git-grep: document --and, --or, --not, ( and )
[git/git.git] / Documentation / git-grep.txt
1 git-grep(1)
2 ===========
3
4 NAME
5 ----
6 git-grep - Print lines matching a pattern
7
8
9 SYNOPSIS
10 --------
11 [verse]
12 'git-grep' [--cached]
13 [-a | --text] [-I] [-i | --ignore-case] [-w | --word-regexp]
14 [-v | --invert-match]
15 [-E | --extended-regexp] [-G | --basic-regexp] [-F | --fixed-strings]
16 [-n] [-l | --files-with-matches] [-L | --files-without-match]
17 [-c | --count]
18 [-A <post-context>] [-B <pre-context>] [-C <context>]
19 [-f <file>] [-e] <pattern> [--and|--or|--not|(|)|-e <pattern>...]
20 [<tree>...]
21 [--] [<path>...]
22
23 DESCRIPTION
24 -----------
25 Look for specified patterns in the working tree files, blobs
26 registered in the index file, or given tree objects.
27
28
29 OPTIONS
30 -------
31 --cached::
32 Instead of searching in the working tree files, check
33 the blobs registered in the index file.
34
35 -a | --text::
36 Process binary files as if they were text.
37
38 -i | --ignore-case::
39 Ignore case differences between the patterns and the
40 files.
41
42 -w | --word-regexp::
43 Match the pattern only at word boundary (either begin at the
44 beginning of a line, or preceded by a non-word character; end at
45 the end of a line or followed by a non-word character).
46
47 -v | --invert-match::
48 Select non-matching lines.
49
50 -E | --extended-regexp | -G | --basic-regexp::
51 Use POSIX extended/basic regexp for patterns. Default
52 is to use basic regexp.
53
54 -n::
55 Prefix the line number to matching lines.
56
57 -l | --files-with-matches | -L | --files-without-match::
58 Instead of showing every matched line, show only the
59 names of files that contain (or do not contain) matches.
60
61 -c | --count::
62 Instead of showing every matched line, show the number of
63 lines that match.
64
65 -[ABC] <context>::
66 Show `context` trailing (`A` -- after), or leading (`B`
67 -- before), or both (`C` -- context) lines, and place a
68 line containing `--` between contiguous groups of
69 matches.
70
71 -f <file>::
72 Read patterns from <file>, one per line.
73
74 -e::
75 The next parameter is the pattern. This option has to be
76 used for patterns starting with - and should be used in
77 scripts passing user input to grep. Multiple patterns are
78 combined by 'or'.
79
80 --and | --or | --not | ( | )::
81 Specify how multiple patterns are combined using boolean
82 expressions. `--or` is the default operator. `--and` has
83 higher precedence than `--or`. `-e` has to be used for all
84 patterns.
85
86 `<tree>...`::
87 Search blobs in the trees for specified patterns.
88
89 \--::
90 Signals the end of options; the rest of the parameters
91 are <path> limiters.
92
93
94 Example
95 -------
96
97 git grep -e \'#define\' --and \( -e MAX_PATH -e PATH_MAX \)::
98 Looks for a line that has `#define` and either `MAX_PATH` or
99 `PATH_MAX`.
100
101 Author
102 ------
103 Originally written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>, later
104 revamped by Junio C Hamano.
105
106
107 Documentation
108 --------------
109 Documentation by Junio C Hamano and the git-list <git@vger.kernel.org>.
110
111 GIT
112 ---
113 Part of the gitlink:git[7] suite
114