Merge branch 'ew/svn-crlf'
[git/git.git] / Documentation / git-pack-objects.txt
1 git-pack-objects(1)
2 ===================
5 ----
6 git-pack-objects - Create a packed archive of objects
10 --------
11 [verse]
12 'git pack-objects' [-q | --progress | --all-progress] [--all-progress-implied]
13 [--no-reuse-delta] [--delta-base-offset] [--non-empty]
14 [--local] [--incremental] [--window=<n>] [--depth=<n>]
15 [--revs [--unpacked | --all]]
16 [--stdout [--filter=<filter-spec>] | base-name]
17 [--shallow] [--keep-true-parents] < object-list
21 -----------
22 Reads list of objects from the standard input, and writes either one or
23 more packed archives with the specified base-name to disk, or a packed
24 archive to the standard output.
26 A packed archive is an efficient way to transfer a set of objects
27 between two repositories as well as an access efficient archival
28 format. In a packed archive, an object is either stored as a
29 compressed whole or as a difference from some other object.
30 The latter is often called a delta.
32 The packed archive format (.pack) is designed to be self-contained
33 so that it can be unpacked without any further information. Therefore,
34 each object that a delta depends upon must be present within the pack.
36 A pack index file (.idx) is generated for fast, random access to the
37 objects in the pack. Placing both the index file (.idx) and the packed
38 archive (.pack) in the pack/ subdirectory of $GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY (or
39 any of the directories on $GIT_ALTERNATE_OBJECT_DIRECTORIES)
40 enables Git to read from the pack archive.
42 The 'git unpack-objects' command can read the packed archive and
43 expand the objects contained in the pack into "one-file
44 one-object" format; this is typically done by the smart-pull
45 commands when a pack is created on-the-fly for efficient network
46 transport by their peers.
50 -------
51 base-name::
52 Write into pairs of files (.pack and .idx), using
53 <base-name> to determine the name of the created file.
54 When this option is used, the two files in a pair are written in
55 <base-name>-<SHA-1>.{pack,idx} files. <SHA-1> is a hash
56 based on the pack content and is written to the standard
57 output of the command.
59 --stdout::
60 Write the pack contents (what would have been written to
61 .pack file) out to the standard output.
63 --revs::
64 Read the revision arguments from the standard input, instead of
65 individual object names. The revision arguments are processed
66 the same way as 'git rev-list' with the `--objects` flag
67 uses its `commit` arguments to build the list of objects it
68 outputs. The objects on the resulting list are packed.
69 Besides revisions, `--not` or `--shallow <SHA-1>` lines are
70 also accepted.
72 --unpacked::
73 This implies `--revs`. When processing the list of
74 revision arguments read from the standard input, limit
75 the objects packed to those that are not already packed.
77 --all::
78 This implies `--revs`. In addition to the list of
79 revision arguments read from the standard input, pretend
80 as if all refs under `refs/` are specified to be
81 included.
83 --include-tag::
84 Include unasked-for annotated tags if the object they
85 reference was included in the resulting packfile. This
86 can be useful to send new tags to native Git clients.
88 --window=<n>::
89 --depth=<n>::
90 These two options affect how the objects contained in
91 the pack are stored using delta compression. The
92 objects are first internally sorted by type, size and
93 optionally names and compared against the other objects
94 within --window to see if using delta compression saves
95 space. --depth limits the maximum delta depth; making
96 it too deep affects the performance on the unpacker
97 side, because delta data needs to be applied that many
98 times to get to the necessary object.
99 The default value for --window is 10 and --depth is 50.
101 --window-memory=<n>::
102 This option provides an additional limit on top of `--window`;
103 the window size will dynamically scale down so as to not take
104 up more than '<n>' bytes in memory. This is useful in
105 repositories with a mix of large and small objects to not run
106 out of memory with a large window, but still be able to take
107 advantage of the large window for the smaller objects. The
108 size can be suffixed with "k", "m", or "g".
109 `--window-memory=0` makes memory usage unlimited. The default
110 is taken from the `pack.windowMemory` configuration variable.
112 --max-pack-size=<n>::
113 In unusual scenarios, you may not be able to create files
114 larger than a certain size on your filesystem, and this option
115 can be used to tell the command to split the output packfile
116 into multiple independent packfiles, each not larger than the
117 given size. The size can be suffixed with
118 "k", "m", or "g". The minimum size allowed is limited to 1 MiB.
119 This option
120 prevents the creation of a bitmap index.
121 The default is unlimited, unless the config variable
122 `pack.packSizeLimit` is set.
124 --honor-pack-keep::
125 This flag causes an object already in a local pack that
126 has a .keep file to be ignored, even if it would have
127 otherwise been packed.
129 --incremental::
130 This flag causes an object already in a pack to be ignored
131 even if it would have otherwise been packed.
133 --local::
134 This flag causes an object that is borrowed from an alternate
135 object store to be ignored even if it would have otherwise been
136 packed.
138 --non-empty::
139 Only create a packed archive if it would contain at
140 least one object.
142 --progress::
143 Progress status is reported on the standard error stream
144 by default when it is attached to a terminal, unless -q
145 is specified. This flag forces progress status even if
146 the standard error stream is not directed to a terminal.
148 --all-progress::
149 When --stdout is specified then progress report is
150 displayed during the object count and compression phases
151 but inhibited during the write-out phase. The reason is
152 that in some cases the output stream is directly linked
153 to another command which may wish to display progress
154 status of its own as it processes incoming pack data.
155 This flag is like --progress except that it forces progress
156 report for the write-out phase as well even if --stdout is
157 used.
159 --all-progress-implied::
160 This is used to imply --all-progress whenever progress display
161 is activated. Unlike --all-progress this flag doesn't actually
162 force any progress display by itself.
164 -q::
165 This flag makes the command not to report its progress
166 on the standard error stream.
168 --no-reuse-delta::
169 When creating a packed archive in a repository that
170 has existing packs, the command reuses existing deltas.
171 This sometimes results in a slightly suboptimal pack.
172 This flag tells the command not to reuse existing deltas
173 but compute them from scratch.
175 --no-reuse-object::
176 This flag tells the command not to reuse existing object data at all,
177 including non deltified object, forcing recompression of everything.
178 This implies --no-reuse-delta. Useful only in the obscure case where
179 wholesale enforcement of a different compression level on the
180 packed data is desired.
182 --compression=<n>::
183 Specifies compression level for newly-compressed data in the
184 generated pack. If not specified, pack compression level is
185 determined first by pack.compression, then by core.compression,
186 and defaults to -1, the zlib default, if neither is set.
187 Add --no-reuse-object if you want to force a uniform compression
188 level on all data no matter the source.
190 --thin::
191 Create a "thin" pack by omitting the common objects between a
192 sender and a receiver in order to reduce network transfer. This
193 option only makes sense in conjunction with --stdout.
194 +
195 Note: A thin pack violates the packed archive format by omitting
196 required objects and is thus unusable by Git without making it
197 self-contained. Use `git index-pack --fix-thin`
198 (see linkgit:git-index-pack[1]) to restore the self-contained property.
200 --shallow::
201 Optimize a pack that will be provided to a client with a shallow
202 repository. This option, combined with --thin, can result in a
203 smaller pack at the cost of speed.
205 --delta-base-offset::
206 A packed archive can express the base object of a delta as
207 either a 20-byte object name or as an offset in the
208 stream, but ancient versions of Git don't understand the
209 latter. By default, 'git pack-objects' only uses the
210 former format for better compatibility. This option
211 allows the command to use the latter format for
212 compactness. Depending on the average delta chain
213 length, this option typically shrinks the resulting
214 packfile by 3-5 per-cent.
215 +
216 Note: Porcelain commands such as `git gc` (see linkgit:git-gc[1]),
217 `git repack` (see linkgit:git-repack[1]) pass this option by default
218 in modern Git when they put objects in your repository into pack files.
219 So does `git bundle` (see linkgit:git-bundle[1]) when it creates a bundle.
221 --threads=<n>::
222 Specifies the number of threads to spawn when searching for best
223 delta matches. This requires that pack-objects be compiled with
224 pthreads otherwise this option is ignored with a warning.
225 This is meant to reduce packing time on multiprocessor machines.
226 The required amount of memory for the delta search window is
227 however multiplied by the number of threads.
228 Specifying 0 will cause Git to auto-detect the number of CPU's
229 and set the number of threads accordingly.
231 --index-version=<version>[,<offset>]::
232 This is intended to be used by the test suite only. It allows
233 to force the version for the generated pack index, and to force
234 64-bit index entries on objects located above the given offset.
236 --keep-true-parents::
237 With this option, parents that are hidden by grafts are packed
238 nevertheless.
240 --filter=<filter-spec>::
241 Requires `--stdout`. Omits certain objects (usually blobs) from
242 the resulting packfile. See linkgit:git-rev-list[1] for valid
243 `<filter-spec>` forms.
245 --no-filter::
246 Turns off any previous `--filter=` argument.
248 --missing=<missing-action>::
249 A debug option to help with future "partial clone" development.
250 This option specifies how missing objects are handled.
251 +
252 The form '--missing=error' requests that pack-objects stop with an error if
253 a missing object is encountered. This is the default action.
254 +
255 The form '--missing=allow-any' will allow object traversal to continue
256 if a missing object is encountered. Missing objects will silently be
257 omitted from the results.
260 --------
261 linkgit:git-rev-list[1]
262 linkgit:git-repack[1]
263 linkgit:git-prune-packed[1]
265 GIT
266 ---
267 Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite