90761f169444c165f0e94ebc3b7731cd8d85d3f0
[git/git.git] / Documentation / git-log.txt
1 git-log(1)
2 ==========
3
4 NAME
5 ----
6 git-log - Show commit logs
7
8
9 SYNOPSIS
10 --------
11 [verse]
12 'git log' [<options>] [<revision range>] [[--] <path>...]
13
14 DESCRIPTION
15 -----------
16 Shows the commit logs.
17
18 The command takes options applicable to the `git rev-list`
19 command to control what is shown and how, and options applicable to
20 the `git diff-*` commands to control how the changes
21 each commit introduces are shown.
22
23
24 OPTIONS
25 -------
26
27 --follow::
28 Continue listing the history of a file beyond renames
29 (works only for a single file).
30
31 --no-decorate::
32 --decorate[=short|full|auto|no]::
33 Print out the ref names of any commits that are shown. If 'short' is
34 specified, the ref name prefixes 'refs/heads/', 'refs/tags/' and
35 'refs/remotes/' will not be printed. If 'full' is specified, the
36 full ref name (including prefix) will be printed. If 'auto' is
37 specified, then if the output is going to a terminal, the ref names
38 are shown as if 'short' were given, otherwise no ref names are
39 shown. The default option is 'short'.
40
41 --decorate-refs=<pattern>::
42 --decorate-refs-exclude=<pattern>::
43 If no `--decorate-refs` is given, pretend as if all refs were
44 included. For each candidate, do not use it for decoration if it
45 matches any patterns given to `--decorate-refs-exclude` or if it
46 doesn't match any of the patterns given to `--decorate-refs`.
47
48 --source::
49 Print out the ref name given on the command line by which each
50 commit was reached.
51
52 --use-mailmap::
53 Use mailmap file to map author and committer names and email
54 addresses to canonical real names and email addresses. See
55 linkgit:git-shortlog[1].
56
57 --full-diff::
58 Without this flag, `git log -p <path>...` shows commits that
59 touch the specified paths, and diffs about the same specified
60 paths. With this, the full diff is shown for commits that touch
61 the specified paths; this means that "<path>..." limits only
62 commits, and doesn't limit diff for those commits.
63 +
64 Note that this affects all diff-based output types, e.g. those
65 produced by `--stat`, etc.
66
67 --log-size::
68 Include a line ``log size <number>'' in the output for each commit,
69 where <number> is the length of that commit's message in bytes.
70 Intended to speed up tools that read log messages from `git log`
71 output by allowing them to allocate space in advance.
72
73 -L <start>,<end>:<file>::
74 -L :<funcname>:<file>::
75 Trace the evolution of the line range given by "<start>,<end>"
76 (or the function name regex <funcname>) within the <file>. You may
77 not give any pathspec limiters. This is currently limited to
78 a walk starting from a single revision, i.e., you may only
79 give zero or one positive revision arguments.
80 You can specify this option more than once.
81 +
82 include::line-range-format.txt[]
83
84 <revision range>::
85 Show only commits in the specified revision range. When no
86 <revision range> is specified, it defaults to `HEAD` (i.e. the
87 whole history leading to the current commit). `origin..HEAD`
88 specifies all the commits reachable from the current commit
89 (i.e. `HEAD`), but not from `origin`. For a complete list of
90 ways to spell <revision range>, see the 'Specifying Ranges'
91 section of linkgit:gitrevisions[7].
92
93 [--] <path>...::
94 Show only commits that are enough to explain how the files
95 that match the specified paths came to be. See 'History
96 Simplification' below for details and other simplification
97 modes.
98 +
99 Paths may need to be prefixed with `--` to separate them from
100 options or the revision range, when confusion arises.
101
102 include::rev-list-options.txt[]
103
104 include::pretty-formats.txt[]
105
106 COMMON DIFF OPTIONS
107 -------------------
108
109 :git-log: 1
110 include::diff-options.txt[]
111
112 include::diff-generate-patch.txt[]
113
114 EXAMPLES
115 --------
116 `git log --no-merges`::
117
118 Show the whole commit history, but skip any merges
119
120 `git log v2.6.12.. include/scsi drivers/scsi`::
121
122 Show all commits since version 'v2.6.12' that changed any file
123 in the `include/scsi` or `drivers/scsi` subdirectories
124
125 `git log --since="2 weeks ago" -- gitk`::
126
127 Show the changes during the last two weeks to the file 'gitk'.
128 The `--` is necessary to avoid confusion with the *branch* named
129 'gitk'
130
131 `git log --name-status release..test`::
132
133 Show the commits that are in the "test" branch but not yet
134 in the "release" branch, along with the list of paths
135 each commit modifies.
136
137 `git log --follow builtin/rev-list.c`::
138
139 Shows the commits that changed `builtin/rev-list.c`, including
140 those commits that occurred before the file was given its
141 present name.
142
143 `git log --branches --not --remotes=origin`::
144
145 Shows all commits that are in any of local branches but not in
146 any of remote-tracking branches for 'origin' (what you have that
147 origin doesn't).
148
149 `git log master --not --remotes=*/master`::
150
151 Shows all commits that are in local master but not in any remote
152 repository master branches.
153
154 `git log -p -m --first-parent`::
155
156 Shows the history including change diffs, but only from the
157 ``main branch'' perspective, skipping commits that come from merged
158 branches, and showing full diffs of changes introduced by the merges.
159 This makes sense only when following a strict policy of merging all
160 topic branches when staying on a single integration branch.
161
162 `git log -L '/int main/',/^}/:main.c`::
163
164 Shows how the function `main()` in the file `main.c` evolved
165 over time.
166
167 `git log -3`::
168
169 Limits the number of commits to show to 3.
170
171 DISCUSSION
172 ----------
173
174 include::i18n.txt[]
175
176 CONFIGURATION
177 -------------
178
179 See linkgit:git-config[1] for core variables and linkgit:git-diff[1]
180 for settings related to diff generation.
181
182 format.pretty::
183 Default for the `--format` option. (See 'Pretty Formats' above.)
184 Defaults to `medium`.
185
186 i18n.logOutputEncoding::
187 Encoding to use when displaying logs. (See 'Discussion' above.)
188 Defaults to the value of `i18n.commitEncoding` if set, and UTF-8
189 otherwise.
190
191 log.date::
192 Default format for human-readable dates. (Compare the
193 `--date` option.) Defaults to "default", which means to write
194 dates like `Sat May 8 19:35:34 2010 -0500`.
195
196 log.follow::
197 If `true`, `git log` will act as if the `--follow` option was used when
198 a single <path> is given. This has the same limitations as `--follow`,
199 i.e. it cannot be used to follow multiple files and does not work well
200 on non-linear history.
201
202 log.showRoot::
203 If `false`, `git log` and related commands will not treat the
204 initial commit as a big creation event. Any root commits in
205 `git log -p` output would be shown without a diff attached.
206 The default is `true`.
207
208 log.showSignature::
209 If `true`, `git log` and related commands will act as if the
210 `--show-signature` option was passed to them.
211
212 mailmap.*::
213 See linkgit:git-shortlog[1].
214
215 notes.displayRef::
216 Which refs, in addition to the default set by `core.notesRef`
217 or `GIT_NOTES_REF`, to read notes from when showing commit
218 messages with the `log` family of commands. See
219 linkgit:git-notes[1].
220 +
221 May be an unabbreviated ref name or a glob and may be specified
222 multiple times. A warning will be issued for refs that do not exist,
223 but a glob that does not match any refs is silently ignored.
224 +
225 This setting can be disabled by the `--no-notes` option,
226 overridden by the `GIT_NOTES_DISPLAY_REF` environment variable,
227 and overridden by the `--notes=<ref>` option.
228
229 GIT
230 ---
231 Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite