing GIT_TRACE output requires O_APPEND
+   implementation that behaves sensibly when multiple processes are
+   writing to the same file.  POSIX emulation used in the Windows port
+   has been updated to improve in this area.
+   (merge d641097589 js/mingw-o-append later to maint).
+
+ * "git pull --rebase -v" in a repository with a submodule barfed as
+   an intermediate process did not understand what "-v(erbose)" flag
+   meant, which has been fixed.
+   (merge e84c3cf3dc sb/pull-rebase-submodule later to maint).
+
+ * Recent update to "git config" broke updating variable in a
+   subsection, which has been corrected.
+   (merge bff7df7a87 sb/config-write-fix later to maint).
+
+ * When "git rebase -i" is told to squash two or more commits into
+   one, it labeled the log message for each commit with its number.
+   It correctly called the first one "1st commit", but the next one
+   was "commit #1", which was off-by-one.  This has been corrected.
+   (merge dd2e36ebac pw/rebase-i-squash-number-fix later to maint).
+
+ * "git rebase -i", when a 'merge <branch>' insn in its todo list
+   fails, segfaulted, which has been (minimally) corrected.
+   (merge bc9238bb09 pw/rebase-i-merge-segv-fix later to maint).
+
+ * "git cherry-pick --quit" failed to remove CHERRY_PICK_HEAD even
+   though we won't be in a cherry-pick session after it returns, which
+   has been corrected.
+   (merge 3e7dd99208 nd/cherry-pick-quit-fix later to maint).
+
+ * In a recent update in 2.18 era, "git pack-objects" started
+   producing a larger than necessary packfiles by missing
+   opportunities to use large deltas.  This has been corrected.
+
+ * The meaning of the possible values the "core.checkStat"
+   configuration variable can take were not adequately documented,
+   which has been fixed.
+   (merge 9bf5d4c4e2 nd/config-core-checkstat-doc later to maint).
+
+ * Recent "git rebase -i" update started to write bogusly formatted
+   author-script, with a matching broken reading code.  These are
+   fixed.
+
+ * Recent addition of "directory rename" heuristics to the
+   merge-recursive backend makes the command susceptible to false
+   positives and false negatives.  In the context of "git am -3",
+   which does not know about surrounding unmodified paths and thus
+   cannot inform the merge machinery about the full trees involved,
+   this risk is particularly severe.  As such, the heuristic is
+   disabled for "git am -3" to keep the machinery "more stupid but
+   predictable".
+
+ * "git merge-base" in 2.19-rc1 has performance regression when the
+   (experimental) commit-graph feature is in use, which has been
+   mitigated.
+
+ * Code cleanup, docfix, build fix, etc.
+   (merge aee9be2ebe sg/update-ref-stdin-cleanup later to maint).
+   (merge 037714252f jc/clean-after-sanity-tests later to maint).
+   (merge 5b26c3c941 en/merge-recursive-cleanup later to maint).
+   (merge 0dcbc0392e bw/config-refer-to-gitsubmodules-doc later to maint).
+   (merge bb4d000e87 bw/protocol-v2 later to maint).
+   (merge 928f0ab4ba vs/typofixes later to maint).
+   (merge d7f590be84 en/rebase-i-microfixes later to maint).
+   (merge 81d395cc85 js/rebase-recreate-merge later to maint).
+   (merge 51d1863168 tz/exclude-doc-smallfixes later to maint).
+   (merge a9aa3c0927 ds/commit-graph later to maint).
+   (merge 5cf8e06474 js/enhanced-version-info later to maint).
+   (merge 6aaded5509 tb/config-default later to maint).
+   (merge 022d2ac1f3 sb/blame-color later to maint).
+   (merge 5a06a20e0c bp/test-drop-caches-for-windows later to maint).
+   (merge dd61cc1c2e jk/ui-color-always-to-auto later to maint).
+   (merge 1e83b9bfdd sb/trailers-docfix later to maint).
+   (merge ab29f1b329 sg/fast-import-dump-refs-on-checkpoint-fix later to maint).
+   (merge 6a8ad880f0 jn/subtree-test-fixes later to maint).
+   (merge ffbd51cc60 nd/pack-objects-threading-doc later to maint).
+   (merge e9dac7be60 es/mw-to-git-chain-fix later to maint).
+   (merge fe583c6c7a rs/remote-mv-leakfix later to maint).
+   (merge 69885ab015 en/t3031-title-fix later to maint).
+   (merge 8578037bed nd/config-blame-sort later to maint).
+   (merge 8ad169c4ba hn/config-in-code-comment later to maint).
+   (merge b7446fcfdf ar/t4150-am-scissors-test-fix later to maint).
+   (merge a8132410ee js/typofixes later to maint).
+   (merge 388d0ff6e5 en/update-index-doc later to maint).
+   (merge e05aa688dd jc/update-index-doc later to maint).
+   (merge 10c600172c sg/t5310-empty-input-fix later to maint).
+   (merge 5641eb9465 jh/partial-clone-doc later to maint).
+   (merge 2711b1ad5e ab/submodule-relative-url-tests later to maint).
+   (merge ce528de023 ab/unconditional-free-and-null later to maint).
+   (merge bbc072f5d8 rs/opt-updates later to maint).
+   (merge 69d846f053 jk/use-compat-util-in-test-tool later to maint).
+   (merge 1820703045 js/larger-timestamps later to maint).
+   (merge c8b35b95e1 sg/t4051-fix later to maint).
+   (merge 30612cb670 sg/t0020-conversion-fix later to maint).
+   (merge 15da753709 sg/t7501-thinkofix later to maint).
+   (merge 79b04f9b60 sg/t3903-missing-fix later to maint).
+   (merge 2745817028 sg/t3420-autostash-fix later to maint).
+   (merge 7afb0d6777 sg/test-rebase-editor-fix later to maint).
+   (merge 6c6ce21baa es/freebsd-iconv-portability later to maint).
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.19.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.19.1.txt
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..da76726
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,6 @@
+Git v2.19.1 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+This release merges up the fixes that appear in v2.14.5 and in
+v2.17.2 to address the recently reported CVE-2018-17456; see the
+release notes for those versions for details.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.19.2.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.19.2.txt
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..759e6ca
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,108 @@
+Git v2.19.2 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+Fixes since v2.19.1
+-------------------
+
+ * "git interpret-trailers" and its underlying machinery had a buggy
+   code that attempted to ignore patch text after commit log message,
+   which triggered in various codepaths that will always get the log
+   message alone and never get such an input.
+
+ * "git rebase -i" did not clear the state files correctly when a run
+   of "squash/fixup" is aborted and then the user manually amended the
+   commit instead, which has been corrected.
+
+ * When fsmonitor is in use, after operation on submodules updates
+   .gitmodules, we lost track of the fact that we did so and relied on
+   stale fsmonitor data.
+
+ * Fix for a long-standing bug that leaves the index file corrupt when
+   it shrinks during a partial commit.
+
+ * Further fix for O_APPEND emulation on Windows
+
+ * A corner case bugfix in "git rerere" code.
+
+ * "git add ':(attr:foo)'" is not supported and is supposed to be
+   rejected while the command line arguments are parsed, but we fail
+   to reject such a command line upfront.
+
+ * "git rebase" etc. in Git 2.19 fails to abort when given an empty
+   commit log message as result of editing, which has been corrected.
+
+ * The code to backfill objects in lazily cloned repository did not
+   work correctly, which has been corrected.
+
+ * Update error messages given by "git remote" and make them consistent.
+
+ * "git update-ref" learned to make both "--no-deref" and "--stdin"
+   work at the same time.
+
+ * Recently added "range-diff" had a corner-case bug to cause it
+   segfault, which has been corrected.
+
+ * The recently introduced commit-graph auxiliary data is incompatible
+   with mechanisms such as replace & grafts that "breaks" immutable
+   nature of the object reference relationship.  Disable optimizations
+   based on its use (and updating existing commit-graph) when these
+   incompatible features are in use in the repository.
+
+ * The mailmap file update.
+
+ * The code in "git status" sometimes hit an assertion failure.  This
+   was caused by a structure that was reused without cleaning the data
+   used for the first run, which has been corrected.
+
+ * A corner-case bugfix.
+
+ * A partial clone that is configured to lazily fetch missing objects
+   will on-demand issue a "git fetch" request to the originating
+   repository to fill not-yet-obtained objects.  The request has been
+   optimized for requesting a tree object (and not the leaf blob
+   objects contained in it) by telling the originating repository that
+   no blobs are needed.
+
+ * The codepath to support the experimental split-index mode had
+   remaining "racily clean" issues fixed.
+
+ * "git log --graph" showing an octopus merge sometimes miscounted the
+   number of display columns it is consuming to show the merge and its
+   parent commits, which has been corrected.
+
+ * The implementation of run_command() API on the UNIX platforms had a
+   bug that caused a command not on $PATH to be found in the current
+   directory.
+
+ * A mutex used in "git pack-objects" were not correctly initialized
+   and this caused "git repack" to dump core on Windows.
+
+ * Under certain circumstances, "git diff D:/a/b/c D:/a/b/d" on
+   Windows would strip initial parts from the paths because they
+   were not recognized as absolute, which has been corrected.
+
+ * The receive.denyCurrentBranch=updateInstead codepath kicked in even
+   when the push should have been rejected due to other reasons, such
+   as it does not fast-forward or the update-hook rejects it, which
+   has been corrected.
+
+ * "git repack" in a shallow clone did not correctly update the
+   shallow points in the repository, leading to a repository that
+   does not pass fsck.
+
+ * Operations on promisor objects make sense in the context of only a
+   small subset of the commands that internally use the revisions
+   machinery, but the "--exclude-promisor-objects" option were taken
+   and led to nonsense results by commands like "log", to which it
+   didn't make much sense.  This has been corrected.
+
+ * The "container" mode of TravisCI is going away.  Our .travis.yml
+   file is getting prepared for the transition.
+
+ * Our test scripts can now take the '-V' option as a synonym for the
+   '--verbose-log' option.
+
+ * A regression in Git 2.12 era made "git fsck" fall into an infinite
+   loop while processing truncated loose objects.
+
+Also contains various documentation updates and code clean-ups.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.20.0.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.20.0.txt
new file mode 100644 (file)
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+Git 2.20 Release Notes
+======================
+
+Backward Compatibility Notes
+----------------------------
+
+ * "git branch -l <foo>" used to be a way to ask a reflog to be
+   created while creating a new branch, but that is no longer the
+   case.  It is a short-hand for "git branch --list <foo>" now.
+
+ * "git push" into refs/tags/* hierarchy is rejected without getting
+   forced, but "git fetch" (misguidedly) used the "fast forwarding"
+   rule used for the refs/heads/* hierarchy; this has been corrected,
+   which means some fetches of tags that did not fail with older
+   version of Git will fail without "--force" with this version.
+
+ * "git help -a" now gives verbose output (same as "git help -av").
+   Those who want the old output may say "git help --no-verbose -a"..
+
+ * "git cpn --help", when "cpn" is an alias to, say, "cherry-pick -n",
+   reported only the alias expansion of "cpn" in earlier versions of
+   Git.  It now runs "git cherry-pick --help" to show the manual page
+   of the command, while sending the alias expansion to the standard
+   error stream.
+
+ * "git send-email" learned to grab address-looking string on any
+   trailer whose name ends with "-by". This is a backward-incompatible
+   change.  Adding "--suppress-cc=misc-by" on the command line, or
+   setting sendemail.suppresscc configuration variable to "misc-by",
+   can be used to disable this behaviour.
+
+
+Updates since v2.19
+-------------------
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * Running "git clone" against a project that contain two files with
+   pathnames that differ only in cases on a case insensitive
+   filesystem would result in one of the files lost because the
+   underlying filesystem is incapable of holding both at the same
+   time.  An attempt is made to detect such a case and warn.
+
+ * "git checkout -b newbranch [HEAD]" should not have to do as much as
+   checking out a commit different from HEAD.  An attempt is made to
+   optimize this special case.
+
+ * "git rev-list --stdin </dev/null" used to be an error; it now shows
+   no output without an error.  "git rev-list --stdin --default HEAD"
+   still falls back to the given default when nothing is given on the
+   standard input.
+
+ * Lift code from GitHub to restrict delta computation so that an
+   object that exists in one fork is not made into a delta against
+   another object that does not appear in the same forked repository.
+
+ * "git format-patch" learned new "--interdiff" and "--range-diff"
+   options to explain the difference between this version and the
+   previous attempt in the cover letter (or after the three-dashes as
+   a comment).
+
+ * "git mailinfo" used in "git am" learned to make a best-effort
+   recovery of a patch corrupted by MUA that sends text/plain with
+   format=flawed option.
+   (merge 3aa4d81f88 rs/mailinfo-format-flowed later to maint).
+
+ * The rules used by "git push" and "git fetch" to determine if a ref
+   can or cannot be updated were inconsistent; specifically, fetching
+   to update existing tags were allowed even though tags are supposed
+   to be unmoving anchoring points.  "git fetch" was taught to forbid
+   updates to existing tags without the "--force" option.
+
+ * "git multi-pack-index" learned to detect corruption in the .midx
+   file it uses, and this feature has been integrated into "git fsck".
+
+ * Generation of (experimental) commit-graph files have so far been
+   fairly silent, even though it takes noticeable amount of time in a
+   meaningfully large repository.  The users will now see progress
+   output.
+
+ * The minimum version of Windows supported by Windows port of Git is
+   now set to Vista.
+
+ * The completion script (in contrib/) learned to complete a handful of
+   options "git stash list" command takes.
+
+ * The completion script (in contrib/) learned that "git fetch
+   --multiple" only takes remote names as arguments and no refspecs.
+
+ * "git status" learns to show progress bar when refreshing the index
+   takes a long time.
+   (merge ae9af12287 nd/status-refresh-progress later to maint).
+
+ * "git help -a" and "git help -av" give different pieces of
+   information, and generally the "verbose" version is more friendly
+   to the new users.  "git help -a" by default now uses the more
+   verbose output (with "--no-verbose", you can go back to the
+   original).  Also "git help -av" now lists aliases and external
+   commands, which it did not used to.
+
+ * Unlike "grep", "git grep" by default recurses to the whole tree.
+   The command learned "git grep --recursive" option, so that "git
+   grep --no-recursive" can serve as a synonym to setting the
+   max-depth to 0.
+
+ * When pushing into a repository that borrows its objects from an
+   alternate object store, "git receive-pack" that responds to the
+   push request on the other side lists the tips of refs in the
+   alternate to reduce the amount of objects transferred.  This
+   sometimes is detrimental when the number of refs in the alternate
+   is absurdly large, in which case the bandwidth saved in potentially
+   fewer objects transferred is wasted in excessively large ref
+   advertisement.  The alternate refs that are advertised are now
+   configurable with a pair of configuration variables.
+
+ * "git cmd --help" when "cmd" is aliased used to only say "cmd is
+   aliased to ...".  Now it shows that to the standard error stream
+   and runs "git $cmd --help" where $cmd is the first word of the
+   alias expansion.
+
+ * The documentation of "git gc" has been updated to mention that it
+   is no longer limited to "pruning away crufts" but also updates
+   ancillary files like commit-graph as a part of repository
+   optimization.
+
+ * "git p4 unshelve" improvements.
+
+ * The logic to select the default user name and e-mail on Windows has
+   been improved.
+   (merge 501afcb8b0 js/mingw-default-ident later to maint).
+
+ * The "rev-list --filter" feature learned to exclude all trees via
+   "tree:0" filter.
+
+ * "git send-email" learned to grab address-looking string on any
+   trailer whose name ends with "-by"; --suppress-cc=misc-by on the
+   command line, or setting sendemail.suppresscc configuration
+   variable to "misc-by", can be used to disable this behaviour.
+
+ * "git mergetool" learned to take the "--[no-]gui" option, just like
+   "git difftool" does.
+
+ * "git rebase -i" learned a new insn, 'break', that the user can
+   insert in the to-do list.  Upon hitting it, the command returns
+   control back to the user.
+
+ * New "--pretty=format:" placeholders %GF and %GP that show the GPG
+   key fingerprints have been invented.
+
+ * On platforms with recent cURL library, http.sslBackend configuration
+   variable can be used to choose a different SSL backend at runtime.
+   The Windows port uses this mechanism to switch between OpenSSL and
+   Secure Channel while talking over the HTTPS protocol.
+
+ * "git send-email" learned to disable SMTP authentication via the
+   "--smtp-auth=none" option, even when the smtp username is given
+   (which turns the authentication on by default).
+
+ * A fourth class of configuration files (in addition to the
+   traditional "system wide", "per user in the $HOME directory" and
+   "per repository in the $GIT_DIR/config") has been introduced so
+   that different worktrees that share the same repository (hence the
+   same $GIT_DIR/config file) can use different customization.
+
+ * A pattern with '**' that does not have a slash on either side used
+   to be an invalid one, but the code now treats such double-asterisks
+   the same way as two normal asterisks that happen to be adjacent to
+   each other.
+   (merge e5bbe09e88 nd/wildmatch-double-asterisk later to maint).
+
+ * The "--no-patch" option, which can be used to get a high-level
+   overview without the actual line-by-line patch difference shown, of
+   the "range-diff" command was earlier broken, which has been
+   corrected.
+
+ * The recently merged "rebase in C" has an escape hatch to use the
+   scripted version when necessary, but it hasn't been documented,
+   which has been corrected.
+
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, Development Support etc.
+
+ * Developer builds now use -Wunused-function compilation option.
+
+ * One of our CI tests to run with "unusual/experimental/random"
+   settings now also uses commit-graph and midx.
+
+ * When there are too many packfiles in a repository (which is not
+   recommended), looking up an object in these would require
+   consulting many pack .idx files; a new mechanism to have a single
+   file that consolidates all of these .idx files is introduced.
+
+ * "git submodule update" is getting rewritten piece-by-piece into C.
+
+ * The code for computing history reachability has been shuffled,
+   obtained a bunch of new tests to cover them, and then being
+   improved.
+
+ * The unpack_trees() API used in checking out a branch and merging
+   walks one or more trees along with the index.  When the cache-tree
+   in the index tells us that we are walking a tree whose flattened
+   contents is known (i.e. matches a span in the index), as linearly
+   scanning a span in the index is much more efficient than having to
+   open tree objects recursively and listing their entries, the walk
+   can be optimized, which has been done.
+
+ * When creating a thin pack, which allows objects to be made into a
+   delta against another object that is not in the resulting pack but
+   is known to be present on the receiving end, the code learned to
+   take advantage of the reachability bitmap; this allows the server
+   to send a delta against a base beyond the "boundary" commit.
+
+ * spatch transformation to replace boolean uses of !hashcmp() to
+   newly introduced oideq() is added, and applied, to regain
+   performance lost due to support of multiple hash algorithms.
+
+ * Fix a bug in which the same path could be registered under multiple
+   worktree entries if the path was missing (for instance, was removed
+   manually).  Also, as a convenience, expand the number of cases in
+   which --force is applicable.
+
+ * Split Documentation/config.txt for easier maintenance.
+   (merge 6014363f0b nd/config-split later to maint).
+
+ * Test helper binaries clean-up.
+   (merge c9a1f4161f nd/test-tool later to maint).
+
+ * Various tests have been updated to make it easier to swap the
+   hash function used for object identification.
+   (merge ae0c89d41b bc/hash-independent-tests later to maint).
+
+ * Update fsck.skipList implementation and documentation.
+   (merge 371a655074 ab/fsck-skiplist later to maint).
+
+ * An alias that expands to another alias has so far been forbidden,
+   but now it is allowed to create such an alias.
+
+ * Various test scripts have been updated for style and also correct
+   handling of exit status of various commands.
+
+ * "gc --auto" ended up calling exit(-1) upon error, which has been
+   corrected to use exit(1).  Also the error reporting behaviour when
+   daemonized has been updated to exit with zero status when stopping
+   due to a previously discovered error (which implies there is no
+   point running gc to improve the situation); we used to exit with
+   failure in such a case.
+
+ * Various codepaths in the core-ish part learned to work on an
+   arbitrary in-core index structure, not necessarily the default
+   instance "the_index".
+   (merge b3c7eef9b0 nd/the-index later to maint).
+
+ * Code clean-up in the internal machinery used by "git status" and
+   "git commit --dry-run".
+   (merge 73ba5d78b4 ss/wt-status-committable later to maint).
+
+ * Some environment variables that control the runtime options of Git
+   used during tests are getting renamed for consistency.
+   (merge 4231d1ba99 bp/rename-test-env-var later to maint).
+
+ * A pair of new extensions to the index file have been introduced.
+   They allow the index file to be read in parallel for performance.
+
+ * The oidset API was built on top of the oidmap API which in turn is
+   on the hashmap API.  Replace the implementation to build on top of
+   the khash API and gain performance.
+
+ * Over some transports, fetching objects with an exact commit object
+   name can be done without first seeing the ref advertisements.  The
+   code has been optimized to exploit this.
+
+ * In a partial clone that will lazily be hydrated from the
+   originating repository, we generally want to avoid "does this
+   object exist (locally)?" on objects that we deliberately omitted
+   when we created the clone.  The cache-tree codepath (which is used
+   to write a tree object out of the index) however insisted that the
+   object exists, even for paths that are outside of the partial
+   checkout area.  The code has been updated to avoid such a check.
+
+ * To help developers, an EditorConfig file that attempts to follow
+   the project convention has been added.
+   (merge b548d698a0 bc/editorconfig later to maint).
+
+ * The result of coverage test can be combined with "git blame" to
+   check the test coverage of code introduced recently with a new
+   'coverage-diff' tool (in contrib/).
+   (merge 783faedd65 ds/coverage-diff later to maint).
+
+ * An experiment to fuzz test a few areas, hopefully we can gain more
+   coverage to various areas.
+
+ * More codepaths are moving away from hardcoded hash sizes.
+
+ * The way the Windows port figures out the current directory has been
+   improved.
+
+ * The way DLLs are loaded on the Windows port has been improved.
+
+ * Some tests have been reorganized and renamed; "ls t/" now gives a
+   better overview of what is tested for these scripts than before.
+
+ * "git rebase" and "git rebase -i" have been reimplemented in C.
+
+ * Windows port learned to use nano-second resolution file timestamps.
+
+ * The overly large Documentation/config.txt file have been split into
+   million little pieces.  This potentially allows each individual piece
+   to be included into the manual page of the command it affects more easily.
+
+ * Replace three string-list instances used as look-up tables in "git
+   fetch" with hashmaps.
+
+ * Unify code to read the author-script used in "git am" and the
+   commands that use the sequencer machinery, e.g. "git rebase -i".
+
+ * In preparation to the day when we can deprecate and remove the
+   "rebase -p", make sure we can skip and later remove tests for
+   it.
+
+ * The history traversal used to implement the tag-following has been
+   optimized by introducing a new helper.
+
+ * The helper function to refresh the cached stat information in the
+   in-core index has learned to perform the lstat() part of the
+   operation in parallel on multi-core platforms.
+
+ * The code to traverse objects for reachability, used to decide what
+   objects are unreferenced and expendable, have been taught to also
+   consider per-worktree refs of other worktrees as starting points to
+   prevent data loss.
+
+ * "git add" needs to internally run "diff-files" equivalent, and the
+   codepath learned the same optimization as "diff-files" has to run
+   lstat(2) in parallel to find which paths have been updated in the
+   working tree.
+
+ * The procedure to install dependencies before testing at Travis CI
+   is getting revamped for both simplicity and flexibility, taking
+   advantage of the recent move to the vm-based environment.
+
+ * The support for format-patch (and send-email) by the command-line
+   completion script (in contrib/) has been simplified a bit.
+
+ * The revision walker machinery learned to take advantage of the
+   commit generation numbers stored in the commit-graph file.
+
+ * The codebase has been cleaned up to reduce "#ifndef NO_PTHREADS".
+
+ * The way -lcurl library gets linked has been simplified by taking
+   advantage of the fact that we can just ask curl-config command how.
+
+ * Various functions have been audited for "-Wunused-parameter" warnings
+   and bugs in them got fixed.
+
+ * A sanity check for start-up sequence has been added in the config
+   API codepath.
+
+ * The build procedure to link for fuzzing test has been made
+   customizable with a new Makefile variable.
+
+ * The way "git rebase" parses and forwards the command line options
+   meant for underlying "git am" has been revamped, which fixed for
+   options with parameters that were not passed correctly.
+
+ * Our testing framework uses a special i18n "poisoned localization"
+   feature to find messages that ought to stay constant but are
+   incorrectly marked to be translated.  This feature has been made
+   into a runtime option (it used to be a compile-time option).
+
+ * "git push" used to check ambiguities between object-names and
+   refnames while processing the list of refs' old and new values,
+   which was unnecessary (as it knew that it is feeding raw object
+   names).  This has been optimized out.
+
+ * The xcurl_off_t() helper function is used to cast size_t to
+   curl_off_t, but some compilers gave warnings against the code to
+   ensure the casting is done without wraparound, when size_t is
+   narrower than curl_off_t.  This warning has been squelched.
+
+ * Code preparation to replace ulong vars with size_t vars where
+   appropriate continues.
+
+ * The "test installed Git" mode of our test suite has been updated to
+   work better.
+
+ * A coding convention around the Coccinelle semantic patches to have
+   two classes to ease code migration process has been proposed and
+   its support has been added to the Makefile.
+
+ * The "container" mode of TravisCI is going away.  Our .travis.yml
+   file is getting prepared for the transition.
+   (merge 32ee384be8 ss/travis-ci-force-vm-mode later to maint).
+
+ * Our test scripts can now take the '-V' option as a synonym for the
+   '--verbose-log' option.
+   (merge a5f52c6dab sg/test-verbose-log later to maint).
+
+
+Fixes since v2.19
+-----------------
+
+ * "git interpret-trailers" and its underlying machinery had a buggy
+   code that attempted to ignore patch text after commit log message,
+   which triggered in various codepaths that will always get the log
+   message alone and never get such an input.
+   (merge 66e83d9b41 jk/trailer-fixes later to maint).
+
+ * Malformed or crafted data in packstream can make our code attempt
+   to read or write past the allocated buffer and abort, instead of
+   reporting an error, which has been fixed.
+
+ * "git rebase -i" did not clear the state files correctly when a run
+   of "squash/fixup" is aborted and then the user manually amended the
+   commit instead, which has been corrected.
+   (merge 10d2f35436 js/rebase-i-autosquash-fix later to maint).
+
+ * When fsmonitor is in use, after operation on submodules updates
+   .gitmodules, we lost track of the fact that we did so and relied on
+   stale fsmonitor data.
+   (merge 43f1180814 bp/mv-submodules-with-fsmonitor later to maint).
+
+ * Fix for a long-standing bug that leaves the index file corrupt when
+   it shrinks during a partial commit.
+   (merge 6c003d6ffb jk/reopen-tempfile-truncate later to maint).
+
+ * Further fix for O_APPEND emulation on Windows
+   (merge eeaf7ddac7 js/mingw-o-append later to maint).
+
+ * A corner case bugfix in "git rerere" code.
+   (merge ad2bf0d9b4 en/rerere-multi-stage-1-fix later to maint).
+
+ * "git add ':(attr:foo)'" is not supported and is supposed to be
+   rejected while the command line arguments are parsed, but we fail
+   to reject such a command line upfront.
+   (merge 84d938b732 nd/attr-pathspec-fix later to maint).
+
+ * Recent update broke the reachability algorithm when refs (e.g.
+   tags) that point at objects that are not commit were involved,
+   which has been fixed.
+
+ * "git rebase" etc. in Git 2.19 fails to abort when given an empty
+   commit log message as result of editing, which has been corrected.
+   (merge a3ec9eaf38 en/sequencer-empty-edit-result-aborts later to maint).
+
+ * The code to backfill objects in lazily cloned repository did not
+   work correctly, which has been corrected.
+   (merge e68302011c jt/lazy-object-fetch-fix later to maint).
+
+ * Update error messages given by "git remote" and make them consistent.
+   (merge 5025425dff ms/remote-error-message-update later to maint).
+
+ * "git update-ref" learned to make both "--no-deref" and "--stdin"
+   work at the same time.
+   (merge d345e9fbe7 en/update-ref-no-deref-stdin later to maint).
+
+ * Recently added "range-diff" had a corner-case bug to cause it
+   segfault, which has been corrected.
+   (merge e467a90c7a tg/range-diff-corner-case-fix later to maint).
+
+ * The recently introduced commit-graph auxiliary data is incompatible
+   with mechanisms such as replace & grafts that "breaks" immutable
+   nature of the object reference relationship.  Disable optimizations
+   based on its use (and updating existing commit-graph) when these
+   incompatible features are in use in the repository.
+   (merge 829a321569 ds/commit-graph-with-grafts later to maint).
+
+ * The mailmap file update.
+   (merge 255eb03edf jn/mailmap-update later to maint).
+
+ * The code in "git status" sometimes hit an assertion failure.  This
+   was caused by a structure that was reused without cleaning the data
+   used for the first run, which has been corrected.
+   (merge 3e73cc62c0 en/status-multiple-renames-to-the-same-target-fix later to maint).
+
+ * "git fetch $repo $object" in a partial clone did not correctly
+   fetch the asked-for object that is referenced by an object in
+   promisor packfile, which has been fixed.
+
+ * A corner-case bugfix.
+   (merge c5cbb27cb5 sm/show-superproject-while-conflicted later to maint).
+
+ * Various fixes to "diff --color-moved-ws".
+
+ * A partial clone that is configured to lazily fetch missing objects
+   will on-demand issue a "git fetch" request to the originating
+   repository to fill not-yet-obtained objects.  The request has been
+   optimized for requesting a tree object (and not the leaf blob
+   objects contained in it) by telling the originating repository that
+   no blobs are needed.
+   (merge 4c7f9567ea jt/non-blob-lazy-fetch later to maint).
+
+ * The codepath to support the experimental split-index mode had
+   remaining "racily clean" issues fixed.
+   (merge 4c490f3d32 sg/split-index-racefix later to maint).
+
+ * "git log --graph" showing an octopus merge sometimes miscounted the
+   number of display columns it is consuming to show the merge and its
+   parent commits, which has been corrected.
+   (merge 04005834ed np/log-graph-octopus-fix later to maint).
+
+ * "git range-diff" did not work well when the compared ranges had
+   changes in submodules and the "--submodule=log" was used.
+
+ * The implementation of run_command() API on the UNIX platforms had a
+   bug that caused a command not on $PATH to be found in the current
+   directory.
+   (merge f67b980771 jk/run-command-notdot later to maint).
+
+ * A mutex used in "git pack-objects" were not correctly initialized
+   and this caused "git repack" to dump core on Windows.
+   (merge 34204c8166 js/pack-objects-mutex-init-fix later to maint).
+
+ * Under certain circumstances, "git diff D:/a/b/c D:/a/b/d" on
+   Windows would strip initial parts from the paths because they
+   were not recognized as absolute, which has been corrected.
+   (merge ffd04e92e2 js/diff-notice-has-drive-prefix later to maint).
+
+ * The receive.denyCurrentBranch=updateInstead codepath kicked in even
+   when the push should have been rejected due to other reasons, such
+   as it does not fast-forward or the update-hook rejects it, which
+   has been corrected.
+   (merge b072a25fad jc/receive-deny-current-branch-fix later to maint).
+
+ * The logic to determine the archive type "git archive" uses did not
+   correctly kick in for "git archive --remote", which has been
+   corrected.
+
+ * "git repack" in a shallow clone did not correctly update the
+   shallow points in the repository, leading to a repository that
+   does not pass fsck.
+   (merge 5dcfbf564c js/shallow-and-fetch-prune later to maint).
+
+ * Some codepaths failed to form a proper URL when .gitmodules record
+   the URL to a submodule repository as relative to the repository of
+   superproject, which has been corrected.
+   (merge e0a862fdaf sb/submodule-url-to-absolute later to maint).
+
+ * "git fetch" over protocol v2 into a shallow repository failed to
+   fetch full history behind a new tip of history that was diverged
+   before the cut-off point of the history that was previously fetched
+   shallowly.
+
+ * The command line completion machinery (in contrib/) has been
+   updated to allow the completion script to tweak the list of options
+   that are reported by the parse-options machinery correctly.
+   (merge 276b49ff34 nd/completion-negation later to maint).
+
+ * Operations on promisor objects make sense in the context of only a
+   small subset of the commands that internally use the revisions
+   machinery, but the "--exclude-promisor-objects" option were taken
+   and led to nonsense results by commands like "log", to which it
+   didn't make much sense.  This has been corrected.
+   (merge 669b1d2aae md/exclude-promisor-objects-fix later to maint).
+
+ * A regression in Git 2.12 era made "git fsck" fall into an infinite
+   loop while processing truncated loose objects.
+   (merge 18ad13e5b2 jk/detect-truncated-zlib-input later to maint).
+
+ * "git ls-remote $there foo" was broken by recent update for the
+   protocol v2 and stopped showing refs that match 'foo' that are not
+   refs/{heads,tags}/foo, which has been fixed.
+   (merge 6a139cdd74 jk/proto-v2-ref-prefix-fix later to maint).
+
+ * Additional comment on a tricky piece of code to help developers.
+   (merge 0afbe3e806 jk/stream-pack-non-delta-clarification later to maint).
+
+ * A couple of tests used to leave the repository in a state that is
+   deliberately corrupt, which have been corrected.
+   (merge aa984dbe5e ab/pack-tests-cleanup later to maint).
+
+ * The submodule support has been updated to read from the blob at
+   HEAD:.gitmodules when the .gitmodules file is missing from the
+   working tree.
+   (merge 2b1257e463 ao/submodule-wo-gitmodules-checked-out later to maint).
+
+ * "git fetch" was a bit loose in parsing responses from the other side
+   when talking over the protocol v2.
+
+ * "git rev-parse --exclude=* --branches --branches"  (i.e. first
+   saying "add only things that do not match '*' out of all branches"
+   and then adding all branches, without any exclusion this time)
+   worked as expected, but "--exclude=* --all --all" did not work the
+   same way, which has been fixed.
+   (merge 5221048092 ag/rev-parse-all-exclude-fix later to maint).
+
+ * "git send-email --transfer-encoding=..." in recent versions of Git
+   sometimes produced an empty "Content-Transfer-Encoding:" header,
+   which has been corrected.
+   (merge 3c88e46f1a al/send-email-auto-cte-fixup later to maint).
+
+ * The interface into "xdiff" library used to discover the offset and
+   size of a generated patch hunk by first formatting it into the
+   textual hunk header "@@ -n,m +k,l @@" and then parsing the numbers
+   out.  A new interface has been introduced to allow callers a more
+   direct access to them.
+   (merge 5eade0746e jk/xdiff-interface later to maint).
+
+ * Pathspec matching against a tree object were buggy when negative
+   pathspec elements were involved, which has been fixed.
+   (merge b7845cebc0 nd/tree-walk-path-exclusion later to maint).
+
+ * "git merge" and "git pull" that merges into an unborn branch used
+   to completely ignore "--verify-signatures", which has been
+   corrected.
+   (merge 01a31f3bca jk/verify-sig-merge-into-void later to maint).
+
+ * "git rebase --autostash" did not correctly re-attach the HEAD at times.
+
+ * "rev-parse --exclude=<pattern> --branches=<pattern>" etc. did not
+   quite work, which has been corrected.
+   (merge 9ab9b5df0e ra/rev-parse-exclude-glob later to maint).
+
+ * When editing a patch in a "git add -i" session, a hunk could be
+   made to no-op.  The "git apply" program used to reject a patch with
+   such a no-op hunk to catch user mistakes, but it is now updated to
+   explicitly allow a no-op hunk in an edited patch.
+   (merge 22cb3835b9 js/apply-recount-allow-noop later to maint).
+
+ * The URL to an MSDN page in a comment has been updated.
+   (merge 2ef2ae2917 js/mingw-msdn-url later to maint).
+
+ * "git ls-remote --sort=<thing>" can feed an object that is not yet
+   available into the comparison machinery and segfault, which has
+   been corrected to check such a request upfront and reject it.
+
+ * When "git bundle" aborts due to an empty commit ranges
+   (i.e. resulting in an empty pack), it left a file descriptor to an
+   lockfile open, which resulted in leftover lockfile on Windows where
+   you cannot remove a file with an open file descriptor.  This has
+   been corrected.
+   (merge 2c8ee1f53c jk/close-duped-fd-before-unlock-for-bundle later to maint).
+
+ * "git format-patch --stat=<width>" can be used to specify the width
+   used by the diffstat (shown in the cover letter).
+   (merge 284aeb7e60 nd/format-patch-cover-letter-stat-width later to maint).
+
+ * The way .git/index and .git/sharedindex* files were initially
+   created gave these files different perm bits until they were
+   adjusted for shared repository settings.  This was made consistent.
+   (merge c9d6c78870 cc/shared-index-permbits later to maint).
+
+ * "git rebase --stat" to transplant a piece of history onto a totally
+   unrelated history were not working before and silently showed wrong
+   result.  With the recent reimplementation in C, it started to instead
+   die with an error message, as the original logic was not prepared
+   to cope with this case.  This has now been fixed.
+
+ * The advice message to tell the user to migrate an existing graft
+   file to the replace system when a graft file was read was shown
+   even when "git replace --convert-graft-file" command, which is the
+   way the message suggests to use, was running, which made little
+   sense.
+   (merge 8821e90a09 ab/replace-graft-with-replace-advice later to maint).
+
+ * "git diff --raw" lost ellipses to adjust the output columns for
+   some time now, but the documentation still showed them.
+
+ * Code cleanup, docfix, build fix, etc.
+   (merge 96a7501aad ts/doc-build-manpage-xsl-quietly later to maint).
+   (merge b9b07efdb2 tg/conflict-marker-size later to maint).
+   (merge fa0aeea770 sg/doc-trace-appends later to maint).
+   (merge d64324cb60 tb/void-check-attr later to maint).
+   (merge c3b9bc94b9 en/double-semicolon-fix later to maint).
+   (merge 79336116f5 sg/t3701-tighten-trace later to maint).
+   (merge 801fa63a90 jk/dev-build-format-security later to maint).
+   (merge 0597dd62ba sb/string-list-remove-unused later to maint).
+   (merge db2d36fad8 bw/protocol-v2 later to maint).
+   (merge 456d7cd3a9 sg/split-index-test later to maint).
+   (merge 7b6057c852 tq/refs-internal-comment-fix later to maint).
+   (merge 29e8dc50ad tg/t5551-with-curl-7.61.1 later to maint).
+   (merge 55f6bce2c9 fe/doc-updates later to maint).
+   (merge 7987d2232d jk/check-everything-connected-is-long-gone later to maint).
+   (merge 4ba3c9be47 dz/credential-doc-url-matching-rules later to maint).
+   (merge 4c399442f7 ma/commit-graph-docs later to maint).
+   (merge fc0503b04e ma/t1400-undebug-test later to maint).
+   (merge e56b53553a nd/packobjectshook-doc-fix later to maint).
+   (merge c56170a0c4 ma/mailing-list-address-in-git-help later to maint).
+   (merge 6e8fc70fce rs/sequencer-oidset-insert-avoids-dups later to maint).
+   (merge ad0b8f9575 mw/doc-typofixes later to maint).
+   (merge d9f079ad1a jc/how-to-document-api later to maint).
+   (merge b1492bf315 ma/t7005-bash-workaround later to maint).
+   (merge ac1f98a0df du/rev-parse-is-plumbing later to maint).
+   (merge ca8ed443a5 mm/doc-no-dashed-git later to maint).
+   (merge ce366a8144 du/get-tar-commit-id-is-plumbing later to maint).
+   (merge 61018fe9e0 du/cherry-is-plumbing later to maint).
+   (merge c7e5fe79b9 sb/strbuf-h-update later to maint).
+   (merge 8d2008196b tq/branch-create-wo-branch-get later to maint).
+   (merge 2e3c894f4b tq/branch-style-fix later to maint).
+   (merge c5d844af9c sg/doc-show-branch-typofix later to maint).
+   (merge 081d91618b ah/doc-updates later to maint).
+   (merge b84c783882 jc/cocci-preincr later to maint).
+   (merge 5e495f8122 uk/merge-subtree-doc-update later to maint).
+   (merge aaaa881822 jk/uploadpack-packobjectshook-fix later to maint).
+   (merge 3063477445 tb/char-may-be-unsigned later to maint).
+   (merge 8c64bc9420 sg/test-rebase-editor-fix later to maint).
+   (merge 71571cd7d6 ma/sequencer-do-reset-saner-loop-termination later to maint).
+   (merge 9a4cb8781e cb/notes-freeing-always-null-fix later to maint).
+   (merge 3006f5ee16 ma/reset-doc-rendering-fix later to maint).
+   (merge 4c2eb06419 sg/daemon-test-signal-fix later to maint).
+   (merge d27525e519 ss/msvc-strcasecmp later to maint).
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.20.1.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.20.1.txt
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..dcba888
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,20 @@
+Git v2.20.1 Release Notes
+=========================
+
+This release is primarily to fix brown-paper-bag breakages in the
+2.20.0 release.
+
+Fixes since v2.20
+-----------------
+
+ * A few newly added tests were not portable and caused minority
+   platforms to report false breakages, which have been fixed.
+
+ * Portability fix for a recent update to parse-options API.
+
+ * "git help -a" did not work well when an overly long alias is
+   defined, which has been corrected.
+
+ * A recent update accidentally squelched an error message when the
+   run_command API failed to run a missing command, which has been
+   corrected.
diff --git a/Documentation/RelNotes/2.21.0.txt b/Documentation/RelNotes/2.21.0.txt
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..702ebfc
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,441 @@
+Git 2.21 Release Notes
+======================
+
+Backward Compatibility Notes
+----------------------------
+
+ * Historically, the "-m" (mainline) option can only be used for "git
+   cherry-pick" and "git revert" when working with a merge commit.
+   This version of Git no longer warns or errors out when working with
+   a single-parent commit, as long as the argument to the "-m" option
+   is 1 (i.e. it has only one parent, and the request is to pick or
+   revert relative to that first parent).  Scripts that relied on the
+   behaviour may get broken with this change.
+
+
+Updates since v2.20
+-------------------
+
+UI, Workflows & Features
+
+ * The "http.version" configuration variable can be used with recent
+   enough versions of cURL library to force the version of HTTP used
+   to talk when fetching and pushing.
+
+ * Small fixes and features for fast-export and fast-import, mostly on
+   the fast-export side has been made.
+
+ * "git push $there $src:$dst" rejects when $dst is not a fully
+   qualified refname and it is not clear what the end user meant.  The
+   codepath has been taught to give a clearer error message, and also
+   guess where the push should go by taking the type of the pushed
+   object into account (e.g. a tag object would want to go under
+   refs/tags/).
+
+ * "git checkout [<tree-ish>] path..." learned to report the number of
+   paths that have been checked out of the index or the tree-ish,
+   which gives it the same degree of noisy-ness as the case in which
+   the command checks out a branch.  "git checkout -m <pathspec>" to
+   undo conflict resolution gives a similar message.
+
+ * "git quiltimport" learned "--keep-non-patch" option.
+
+ * "git worktree remove" and "git worktree move" refused to work when
+   there is a submodule involved.  This has been loosened to ignore
+   uninitialized submodules.
+
+ * "git cherry-pick -m1" was forbidden when picking a non-merge
+   commit, even though there _is_ parent number 1 for such a commit.
+   This was done to avoid mistakes back when "cherry-pick" was about
+   picking a single commit, but is no longer useful with "cherry-pick"
+   that can pick a range of commits.  Now the "-m$num" option is
+   allowed when picking any commit, as long as $num names an existing
+   parent of the commit.
+
+ * Update "git multimail" from the upstream.
+
+ * "git p4" update.
+
+ * The "--format=<placeholder>" option of for-each-ref, branch and tag
+   learned to show a few more traits of objects that can be learned by
+   the object_info API.
+
+ * "git rebase -i" learned to re-execute a command given with 'exec'
+   to run after it failed the last time.
+
+ * "git diff --color-moved-ws" updates.
+
+ * Custom userformat "log --format" learned %S atom that stands for
+   the tip the traversal reached the commit from, i.e. --source.
+
+ * "git instaweb" learned to drive http.server that comes with
+   "batteries included" Python installation (both Python2 & 3).
+
+ * A new encoding UTF-16LE-BOM has been invented to force encoding to
+   UTF-16 with BOM in little endian byte order, which cannot be directly
+   generated by using iconv.
+
+ * A new date format "--date=human" that morphs its output depending
+   on how far the time is from the current time has been introduced.
+   "--date=auto:human" can be used to use this new format (or any
+   existing format) when the output is going to the pager or to the
+   terminal, and otherwise the default format.
+
+
+Performance, Internal Implementation, Development Support etc.
+
+ * Code clean-up with optimization for the codepath that checks
+   (non-)existence of loose objects.
+
+ * More codepaths have become aware of working with in-core repository
+   instances other than the default "the_repository".
+
+ * The "strncat()" function is now among the banned functions.
+
+ * Portability updates for the HPE NonStop platform.
+
+ * Earlier we added "-Wformat-security" to developer builds, assuming
+   that "-Wall" (which includes "-Wformat" which in turn is required
+   to use "-Wformat-security") is always in effect.  This is not true
+   when config.mak.autogen is in use, unfortunately.  This has been
+   fixed by unconditionally adding "-Wall" to developer builds.
+
+ * The loose object cache used to optimize existence look-up has been
+   updated.
+
+ * Flaky tests can now be repeatedly run under load with the
+   "--stress" option.
+
+ * Documentation/Makefile is getting prepared for manpage
+   localization.
+
+ * "git fetch-pack" now can talk the version 2 protocol.
+
+ * sha-256 hash has been added and plumbed through the code to allow
+   building Git with the "NewHash".
+
+ * Debugging help for http transport.
+
+ * "git fetch --deepen=<more>" has been corrected to work over v2
+   protocol.
+
+ * The code to walk tree objects has been taught that we may be
+   working with object names that are not computed with SHA-1.
+
+ * The in-core repository instances are passed through more codepaths.
+
+ * Update the protocol message specification to allow only the limited
+   use of scaled quantities.  This is to ensure potential compatibility
+   issues will not get out of hand.
+
+ * Micro-optimize the code that prepares commit objects to be walked
+   by "git rev-list" when the commit-graph is available.
+
+ * "git fetch" and "git upload-pack" learned to send all exchanges over
+   the sideband channel while talking the v2 protocol.
+
+ * The codepath to write out commit-graph has been optimized by
+   following the usual pattern of visiting objects in in-pack order.
+
+ * The codepath to show progress meter while writing out commit-graph
+   file has been improved.
+
+ * Cocci rules have been updated to encourage use of strbuf_addbuf().
+
+ * "git rebase --merge" has been reimplemented by reusing the internal
+   machinery used for "git rebase -i".
+
+ * More code in "git bisect" has been rewritten in C.
+
+ * Instead of going through "git-rebase--am" scriptlet to use the "am"
+   backend, the built-in version of "git rebase" learned to drive the
+   "am" backend directly.
+
+ * The assumption to work on the single "in-core index" instance has
+   been reduced from the library-ish part of the codebase.
+
+ * The test lint learned to catch non-portable "sed" options.
+
+ * "git pack-objects" learned another algorithm to compute the set of
+   objects to send, that trades the resulting packfile off to save
+   traversal cost to favor small pushes.
+
+ * The travis CI scripts have been corrected to build Git with the
+   compiler(s) of our choice.
+
+ * "git submodule update" learned to abort early when core.worktree
+   for the submodule is not set correctly to prevent spreading damage.
+
+ * Test suite has been adjusted to run on Azure Pipeline.
+
+ * Running "Documentation/doc-diff x" from anywhere other than the
+   top-level of the working tree did not show the usage string
+   correctly, which has been fixed.
+
+ * Use of the sparse tool got easier to customize from the command
+   line to help developers.
+
+ * A new target "coverage-prove" to run the coverage test under
+   "prove" has been added.
+
+ * A flakey "p4" test has been removed.
+
+
+Fixes since v2.20
+-----------------
+
+ * Updates for corner cases in merge-recursive.
+   (merge cc4cb0902c en/merge-path-collision later to maint).
+
+ * "git checkout frotz" (without any double-dash) avoids ambiguity by
+   making sure 'frotz' cannot be interpreted as a revision and as a
+   path at the same time.  This safety has been updated to check also
+   a unique remote-tracking branch 'frotz' in a&