Merge branch 'maint-1.7.3' into maint
[git/git.git] / Documentation / git-branch.txt
1 git-branch(1)
2 =============
5 ----
6 git-branch - List, create, or delete branches
9 --------
10 [verse]
11 'git branch' [--color[=<when>] | --no-color] [-r | -a]
12 [-v [--abbrev=<length> | --no-abbrev]]
13 [(--merged | --no-merged | --contains) [<commit>]]
14 'git branch' [--set-upstream | --track | --no-track] [-l] [-f] <branchname> [<start-point>]
15 'git branch' (-m | -M) [<oldbranch>] <newbranch>
16 'git branch' (-d | -D) [-r] <branchname>...
19 -----------
21 With no arguments, existing branches are listed and the current branch will
22 be highlighted with an asterisk. Option `-r` causes the remote-tracking
23 branches to be listed, and option `-a` shows both.
25 With `--contains`, shows only the branches that contain the named commit
26 (in other words, the branches whose tip commits are descendants of the
27 named commit). With `--merged`, only branches merged into the named
28 commit (i.e. the branches whose tip commits are reachable from the named
29 commit) will be listed. With `--no-merged` only branches not merged into
30 the named commit will be listed. If the <commit> argument is missing it
31 defaults to 'HEAD' (i.e. the tip of the current branch).
33 The command's second form creates a new branch head named <branchname>
34 which points to the current 'HEAD', or <start-point> if given.
36 Note that this will create the new branch, but it will not switch the
37 working tree to it; use "git checkout <newbranch>" to switch to the
38 new branch.
40 When a local branch is started off a remote-tracking branch, git sets up the
41 branch so that 'git pull' will appropriately merge from
42 the remote-tracking branch. This behavior may be changed via the global
43 `branch.autosetupmerge` configuration flag. That setting can be
44 overridden by using the `--track` and `--no-track` options, and
45 changed later using `git branch --set-upstream`.
47 With a '-m' or '-M' option, <oldbranch> will be renamed to <newbranch>.
48 If <oldbranch> had a corresponding reflog, it is renamed to match
49 <newbranch>, and a reflog entry is created to remember the branch
50 renaming. If <newbranch> exists, -M must be used to force the rename
51 to happen.
53 With a `-d` or `-D` option, `<branchname>` will be deleted. You may
54 specify more than one branch for deletion. If the branch currently
55 has a reflog then the reflog will also be deleted.
57 Use -r together with -d to delete remote-tracking branches. Note, that it
58 only makes sense to delete remote-tracking branches if they no longer exist
59 in the remote repository or if 'git fetch' was configured not to fetch
60 them again. See also the 'prune' subcommand of linkgit:git-remote[1] for a
61 way to clean up all obsolete remote-tracking branches.
65 -------
66 -d::
67 Delete a branch. The branch must be fully merged in its
68 upstream branch, or in `HEAD` if no upstream was set with
69 `--track` or `--set-upstream`.
71 -D::
72 Delete a branch irrespective of its merged status.
74 -l::
75 Create the branch's reflog. This activates recording of
76 all changes made to the branch ref, enabling use of date
77 based sha1 expressions such as "<branchname>@\{yesterday}".
78 Note that in non-bare repositories, reflogs are usually
79 enabled by default by the `core.logallrefupdates` config option.
81 -f::
82 --force::
83 Reset <branchname> to <startpoint> if <branchname> exists
84 already. Without `-f` 'git branch' refuses to change an existing branch.
86 -m::
87 Move/rename a branch and the corresponding reflog.
89 -M::
90 Move/rename a branch even if the new branch name already exists.
92 --color[=<when>]::
93 Color branches to highlight current, local, and
94 remote-tracking branches.
95 The value must be always (the default), never, or auto.
97 --no-color::
98 Turn off branch colors, even when the configuration file gives the
99 default to color output.
100 Same as `--color=never`.
102 -r::
103 List or delete (if used with -d) the remote-tracking branches.
105 -a::
106 List both remote-tracking branches and local branches.
108 -v::
109 --verbose::
110 Show sha1 and commit subject line for each head, along with
111 relationship to upstream branch (if any). If given twice, print
112 the name of the upstream branch, as well.
114 --abbrev=<length>::
115 Alter the sha1's minimum display length in the output listing.
116 The default value is 7 and can be overridden by the `core.abbrev`
117 config option.
119 --no-abbrev::
120 Display the full sha1s in the output listing rather than abbreviating them.
122 -t::
123 --track::
124 When creating a new branch, set up configuration to mark the
125 start-point branch as "upstream" from the new branch. This
126 configuration will tell git to show the relationship between the
127 two branches in `git status` and `git branch -v`. Furthermore,
128 it directs `git pull` without arguments to pull from the
129 upstream when the new branch is checked out.
130 +
131 This behavior is the default when the start point is a remote-tracking branch.
132 Set the branch.autosetupmerge configuration variable to `false` if you
133 want `git checkout` and `git branch` to always behave as if '--no-track'
134 were given. Set it to `always` if you want this behavior when the
135 start-point is either a local or remote-tracking branch.
137 --no-track::
138 Do not set up "upstream" configuration, even if the
139 branch.autosetupmerge configuration variable is true.
141 --set-upstream::
142 If specified branch does not exist yet or if '--force' has been
143 given, acts exactly like '--track'. Otherwise sets up configuration
144 like '--track' would when creating the branch, except that where
145 branch points to is not changed.
147 --contains <commit>::
148 Only list branches which contain the specified commit.
150 --merged [<commit>]::
151 Only list branches whose tips are reachable from the
152 specified commit (HEAD if not specified).
154 --no-merged [<commit>]::
155 Only list branches whose tips are not reachable from the
156 specified commit (HEAD if not specified).
158 <branchname>::
159 The name of the branch to create or delete.
160 The new branch name must pass all checks defined by
161 linkgit:git-check-ref-format[1]. Some of these checks
162 may restrict the characters allowed in a branch name.
164 <start-point>::
165 The new branch head will point to this commit. It may be
166 given as a branch name, a commit-id, or a tag. If this
167 option is omitted, the current HEAD will be used instead.
169 <oldbranch>::
170 The name of an existing branch to rename.
172 <newbranch>::
173 The new name for an existing branch. The same restrictions as for
174 <branchname> apply.
177 Examples
178 --------
180 Start development from a known tag::
181 +
182 ------------
183 $ git clone git:// my2.6
184 $ cd my2.6
185 $ git branch my2.6.14 v2.6.14 <1>
186 $ git checkout my2.6.14
187 ------------
188 +
189 <1> This step and the next one could be combined into a single step with
190 "checkout -b my2.6.14 v2.6.14".
192 Delete an unneeded branch::
193 +
194 ------------
195 $ git clone git:// my.git
196 $ cd my.git
197 $ git branch -d -r origin/todo origin/html origin/man <1>
198 $ git branch -D test <2>
199 ------------
200 +
201 <1> Delete the remote-tracking branches "todo", "html" and "man". The next
202 'fetch' or 'pull' will create them again unless you configure them not to.
203 See linkgit:git-fetch[1].
204 <2> Delete the "test" branch even if the "master" branch (or whichever branch
205 is currently checked out) does not have all commits from the test branch.
208 Notes
209 -----
211 If you are creating a branch that you want to checkout immediately, it is
212 easier to use the git checkout command with its `-b` option to create
213 a branch and check it out with a single command.
215 The options `--contains`, `--merged` and `--no-merged` serve three related
216 but different purposes:
218 - `--contains <commit>` is used to find all branches which will need
219 special attention if <commit> were to be rebased or amended, since those
220 branches contain the specified <commit>.
222 - `--merged` is used to find all branches which can be safely deleted,
223 since those branches are fully contained by HEAD.
225 - `--no-merged` is used to find branches which are candidates for merging
226 into HEAD, since those branches are not fully contained by HEAD.
229 --------
230 linkgit:git-check-ref-format[1],
231 linkgit:git-fetch[1],
232 linkgit:git-remote[1],
233 link:user-manual.html#what-is-a-branch[``Understanding history: What is
234 a branch?''] in the Git User's Manual.
236 GIT
237 ---
238 Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite