Fix up "for_each_ref()" to be more usable, and use it in git-fsck-cache
[git/git.git] / fsck-cache.c
1 #include <sys/types.h>
2 #include <dirent.h>
3
4 #include "cache.h"
5 #include "commit.h"
6 #include "tree.h"
7 #include "blob.h"
8 #include "tag.h"
9 #include "refs.h"
10 #include "pack.h"
11
12 #define REACHABLE 0x0001
13
14 static int show_root = 0;
15 static int show_tags = 0;
16 static int show_unreachable = 0;
17 static int standalone = 0;
18 static int check_full = 0;
19 static int keep_cache_objects = 0;
20 static unsigned char head_sha1[20];
21
22 static void check_connectivity(void)
23 {
24 int i;
25
26 /* Look up all the requirements, warn about missing objects.. */
27 for (i = 0; i < nr_objs; i++) {
28 struct object *obj = objs[i];
29 struct object_list *refs;
30
31 if (!obj->parsed) {
32 if (!standalone && has_sha1_file(obj->sha1))
33 ; /* it is in pack */
34 else
35 printf("missing %s %s\n",
36 obj->type, sha1_to_hex(obj->sha1));
37 continue;
38 }
39
40 for (refs = obj->refs; refs; refs = refs->next) {
41 if (refs->item->parsed ||
42 (!standalone && has_sha1_file(refs->item->sha1)))
43 continue;
44 printf("broken link from %7s %s\n",
45 obj->type, sha1_to_hex(obj->sha1));
46 printf(" to %7s %s\n",
47 refs->item->type, sha1_to_hex(refs->item->sha1));
48 }
49
50 if (show_unreachable && !(obj->flags & REACHABLE)) {
51 printf("unreachable %s %s\n",
52 obj->type, sha1_to_hex(obj->sha1));
53 continue;
54 }
55
56 if (!obj->used) {
57 printf("dangling %s %s\n", obj->type,
58 sha1_to_hex(obj->sha1));
59 }
60 }
61 }
62
63 /*
64 * The entries in a tree are ordered in the _path_ order,
65 * which means that a directory entry is ordered by adding
66 * a slash to the end of it.
67 *
68 * So a directory called "a" is ordered _after_ a file
69 * called "a.c", because "a/" sorts after "a.c".
70 */
71 #define TREE_UNORDERED (-1)
72 #define TREE_HAS_DUPS (-2)
73
74 static int verify_ordered(struct tree_entry_list *a, struct tree_entry_list *b)
75 {
76 int len1 = strlen(a->name);
77 int len2 = strlen(b->name);
78 int len = len1 < len2 ? len1 : len2;
79 unsigned char c1, c2;
80 int cmp;
81
82 cmp = memcmp(a->name, b->name, len);
83 if (cmp < 0)
84 return 0;
85 if (cmp > 0)
86 return TREE_UNORDERED;
87
88 /*
89 * Ok, the first <len> characters are the same.
90 * Now we need to order the next one, but turn
91 * a '\0' into a '/' for a directory entry.
92 */
93 c1 = a->name[len];
94 c2 = b->name[len];
95 if (!c1 && !c2)
96 /*
97 * git-write-tree used to write out a nonsense tree that has
98 * entries with the same name, one blob and one tree. Make
99 * sure we do not have duplicate entries.
100 */
101 return TREE_HAS_DUPS;
102 if (!c1 && a->directory)
103 c1 = '/';
104 if (!c2 && b->directory)
105 c2 = '/';
106 return c1 < c2 ? 0 : TREE_UNORDERED;
107 }
108
109 static int fsck_tree(struct tree *item)
110 {
111 int has_full_path = 0;
112 struct tree_entry_list *entry, *last;
113
114 last = NULL;
115 for (entry = item->entries; entry; entry = entry->next) {
116 if (strchr(entry->name, '/'))
117 has_full_path = 1;
118
119 switch (entry->mode) {
120 /*
121 * Standard modes..
122 */
123 case S_IFREG | 0755:
124 case S_IFREG | 0644:
125 case S_IFLNK:
126 case S_IFDIR:
127 break;
128 /*
129 * This is nonstandard, but we had a few of these
130 * early on when we honored the full set of mode
131 * bits..
132 */
133 case S_IFREG | 0664:
134 break;
135 default:
136 printf("tree %s has entry %o %s\n",
137 sha1_to_hex(item->object.sha1),
138 entry->mode, entry->name);
139 }
140
141 if (last) {
142 switch (verify_ordered(last, entry)) {
143 case TREE_UNORDERED:
144 fprintf(stderr, "tree %s not ordered\n",
145 sha1_to_hex(item->object.sha1));
146 return -1;
147 case TREE_HAS_DUPS:
148 fprintf(stderr, "tree %s has duplicate entries for '%s'\n",
149 sha1_to_hex(item->object.sha1),
150 entry->name);
151 return -1;
152 default:
153 break;
154 }
155 }
156
157 last = entry;
158 }
159
160 if (has_full_path) {
161 fprintf(stderr, "warning: git-fsck-cache: tree %s "
162 "has full pathnames in it\n",
163 sha1_to_hex(item->object.sha1));
164 }
165
166 return 0;
167 }
168
169 static int fsck_commit(struct commit *commit)
170 {
171 free(commit->buffer);
172 commit->buffer = NULL;
173 if (!commit->tree)
174 return -1;
175 if (!commit->parents && show_root)
176 printf("root %s\n", sha1_to_hex(commit->object.sha1));
177 if (!commit->date)
178 printf("bad commit date in %s\n",
179 sha1_to_hex(commit->object.sha1));
180 return 0;
181 }
182
183 static int fsck_tag(struct tag *tag)
184 {
185 struct object *tagged = tag->tagged;
186
187 if (!tagged) {
188 printf("bad object in tag %s\n", sha1_to_hex(tag->object.sha1));
189 return -1;
190 }
191 if (!show_tags)
192 return 0;
193
194 printf("tagged %s %s", tagged->type, sha1_to_hex(tagged->sha1));
195 printf(" (%s) in %s\n", tag->tag, sha1_to_hex(tag->object.sha1));
196 return 0;
197 }
198
199 static int fsck_sha1(unsigned char *sha1)
200 {
201 struct object *obj = parse_object(sha1);
202 if (!obj)
203 return -1;
204 if (obj->type == blob_type)
205 return 0;
206 if (obj->type == tree_type)
207 return fsck_tree((struct tree *) obj);
208 if (obj->type == commit_type)
209 return fsck_commit((struct commit *) obj);
210 if (obj->type == tag_type)
211 return fsck_tag((struct tag *) obj);
212 return -1;
213 }
214
215 /*
216 * This is the sorting chunk size: make it reasonably
217 * big so that we can sort well..
218 */
219 #define MAX_SHA1_ENTRIES (1024)
220
221 struct sha1_entry {
222 unsigned long ino;
223 unsigned char sha1[20];
224 };
225
226 static struct {
227 unsigned long nr;
228 struct sha1_entry *entry[MAX_SHA1_ENTRIES];
229 } sha1_list;
230
231 static int ino_compare(const void *_a, const void *_b)
232 {
233 const struct sha1_entry *a = _a, *b = _b;
234 unsigned long ino1 = a->ino, ino2 = b->ino;
235 return ino1 < ino2 ? -1 : ino1 > ino2 ? 1 : 0;
236 }
237
238 static void fsck_sha1_list(void)
239 {
240 int i, nr = sha1_list.nr;
241
242 qsort(sha1_list.entry, nr, sizeof(struct sha1_entry *), ino_compare);
243 for (i = 0; i < nr; i++) {
244 struct sha1_entry *entry = sha1_list.entry[i];
245 unsigned char *sha1 = entry->sha1;
246
247 sha1_list.entry[i] = NULL;
248 if (fsck_sha1(sha1) < 0)
249 fprintf(stderr, "bad sha1 entry '%s'\n", sha1_to_hex(sha1));
250 free(entry);
251 }
252 sha1_list.nr = 0;
253 }
254
255 static void add_sha1_list(unsigned char *sha1, unsigned long ino)
256 {
257 struct sha1_entry *entry = xmalloc(sizeof(*entry));
258 int nr;
259
260 entry->ino = ino;
261 memcpy(entry->sha1, sha1, 20);
262 nr = sha1_list.nr;
263 if (nr == MAX_SHA1_ENTRIES) {
264 fsck_sha1_list();
265 nr = 0;
266 }
267 sha1_list.entry[nr] = entry;
268 sha1_list.nr = ++nr;
269 }
270
271 static int fsck_dir(int i, char *path)
272 {
273 DIR *dir = opendir(path);
274 struct dirent *de;
275
276 if (!dir) {
277 return error("missing sha1 directory '%s'", path);
278 }
279
280 while ((de = readdir(dir)) != NULL) {
281 char name[100];
282 unsigned char sha1[20];
283 int len = strlen(de->d_name);
284
285 switch (len) {
286 case 2:
287 if (de->d_name[1] != '.')
288 break;
289 case 1:
290 if (de->d_name[0] != '.')
291 break;
292 continue;
293 case 38:
294 sprintf(name, "%02x", i);
295 memcpy(name+2, de->d_name, len+1);
296 if (get_sha1_hex(name, sha1) < 0)
297 break;
298 add_sha1_list(sha1, de->d_ino);
299 continue;
300 }
301 fprintf(stderr, "bad sha1 file: %s/%s\n", path, de->d_name);
302 }
303 closedir(dir);
304 return 0;
305 }
306
307 static int default_refs = 0;
308
309 static int fsck_handle_ref(const char *refname, const unsigned char *sha1)
310 {
311 struct object *obj;
312
313 obj = lookup_object(sha1);
314 if (!obj) {
315 if (!standalone && has_sha1_file(sha1))
316 return 0; /* it is in a pack */
317 error("%s: invalid sha1 pointer %s", refname, sha1_to_hex(sha1));
318 /* We'll continue with the rest despite the error.. */
319 return 0;
320 }
321 default_refs++;
322 obj->used = 1;
323 mark_reachable(obj, REACHABLE);
324 return 0;
325 }
326
327 static void get_default_heads(void)
328 {
329 for_each_ref(fsck_handle_ref);
330 if (!default_refs)
331 die("No default references");
332 }
333
334 static void fsck_object_dir(const char *path)
335 {
336 int i;
337 for (i = 0; i < 256; i++) {
338 static char dir[4096];
339 sprintf(dir, "%s/%02x", path, i);
340 fsck_dir(i, dir);
341 }
342 fsck_sha1_list();
343 }
344
345 int main(int argc, char **argv)
346 {
347 int i, heads;
348
349 for (i = 1; i < argc; i++) {
350 const char *arg = argv[i];
351
352 if (!strcmp(arg, "--unreachable")) {
353 show_unreachable = 1;
354 continue;
355 }
356 if (!strcmp(arg, "--tags")) {
357 show_tags = 1;
358 continue;
359 }
360 if (!strcmp(arg, "--root")) {
361 show_root = 1;
362 continue;
363 }
364 if (!strcmp(arg, "--cache")) {
365 keep_cache_objects = 1;
366 continue;
367 }
368 if (!strcmp(arg, "--standalone")) {
369 standalone = 1;
370 continue;
371 }
372 if (!strcmp(arg, "--full")) {
373 check_full = 1;
374 continue;
375 }
376 if (*arg == '-')
377 usage("git-fsck-cache [--tags] [[--unreachable] [--cache] [--standalone | --full] <head-sha1>*]");
378 }
379
380 if (standalone && check_full)
381 die("Only one of --standalone or --full can be used.");
382 if (standalone)
383 unsetenv("GIT_ALTERNATE_OBJECT_DIRECTORIES");
384
385 fsck_object_dir(get_object_directory());
386 if (check_full) {
387 int j;
388 struct packed_git *p;
389 prepare_alt_odb();
390 for (j = 0; alt_odb[j].base; j++) {
391 alt_odb[j].name[-1] = 0; /* was slash */
392 fsck_object_dir(alt_odb[j].base);
393 alt_odb[j].name[-1] = '/';
394 }
395 prepare_packed_git();
396 for (p = packed_git; p; p = p->next)
397 /* verify gives error messages itself */
398 verify_pack(p, 0);
399
400 for (p = packed_git; p; p = p->next) {
401 int num = num_packed_objects(p);
402 for (i = 0; i < num; i++) {
403 unsigned char sha1[20];
404 nth_packed_object_sha1(p, i, sha1);
405 if (fsck_sha1(sha1) < 0)
406 fprintf(stderr, "bad sha1 entry '%s'\n", sha1_to_hex(sha1));
407
408 }
409 }
410 }
411
412 heads = 0;
413 for (i = 1; i < argc; i++) {
414 const char *arg = argv[i];
415
416 if (*arg == '-')
417 continue;
418
419 if (!get_sha1(arg, head_sha1)) {
420 struct object *obj = lookup_object(head_sha1);
421
422 /* Error is printed by lookup_object(). */
423 if (!obj)
424 continue;
425
426 obj->used = 1;
427 mark_reachable(obj, REACHABLE);
428 heads++;
429 continue;
430 }
431 error("expected sha1, got %s", arg);
432 }
433
434 /*
435 * If we've not been given any explicit head information, do the
436 * default ones from .git/refs. We also consider the index file
437 * in this case (ie this implies --cache).
438 */
439 if (!heads) {
440 get_default_heads();
441 keep_cache_objects = 1;
442 }
443
444 if (keep_cache_objects) {
445 int i;
446 read_cache();
447 for (i = 0; i < active_nr; i++) {
448 struct blob *blob = lookup_blob(active_cache[i]->sha1);
449 struct object *obj;
450 if (!blob)
451 continue;
452 obj = &blob->object;
453 obj->used = 1;
454 mark_reachable(obj, REACHABLE);
455 }
456 }
457
458 check_connectivity();
459 return 0;
460 }