quote: add "sq_dequote_to_argv" to put unwrapped args in an argv array
[git/git.git] / refs.c
CommitLineData
95fc7512 1#include "cache.h"
85023577 2#include "refs.h"
cf0adba7
JH
3#include "object.h"
4#include "tag.h"
7155b727 5#include "dir.h"
95fc7512 6
f4204ab9
JH
7/* ISSYMREF=01 and ISPACKED=02 are public interfaces */
8#define REF_KNOWS_PEELED 04
9
e1e22e37
LT
10struct ref_list {
11 struct ref_list *next;
f4204ab9 12 unsigned char flag; /* ISSYMREF? ISPACKED? */
e1e22e37 13 unsigned char sha1[20];
f4204ab9 14 unsigned char peeled[20];
e1e22e37
LT
15 char name[FLEX_ARRAY];
16};
17
f4204ab9 18static const char *parse_ref_line(char *line, unsigned char *sha1)
e1e22e37
LT
19{
20 /*
21 * 42: the answer to everything.
22 *
23 * In this case, it happens to be the answer to
24 * 40 (length of sha1 hex representation)
25 * +1 (space in between hex and name)
26 * +1 (newline at the end of the line)
27 */
28 int len = strlen(line) - 42;
29
30 if (len <= 0)
31 return NULL;
32 if (get_sha1_hex(line, sha1) < 0)
33 return NULL;
34 if (!isspace(line[40]))
35 return NULL;
36 line += 41;
f4204ab9
JH
37 if (isspace(*line))
38 return NULL;
e1e22e37
LT
39 if (line[len] != '\n')
40 return NULL;
41 line[len] = 0;
cf0adba7 42
e1e22e37
LT
43 return line;
44}
45
8da19775 46static struct ref_list *add_ref(const char *name, const unsigned char *sha1,
f4204ab9
JH
47 int flag, struct ref_list *list,
48 struct ref_list **new_entry)
e1e22e37
LT
49{
50 int len;
c774aab9 51 struct ref_list *entry;
e1e22e37
LT
52
53 /* Allocate it and add it in.. */
54 len = strlen(name) + 1;
55 entry = xmalloc(sizeof(struct ref_list) + len);
56 hashcpy(entry->sha1, sha1);
f4204ab9 57 hashclr(entry->peeled);
e1e22e37 58 memcpy(entry->name, name, len);
8da19775 59 entry->flag = flag;
c774aab9 60 entry->next = list;
f4204ab9
JH
61 if (new_entry)
62 *new_entry = entry;
c774aab9
JP
63 return entry;
64}
65
66/* merge sort the ref list */
67static struct ref_list *sort_ref_list(struct ref_list *list)
68{
69 int psize, qsize, last_merge_count, cmp;
70 struct ref_list *p, *q, *l, *e;
71 struct ref_list *new_list = list;
72 int k = 1;
73 int merge_count = 0;
74
75 if (!list)
76 return list;
77
78 do {
79 last_merge_count = merge_count;
80 merge_count = 0;
81
82 psize = 0;
83
84 p = new_list;
85 q = new_list;
86 new_list = NULL;
87 l = NULL;
88
89 while (p) {
90 merge_count++;
91
92 while (psize < k && q->next) {
93 q = q->next;
94 psize++;
95 }
96 qsize = k;
97
98 while ((psize > 0) || (qsize > 0 && q)) {
99 if (qsize == 0 || !q) {
100 e = p;
101 p = p->next;
102 psize--;
103 } else if (psize == 0) {
104 e = q;
105 q = q->next;
106 qsize--;
107 } else {
108 cmp = strcmp(q->name, p->name);
109 if (cmp < 0) {
110 e = q;
111 q = q->next;
112 qsize--;
113 } else if (cmp > 0) {
114 e = p;
115 p = p->next;
116 psize--;
117 } else {
118 if (hashcmp(q->sha1, p->sha1))
119 die("Duplicated ref, and SHA1s don't match: %s",
120 q->name);
121 warning("Duplicated ref: %s", q->name);
122 e = q;
123 q = q->next;
124 qsize--;
125 free(e);
126 e = p;
127 p = p->next;
128 psize--;
129 }
130 }
131
132 e->next = NULL;
133
134 if (l)
135 l->next = e;
136 if (!new_list)
137 new_list = e;
138 l = e;
139 }
140
141 p = q;
142 };
143
144 k = k * 2;
145 } while ((last_merge_count != merge_count) || (last_merge_count != 1));
146
147 return new_list;
e1e22e37
LT
148}
149
5e290ff7
JH
150/*
151 * Future: need to be in "struct repository"
152 * when doing a full libification.
153 */
4175e9e3 154static struct cached_refs {
5e290ff7
JH
155 char did_loose;
156 char did_packed;
157 struct ref_list *loose;
158 struct ref_list *packed;
159} cached_refs;
0ae91be0 160static struct ref_list *current_ref;
5e290ff7 161
e142a3c6
DB
162static struct ref_list *extra_refs;
163
5e290ff7
JH
164static void free_ref_list(struct ref_list *list)
165{
166 struct ref_list *next;
167 for ( ; list; list = next) {
168 next = list->next;
169 free(list);
170 }
171}
172
173static void invalidate_cached_refs(void)
e1e22e37 174{
5e290ff7
JH
175 struct cached_refs *ca = &cached_refs;
176
177 if (ca->did_loose && ca->loose)
178 free_ref_list(ca->loose);
179 if (ca->did_packed && ca->packed)
180 free_ref_list(ca->packed);
181 ca->loose = ca->packed = NULL;
182 ca->did_loose = ca->did_packed = 0;
183}
e1e22e37 184
f4204ab9
JH
185static void read_packed_refs(FILE *f, struct cached_refs *cached_refs)
186{
187 struct ref_list *list = NULL;
188 struct ref_list *last = NULL;
189 char refline[PATH_MAX];
190 int flag = REF_ISPACKED;
191
192 while (fgets(refline, sizeof(refline), f)) {
193 unsigned char sha1[20];
194 const char *name;
195 static const char header[] = "# pack-refs with:";
196
197 if (!strncmp(refline, header, sizeof(header)-1)) {
198 const char *traits = refline + sizeof(header) - 1;
199 if (strstr(traits, " peeled "))
200 flag |= REF_KNOWS_PEELED;
201 /* perhaps other traits later as well */
202 continue;
203 }
204
205 name = parse_ref_line(refline, sha1);
206 if (name) {
207 list = add_ref(name, sha1, flag, list, &last);
208 continue;
209 }
210 if (last &&
211 refline[0] == '^' &&
212 strlen(refline) == 42 &&
213 refline[41] == '\n' &&
214 !get_sha1_hex(refline + 1, sha1))
215 hashcpy(last->peeled, sha1);
216 }
c774aab9 217 cached_refs->packed = sort_ref_list(list);
f4204ab9
JH
218}
219
e142a3c6
DB
220void add_extra_ref(const char *name, const unsigned char *sha1, int flag)
221{
222 extra_refs = add_ref(name, sha1, flag, extra_refs, NULL);
223}
224
225void clear_extra_refs(void)
226{
227 free_ref_list(extra_refs);
228 extra_refs = NULL;
229}
230
5e290ff7
JH
231static struct ref_list *get_packed_refs(void)
232{
233 if (!cached_refs.did_packed) {
e1e22e37 234 FILE *f = fopen(git_path("packed-refs"), "r");
f4204ab9 235 cached_refs.packed = NULL;
e1e22e37 236 if (f) {
f4204ab9 237 read_packed_refs(f, &cached_refs);
e1e22e37 238 fclose(f);
e1e22e37 239 }
5e290ff7 240 cached_refs.did_packed = 1;
e1e22e37 241 }
5e290ff7 242 return cached_refs.packed;
e1e22e37
LT
243}
244
245static struct ref_list *get_ref_dir(const char *base, struct ref_list *list)
246{
247 DIR *dir = opendir(git_path("%s", base));
248
249 if (dir) {
250 struct dirent *de;
251 int baselen = strlen(base);
ed378ec7 252 char *ref = xmalloc(baselen + 257);
e1e22e37 253
ed378ec7 254 memcpy(ref, base, baselen);
e1e22e37 255 if (baselen && base[baselen-1] != '/')
ed378ec7 256 ref[baselen++] = '/';
e1e22e37
LT
257
258 while ((de = readdir(dir)) != NULL) {
259 unsigned char sha1[20];
260 struct stat st;
8da19775 261 int flag;
e1e22e37
LT
262 int namelen;
263
264 if (de->d_name[0] == '.')
265 continue;
266 namelen = strlen(de->d_name);
267 if (namelen > 255)
268 continue;
269 if (has_extension(de->d_name, ".lock"))
270 continue;
ed378ec7
LT
271 memcpy(ref + baselen, de->d_name, namelen+1);
272 if (stat(git_path("%s", ref), &st) < 0)
e1e22e37
LT
273 continue;
274 if (S_ISDIR(st.st_mode)) {
ed378ec7 275 list = get_ref_dir(ref, list);
e1e22e37
LT
276 continue;
277 }
f8948e2f
JH
278 if (!resolve_ref(ref, sha1, 1, &flag))
279 hashclr(sha1);
f4204ab9 280 list = add_ref(ref, sha1, flag, list, NULL);
e1e22e37 281 }
ed378ec7 282 free(ref);
e1e22e37
LT
283 closedir(dir);
284 }
c774aab9 285 return sort_ref_list(list);
e1e22e37
LT
286}
287
f8948e2f
JH
288struct warn_if_dangling_data {
289 const char *refname;
290 const char *msg_fmt;
291};
292
293static int warn_if_dangling_symref(const char *refname, const unsigned char *sha1,
294 int flags, void *cb_data)
295{
296 struct warn_if_dangling_data *d = cb_data;
297 const char *resolves_to;
298 unsigned char junk[20];
299
300 if (!(flags & REF_ISSYMREF))
301 return 0;
302
303 resolves_to = resolve_ref(refname, junk, 0, NULL);
304 if (!resolves_to || strcmp(resolves_to, d->refname))
305 return 0;
306
307 printf(d->msg_fmt, refname);
308 return 0;
309}
310
311void warn_dangling_symref(const char *msg_fmt, const char *refname)
312{
313 struct warn_if_dangling_data data = { refname, msg_fmt };
314 for_each_rawref(warn_if_dangling_symref, &data);
315}
316
e1e22e37
LT
317static struct ref_list *get_loose_refs(void)
318{
5e290ff7
JH
319 if (!cached_refs.did_loose) {
320 cached_refs.loose = get_ref_dir("refs", NULL);
321 cached_refs.did_loose = 1;
e1e22e37 322 }
5e290ff7 323 return cached_refs.loose;
e1e22e37
LT
324}
325
ca8db142
LT
326/* We allow "recursive" symbolic refs. Only within reason, though */
327#define MAXDEPTH 5
0ebde32c
LT
328#define MAXREFLEN (1024)
329
330static int resolve_gitlink_packed_ref(char *name, int pathlen, const char *refname, unsigned char *result)
331{
332 FILE *f;
333 struct cached_refs refs;
334 struct ref_list *ref;
335 int retval;
336
337 strcpy(name + pathlen, "packed-refs");
338 f = fopen(name, "r");
339 if (!f)
340 return -1;
341 read_packed_refs(f, &refs);
342 fclose(f);
343 ref = refs.packed;
344 retval = -1;
345 while (ref) {
346 if (!strcmp(ref->name, refname)) {
347 retval = 0;
348 memcpy(result, ref->sha1, 20);
349 break;
350 }
351 ref = ref->next;
352 }
353 free_ref_list(refs.packed);
354 return retval;
355}
356
357static int resolve_gitlink_ref_recursive(char *name, int pathlen, const char *refname, unsigned char *result, int recursion)
358{
359 int fd, len = strlen(refname);
360 char buffer[128], *p;
361
362 if (recursion > MAXDEPTH || len > MAXREFLEN)
363 return -1;
364 memcpy(name + pathlen, refname, len+1);
365 fd = open(name, O_RDONLY);
366 if (fd < 0)
367 return resolve_gitlink_packed_ref(name, pathlen, refname, result);
368
369 len = read(fd, buffer, sizeof(buffer)-1);
370 close(fd);
371 if (len < 0)
372 return -1;
373 while (len && isspace(buffer[len-1]))
374 len--;
375 buffer[len] = 0;
376
377 /* Was it a detached head or an old-fashioned symlink? */
378 if (!get_sha1_hex(buffer, result))
379 return 0;
380
381 /* Symref? */
382 if (strncmp(buffer, "ref:", 4))
383 return -1;
384 p = buffer + 4;
385 while (isspace(*p))
386 p++;
387
388 return resolve_gitlink_ref_recursive(name, pathlen, p, result, recursion+1);
389}
390
391int resolve_gitlink_ref(const char *path, const char *refname, unsigned char *result)
392{
393 int len = strlen(path), retval;
394 char *gitdir;
842abf06 395 const char *tmp;
0ebde32c
LT
396
397 while (len && path[len-1] == '/')
398 len--;
399 if (!len)
400 return -1;
401 gitdir = xmalloc(len + MAXREFLEN + 8);
402 memcpy(gitdir, path, len);
842abf06
LH
403 memcpy(gitdir + len, "/.git", 6);
404 len += 5;
405
406 tmp = read_gitfile_gently(gitdir);
407 if (tmp) {
408 free(gitdir);
409 len = strlen(tmp);
410 gitdir = xmalloc(len + MAXREFLEN + 3);
411 memcpy(gitdir, tmp, len);
412 }
413 gitdir[len] = '/';
414 gitdir[++len] = '\0';
415 retval = resolve_gitlink_ref_recursive(gitdir, len, refname, result, 0);
0ebde32c
LT
416 free(gitdir);
417 return retval;
418}
ca8db142 419
4886b89f
CC
420/*
421 * If the "reading" argument is set, this function finds out what _object_
422 * the ref points at by "reading" the ref. The ref, if it is not symbolic,
423 * has to exist, and if it is symbolic, it has to point at an existing ref,
424 * because the "read" goes through the symref to the ref it points at.
425 *
426 * The access that is not "reading" may often be "writing", but does not
427 * have to; it can be merely checking _where it leads to_. If it is a
428 * prelude to "writing" to the ref, a write to a symref that points at
429 * yet-to-be-born ref will create the real ref pointed by the symref.
430 * reading=0 allows the caller to check where such a symref leads to.
431 */
8da19775 432const char *resolve_ref(const char *ref, unsigned char *sha1, int reading, int *flag)
8a65ff76 433{
0104ca09
HO
434 int depth = MAXDEPTH;
435 ssize_t len;
a876ed83 436 char buffer[256];
ed378ec7 437 static char ref_buffer[256];
ca8db142 438
8da19775
JH
439 if (flag)
440 *flag = 0;
441
a876ed83 442 for (;;) {
958a4789 443 char path[PATH_MAX];
a876ed83
JH
444 struct stat st;
445 char *buf;
446 int fd;
8a65ff76 447
a876ed83
JH
448 if (--depth < 0)
449 return NULL;
ca8db142 450
958a4789 451 git_snpath(path, sizeof(path), "%s", ref);
4886b89f 452 /* Special case: non-existing file. */
a876ed83 453 if (lstat(path, &st) < 0) {
434cd0cd
LT
454 struct ref_list *list = get_packed_refs();
455 while (list) {
f4204ab9 456 if (!strcmp(ref, list->name)) {
434cd0cd 457 hashcpy(sha1, list->sha1);
8da19775
JH
458 if (flag)
459 *flag |= REF_ISPACKED;
434cd0cd
LT
460 return ref;
461 }
462 list = list->next;
463 }
a876ed83
JH
464 if (reading || errno != ENOENT)
465 return NULL;
e702496e 466 hashclr(sha1);
ed378ec7 467 return ref;
a876ed83 468 }
ca8db142 469
a876ed83
JH
470 /* Follow "normalized" - ie "refs/.." symlinks by hand */
471 if (S_ISLNK(st.st_mode)) {
472 len = readlink(path, buffer, sizeof(buffer)-1);
473 if (len >= 5 && !memcmp("refs/", buffer, 5)) {
ed378ec7
LT
474 buffer[len] = 0;
475 strcpy(ref_buffer, buffer);
476 ref = ref_buffer;
8da19775
JH
477 if (flag)
478 *flag |= REF_ISSYMREF;
a876ed83
JH
479 continue;
480 }
ca8db142 481 }
a876ed83 482
7a21632f
DS
483 /* Is it a directory? */
484 if (S_ISDIR(st.st_mode)) {
485 errno = EISDIR;
486 return NULL;
487 }
488
a876ed83
JH
489 /*
490 * Anything else, just open it and try to use it as
491 * a ref
492 */
493 fd = open(path, O_RDONLY);
494 if (fd < 0)
495 return NULL;
93d26e4c 496 len = read_in_full(fd, buffer, sizeof(buffer)-1);
a876ed83
JH
497 close(fd);
498
499 /*
500 * Is it a symbolic ref?
501 */
502 if (len < 4 || memcmp("ref:", buffer, 4))
503 break;
504 buf = buffer + 4;
505 len -= 4;
506 while (len && isspace(*buf))
507 buf++, len--;
508 while (len && isspace(buf[len-1]))
ed378ec7
LT
509 len--;
510 buf[len] = 0;
511 memcpy(ref_buffer, buf, len + 1);
512 ref = ref_buffer;
8da19775
JH
513 if (flag)
514 *flag |= REF_ISSYMREF;
8a65ff76 515 }
a876ed83
JH
516 if (len < 40 || get_sha1_hex(buffer, sha1))
517 return NULL;
ed378ec7 518 return ref;
a876ed83
JH
519}
520
ed378ec7 521int read_ref(const char *ref, unsigned char *sha1)
a876ed83 522{
8da19775 523 if (resolve_ref(ref, sha1, 1, NULL))
a876ed83
JH
524 return 0;
525 return -1;
8a65ff76
LT
526}
527
f8948e2f 528#define DO_FOR_EACH_INCLUDE_BROKEN 01
ef06b918 529static int do_one_ref(const char *base, each_ref_fn fn, int trim,
f8948e2f 530 int flags, void *cb_data, struct ref_list *entry)
ef06b918
JH
531{
532 if (strncmp(base, entry->name, trim))
533 return 0;
f8948e2f
JH
534 if (!(flags & DO_FOR_EACH_INCLUDE_BROKEN)) {
535 if (is_null_sha1(entry->sha1))
536 return 0;
537 if (!has_sha1_file(entry->sha1)) {
538 error("%s does not point to a valid object!", entry->name);
539 return 0;
540 }
ef06b918 541 }
0ae91be0 542 current_ref = entry;
ef06b918
JH
543 return fn(entry->name + trim, entry->sha1, entry->flag, cb_data);
544}
545
cf0adba7
JH
546int peel_ref(const char *ref, unsigned char *sha1)
547{
548 int flag;
549 unsigned char base[20];
550 struct object *o;
551
0ae91be0
SP
552 if (current_ref && (current_ref->name == ref
553 || !strcmp(current_ref->name, ref))) {
554 if (current_ref->flag & REF_KNOWS_PEELED) {
555 hashcpy(sha1, current_ref->peeled);
556 return 0;
557 }
558 hashcpy(base, current_ref->sha1);
559 goto fallback;
560 }
561
cf0adba7
JH
562 if (!resolve_ref(ref, base, 1, &flag))
563 return -1;
564
565 if ((flag & REF_ISPACKED)) {
566 struct ref_list *list = get_packed_refs();
cf0adba7
JH
567
568 while (list) {
f4204ab9
JH
569 if (!strcmp(list->name, ref)) {
570 if (list->flag & REF_KNOWS_PEELED) {
571 hashcpy(sha1, list->peeled);
572 return 0;
573 }
574 /* older pack-refs did not leave peeled ones */
575 break;
cf0adba7
JH
576 }
577 list = list->next;
578 }
cf0adba7
JH
579 }
580
0ae91be0 581fallback:
cf0adba7 582 o = parse_object(base);
8c87dc77 583 if (o && o->type == OBJ_TAG) {
cf0adba7
JH
584 o = deref_tag(o, ref, 0);
585 if (o) {
586 hashcpy(sha1, o->sha1);
587 return 0;
588 }
589 }
590 return -1;
591}
592
8da19775 593static int do_for_each_ref(const char *base, each_ref_fn fn, int trim,
f8948e2f 594 int flags, void *cb_data)
8a65ff76 595{
0ae91be0 596 int retval = 0;
e1e22e37
LT
597 struct ref_list *packed = get_packed_refs();
598 struct ref_list *loose = get_loose_refs();
8a65ff76 599
e142a3c6
DB
600 struct ref_list *extra;
601
602 for (extra = extra_refs; extra; extra = extra->next)
f8948e2f 603 retval = do_one_ref(base, fn, trim, flags, cb_data, extra);
e142a3c6 604
e1e22e37
LT
605 while (packed && loose) {
606 struct ref_list *entry;
607 int cmp = strcmp(packed->name, loose->name);
608 if (!cmp) {
609 packed = packed->next;
610 continue;
6cada6a9 611 }
e1e22e37
LT
612 if (cmp > 0) {
613 entry = loose;
614 loose = loose->next;
615 } else {
616 entry = packed;
617 packed = packed->next;
618 }
f8948e2f 619 retval = do_one_ref(base, fn, trim, flags, cb_data, entry);
e1e22e37 620 if (retval)
0ae91be0 621 goto end_each;
e1e22e37 622 }
8a65ff76 623
ef06b918 624 for (packed = packed ? packed : loose; packed; packed = packed->next) {
f8948e2f 625 retval = do_one_ref(base, fn, trim, flags, cb_data, packed);
ef06b918 626 if (retval)
0ae91be0 627 goto end_each;
8a65ff76 628 }
0ae91be0
SP
629
630end_each:
631 current_ref = NULL;
632 return retval;
8a65ff76
LT
633}
634
cb5d709f 635int head_ref(each_ref_fn fn, void *cb_data)
723c31fe
LT
636{
637 unsigned char sha1[20];
8da19775
JH
638 int flag;
639
640 if (resolve_ref("HEAD", sha1, 1, &flag))
641 return fn("HEAD", sha1, flag, cb_data);
2f34ba32 642 return 0;
723c31fe
LT
643}
644
cb5d709f 645int for_each_ref(each_ref_fn fn, void *cb_data)
8a65ff76 646{
f8948e2f 647 return do_for_each_ref("refs/", fn, 0, 0, cb_data);
a62be77f
SE
648}
649
cb5d709f 650int for_each_tag_ref(each_ref_fn fn, void *cb_data)
a62be77f 651{
f8948e2f 652 return do_for_each_ref("refs/tags/", fn, 10, 0, cb_data);
a62be77f
SE
653}
654
cb5d709f 655int for_each_branch_ref(each_ref_fn fn, void *cb_data)
a62be77f 656{
f8948e2f 657 return do_for_each_ref("refs/heads/", fn, 11, 0, cb_data);
a62be77f
SE
658}
659
cb5d709f 660int for_each_remote_ref(each_ref_fn fn, void *cb_data)
a62be77f 661{
f8948e2f
JH
662 return do_for_each_ref("refs/remotes/", fn, 13, 0, cb_data);
663}
664
665int for_each_rawref(each_ref_fn fn, void *cb_data)
666{
667 return do_for_each_ref("refs/", fn, 0,
668 DO_FOR_EACH_INCLUDE_BROKEN, cb_data);
8a65ff76
LT
669}
670
03feddd6
JH
671/*
672 * Make sure "ref" is something reasonable to have under ".git/refs/";
673 * We do not like it if:
674 *
675 * - any path component of it begins with ".", or
676 * - it has double dots "..", or
677 * - it has ASCII control character, "~", "^", ":" or SP, anywhere, or
678 * - it ends with a "/".
679 */
680
681static inline int bad_ref_char(int ch)
682{
8558fd9e
DB
683 if (((unsigned) ch) <= ' ' ||
684 ch == '~' || ch == '^' || ch == ':')
685 return 1;
686 /* 2.13 Pattern Matching Notation */
687 if (ch == '?' || ch == '[') /* Unsupported */
688 return 1;
689 if (ch == '*') /* Supported at the end */
690 return 2;
691 return 0;
03feddd6
JH
692}
693
95fc7512
DB
694int check_ref_format(const char *ref)
695{
8558fd9e 696 int ch, level, bad_type;
abd2bde7 697 int ret = CHECK_REF_FORMAT_OK;
03feddd6
JH
698 const char *cp = ref;
699
700 level = 0;
701 while (1) {
702 while ((ch = *cp++) == '/')
703 ; /* tolerate duplicated slashes */
704 if (!ch)
5f7b202a
JH
705 /* should not end with slashes */
706 return CHECK_REF_FORMAT_ERROR;
03feddd6
JH
707
708 /* we are at the beginning of the path component */
8558fd9e 709 if (ch == '.')
5f7b202a 710 return CHECK_REF_FORMAT_ERROR;
8558fd9e
DB
711 bad_type = bad_ref_char(ch);
712 if (bad_type) {
abd2bde7
DB
713 if (bad_type == 2 && (!*cp || *cp == '/') &&
714 ret == CHECK_REF_FORMAT_OK)
715 ret = CHECK_REF_FORMAT_WILDCARD;
716 else
717 return CHECK_REF_FORMAT_ERROR;
8558fd9e 718 }
03feddd6
JH
719
720 /* scan the rest of the path component */
721 while ((ch = *cp++) != 0) {
8558fd9e
DB
722 bad_type = bad_ref_char(ch);
723 if (bad_type) {
08fbdb30 724 return CHECK_REF_FORMAT_ERROR;
8558fd9e 725 }
03feddd6
JH
726 if (ch == '/')
727 break;
728 if (ch == '.' && *cp == '.')
5f7b202a 729 return CHECK_REF_FORMAT_ERROR;
03feddd6
JH
730 }
731 level++;
732 if (!ch) {
733 if (level < 2)
5f7b202a 734 return CHECK_REF_FORMAT_ONELEVEL;
abd2bde7 735 return ret;
03feddd6
JH
736 }
737 }
95fc7512
DB
738}
739
79803322
SP
740const char *ref_rev_parse_rules[] = {
741 "%.*s",
742 "refs/%.*s",
743 "refs/tags/%.*s",
744 "refs/heads/%.*s",
745 "refs/remotes/%.*s",
746 "refs/remotes/%.*s/HEAD",
747 NULL
748};
749
605b4978
SP
750const char *ref_fetch_rules[] = {
751 "%.*s",
752 "refs/%.*s",
753 "refs/heads/%.*s",
754 NULL
755};
756
79803322
SP
757int refname_match(const char *abbrev_name, const char *full_name, const char **rules)
758{
759 const char **p;
760 const int abbrev_name_len = strlen(abbrev_name);
761
762 for (p = rules; *p; p++) {
763 if (!strcmp(full_name, mkpath(*p, abbrev_name_len, abbrev_name))) {
764 return 1;
765 }
766 }
767
768 return 0;
769}
770
e5f38ec3 771static struct ref_lock *verify_lock(struct ref_lock *lock,
4bd18c43
SP
772 const unsigned char *old_sha1, int mustexist)
773{
8da19775 774 if (!resolve_ref(lock->ref_name, lock->old_sha1, mustexist, NULL)) {
434cd0cd 775 error("Can't verify ref %s", lock->ref_name);
4bd18c43
SP
776 unlock_ref(lock);
777 return NULL;
778 }
a89fccd2 779 if (hashcmp(lock->old_sha1, old_sha1)) {
434cd0cd 780 error("Ref %s is at %s but expected %s", lock->ref_name,
4bd18c43
SP
781 sha1_to_hex(lock->old_sha1), sha1_to_hex(old_sha1));
782 unlock_ref(lock);
783 return NULL;
784 }
785 return lock;
786}
787
7155b727 788static int remove_empty_directories(const char *file)
bc7127ef
JH
789{
790 /* we want to create a file but there is a directory there;
791 * if that is an empty directory (or a directory that contains
792 * only empty directories), remove them.
793 */
7155b727
JS
794 struct strbuf path;
795 int result;
bc7127ef 796
7155b727
JS
797 strbuf_init(&path, 20);
798 strbuf_addstr(&path, file);
799
800 result = remove_dir_recursively(&path, 1);
801
802 strbuf_release(&path);
803
804 return result;
bc7127ef
JH
805}
806
c976d415
LH
807static int is_refname_available(const char *ref, const char *oldref,
808 struct ref_list *list, int quiet)
809{
810 int namlen = strlen(ref); /* e.g. 'foo/bar' */
811 while (list) {
812 /* list->name could be 'foo' or 'foo/bar/baz' */
813 if (!oldref || strcmp(oldref, list->name)) {
814 int len = strlen(list->name);
815 int cmplen = (namlen < len) ? namlen : len;
816 const char *lead = (namlen < len) ? list->name : ref;
817 if (!strncmp(ref, list->name, cmplen) &&
818 lead[cmplen] == '/') {
819 if (!quiet)
820 error("'%s' exists; cannot create '%s'",
821 list->name, ref);
822 return 0;
823 }
824 }
825 list = list->next;
826 }
827 return 1;
828}
829
68db31cc 830static struct ref_lock *lock_ref_sha1_basic(const char *ref, const unsigned char *old_sha1, int flags, int *type_p)
4bd18c43 831{
434cd0cd 832 char *ref_file;
ed378ec7 833 const char *orig_ref = ref;
4bd18c43 834 struct ref_lock *lock;
5cc3cef9 835 int last_errno = 0;
acd3b9ec 836 int type, lflags;
4431fcc4 837 int mustexist = (old_sha1 && !is_null_sha1(old_sha1));
5bdd8d4a 838 int missing = 0;
4bd18c43
SP
839
840 lock = xcalloc(1, sizeof(struct ref_lock));
841 lock->lock_fd = -1;
842
68db31cc 843 ref = resolve_ref(ref, lock->old_sha1, mustexist, &type);
bc7127ef
JH
844 if (!ref && errno == EISDIR) {
845 /* we are trying to lock foo but we used to
846 * have foo/bar which now does not exist;
847 * it is normal for the empty directory 'foo'
848 * to remain.
849 */
850 ref_file = git_path("%s", orig_ref);
5cc3cef9
JH
851 if (remove_empty_directories(ref_file)) {
852 last_errno = errno;
853 error("there are still refs under '%s'", orig_ref);
854 goto error_return;
855 }
68db31cc 856 ref = resolve_ref(orig_ref, lock->old_sha1, mustexist, &type);
bc7127ef 857 }
68db31cc
SV
858 if (type_p)
859 *type_p = type;
ed378ec7 860 if (!ref) {
5cc3cef9 861 last_errno = errno;
818f477c 862 error("unable to resolve reference %s: %s",
ed378ec7 863 orig_ref, strerror(errno));
5cc3cef9 864 goto error_return;
4bd18c43 865 }
5bdd8d4a 866 missing = is_null_sha1(lock->old_sha1);
c976d415
LH
867 /* When the ref did not exist and we are creating it,
868 * make sure there is no existing ref that is packed
869 * whose name begins with our refname, nor a ref whose
870 * name is a proper prefix of our refname.
871 */
5bdd8d4a 872 if (missing &&
c976d415
LH
873 !is_refname_available(ref, NULL, get_packed_refs(), 0))
874 goto error_return;
22a3844e 875
c33d5174 876 lock->lk = xcalloc(1, sizeof(struct lock_file));
4bd18c43 877
acd3b9ec
JH
878 lflags = LOCK_DIE_ON_ERROR;
879 if (flags & REF_NODEREF) {
68db31cc 880 ref = orig_ref;
acd3b9ec
JH
881 lflags |= LOCK_NODEREF;
882 }
434cd0cd 883 lock->ref_name = xstrdup(ref);
1655707c 884 lock->orig_ref_name = xstrdup(orig_ref);
7c1a278d 885 ref_file = git_path("%s", ref);
5bdd8d4a 886 if (missing)
68db31cc
SV
887 lock->force_write = 1;
888 if ((flags & REF_NODEREF) && (type & REF_ISSYMREF))
889 lock->force_write = 1;
4bd18c43 890
5cc3cef9
JH
891 if (safe_create_leading_directories(ref_file)) {
892 last_errno = errno;
893 error("unable to create directory for %s", ref_file);
894 goto error_return;
895 }
4bd18c43 896
acd3b9ec 897 lock->lock_fd = hold_lock_file_for_update(lock->lk, ref_file, lflags);
4bd18c43 898 return old_sha1 ? verify_lock(lock, old_sha1, mustexist) : lock;
5cc3cef9
JH
899
900 error_return:
901 unlock_ref(lock);
902 errno = last_errno;
903 return NULL;
4bd18c43
SP
904}
905
4431fcc4 906struct ref_lock *lock_ref_sha1(const char *ref, const unsigned char *old_sha1)
95fc7512 907{
53cce84c 908 char refpath[PATH_MAX];
95fc7512 909 if (check_ref_format(ref))
4bd18c43 910 return NULL;
53cce84c 911 strcpy(refpath, mkpath("refs/%s", ref));
68db31cc 912 return lock_ref_sha1_basic(refpath, old_sha1, 0, NULL);
4bd18c43
SP
913}
914
68db31cc 915struct ref_lock *lock_any_ref_for_update(const char *ref, const unsigned char *old_sha1, int flags)
4bd18c43 916{
5f7b202a 917 switch (check_ref_format(ref)) {
5f7b202a 918 default:
257f3020
JH
919 return NULL;
920 case 0:
921 case CHECK_REF_FORMAT_ONELEVEL:
5f7b202a
JH
922 return lock_ref_sha1_basic(ref, old_sha1, flags, NULL);
923 }
c0277d15
JH
924}
925
26a063a1
JH
926static struct lock_file packlock;
927
c0277d15
JH
928static int repack_without_ref(const char *refname)
929{
930 struct ref_list *list, *packed_ref_list;
931 int fd;
932 int found = 0;
c0277d15
JH
933
934 packed_ref_list = get_packed_refs();
935 for (list = packed_ref_list; list; list = list->next) {
936 if (!strcmp(refname, list->name)) {
937 found = 1;
938 break;
939 }
940 }
941 if (!found)
942 return 0;
c0277d15
JH
943 fd = hold_lock_file_for_update(&packlock, git_path("packed-refs"), 0);
944 if (fd < 0)
945 return error("cannot delete '%s' from packed refs", refname);
946
947 for (list = packed_ref_list; list; list = list->next) {
948 char line[PATH_MAX + 100];
949 int len;
950
951 if (!strcmp(refname, list->name))
952 continue;
953 len = snprintf(line, sizeof(line), "%s %s\n",
954 sha1_to_hex(list->sha1), list->name);
955 /* this should not happen but just being defensive */
956 if (len > sizeof(line))
957 die("too long a refname '%s'", list->name);
958 write_or_die(fd, line, len);
959 }
960 return commit_lock_file(&packlock);
961}
962
eca35a25 963int delete_ref(const char *refname, const unsigned char *sha1, int delopt)
c0277d15
JH
964{
965 struct ref_lock *lock;
eca35a25 966 int err, i = 0, ret = 0, flag = 0;
c0277d15 967
68db31cc 968 lock = lock_ref_sha1_basic(refname, sha1, 0, &flag);
c0277d15
JH
969 if (!lock)
970 return 1;
045a476f 971 if (!(flag & REF_ISPACKED) || flag & REF_ISSYMREF) {
c0277d15 972 /* loose */
eca35a25
MV
973 const char *path;
974
975 if (!(delopt & REF_NODEREF)) {
976 i = strlen(lock->lk->filename) - 5; /* .lock */
977 lock->lk->filename[i] = 0;
978 path = lock->lk->filename;
979 } else {
9db56f71 980 path = git_path("%s", refname);
eca35a25
MV
981 }
982 err = unlink(path);
0b294c0a 983 if (err && errno != ENOENT) {
c0277d15
JH
984 ret = 1;
985 error("unlink(%s) failed: %s",
eca35a25 986 path, strerror(errno));
c0277d15 987 }
eca35a25
MV
988 if (!(delopt & REF_NODEREF))
989 lock->lk->filename[i] = '.';
c0277d15
JH
990 }
991 /* removing the loose one could have resurrected an earlier
992 * packed one. Also, if it was not loose we need to repack
993 * without it.
994 */
995 ret |= repack_without_ref(refname);
996
9a13f0b7 997 err = unlink(git_path("logs/%s", lock->ref_name));
c0277d15 998 if (err && errno != ENOENT)
edbc25c5 999 warning("unlink(%s) failed: %s",
9a13f0b7 1000 git_path("logs/%s", lock->ref_name), strerror(errno));
c0277d15
JH
1001 invalidate_cached_refs();
1002 unlock_ref(lock);
1003 return ret;
4bd18c43
SP
1004}
1005
678d0f4c 1006int rename_ref(const char *oldref, const char *newref, const char *logmsg)
c976d415
LH
1007{
1008 static const char renamed_ref[] = "RENAMED-REF";
1009 unsigned char sha1[20], orig_sha1[20];
1010 int flag = 0, logmoved = 0;
1011 struct ref_lock *lock;
c976d415 1012 struct stat loginfo;
16c2bfbb 1013 int log = !lstat(git_path("logs/%s", oldref), &loginfo);
eca35a25 1014 const char *symref = NULL;
c976d415 1015
450d4c0f 1016 if (log && S_ISLNK(loginfo.st_mode))
c976d415
LH
1017 return error("reflog for %s is a symlink", oldref);
1018
eca35a25
MV
1019 symref = resolve_ref(oldref, orig_sha1, 1, &flag);
1020 if (flag & REF_ISSYMREF)
fa58186c
MV
1021 return error("refname %s is a symbolic ref, renaming it is not supported",
1022 oldref);
eca35a25 1023 if (!symref)
c976d415
LH
1024 return error("refname %s not found", oldref);
1025
1026 if (!is_refname_available(newref, oldref, get_packed_refs(), 0))
1027 return 1;
1028
1029 if (!is_refname_available(newref, oldref, get_loose_refs(), 0))
1030 return 1;
1031
68db31cc 1032 lock = lock_ref_sha1_basic(renamed_ref, NULL, 0, NULL);
c976d415
LH
1033 if (!lock)
1034 return error("unable to lock %s", renamed_ref);
1035 lock->force_write = 1;
678d0f4c 1036 if (write_ref_sha1(lock, orig_sha1, logmsg))
c976d415
LH
1037 return error("unable to save current sha1 in %s", renamed_ref);
1038
1039 if (log && rename(git_path("logs/%s", oldref), git_path("tmp-renamed-log")))
1040 return error("unable to move logfile logs/%s to tmp-renamed-log: %s",
1041 oldref, strerror(errno));
1042
eca35a25 1043 if (delete_ref(oldref, orig_sha1, REF_NODEREF)) {
c976d415
LH
1044 error("unable to delete old %s", oldref);
1045 goto rollback;
1046 }
1047
eca35a25 1048 if (resolve_ref(newref, sha1, 1, &flag) && delete_ref(newref, sha1, REF_NODEREF)) {
c976d415
LH
1049 if (errno==EISDIR) {
1050 if (remove_empty_directories(git_path("%s", newref))) {
1051 error("Directory not empty: %s", newref);
1052 goto rollback;
1053 }
1054 } else {
1055 error("unable to delete existing %s", newref);
1056 goto rollback;
1057 }
1058 }
1059
1060 if (log && safe_create_leading_directories(git_path("logs/%s", newref))) {
1061 error("unable to create directory for %s", newref);
1062 goto rollback;
1063 }
1064
1065 retry:
1066 if (log && rename(git_path("tmp-renamed-log"), git_path("logs/%s", newref))) {
d9e74d57
JR
1067 if (errno==EISDIR || errno==ENOTDIR) {
1068 /*
1069 * rename(a, b) when b is an existing
1070 * directory ought to result in ISDIR, but
1071 * Solaris 5.8 gives ENOTDIR. Sheesh.
1072 */
c976d415
LH
1073 if (remove_empty_directories(git_path("logs/%s", newref))) {
1074 error("Directory not empty: logs/%s", newref);
1075 goto rollback;
1076 }
1077 goto retry;
1078 } else {
1079 error("unable to move logfile tmp-renamed-log to logs/%s: %s",
1080 newref, strerror(errno));
1081 goto rollback;
1082 }
1083 }
1084 logmoved = log;
1085
68db31cc 1086 lock = lock_ref_sha1_basic(newref, NULL, 0, NULL);
c976d415
LH
1087 if (!lock) {
1088 error("unable to lock %s for update", newref);
1089 goto rollback;
1090 }
c976d415
LH
1091 lock->force_write = 1;
1092 hashcpy(lock->old_sha1, orig_sha1);
678d0f4c 1093 if (write_ref_sha1(lock, orig_sha1, logmsg)) {
c976d415
LH
1094 error("unable to write current sha1 into %s", newref);
1095 goto rollback;
1096 }
1097
1098 return 0;
1099
1100 rollback:
68db31cc 1101 lock = lock_ref_sha1_basic(oldref, NULL, 0, NULL);
c976d415
LH
1102 if (!lock) {
1103 error("unable to lock %s for rollback", oldref);
1104 goto rollbacklog;
1105 }
1106
1107 lock->force_write = 1;
1108 flag = log_all_ref_updates;
1109 log_all_ref_updates = 0;
1110 if (write_ref_sha1(lock, orig_sha1, NULL))
1111 error("unable to write current sha1 into %s", oldref);
1112 log_all_ref_updates = flag;
1113
1114 rollbacklog:
1115 if (logmoved && rename(git_path("logs/%s", newref), git_path("logs/%s", oldref)))
1116 error("unable to restore logfile %s from %s: %s",
1117 oldref, newref, strerror(errno));
1118 if (!logmoved && log &&
1119 rename(git_path("tmp-renamed-log"), git_path("logs/%s", oldref)))
1120 error("unable to restore logfile %s from tmp-renamed-log: %s",
1121 oldref, strerror(errno));
1122
1123 return 1;
1124}
1125
435fc852 1126int close_ref(struct ref_lock *lock)
b531394d
BC
1127{
1128 if (close_lock_file(lock->lk))
1129 return -1;
1130 lock->lock_fd = -1;
1131 return 0;
1132}
1133
435fc852 1134int commit_ref(struct ref_lock *lock)
b531394d
BC
1135{
1136 if (commit_lock_file(lock->lk))
1137 return -1;
1138 lock->lock_fd = -1;
1139 return 0;
1140}
1141
e5f38ec3 1142void unlock_ref(struct ref_lock *lock)
4bd18c43 1143{
4ed7cd3a
BC
1144 /* Do not free lock->lk -- atexit() still looks at them */
1145 if (lock->lk)
1146 rollback_lock_file(lock->lk);
434cd0cd 1147 free(lock->ref_name);
1655707c 1148 free(lock->orig_ref_name);
4bd18c43
SP
1149 free(lock);
1150}
1151
0ec29a47
JH
1152/*
1153 * copy the reflog message msg to buf, which has been allocated sufficiently
1154 * large, while cleaning up the whitespaces. Especially, convert LF to space,
1155 * because reflog file is one line per entry.
1156 */
1157static int copy_msg(char *buf, const char *msg)
1158{
1159 char *cp = buf;
1160 char c;
1161 int wasspace = 1;
1162
1163 *cp++ = '\t';
1164 while ((c = *msg++)) {
1165 if (wasspace && isspace(c))
1166 continue;
1167 wasspace = isspace(c);
1168 if (wasspace)
1169 c = ' ';
1170 *cp++ = c;
1171 }
1172 while (buf < cp && isspace(cp[-1]))
1173 cp--;
1174 *cp++ = '\n';
1175 return cp - buf;
1176}
1177
9a13f0b7
NP
1178static int log_ref_write(const char *ref_name, const unsigned char *old_sha1,
1179 const unsigned char *new_sha1, const char *msg)
6de08ae6
SP
1180{
1181 int logfd, written, oflags = O_APPEND | O_WRONLY;
1182 unsigned maxlen, len;
8ac65937 1183 int msglen;
958a4789
AR
1184 char log_file[PATH_MAX];
1185 char *logrec;
ff4c8485 1186 const char *committer;
6de08ae6 1187
510c5a8e 1188 if (log_all_ref_updates < 0)
7d1864ce 1189 log_all_ref_updates = !is_bare_repository();
510c5a8e 1190
958a4789 1191 git_snpath(log_file, sizeof(log_file), "logs/%s", ref_name);
9a13f0b7 1192
4057deb5 1193 if (log_all_ref_updates &&
cc44c765
JH
1194 (!prefixcmp(ref_name, "refs/heads/") ||
1195 !prefixcmp(ref_name, "refs/remotes/") ||
bd104db1 1196 !strcmp(ref_name, "HEAD"))) {
9a13f0b7 1197 if (safe_create_leading_directories(log_file) < 0)
6de08ae6 1198 return error("unable to create directory for %s",
9a13f0b7 1199 log_file);
6de08ae6
SP
1200 oflags |= O_CREAT;
1201 }
1202
9a13f0b7 1203 logfd = open(log_file, oflags, 0666);
6de08ae6 1204 if (logfd < 0) {
1974bf62 1205 if (!(oflags & O_CREAT) && errno == ENOENT)
6de08ae6 1206 return 0;
3b463c3f
JH
1207
1208 if ((oflags & O_CREAT) && errno == EISDIR) {
9a13f0b7 1209 if (remove_empty_directories(log_file)) {
3b463c3f 1210 return error("There are still logs under '%s'",
9a13f0b7 1211 log_file);
3b463c3f 1212 }
9a13f0b7 1213 logfd = open(log_file, oflags, 0666);
3b463c3f
JH
1214 }
1215
1216 if (logfd < 0)
1217 return error("Unable to append to %s: %s",
9a13f0b7 1218 log_file, strerror(errno));
6de08ae6
SP
1219 }
1220
443b92b6
MK
1221 adjust_shared_perm(log_file);
1222
0ec29a47 1223 msglen = msg ? strlen(msg) : 0;
774751a8 1224 committer = git_committer_info(0);
8ac65937
JH
1225 maxlen = strlen(committer) + msglen + 100;
1226 logrec = xmalloc(maxlen);
1227 len = sprintf(logrec, "%s %s %s\n",
9a13f0b7
NP
1228 sha1_to_hex(old_sha1),
1229 sha1_to_hex(new_sha1),
8ac65937
JH
1230 committer);
1231 if (msglen)
0ec29a47 1232 len += copy_msg(logrec + len - 1, msg) - 1;
93822c22 1233 written = len <= maxlen ? write_in_full(logfd, logrec, len) : -1;
6de08ae6 1234 free(logrec);
91c8d590 1235 if (close(logfd) != 0 || written != len)
9a13f0b7 1236 return error("Unable to append to %s", log_file);
6de08ae6
SP
1237 return 0;
1238}
1239
c3b0dec5
LT
1240static int is_branch(const char *refname)
1241{
1242 return !strcmp(refname, "HEAD") || !prefixcmp(refname, "refs/heads/");
1243}
1244
4bd18c43
SP
1245int write_ref_sha1(struct ref_lock *lock,
1246 const unsigned char *sha1, const char *logmsg)
1247{
1248 static char term = '\n';
c3b0dec5 1249 struct object *o;
4bd18c43
SP
1250
1251 if (!lock)
95fc7512 1252 return -1;
a89fccd2 1253 if (!lock->force_write && !hashcmp(lock->old_sha1, sha1)) {
4bd18c43
SP
1254 unlock_ref(lock);
1255 return 0;
95fc7512 1256 }
c3b0dec5
LT
1257 o = parse_object(sha1);
1258 if (!o) {
1259 error("Trying to write ref %s with nonexistant object %s",
1260 lock->ref_name, sha1_to_hex(sha1));
1261 unlock_ref(lock);
1262 return -1;
1263 }
1264 if (o->type != OBJ_COMMIT && is_branch(lock->ref_name)) {
1265 error("Trying to write non-commit object %s to branch %s",
1266 sha1_to_hex(sha1), lock->ref_name);
1267 unlock_ref(lock);
1268 return -1;
1269 }
93822c22
AW
1270 if (write_in_full(lock->lock_fd, sha1_to_hex(sha1), 40) != 40 ||
1271 write_in_full(lock->lock_fd, &term, 1) != 1
b531394d 1272 || close_ref(lock) < 0) {
c33d5174 1273 error("Couldn't write %s", lock->lk->filename);
4bd18c43
SP
1274 unlock_ref(lock);
1275 return -1;
1276 }
5e290ff7 1277 invalidate_cached_refs();
bd104db1
NP
1278 if (log_ref_write(lock->ref_name, lock->old_sha1, sha1, logmsg) < 0 ||
1279 (strcmp(lock->ref_name, lock->orig_ref_name) &&
1280 log_ref_write(lock->orig_ref_name, lock->old_sha1, sha1, logmsg) < 0)) {
6de08ae6
SP
1281 unlock_ref(lock);
1282 return -1;
1283 }
605fac8b
NP
1284 if (strcmp(lock->orig_ref_name, "HEAD") != 0) {
1285 /*
1286 * Special hack: If a branch is updated directly and HEAD
1287 * points to it (may happen on the remote side of a push
1288 * for example) then logically the HEAD reflog should be
1289 * updated too.
1290 * A generic solution implies reverse symref information,
1291 * but finding all symrefs pointing to the given branch
1292 * would be rather costly for this rare event (the direct
1293 * update of a branch) to be worth it. So let's cheat and
1294 * check with HEAD only which should cover 99% of all usage
1295 * scenarios (even 100% of the default ones).
1296 */
1297 unsigned char head_sha1[20];
1298 int head_flag;
1299 const char *head_ref;
1300 head_ref = resolve_ref("HEAD", head_sha1, 1, &head_flag);
1301 if (head_ref && (head_flag & REF_ISSYMREF) &&
1302 !strcmp(head_ref, lock->ref_name))
1303 log_ref_write("HEAD", lock->old_sha1, sha1, logmsg);
1304 }
b531394d 1305 if (commit_ref(lock)) {
434cd0cd 1306 error("Couldn't set %s", lock->ref_name);
4bd18c43
SP
1307 unlock_ref(lock);
1308 return -1;
1309 }
4bd18c43
SP
1310 unlock_ref(lock);
1311 return 0;
95fc7512 1312}
d556fae2 1313
8b5157e4
NP
1314int create_symref(const char *ref_target, const char *refs_heads_master,
1315 const char *logmsg)
41b625b0
NP
1316{
1317 const char *lockpath;
1318 char ref[1000];
1319 int fd, len, written;
a4f34cbb 1320 char *git_HEAD = git_pathdup("%s", ref_target);
8b5157e4
NP
1321 unsigned char old_sha1[20], new_sha1[20];
1322
1323 if (logmsg && read_ref(ref_target, old_sha1))
1324 hashclr(old_sha1);
41b625b0 1325
d48744d1
JH
1326 if (safe_create_leading_directories(git_HEAD) < 0)
1327 return error("unable to create directory for %s", git_HEAD);
1328
41b625b0
NP
1329#ifndef NO_SYMLINK_HEAD
1330 if (prefer_symlink_refs) {
1331 unlink(git_HEAD);
1332 if (!symlink(refs_heads_master, git_HEAD))
8b5157e4 1333 goto done;
41b625b0
NP
1334 fprintf(stderr, "no symlink - falling back to symbolic ref\n");
1335 }
1336#endif
1337
1338 len = snprintf(ref, sizeof(ref), "ref: %s\n", refs_heads_master);
1339 if (sizeof(ref) <= len) {
1340 error("refname too long: %s", refs_heads_master);
47fc52e2 1341 goto error_free_return;
41b625b0
NP
1342 }
1343 lockpath = mkpath("%s.lock", git_HEAD);
1344 fd = open(lockpath, O_CREAT | O_EXCL | O_WRONLY, 0666);
1345 if (fd < 0) {
1346 error("Unable to open %s for writing", lockpath);
47fc52e2 1347 goto error_free_return;
41b625b0
NP
1348 }
1349 written = write_in_full(fd, ref, len);
91c8d590 1350 if (close(fd) != 0 || written != len) {
41b625b0 1351 error("Unable to write to %s", lockpath);
47fc52e2 1352 goto error_unlink_return;
41b625b0
NP
1353 }
1354 if (rename(lockpath, git_HEAD) < 0) {
41b625b0 1355 error("Unable to create %s", git_HEAD);
47fc52e2 1356 goto error_unlink_return;
41b625b0
NP
1357 }
1358 if (adjust_shared_perm(git_HEAD)) {
41b625b0 1359 error("Unable to fix permissions on %s", lockpath);
47fc52e2
JH
1360 error_unlink_return:
1361 unlink(lockpath);
1362 error_free_return:
1363 free(git_HEAD);
1364 return -1;
41b625b0 1365 }
8b5157e4 1366
ee96d11b 1367#ifndef NO_SYMLINK_HEAD
8b5157e4 1368 done:
ee96d11b 1369#endif
8b5157e4
NP
1370 if (logmsg && !read_ref(refs_heads_master, new_sha1))
1371 log_ref_write(ref_target, old_sha1, new_sha1, logmsg);
1372
47fc52e2 1373 free(git_HEAD);
41b625b0
NP
1374 return 0;
1375}
1376
16d7cc90
JH
1377static char *ref_msg(const char *line, const char *endp)
1378{
1379 const char *ep;
16d7cc90 1380 line += 82;
182af834
PH
1381 ep = memchr(line, '\n', endp - line);
1382 if (!ep)
1383 ep = endp;
1384 return xmemdupz(line, ep - line);
16d7cc90
JH
1385}
1386
1387int read_ref_at(const char *ref, unsigned long at_time, int cnt, unsigned char *sha1, char **msg, unsigned long *cutoff_time, int *cutoff_tz, int *cutoff_cnt)
d556fae2 1388{
e5229042 1389 const char *logfile, *logdata, *logend, *rec, *lastgt, *lastrec;
d556fae2 1390 char *tz_c;
e29cb53a 1391 int logfd, tz, reccnt = 0;
d556fae2
SP
1392 struct stat st;
1393 unsigned long date;
e5229042 1394 unsigned char logged_sha1[20];
cb48cb58 1395 void *log_mapped;
dc49cd76 1396 size_t mapsz;
d556fae2
SP
1397
1398 logfile = git_path("logs/%s", ref);
1399 logfd = open(logfile, O_RDONLY, 0);
1400 if (logfd < 0)
1401 die("Unable to read log %s: %s", logfile, strerror(errno));
1402 fstat(logfd, &st);
1403 if (!st.st_size)
1404 die("Log %s is empty.", logfile);
dc49cd76
SP
1405 mapsz = xsize_t(st.st_size);
1406 log_mapped = xmmap(NULL, mapsz, PROT_READ, MAP_PRIVATE, logfd, 0);
cb48cb58 1407 logdata = log_mapped;
d556fae2
SP
1408 close(logfd);
1409
e5229042 1410 lastrec = NULL;
d556fae2
SP
1411 rec = logend = logdata + st.st_size;
1412 while (logdata < rec) {
e29cb53a 1413 reccnt++;
d556fae2
SP
1414 if (logdata < rec && *(rec-1) == '\n')
1415 rec--;
e5229042
SP
1416 lastgt = NULL;
1417 while (logdata < rec && *(rec-1) != '\n') {
d556fae2 1418 rec--;
e5229042
SP
1419 if (*rec == '>')
1420 lastgt = rec;
1421 }
1422 if (!lastgt)
d556fae2 1423 die("Log %s is corrupt.", logfile);
e5229042 1424 date = strtoul(lastgt + 1, &tz_c, 10);
ab2a1a32 1425 if (date <= at_time || cnt == 0) {
76a44c5c 1426 tz = strtoul(tz_c, NULL, 10);
16d7cc90
JH
1427 if (msg)
1428 *msg = ref_msg(rec, logend);
1429 if (cutoff_time)
1430 *cutoff_time = date;
1431 if (cutoff_tz)
1432 *cutoff_tz = tz;
1433 if (cutoff_cnt)
76a44c5c 1434 *cutoff_cnt = reccnt - 1;
e5229042
SP
1435 if (lastrec) {
1436 if (get_sha1_hex(lastrec, logged_sha1))
1437 die("Log %s is corrupt.", logfile);
1438 if (get_sha1_hex(rec + 41, sha1))
1439 die("Log %s is corrupt.", logfile);
a89fccd2 1440 if (hashcmp(logged_sha1, sha1)) {
edbc25c5 1441 warning("Log %s has gap after %s.",
73013afd 1442 logfile, show_date(date, tz, DATE_RFC2822));
e5229042 1443 }
e5f38ec3
JH
1444 }
1445 else if (date == at_time) {
e5229042
SP
1446 if (get_sha1_hex(rec + 41, sha1))
1447 die("Log %s is corrupt.", logfile);
e5f38ec3
JH
1448 }
1449 else {
e5229042
SP
1450 if (get_sha1_hex(rec + 41, logged_sha1))
1451 die("Log %s is corrupt.", logfile);
a89fccd2 1452 if (hashcmp(logged_sha1, sha1)) {
edbc25c5 1453 warning("Log %s unexpectedly ended on %s.",
73013afd 1454 logfile, show_date(date, tz, DATE_RFC2822));
e5229042
SP
1455 }
1456 }
dc49cd76 1457 munmap(log_mapped, mapsz);
d556fae2
SP
1458 return 0;
1459 }
e5229042 1460 lastrec = rec;
ab2a1a32
JH
1461 if (cnt > 0)
1462 cnt--;
d556fae2
SP
1463 }
1464
e5229042
SP
1465 rec = logdata;
1466 while (rec < logend && *rec != '>' && *rec != '\n')
1467 rec++;
1468 if (rec == logend || *rec == '\n')
d556fae2 1469 die("Log %s is corrupt.", logfile);
e5229042 1470 date = strtoul(rec + 1, &tz_c, 10);
d556fae2
SP
1471 tz = strtoul(tz_c, NULL, 10);
1472 if (get_sha1_hex(logdata, sha1))
1473 die("Log %s is corrupt.", logfile);
d1a4489a
JK
1474 if (is_null_sha1(sha1)) {
1475 if (get_sha1_hex(logdata + 41, sha1))
1476 die("Log %s is corrupt.", logfile);
1477 }
16d7cc90
JH
1478 if (msg)
1479 *msg = ref_msg(logdata, logend);
dc49cd76 1480 munmap(log_mapped, mapsz);
16d7cc90
JH
1481
1482 if (cutoff_time)
1483 *cutoff_time = date;
1484 if (cutoff_tz)
1485 *cutoff_tz = tz;
1486 if (cutoff_cnt)
1487 *cutoff_cnt = reccnt;
1488 return 1;
d556fae2 1489}
2ff81662 1490
101d15e0 1491int for_each_recent_reflog_ent(const char *ref, each_reflog_ent_fn fn, long ofs, void *cb_data)
2ff81662
JH
1492{
1493 const char *logfile;
1494 FILE *logfp;
1495 char buf[1024];
2266bf27 1496 int ret = 0;
2ff81662
JH
1497
1498 logfile = git_path("logs/%s", ref);
1499 logfp = fopen(logfile, "r");
1500 if (!logfp)
883d60fa 1501 return -1;
101d15e0
JH
1502
1503 if (ofs) {
1504 struct stat statbuf;
1505 if (fstat(fileno(logfp), &statbuf) ||
1506 statbuf.st_size < ofs ||
1507 fseek(logfp, -ofs, SEEK_END) ||
1508 fgets(buf, sizeof(buf), logfp))
1509 return -1;
1510 }
1511
2ff81662
JH
1512 while (fgets(buf, sizeof(buf), logfp)) {
1513 unsigned char osha1[20], nsha1[20];
883d60fa
JS
1514 char *email_end, *message;
1515 unsigned long timestamp;
2266bf27 1516 int len, tz;
2ff81662
JH
1517
1518 /* old SP new SP name <email> SP time TAB msg LF */
1519 len = strlen(buf);
1520 if (len < 83 || buf[len-1] != '\n' ||
1521 get_sha1_hex(buf, osha1) || buf[40] != ' ' ||
883d60fa
JS
1522 get_sha1_hex(buf + 41, nsha1) || buf[81] != ' ' ||
1523 !(email_end = strchr(buf + 82, '>')) ||
1524 email_end[1] != ' ' ||
1525 !(timestamp = strtoul(email_end + 2, &message, 10)) ||
1526 !message || message[0] != ' ' ||
1527 (message[1] != '+' && message[1] != '-') ||
1528 !isdigit(message[2]) || !isdigit(message[3]) ||
b4dd4856 1529 !isdigit(message[4]) || !isdigit(message[5]))
2ff81662 1530 continue; /* corrupt? */
883d60fa
JS
1531 email_end[1] = '\0';
1532 tz = strtol(message + 1, NULL, 10);
b4dd4856
JS
1533 if (message[6] != '\t')
1534 message += 6;
1535 else
1536 message += 7;
883d60fa
JS
1537 ret = fn(osha1, nsha1, buf+82, timestamp, tz, message, cb_data);
1538 if (ret)
2266bf27 1539 break;
2ff81662
JH
1540 }
1541 fclose(logfp);
2266bf27 1542 return ret;
2ff81662 1543}
e29cb53a 1544
101d15e0
JH
1545int for_each_reflog_ent(const char *ref, each_reflog_ent_fn fn, void *cb_data)
1546{
1547 return for_each_recent_reflog_ent(ref, fn, 0, cb_data);
1548}
1549
eb8381c8
NP
1550static int do_for_each_reflog(const char *base, each_ref_fn fn, void *cb_data)
1551{
1552 DIR *dir = opendir(git_path("logs/%s", base));
fcee5a14 1553 int retval = 0;
eb8381c8
NP
1554
1555 if (dir) {
1556 struct dirent *de;
1557 int baselen = strlen(base);
1558 char *log = xmalloc(baselen + 257);
1559
1560 memcpy(log, base, baselen);
1561 if (baselen && base[baselen-1] != '/')
1562 log[baselen++] = '/';
1563
1564 while ((de = readdir(dir)) != NULL) {
1565 struct stat st;
1566 int namelen;
1567
1568 if (de->d_name[0] == '.')
1569 continue;
1570 namelen = strlen(de->d_name);
1571 if (namelen > 255)
1572 continue;
1573 if (has_extension(de->d_name, ".lock"))
1574 continue;
1575 memcpy(log + baselen, de->d_name, namelen+1);
1576 if (stat(git_path("logs/%s", log), &st) < 0)
1577 continue;
1578 if (S_ISDIR(st.st_mode)) {
1579 retval = do_for_each_reflog(log, fn, cb_data);
1580 } else {
1581 unsigned char sha1[20];
1582 if (!resolve_ref(log, sha1, 0, NULL))
1583 retval = error("bad ref for %s", log);
1584 else
1585 retval = fn(log, sha1, 0, cb_data);
1586 }
1587 if (retval)
1588 break;
1589 }
1590 free(log);
1591 closedir(dir);
1592 }
acb39f64 1593 else if (*base)
fcee5a14 1594 return errno;
eb8381c8
NP
1595 return retval;
1596}
1597
1598int for_each_reflog(each_ref_fn fn, void *cb_data)
1599{
1600 return do_for_each_reflog("", fn, cb_data);
1601}
3d9f037c
CR
1602
1603int update_ref(const char *action, const char *refname,
1604 const unsigned char *sha1, const unsigned char *oldval,
1605 int flags, enum action_on_err onerr)
1606{
1607 static struct ref_lock *lock;
1608 lock = lock_any_ref_for_update(refname, oldval, flags);
1609 if (!lock) {
1610 const char *str = "Cannot lock the ref '%s'.";
1611 switch (onerr) {
1612 case MSG_ON_ERR: error(str, refname); break;
1613 case DIE_ON_ERR: die(str, refname); break;
1614 case QUIET_ON_ERR: break;
1615 }
1616 return 1;
1617 }
1618 if (write_ref_sha1(lock, sha1, action) < 0) {
1619 const char *str = "Cannot update the ref '%s'.";
1620 switch (onerr) {
1621 case MSG_ON_ERR: error(str, refname); break;
1622 case DIE_ON_ERR: die(str, refname); break;
1623 case QUIET_ON_ERR: break;
1624 }
1625 return 1;
1626 }
1627 return 0;
1628}
cda69f48 1629
5483f799 1630struct ref *find_ref_by_name(const struct ref *list, const char *name)
cda69f48
JK
1631{
1632 for ( ; list; list = list->next)
1633 if (!strcmp(list->name, name))
5483f799 1634 return (struct ref *)list;
cda69f48
JK
1635 return NULL;
1636}