[git/git.git] / Documentation / git-apply.txt
1 git-apply(1)
2 ============
5 ----
6 git-apply - Apply patch on a git index file and a work tree
10 --------
11 [verse]
12 'git-apply' [--stat] [--numstat] [--summary] [--check] [--index] [--apply]
13 [--no-add] [--index-info] [--allow-binary-replacement | --binary]
14 [-R | --reverse] [--reject] [-z] [-pNUM] [-CNUM] [--inaccurate-eof]
15 [--whitespace=<nowarn|warn|error|error-all|strip>] [--exclude=PATH]
16 [--cached] [--verbose] [<patch>...]
19 -----------
20 Reads supplied diff output and applies it on a git index file
21 and a work tree.
24 -------
25 <patch>...::
26 The files to read patch from. '-' can be used to read
27 from the standard input.
29 --stat::
30 Instead of applying the patch, output diffstat for the
31 input. Turns off "apply".
33 --numstat::
34 Similar to \--stat, but shows number of added and
35 deleted lines in decimal notation and pathname without
36 abbreviation, to make it more machine friendly. For
37 binary files, outputs two `-` instead of saying
38 `0 0`. Turns off "apply".
40 --summary::
41 Instead of applying the patch, output a condensed
42 summary of information obtained from git diff extended
43 headers, such as creations, renames and mode changes.
44 Turns off "apply".
46 --check::
47 Instead of applying the patch, see if the patch is
48 applicable to the current work tree and/or the index
49 file and detects errors. Turns off "apply".
51 --index::
52 When --check is in effect, or when applying the patch
53 (which is the default when none of the options that
54 disables it is in effect), make sure the patch is
55 applicable to what the current index file records. If
56 the file to be patched in the work tree is not
57 up-to-date, it is flagged as an error. This flag also
58 causes the index file to be updated.
60 --cached::
61 Apply a patch without touching the working tree. Instead, take the
62 cached data, apply the patch, and store the result in the index,
63 without using the working tree. This implies '--index'.
65 --index-info::
66 Newer git-diff output has embedded 'index information'
67 for each blob to help identify the original version that
68 the patch applies to. When this flag is given, and if
69 the original version of the blob is available locally,
70 outputs information about them to the standard output.
72 -R, --reverse::
73 Apply the patch in reverse.
75 --reject::
76 For atomicity, gitlink:git-apply[1] by default fails the whole patch and
77 does not touch the working tree when some of the hunks
78 do not apply. This option makes it apply
79 the parts of the patch that are applicable, and leave the
80 rejected hunks in corresponding *.rej files.
82 -z::
83 When showing the index information, do not munge paths,
84 but use NUL terminated machine readable format. Without
85 this flag, the pathnames output will have TAB, LF, and
86 backslash characters replaced with `\t`, `\n`, and `\\`,
87 respectively.
89 -p<n>::
90 Remove <n> leading slashes from traditional diff paths. The
91 default is 1.
93 -C<n>::
94 Ensure at least <n> lines of surrounding context match before
95 and after each change. When fewer lines of surrounding
96 context exist they all must match. By default no context is
97 ever ignored.
99 --unidiff-zero::
100 By default, gitlink:git-apply[1] expects that the patch being
101 applied is a unified diff with at least one line of context.
102 This provides good safety measures, but breaks down when
103 applying a diff generated with --unified=0. To bypass these
104 checks use '--unidiff-zero'.
105 +
106 Note, for the reasons stated above usage of context-free patches are
107 discouraged.
109 --apply::
110 If you use any of the options marked "Turns off
111 'apply'" above, gitlink:git-apply[1] reads and outputs the
112 information you asked without actually applying the
113 patch. Give this flag after those flags to also apply
114 the patch.
116 --no-add::
117 When applying a patch, ignore additions made by the
118 patch. This can be used to extract common part between
119 two files by first running `diff` on them and applying
120 the result with this option, which would apply the
121 deletion part but not addition part.
123 --allow-binary-replacement, --binary::
124 Historically we did not allow binary patch applied
125 without an explicit permission from the user, and this
126 flag was the way to do so. Currently we always allow binary
127 patch application, so this is a no-op.
129 --exclude=<path-pattern>::
130 Don't apply changes to files matching the given path pattern. This can
131 be useful when importing patchsets, where you want to exclude certain
132 files or directories.
134 --whitespace=<option>::
135 When applying a patch, detect a new or modified line
136 that ends with trailing whitespaces (this includes a
137 line that solely consists of whitespaces). By default,
138 the command outputs warning messages and applies the
139 patch.
140 When gitlink:git-apply[1] is used for statistics and not applying a
141 patch, it defaults to `nowarn`.
142 You can use different `<option>` to control this
143 behavior:
144 +
145 * `nowarn` turns off the trailing whitespace warning.
146 * `warn` outputs warnings for a few such errors, but applies the
147 patch (default).
148 * `error` outputs warnings for a few such errors, and refuses
149 to apply the patch.
150 * `error-all` is similar to `error` but shows all errors.
151 * `strip` outputs warnings for a few such errors, strips out the
152 trailing whitespaces and applies the patch.
154 --inaccurate-eof::
155 Under certain circumstances, some versions of diff do not correctly
156 detect a missing new-line at the end of the file. As a result, patches
157 created by such diff programs do not record incomplete lines
158 correctly. This option adds support for applying such patches by
159 working around this bug.
161 --verbose::
162 Report progress to stderr. By default, only a message about the
163 current patch being applied will be printed. This option will cause
164 additional information to be reported.
166 Configuration
167 -------------
169 apply.whitespace::
170 When no `--whitespace` flag is given from the command
171 line, this configuration item is used as the default.
174 Author
175 ------
176 Written by Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
178 Documentation
179 --------------
180 Documentation by Junio C Hamano
182 GIT
183 ---
184 Part of the gitlink:git[7] suite