GIT 1.4.4.3
[git/git.git] / builtin-grep.c
1 /*
2 * Builtin "git grep"
3 *
4 * Copyright (c) 2006 Junio C Hamano
5 */
6 #include "cache.h"
7 #include "blob.h"
8 #include "tree.h"
9 #include "commit.h"
10 #include "tag.h"
11 #include "tree-walk.h"
12 #include "builtin.h"
13 #include <regex.h>
14 #include "grep.h"
15 #include <fnmatch.h>
16 #include <sys/wait.h>
17
18 /*
19 * git grep pathspecs are somewhat different from diff-tree pathspecs;
20 * pathname wildcards are allowed.
21 */
22 static int pathspec_matches(const char **paths, const char *name)
23 {
24 int namelen, i;
25 if (!paths || !*paths)
26 return 1;
27 namelen = strlen(name);
28 for (i = 0; paths[i]; i++) {
29 const char *match = paths[i];
30 int matchlen = strlen(match);
31 const char *cp, *meta;
32
33 if (!matchlen ||
34 ((matchlen <= namelen) &&
35 !strncmp(name, match, matchlen) &&
36 (match[matchlen-1] == '/' ||
37 name[matchlen] == '\0' || name[matchlen] == '/')))
38 return 1;
39 if (!fnmatch(match, name, 0))
40 return 1;
41 if (name[namelen-1] != '/')
42 continue;
43
44 /* We are being asked if the directory ("name") is worth
45 * descending into.
46 *
47 * Find the longest leading directory name that does
48 * not have metacharacter in the pathspec; the name
49 * we are looking at must overlap with that directory.
50 */
51 for (cp = match, meta = NULL; cp - match < matchlen; cp++) {
52 char ch = *cp;
53 if (ch == '*' || ch == '[' || ch == '?') {
54 meta = cp;
55 break;
56 }
57 }
58 if (!meta)
59 meta = cp; /* fully literal */
60
61 if (namelen <= meta - match) {
62 /* Looking at "Documentation/" and
63 * the pattern says "Documentation/howto/", or
64 * "Documentation/diff*.txt". The name we
65 * have should match prefix.
66 */
67 if (!memcmp(match, name, namelen))
68 return 1;
69 continue;
70 }
71
72 if (meta - match < namelen) {
73 /* Looking at "Documentation/howto/" and
74 * the pattern says "Documentation/h*";
75 * match up to "Do.../h"; this avoids descending
76 * into "Documentation/technical/".
77 */
78 if (!memcmp(match, name, meta - match))
79 return 1;
80 continue;
81 }
82 }
83 return 0;
84 }
85
86 static int grep_sha1(struct grep_opt *opt, const unsigned char *sha1, const char *name, int tree_name_len)
87 {
88 unsigned long size;
89 char *data;
90 char type[20];
91 char *to_free = NULL;
92 int hit;
93
94 data = read_sha1_file(sha1, type, &size);
95 if (!data) {
96 error("'%s': unable to read %s", name, sha1_to_hex(sha1));
97 return 0;
98 }
99 if (opt->relative && opt->prefix_length) {
100 static char name_buf[PATH_MAX];
101 char *cp;
102 int name_len = strlen(name) - opt->prefix_length + 1;
103
104 if (!tree_name_len)
105 name += opt->prefix_length;
106 else {
107 if (ARRAY_SIZE(name_buf) <= name_len)
108 cp = to_free = xmalloc(name_len);
109 else
110 cp = name_buf;
111 memcpy(cp, name, tree_name_len);
112 strcpy(cp + tree_name_len,
113 name + tree_name_len + opt->prefix_length);
114 name = cp;
115 }
116 }
117 hit = grep_buffer(opt, name, data, size);
118 free(data);
119 free(to_free);
120 return hit;
121 }
122
123 static int grep_file(struct grep_opt *opt, const char *filename)
124 {
125 struct stat st;
126 int i;
127 char *data;
128 if (lstat(filename, &st) < 0) {
129 err_ret:
130 if (errno != ENOENT)
131 error("'%s': %s", filename, strerror(errno));
132 return 0;
133 }
134 if (!st.st_size)
135 return 0; /* empty file -- no grep hit */
136 if (!S_ISREG(st.st_mode))
137 return 0;
138 i = open(filename, O_RDONLY);
139 if (i < 0)
140 goto err_ret;
141 data = xmalloc(st.st_size + 1);
142 if (st.st_size != xread(i, data, st.st_size)) {
143 error("'%s': short read %s", filename, strerror(errno));
144 close(i);
145 free(data);
146 return 0;
147 }
148 close(i);
149 if (opt->relative && opt->prefix_length)
150 filename += opt->prefix_length;
151 i = grep_buffer(opt, filename, data, st.st_size);
152 free(data);
153 return i;
154 }
155
156 static int exec_grep(int argc, const char **argv)
157 {
158 pid_t pid;
159 int status;
160
161 argv[argc] = NULL;
162 pid = fork();
163 if (pid < 0)
164 return pid;
165 if (!pid) {
166 execvp("grep", (char **) argv);
167 exit(255);
168 }
169 while (waitpid(pid, &status, 0) < 0) {
170 if (errno == EINTR)
171 continue;
172 return -1;
173 }
174 if (WIFEXITED(status)) {
175 if (!WEXITSTATUS(status))
176 return 1;
177 return 0;
178 }
179 return -1;
180 }
181
182 #define MAXARGS 1000
183 #define ARGBUF 4096
184 #define push_arg(a) do { \
185 if (nr < MAXARGS) argv[nr++] = (a); \
186 else die("maximum number of args exceeded"); \
187 } while (0)
188
189 static int external_grep(struct grep_opt *opt, const char **paths, int cached)
190 {
191 int i, nr, argc, hit, len, status;
192 const char *argv[MAXARGS+1];
193 char randarg[ARGBUF];
194 char *argptr = randarg;
195 struct grep_pat *p;
196
197 if (opt->extended || (opt->relative && opt->prefix_length))
198 return -1;
199 len = nr = 0;
200 push_arg("grep");
201 if (opt->fixed)
202 push_arg("-F");
203 if (opt->linenum)
204 push_arg("-n");
205 if (!opt->pathname)
206 push_arg("-h");
207 if (opt->regflags & REG_EXTENDED)
208 push_arg("-E");
209 if (opt->regflags & REG_ICASE)
210 push_arg("-i");
211 if (opt->word_regexp)
212 push_arg("-w");
213 if (opt->name_only)
214 push_arg("-l");
215 if (opt->unmatch_name_only)
216 push_arg("-L");
217 if (opt->count)
218 push_arg("-c");
219 if (opt->post_context || opt->pre_context) {
220 if (opt->post_context != opt->pre_context) {
221 if (opt->pre_context) {
222 push_arg("-B");
223 len += snprintf(argptr, sizeof(randarg)-len,
224 "%u", opt->pre_context);
225 if (sizeof(randarg) <= len)
226 die("maximum length of args exceeded");
227 push_arg(argptr);
228 argptr += len;
229 }
230 if (opt->post_context) {
231 push_arg("-A");
232 len += snprintf(argptr, sizeof(randarg)-len,
233 "%u", opt->post_context);
234 if (sizeof(randarg) <= len)
235 die("maximum length of args exceeded");
236 push_arg(argptr);
237 argptr += len;
238 }
239 }
240 else {
241 push_arg("-C");
242 len += snprintf(argptr, sizeof(randarg)-len,
243 "%u", opt->post_context);
244 if (sizeof(randarg) <= len)
245 die("maximum length of args exceeded");
246 push_arg(argptr);
247 argptr += len;
248 }
249 }
250 for (p = opt->pattern_list; p; p = p->next) {
251 push_arg("-e");
252 push_arg(p->pattern);
253 }
254
255 /*
256 * To make sure we get the header printed out when we want it,
257 * add /dev/null to the paths to grep. This is unnecessary
258 * (and wrong) with "-l" or "-L", which always print out the
259 * name anyway.
260 *
261 * GNU grep has "-H", but this is portable.
262 */
263 if (!opt->name_only && !opt->unmatch_name_only)
264 push_arg("/dev/null");
265
266 hit = 0;
267 argc = nr;
268 for (i = 0; i < active_nr; i++) {
269 struct cache_entry *ce = active_cache[i];
270 char *name;
271 if (ce_stage(ce) || !S_ISREG(ntohl(ce->ce_mode)))
272 continue;
273 if (!pathspec_matches(paths, ce->name))
274 continue;
275 name = ce->name;
276 if (name[0] == '-') {
277 int len = ce_namelen(ce);
278 name = xmalloc(len + 3);
279 memcpy(name, "./", 2);
280 memcpy(name + 2, ce->name, len + 1);
281 }
282 argv[argc++] = name;
283 if (argc < MAXARGS)
284 continue;
285 status = exec_grep(argc, argv);
286 if (0 < status)
287 hit = 1;
288 argc = nr;
289 }
290 if (argc > nr) {
291 status = exec_grep(argc, argv);
292 if (0 < status)
293 hit = 1;
294 }
295 return hit;
296 }
297
298 static int grep_cache(struct grep_opt *opt, const char **paths, int cached)
299 {
300 int hit = 0;
301 int nr;
302 read_cache();
303
304 #ifdef __unix__
305 /*
306 * Use the external "grep" command for the case where
307 * we grep through the checked-out files. It tends to
308 * be a lot more optimized
309 */
310 if (!cached) {
311 hit = external_grep(opt, paths, cached);
312 if (hit >= 0)
313 return hit;
314 }
315 #endif
316
317 for (nr = 0; nr < active_nr; nr++) {
318 struct cache_entry *ce = active_cache[nr];
319 if (ce_stage(ce) || !S_ISREG(ntohl(ce->ce_mode)))
320 continue;
321 if (!pathspec_matches(paths, ce->name))
322 continue;
323 if (cached)
324 hit |= grep_sha1(opt, ce->sha1, ce->name, 0);
325 else
326 hit |= grep_file(opt, ce->name);
327 }
328 free_grep_patterns(opt);
329 return hit;
330 }
331
332 static int grep_tree(struct grep_opt *opt, const char **paths,
333 struct tree_desc *tree,
334 const char *tree_name, const char *base)
335 {
336 int len;
337 int hit = 0;
338 struct name_entry entry;
339 char *down;
340 int tn_len = strlen(tree_name);
341 char *path_buf = xmalloc(PATH_MAX + tn_len + 100);
342
343 if (tn_len) {
344 tn_len = sprintf(path_buf, "%s:", tree_name);
345 down = path_buf + tn_len;
346 strcat(down, base);
347 }
348 else {
349 down = path_buf;
350 strcpy(down, base);
351 }
352 len = strlen(path_buf);
353
354 while (tree_entry(tree, &entry)) {
355 strcpy(path_buf + len, entry.path);
356
357 if (S_ISDIR(entry.mode))
358 /* Match "abc/" against pathspec to
359 * decide if we want to descend into "abc"
360 * directory.
361 */
362 strcpy(path_buf + len + entry.pathlen, "/");
363
364 if (!pathspec_matches(paths, down))
365 ;
366 else if (S_ISREG(entry.mode))
367 hit |= grep_sha1(opt, entry.sha1, path_buf, tn_len);
368 else if (S_ISDIR(entry.mode)) {
369 char type[20];
370 struct tree_desc sub;
371 void *data;
372 data = read_sha1_file(entry.sha1, type, &sub.size);
373 if (!data)
374 die("unable to read tree (%s)",
375 sha1_to_hex(entry.sha1));
376 sub.buf = data;
377 hit |= grep_tree(opt, paths, &sub, tree_name, down);
378 free(data);
379 }
380 }
381 return hit;
382 }
383
384 static int grep_object(struct grep_opt *opt, const char **paths,
385 struct object *obj, const char *name)
386 {
387 if (obj->type == OBJ_BLOB)
388 return grep_sha1(opt, obj->sha1, name, 0);
389 if (obj->type == OBJ_COMMIT || obj->type == OBJ_TREE) {
390 struct tree_desc tree;
391 void *data;
392 int hit;
393 data = read_object_with_reference(obj->sha1, tree_type,
394 &tree.size, NULL);
395 if (!data)
396 die("unable to read tree (%s)", sha1_to_hex(obj->sha1));
397 tree.buf = data;
398 hit = grep_tree(opt, paths, &tree, name, "");
399 free(data);
400 return hit;
401 }
402 die("unable to grep from object of type %s", typename(obj->type));
403 }
404
405 static const char builtin_grep_usage[] =
406 "git-grep <option>* <rev>* [-e] <pattern> [<path>...]";
407
408 static const char emsg_invalid_context_len[] =
409 "%s: invalid context length argument";
410 static const char emsg_missing_context_len[] =
411 "missing context length argument";
412 static const char emsg_missing_argument[] =
413 "option requires an argument -%s";
414
415 int cmd_grep(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
416 {
417 int hit = 0;
418 int cached = 0;
419 int seen_dashdash = 0;
420 struct grep_opt opt;
421 struct object_array list = { 0, 0, NULL };
422 const char **paths = NULL;
423 int i;
424
425 memset(&opt, 0, sizeof(opt));
426 opt.prefix_length = (prefix && *prefix) ? strlen(prefix) : 0;
427 opt.relative = 1;
428 opt.pathname = 1;
429 opt.pattern_tail = &opt.pattern_list;
430 opt.regflags = REG_NEWLINE;
431
432 /*
433 * If there is no -- then the paths must exist in the working
434 * tree. If there is no explicit pattern specified with -e or
435 * -f, we take the first unrecognized non option to be the
436 * pattern, but then what follows it must be zero or more
437 * valid refs up to the -- (if exists), and then existing
438 * paths. If there is an explicit pattern, then the first
439 * unrecognized non option is the beginning of the refs list
440 * that continues up to the -- (if exists), and then paths.
441 */
442
443 while (1 < argc) {
444 const char *arg = argv[1];
445 argc--; argv++;
446 if (!strcmp("--cached", arg)) {
447 cached = 1;
448 continue;
449 }
450 if (!strcmp("-a", arg) ||
451 !strcmp("--text", arg)) {
452 opt.binary = GREP_BINARY_TEXT;
453 continue;
454 }
455 if (!strcmp("-i", arg) ||
456 !strcmp("--ignore-case", arg)) {
457 opt.regflags |= REG_ICASE;
458 continue;
459 }
460 if (!strcmp("-I", arg)) {
461 opt.binary = GREP_BINARY_NOMATCH;
462 continue;
463 }
464 if (!strcmp("-v", arg) ||
465 !strcmp("--invert-match", arg)) {
466 opt.invert = 1;
467 continue;
468 }
469 if (!strcmp("-E", arg) ||
470 !strcmp("--extended-regexp", arg)) {
471 opt.regflags |= REG_EXTENDED;
472 continue;
473 }
474 if (!strcmp("-F", arg) ||
475 !strcmp("--fixed-strings", arg)) {
476 opt.fixed = 1;
477 continue;
478 }
479 if (!strcmp("-G", arg) ||
480 !strcmp("--basic-regexp", arg)) {
481 opt.regflags &= ~REG_EXTENDED;
482 continue;
483 }
484 if (!strcmp("-n", arg)) {
485 opt.linenum = 1;
486 continue;
487 }
488 if (!strcmp("-h", arg)) {
489 opt.pathname = 0;
490 continue;
491 }
492 if (!strcmp("-H", arg)) {
493 opt.pathname = 1;
494 continue;
495 }
496 if (!strcmp("-l", arg) ||
497 !strcmp("--files-with-matches", arg)) {
498 opt.name_only = 1;
499 continue;
500 }
501 if (!strcmp("-L", arg) ||
502 !strcmp("--files-without-match", arg)) {
503 opt.unmatch_name_only = 1;
504 continue;
505 }
506 if (!strcmp("-c", arg) ||
507 !strcmp("--count", arg)) {
508 opt.count = 1;
509 continue;
510 }
511 if (!strcmp("-w", arg) ||
512 !strcmp("--word-regexp", arg)) {
513 opt.word_regexp = 1;
514 continue;
515 }
516 if (!strncmp("-A", arg, 2) ||
517 !strncmp("-B", arg, 2) ||
518 !strncmp("-C", arg, 2) ||
519 (arg[0] == '-' && '1' <= arg[1] && arg[1] <= '9')) {
520 unsigned num;
521 const char *scan;
522 switch (arg[1]) {
523 case 'A': case 'B': case 'C':
524 if (!arg[2]) {
525 if (argc <= 1)
526 die(emsg_missing_context_len);
527 scan = *++argv;
528 argc--;
529 }
530 else
531 scan = arg + 2;
532 break;
533 default:
534 scan = arg + 1;
535 break;
536 }
537 if (sscanf(scan, "%u", &num) != 1)
538 die(emsg_invalid_context_len, scan);
539 switch (arg[1]) {
540 case 'A':
541 opt.post_context = num;
542 break;
543 default:
544 case 'C':
545 opt.post_context = num;
546 case 'B':
547 opt.pre_context = num;
548 break;
549 }
550 continue;
551 }
552 if (!strcmp("-f", arg)) {
553 FILE *patterns;
554 int lno = 0;
555 char buf[1024];
556 if (argc <= 1)
557 die(emsg_missing_argument, arg);
558 patterns = fopen(argv[1], "r");
559 if (!patterns)
560 die("'%s': %s", argv[1], strerror(errno));
561 while (fgets(buf, sizeof(buf), patterns)) {
562 int len = strlen(buf);
563 if (buf[len-1] == '\n')
564 buf[len-1] = 0;
565 /* ignore empty line like grep does */
566 if (!buf[0])
567 continue;
568 append_grep_pattern(&opt, xstrdup(buf),
569 argv[1], ++lno,
570 GREP_PATTERN);
571 }
572 fclose(patterns);
573 argv++;
574 argc--;
575 continue;
576 }
577 if (!strcmp("--not", arg)) {
578 append_grep_pattern(&opt, arg, "command line", 0,
579 GREP_NOT);
580 continue;
581 }
582 if (!strcmp("--and", arg)) {
583 append_grep_pattern(&opt, arg, "command line", 0,
584 GREP_AND);
585 continue;
586 }
587 if (!strcmp("--or", arg))
588 continue; /* no-op */
589 if (!strcmp("(", arg)) {
590 append_grep_pattern(&opt, arg, "command line", 0,
591 GREP_OPEN_PAREN);
592 continue;
593 }
594 if (!strcmp(")", arg)) {
595 append_grep_pattern(&opt, arg, "command line", 0,
596 GREP_CLOSE_PAREN);
597 continue;
598 }
599 if (!strcmp("--all-match", arg)) {
600 opt.all_match = 1;
601 continue;
602 }
603 if (!strcmp("-e", arg)) {
604 if (1 < argc) {
605 append_grep_pattern(&opt, argv[1],
606 "-e option", 0,
607 GREP_PATTERN);
608 argv++;
609 argc--;
610 continue;
611 }
612 die(emsg_missing_argument, arg);
613 }
614 if (!strcmp("--full-name", arg)) {
615 opt.relative = 0;
616 continue;
617 }
618 if (!strcmp("--", arg)) {
619 /* later processing wants to have this at argv[1] */
620 argv--;
621 argc++;
622 break;
623 }
624 if (*arg == '-')
625 usage(builtin_grep_usage);
626
627 /* First unrecognized non-option token */
628 if (!opt.pattern_list) {
629 append_grep_pattern(&opt, arg, "command line", 0,
630 GREP_PATTERN);
631 break;
632 }
633 else {
634 /* We are looking at the first path or rev;
635 * it is found at argv[1] after leaving the
636 * loop.
637 */
638 argc++; argv--;
639 break;
640 }
641 }
642
643 if (!opt.pattern_list)
644 die("no pattern given.");
645 if ((opt.regflags != REG_NEWLINE) && opt.fixed)
646 die("cannot mix --fixed-strings and regexp");
647 compile_grep_patterns(&opt);
648
649 /* Check revs and then paths */
650 for (i = 1; i < argc; i++) {
651 const char *arg = argv[i];
652 unsigned char sha1[20];
653 /* Is it a rev? */
654 if (!get_sha1(arg, sha1)) {
655 struct object *object = parse_object(sha1);
656 if (!object)
657 die("bad object %s", arg);
658 add_object_array(object, arg, &list);
659 continue;
660 }
661 if (!strcmp(arg, "--")) {
662 i++;
663 seen_dashdash = 1;
664 }
665 break;
666 }
667
668 /* The rest are paths */
669 if (!seen_dashdash) {
670 int j;
671 for (j = i; j < argc; j++)
672 verify_filename(prefix, argv[j]);
673 }
674
675 if (i < argc) {
676 paths = get_pathspec(prefix, argv + i);
677 if (opt.prefix_length && opt.relative) {
678 /* Make sure we do not get outside of paths */
679 for (i = 0; paths[i]; i++)
680 if (strncmp(prefix, paths[i], opt.prefix_length))
681 die("git-grep: cannot generate relative filenames containing '..'");
682 }
683 }
684 else if (prefix) {
685 paths = xcalloc(2, sizeof(const char *));
686 paths[0] = prefix;
687 paths[1] = NULL;
688 }
689
690 if (!list.nr)
691 return !grep_cache(&opt, paths, cached);
692
693 if (cached)
694 die("both --cached and trees are given.");
695
696 for (i = 0; i < list.nr; i++) {
697 struct object *real_obj;
698 real_obj = deref_tag(list.objects[i].item, NULL, 0);
699 if (grep_object(&opt, paths, real_obj, list.objects[i].name))
700 hit = 1;
701 }
702 free_grep_patterns(&opt);
703 return !hit;
704 }