Make hexval() available to others.
[git/git.git] / sha1_file.c
CommitLineData
0fcfd160
LT
1/*
2 * GIT - The information manager from hell
3 *
4 * Copyright (C) Linus Torvalds, 2005
5 *
6 * This handles basic git sha1 object files - packing, unpacking,
7 * creation etc.
8 */
0fcfd160 9#include "cache.h"
1f688557 10#include "delta.h"
a733cb60 11#include "pack.h"
8e440259
PE
12#include "blob.h"
13#include "commit.h"
14#include "tag.h"
15#include "tree.h"
0fcfd160 16
144bde78
LT
17#ifndef O_NOATIME
18#if defined(__linux__) && (defined(__i386__) || defined(__PPC__))
19#define O_NOATIME 01000000
20#else
21#define O_NOATIME 0
22#endif
23#endif
24
96f1e58f 25const unsigned char null_sha1[20];
88cd621d 26
144bde78
LT
27static unsigned int sha1_file_open_flag = O_NOATIME;
28
e49521b5
JH
29signed char hexval_table[256] = {
30 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* 00-07 */
31 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* 08-0f */
32 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* 10-17 */
33 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* 18-1f */
34 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* 20-27 */
35 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* 28-2f */
36 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, /* 30-37 */
37 8, 9, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* 38-3f */
38 -1, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, -1, /* 40-47 */
39 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* 48-4f */
40 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* 50-57 */
41 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* 58-5f */
42 -1, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, -1, /* 60-67 */
43 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* 68-67 */
44 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* 70-77 */
45 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* 78-7f */
46 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* 80-87 */
47 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* 88-8f */
48 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* 90-97 */
49 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* 98-9f */
50 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* a0-a7 */
51 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* a8-af */
52 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* b0-b7 */
53 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* b8-bf */
54 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* c0-c7 */
55 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* c8-cf */
56 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* d0-d7 */
57 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* d8-df */
58 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* e0-e7 */
59 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* e8-ef */
60 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* f0-f7 */
61 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, /* f8-ff */
62};
0fcfd160
LT
63
64int get_sha1_hex(const char *hex, unsigned char *sha1)
65{
66 int i;
67 for (i = 0; i < 20; i++) {
68 unsigned int val = (hexval(hex[0]) << 4) | hexval(hex[1]);
69 if (val & ~0xff)
70 return -1;
71 *sha1++ = val;
72 hex += 2;
73 }
74 return 0;
75}
76
b2cb9425
JH
77int safe_create_leading_directories(char *path)
78{
79 char *pos = path;
67d42212
JR
80 struct stat st;
81
67ffdf4c
JS
82 if (*pos == '/')
83 pos++;
b2cb9425
JH
84
85 while (pos) {
86 pos = strchr(pos, '/');
87 if (!pos)
88 break;
89 *pos = 0;
67d42212
JR
90 if (!stat(path, &st)) {
91 /* path exists */
92 if (!S_ISDIR(st.st_mode)) {
b2cb9425 93 *pos = '/';
67d42212 94 return -3;
b2cb9425 95 }
457f06d6 96 }
67d42212
JR
97 else if (mkdir(path, 0777)) {
98 *pos = '/';
99 return -1;
100 }
457f06d6
JS
101 else if (adjust_shared_perm(path)) {
102 *pos = '/';
103 return -2;
104 }
b2cb9425
JH
105 *pos++ = '/';
106 }
107 return 0;
108}
723c31fe 109
0fcfd160
LT
110char * sha1_to_hex(const unsigned char *sha1)
111{
dcb3450f
LT
112 static int bufno;
113 static char hexbuffer[4][50];
0fcfd160 114 static const char hex[] = "0123456789abcdef";
dcb3450f 115 char *buffer = hexbuffer[3 & ++bufno], *buf = buffer;
0fcfd160
LT
116 int i;
117
118 for (i = 0; i < 20; i++) {
119 unsigned int val = *sha1++;
120 *buf++ = hex[val >> 4];
121 *buf++ = hex[val & 0xf];
122 }
1e80e044
JS
123 *buf = '\0';
124
0fcfd160
LT
125 return buffer;
126}
127
ace1534d
JH
128static void fill_sha1_path(char *pathbuf, const unsigned char *sha1)
129{
130 int i;
131 for (i = 0; i < 20; i++) {
132 static char hex[] = "0123456789abcdef";
133 unsigned int val = sha1[i];
134 char *pos = pathbuf + i*2 + (i > 0);
135 *pos++ = hex[val >> 4];
136 *pos = hex[val & 0xf];
137 }
138}
139
0fcfd160
LT
140/*
141 * NOTE! This returns a statically allocated buffer, so you have to be
9befac47 142 * careful about using it. Do a "xstrdup()" if you need to save the
0fcfd160 143 * filename.
ace1534d
JH
144 *
145 * Also note that this returns the location for creating. Reading
146 * SHA1 file can happen from any alternate directory listed in the
d19938ab 147 * DB_ENVIRONMENT environment variable if it is not found in
ace1534d 148 * the primary object database.
0fcfd160
LT
149 */
150char *sha1_file_name(const unsigned char *sha1)
151{
0fcfd160
LT
152 static char *name, *base;
153
154 if (!base) {
d19938ab 155 const char *sha1_file_directory = get_object_directory();
0fcfd160 156 int len = strlen(sha1_file_directory);
812666c8 157 base = xmalloc(len + 60);
0fcfd160
LT
158 memcpy(base, sha1_file_directory, len);
159 memset(base+len, 0, 60);
160 base[len] = '/';
161 base[len+3] = '/';
162 name = base + len + 1;
163 }
ace1534d 164 fill_sha1_path(name, sha1);
0fcfd160
LT
165 return base;
166}
167
bf592c50
DB
168char *sha1_pack_name(const unsigned char *sha1)
169{
170 static const char hex[] = "0123456789abcdef";
171 static char *name, *base, *buf;
172 int i;
173
174 if (!base) {
175 const char *sha1_file_directory = get_object_directory();
176 int len = strlen(sha1_file_directory);
177 base = xmalloc(len + 60);
178 sprintf(base, "%s/pack/pack-1234567890123456789012345678901234567890.pack", sha1_file_directory);
179 name = base + len + 11;
180 }
181
182 buf = name;
183
184 for (i = 0; i < 20; i++) {
185 unsigned int val = *sha1++;
186 *buf++ = hex[val >> 4];
187 *buf++ = hex[val & 0xf];
188 }
189
190 return base;
191}
192
193char *sha1_pack_index_name(const unsigned char *sha1)
194{
195 static const char hex[] = "0123456789abcdef";
196 static char *name, *base, *buf;
197 int i;
198
199 if (!base) {
200 const char *sha1_file_directory = get_object_directory();
201 int len = strlen(sha1_file_directory);
202 base = xmalloc(len + 60);
203 sprintf(base, "%s/pack/pack-1234567890123456789012345678901234567890.idx", sha1_file_directory);
204 name = base + len + 11;
205 }
206
207 buf = name;
208
209 for (i = 0; i < 20; i++) {
210 unsigned int val = *sha1++;
211 *buf++ = hex[val >> 4];
212 *buf++ = hex[val & 0xf];
213 }
214
215 return base;
216}
217
d5a63b99
JH
218struct alternate_object_database *alt_odb_list;
219static struct alternate_object_database **alt_odb_tail;
ace1534d 220
c2f493a4
MW
221static void read_info_alternates(const char * alternates, int depth);
222
ddd5d056
JH
223/*
224 * Prepare alternate object database registry.
d5a63b99
JH
225 *
226 * The variable alt_odb_list points at the list of struct
227 * alternate_object_database. The elements on this list come from
228 * non-empty elements from colon separated ALTERNATE_DB_ENVIRONMENT
229 * environment variable, and $GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY/info/alternates,
1494e038
JH
230 * whose contents is similar to that environment variable but can be
231 * LF separated. Its base points at a statically allocated buffer that
d5a63b99
JH
232 * contains "/the/directory/corresponding/to/.git/objects/...", while
233 * its name points just after the slash at the end of ".git/objects/"
234 * in the example above, and has enough space to hold 40-byte hex
235 * SHA1, an extra slash for the first level indirection, and the
236 * terminating NUL.
ddd5d056 237 */
c2f493a4 238static int link_alt_odb_entry(const char * entry, int len, const char * relative_base, int depth)
ace1534d 239{
c2f493a4 240 struct stat st;
1494e038 241 const char *objdir = get_object_directory();
c2f493a4
MW
242 struct alternate_object_database *ent;
243 struct alternate_object_database *alt;
244 /* 43 = 40-byte + 2 '/' + terminating NUL */
245 int pfxlen = len;
246 int entlen = pfxlen + 43;
ccfd3e99 247 int base_len = -1;
d5a63b99 248
c2f493a4
MW
249 if (*entry != '/' && relative_base) {
250 /* Relative alt-odb */
251 if (base_len < 0)
252 base_len = strlen(relative_base) + 1;
253 entlen += base_len;
254 pfxlen += base_len;
255 }
256 ent = xmalloc(sizeof(*ent) + entlen);
257
258 if (*entry != '/' && relative_base) {
259 memcpy(ent->base, relative_base, base_len - 1);
260 ent->base[base_len - 1] = '/';
261 memcpy(ent->base + base_len, entry, len);
262 }
263 else
264 memcpy(ent->base, entry, pfxlen);
265
266 ent->name = ent->base + pfxlen + 1;
267 ent->base[pfxlen + 3] = '/';
268 ent->base[pfxlen] = ent->base[entlen-1] = 0;
269
270 /* Detect cases where alternate disappeared */
271 if (stat(ent->base, &st) || !S_ISDIR(st.st_mode)) {
272 error("object directory %s does not exist; "
273 "check .git/objects/info/alternates.",
274 ent->base);
275 free(ent);
276 return -1;
277 }
278
279 /* Prevent the common mistake of listing the same
280 * thing twice, or object directory itself.
281 */
282 for (alt = alt_odb_list; alt; alt = alt->next) {
283 if (!memcmp(ent->base, alt->base, pfxlen)) {
284 free(ent);
285 return -1;
286 }
287 }
288 if (!memcmp(ent->base, objdir, pfxlen)) {
289 free(ent);
290 return -1;
291 }
292
293 /* add the alternate entry */
294 *alt_odb_tail = ent;
295 alt_odb_tail = &(ent->next);
296 ent->next = NULL;
297
298 /* recursively add alternates */
299 read_info_alternates(ent->base, depth + 1);
300
301 ent->base[pfxlen] = '/';
302
303 return 0;
304}
305
306static void link_alt_odb_entries(const char *alt, const char *ep, int sep,
307 const char *relative_base, int depth)
308{
309 const char *cp, *last;
310
311 if (depth > 5) {
312 error("%s: ignoring alternate object stores, nesting too deep.",
313 relative_base);
314 return;
315 }
316
d5a63b99 317 last = alt;
9577e7e3
JH
318 while (last < ep) {
319 cp = last;
320 if (cp < ep && *cp == '#') {
321 while (cp < ep && *cp != sep)
322 cp++;
323 last = cp + 1;
324 continue;
325 }
c2f493a4
MW
326 while (cp < ep && *cp != sep)
327 cp++;
d5a63b99 328 if (last != cp) {
c2f493a4
MW
329 if ((*last != '/') && depth) {
330 error("%s: ignoring relative alternate object store %s",
331 relative_base, last);
332 } else {
333 link_alt_odb_entry(last, cp - last,
334 relative_base, depth);
1494e038 335 }
d5a63b99 336 }
9577e7e3 337 while (cp < ep && *cp == sep)
d5a63b99
JH
338 cp++;
339 last = cp;
9577e7e3 340 }
d5a63b99
JH
341}
342
c2f493a4 343static void read_info_alternates(const char * relative_base, int depth)
d5a63b99 344{
9577e7e3 345 char *map;
d5a63b99 346 struct stat st;
c2f493a4
MW
347 char path[PATH_MAX];
348 int fd;
d5a63b99 349
c2f493a4 350 sprintf(path, "%s/info/alternates", relative_base);
d5a63b99
JH
351 fd = open(path, O_RDONLY);
352 if (fd < 0)
353 return;
354 if (fstat(fd, &st) || (st.st_size == 0)) {
355 close(fd);
9a217f2a 356 return;
ace1534d 357 }
d5a63b99
JH
358 map = mmap(NULL, st.st_size, PROT_READ, MAP_PRIVATE, fd, 0);
359 close(fd);
360 if (map == MAP_FAILED)
361 return;
362
c2f493a4
MW
363 link_alt_odb_entries(map, map + st.st_size, '\n', relative_base, depth);
364
d5a63b99 365 munmap(map, st.st_size);
ace1534d
JH
366}
367
c2f493a4
MW
368void prepare_alt_odb(void)
369{
554fe20d 370 const char *alt;
c2f493a4
MW
371
372 alt = getenv(ALTERNATE_DB_ENVIRONMENT);
373 if (!alt) alt = "";
374
375 if (alt_odb_tail)
376 return;
377 alt_odb_tail = &alt_odb_list;
378 link_alt_odb_entries(alt, alt + strlen(alt), ':', NULL, 0);
379
380 read_info_alternates(get_object_directory(), 0);
381}
382
ace1534d
JH
383static char *find_sha1_file(const unsigned char *sha1, struct stat *st)
384{
ace1534d 385 char *name = sha1_file_name(sha1);
d5a63b99 386 struct alternate_object_database *alt;
ace1534d
JH
387
388 if (!stat(name, st))
389 return name;
9a217f2a 390 prepare_alt_odb();
d5a63b99
JH
391 for (alt = alt_odb_list; alt; alt = alt->next) {
392 name = alt->name;
ace1534d 393 fill_sha1_path(name, sha1);
d5a63b99
JH
394 if (!stat(alt->base, st))
395 return alt->base;
ace1534d
JH
396 }
397 return NULL;
398}
399
1f688557
JH
400#define PACK_MAX_SZ (1<<26)
401static int pack_used_ctr;
402static unsigned long pack_mapped;
9a217f2a 403struct packed_git *packed_git;
1f688557 404
1f688557
JH
405static int check_packed_git_idx(const char *path, unsigned long *idx_size_,
406 void **idx_map_)
407{
408 void *idx_map;
409 unsigned int *index;
410 unsigned long idx_size;
411 int nr, i;
e93ec6f9 412 int fd = open(path, O_RDONLY);
1f688557
JH
413 struct stat st;
414 if (fd < 0)
415 return -1;
416 if (fstat(fd, &st)) {
417 close(fd);
418 return -1;
419 }
420 idx_size = st.st_size;
421 idx_map = mmap(NULL, idx_size, PROT_READ, MAP_PRIVATE, fd, 0);
422 close(fd);
423 if (idx_map == MAP_FAILED)
424 return -1;
425
426 index = idx_map;
4d235c80
LT
427 *idx_map_ = idx_map;
428 *idx_size_ = idx_size;
1f688557
JH
429
430 /* check index map */
f9253394 431 if (idx_size < 4*256 + 20 + 20)
1f688557
JH
432 return error("index file too small");
433 nr = 0;
434 for (i = 0; i < 256; i++) {
435 unsigned int n = ntohl(index[i]);
436 if (n < nr)
437 return error("non-monotonic index");
438 nr = n;
439 }
440
441 /*
442 * Total size:
443 * - 256 index entries 4 bytes each
444 * - 24-byte entries * nr (20-byte sha1 + 4-byte offset)
445 * - 20-byte SHA1 of the packfile
446 * - 20-byte SHA1 file checksum
447 */
448 if (idx_size != 4*256 + nr * 24 + 20 + 20)
449 return error("wrong index file size");
450
1f688557
JH
451 return 0;
452}
453
f9253394 454static int unuse_one_packed_git(void)
1f688557 455{
f9253394
JH
456 struct packed_git *p, *lru = NULL;
457
458 for (p = packed_git; p; p = p->next) {
459 if (p->pack_use_cnt || !p->pack_base)
460 continue;
461 if (!lru || p->pack_last_used < lru->pack_last_used)
462 lru = p;
463 }
464 if (!lru)
465 return 0;
466 munmap(lru->pack_base, lru->pack_size);
467 lru->pack_base = NULL;
468 return 1;
469}
470
471void unuse_packed_git(struct packed_git *p)
472{
473 p->pack_use_cnt--;
1f688557
JH
474}
475
f9253394 476int use_packed_git(struct packed_git *p)
1f688557 477{
bf592c50
DB
478 if (!p->pack_size) {
479 struct stat st;
a9486b02 480 /* We created the struct before we had the pack */
bf592c50
DB
481 stat(p->pack_name, &st);
482 if (!S_ISREG(st.st_mode))
483 die("packfile %s not a regular file", p->pack_name);
484 p->pack_size = st.st_size;
485 }
1f688557
JH
486 if (!p->pack_base) {
487 int fd;
488 struct stat st;
489 void *map;
da756011 490 struct pack_header *hdr;
1f688557
JH
491
492 pack_mapped += p->pack_size;
f9253394
JH
493 while (PACK_MAX_SZ < pack_mapped && unuse_one_packed_git())
494 ; /* nothing */
1f688557
JH
495 fd = open(p->pack_name, O_RDONLY);
496 if (fd < 0)
f9253394 497 die("packfile %s cannot be opened", p->pack_name);
1f688557
JH
498 if (fstat(fd, &st)) {
499 close(fd);
f9253394 500 die("packfile %s cannot be opened", p->pack_name);
1f688557
JH
501 }
502 if (st.st_size != p->pack_size)
f9253394 503 die("packfile %s size mismatch.", p->pack_name);
1f688557
JH
504 map = mmap(NULL, p->pack_size, PROT_READ, MAP_PRIVATE, fd, 0);
505 close(fd);
506 if (map == MAP_FAILED)
f9253394 507 die("packfile %s cannot be mapped.", p->pack_name);
1f688557 508 p->pack_base = map;
f9253394 509
da756011
SP
510 /* Check if we understand this pack file. If we don't we're
511 * likely too old to handle it.
512 */
513 hdr = map;
514 if (hdr->hdr_signature != htonl(PACK_SIGNATURE))
515 die("packfile %s isn't actually a pack.", p->pack_name);
516 if (!pack_version_ok(hdr->hdr_version))
517 die("packfile %s is version %i and not supported"
518 " (try upgrading GIT to a newer version)",
519 p->pack_name, ntohl(hdr->hdr_version));
520
f9253394
JH
521 /* Check if the pack file matches with the index file.
522 * this is cheap.
523 */
a89fccd2
DR
524 if (hashcmp((unsigned char *)(p->index_base) +
525 p->index_size - 40,
526 (unsigned char *)p->pack_base +
527 p->pack_size - 20)) {
f9253394 528 die("packfile %s does not match index.", p->pack_name);
bf592c50 529 }
1f688557
JH
530 }
531 p->pack_last_used = pack_used_ctr++;
f9253394 532 p->pack_use_cnt++;
1f688557
JH
533 return 0;
534}
535
9d835df2 536struct packed_git *add_packed_git(char *path, int path_len, int local)
1f688557
JH
537{
538 struct stat st;
539 struct packed_git *p;
540 unsigned long idx_size;
541 void *idx_map;
c0bbbb1b 542 unsigned char sha1[20];
1f688557
JH
543
544 if (check_packed_git_idx(path, &idx_size, &idx_map))
545 return NULL;
546
547 /* do we have a corresponding .pack file? */
548 strcpy(path + path_len - 4, ".pack");
549 if (stat(path, &st) || !S_ISREG(st.st_mode)) {
550 munmap(idx_map, idx_size);
551 return NULL;
552 }
553 /* ok, it looks sane as far as we can check without
554 * actually mapping the pack file.
555 */
556 p = xmalloc(sizeof(*p) + path_len + 2);
557 strcpy(p->pack_name, path);
558 p->index_size = idx_size;
559 p->pack_size = st.st_size;
560 p->index_base = idx_map;
561 p->next = NULL;
d85a4fee 562 p->pack_base = NULL;
1f688557 563 p->pack_last_used = 0;
f9253394 564 p->pack_use_cnt = 0;
9d835df2 565 p->pack_local = local;
f4a11066 566 if ((path_len > 44) && !get_sha1_hex(path + path_len - 44, sha1))
e702496e 567 hashcpy(p->sha1, sha1);
1f688557
JH
568 return p;
569}
570
bf592c50 571struct packed_git *parse_pack_index(unsigned char *sha1)
c508df5e
DB
572{
573 char *path = sha1_pack_index_name(sha1);
574 return parse_pack_index_file(sha1, path);
575}
576
2ab141a2 577struct packed_git *parse_pack_index_file(const unsigned char *sha1, char *idx_path)
bf592c50
DB
578{
579 struct packed_git *p;
580 unsigned long idx_size;
581 void *idx_map;
c508df5e 582 char *path;
bf592c50 583
c508df5e 584 if (check_packed_git_idx(idx_path, &idx_size, &idx_map))
bf592c50
DB
585 return NULL;
586
587 path = sha1_pack_name(sha1);
588
589 p = xmalloc(sizeof(*p) + strlen(path) + 2);
590 strcpy(p->pack_name, path);
591 p->index_size = idx_size;
592 p->pack_size = 0;
593 p->index_base = idx_map;
594 p->next = NULL;
595 p->pack_base = NULL;
596 p->pack_last_used = 0;
597 p->pack_use_cnt = 0;
e702496e 598 hashcpy(p->sha1, sha1);
bf592c50
DB
599 return p;
600}
601
602void install_packed_git(struct packed_git *pack)
603{
604 pack->next = packed_git;
605 packed_git = pack;
606}
607
9d835df2 608static void prepare_packed_git_one(char *objdir, int local)
1f688557
JH
609{
610 char path[PATH_MAX];
611 int len;
612 DIR *dir;
613 struct dirent *de;
614
615 sprintf(path, "%s/pack", objdir);
616 len = strlen(path);
617 dir = opendir(path);
b5b16990 618 if (!dir) {
26125f6b 619 if (errno != ENOENT)
bd2afde8 620 error("unable to open object pack directory: %s: %s",
26125f6b 621 path, strerror(errno));
1f688557 622 return;
b5b16990 623 }
1f688557
JH
624 path[len++] = '/';
625 while ((de = readdir(dir)) != NULL) {
626 int namelen = strlen(de->d_name);
627 struct packed_git *p;
628
5bb1cda5 629 if (!has_extension(de->d_name, ".idx"))
1f688557
JH
630 continue;
631
632 /* we have .idx. Is it a file we can map? */
633 strcpy(path + len, de->d_name);
86f7780c
JK
634 for (p = packed_git; p; p = p->next) {
635 if (!memcmp(path, p->pack_name, len + namelen - 4))
636 break;
637 }
638 if (p)
639 continue;
9d835df2 640 p = add_packed_git(path, len + namelen, local);
1f688557
JH
641 if (!p)
642 continue;
643 p->next = packed_git;
644 packed_git = p;
645 }
5b35bcd5 646 closedir(dir);
1f688557
JH
647}
648
637cdd9d 649static int prepare_packed_git_run_once = 0;
9a217f2a 650void prepare_packed_git(void)
1f688557 651{
d5a63b99 652 struct alternate_object_database *alt;
1f688557 653
637cdd9d 654 if (prepare_packed_git_run_once)
1f688557 655 return;
9d835df2 656 prepare_packed_git_one(get_object_directory(), 1);
9a217f2a 657 prepare_alt_odb();
d5a63b99 658 for (alt = alt_odb_list; alt; alt = alt->next) {
1494e038 659 alt->name[-1] = 0;
9d835df2 660 prepare_packed_git_one(alt->base, 0);
1494e038 661 alt->name[-1] = '/';
1f688557 662 }
637cdd9d
JK
663 prepare_packed_git_run_once = 1;
664}
665
666static void reprepare_packed_git(void)
667{
668 prepare_packed_git_run_once = 0;
669 prepare_packed_git();
1f688557
JH
670}
671
5d6ccf5c 672int check_sha1_signature(const unsigned char *sha1, void *map, unsigned long size, const char *type)
0fcfd160 673{
d98b46f8 674 char header[100];
0fcfd160
LT
675 unsigned char real_sha1[20];
676 SHA_CTX c;
677
678 SHA1_Init(&c);
d98b46f8 679 SHA1_Update(&c, header, 1+sprintf(header, "%s %lu", type, size));
0fcfd160
LT
680 SHA1_Update(&c, map, size);
681 SHA1_Final(real_sha1, &c);
a89fccd2 682 return hashcmp(sha1, real_sha1) ? -1 : 0;
0fcfd160
LT
683}
684
bb6b8e4f 685void *map_sha1_file(const unsigned char *sha1, unsigned long *size)
0fcfd160 686{
0fcfd160
LT
687 struct stat st;
688 void *map;
144bde78 689 int fd;
ace1534d
JH
690 char *filename = find_sha1_file(sha1, &st);
691
692 if (!filename) {
ace1534d
JH
693 return NULL;
694 }
0fcfd160 695
144bde78 696 fd = open(filename, O_RDONLY | sha1_file_open_flag);
0fcfd160 697 if (fd < 0) {
144bde78
LT
698 /* See if it works without O_NOATIME */
699 switch (sha1_file_open_flag) {
700 default:
701 fd = open(filename, O_RDONLY);
702 if (fd >= 0)
703 break;
704 /* Fallthrough */
705 case 0:
144bde78
LT
706 return NULL;
707 }
708
1f688557
JH
709 /* If it failed once, it will probably fail again.
710 * Stop using O_NOATIME
711 */
144bde78 712 sha1_file_open_flag = 0;
0fcfd160 713 }
0fcfd160
LT
714 map = mmap(NULL, st.st_size, PROT_READ, MAP_PRIVATE, fd, 0);
715 close(fd);
e35f9824 716 if (map == MAP_FAILED)
0fcfd160
LT
717 return NULL;
718 *size = st.st_size;
719 return map;
720}
721
bb6b8e4f
JH
722int legacy_loose_object(unsigned char *map)
723{
724 unsigned int word;
725
726 /*
727 * Is it a zlib-compressed buffer? If so, the first byte
728 * must be 0x78 (15-bit window size, deflated), and the
729 * first 16-bit word is evenly divisible by 31
730 */
731 word = (map[0] << 8) + map[1];
732 if (map[0] == 0x78 && !(word % 31))
733 return 1;
734 else
735 return 0;
736}
737
72518e9c 738unsigned long unpack_object_header_gently(const unsigned char *buf, unsigned long len, enum object_type *type, unsigned long *sizep)
c4483576 739{
ad1ed5ee 740 unsigned shift;
93821bd9 741 unsigned char c;
93821bd9 742 unsigned long size;
ad1ed5ee
JH
743 unsigned long used = 0;
744
745 c = buf[used++];
746 *type = (c >> 4) & 7;
747 size = c & 15;
748 shift = 4;
749 while (c & 0x80) {
750 if (len <= used)
751 return 0;
752 if (sizeof(long) * 8 <= shift)
753 return 0;
754 c = buf[used++];
755 size += (c & 0x7f) << shift;
756 shift += 7;
757 }
758 *sizep = size;
759 return used;
760}
761
762static int unpack_sha1_header(z_stream *stream, unsigned char *map, unsigned long mapsize, void *buffer, unsigned long bufsiz)
763{
764 unsigned long size, used;
765 static const char valid_loose_object_type[8] = {
766 0, /* OBJ_EXT */
767 1, 1, 1, 1, /* "commit", "tree", "blob", "tag" */
768 0, /* "delta" and others are invalid in a loose object */
93821bd9 769 };
ad1ed5ee 770 enum object_type type;
93821bd9 771
c4483576
LT
772 /* Get the data stream */
773 memset(stream, 0, sizeof(*stream));
774 stream->next_in = map;
775 stream->avail_in = mapsize;
776 stream->next_out = buffer;
93821bd9
LT
777 stream->avail_out = bufsiz;
778
bb6b8e4f 779 if (legacy_loose_object(map)) {
93821bd9
LT
780 inflateInit(stream);
781 return inflate(stream, 0);
782 }
783
ad1ed5ee
JH
784 used = unpack_object_header_gently(map, mapsize, &type, &size);
785 if (!used || !valid_loose_object_type[type])
93821bd9 786 return -1;
ad1ed5ee
JH
787 map += used;
788 mapsize -= used;
93821bd9
LT
789
790 /* Set up the stream for the rest.. */
791 stream->next_in = map;
792 stream->avail_in = mapsize;
c4483576 793 inflateInit(stream);
93821bd9
LT
794
795 /* And generate the fake traditional header */
ad1ed5ee
JH
796 stream->total_out = 1 + snprintf(buffer, bufsiz, "%s %lu",
797 type_names[type], size);
93821bd9 798 return 0;
c4483576
LT
799}
800
6da4016a 801static void *unpack_sha1_rest(z_stream *stream, void *buffer, unsigned long size)
5180cacc
LT
802{
803 int bytes = strlen(buffer) + 1;
d565b341 804 unsigned char *buf = xmalloc(1+size);
93821bd9 805 unsigned long n;
5180cacc 806
93821bd9
LT
807 n = stream->total_out - bytes;
808 if (n > size)
809 n = size;
810 memcpy(buf, (char *) buffer + bytes, n);
811 bytes = n;
5180cacc
LT
812 if (bytes < size) {
813 stream->next_out = buf + bytes;
814 stream->avail_out = size - bytes;
815 while (inflate(stream, Z_FINISH) == Z_OK)
816 /* nothing */;
817 }
818 buf[size] = 0;
819 inflateEnd(stream);
820 return buf;
821}
822
823/*
824 * We used to just use "sscanf()", but that's actually way
825 * too permissive for what we want to check. So do an anal
826 * object header parse by hand.
827 */
38d3874d 828static int parse_sha1_header(char *hdr, char *type, unsigned long *sizep)
5180cacc
LT
829{
830 int i;
831 unsigned long size;
832
833 /*
834 * The type can be at most ten bytes (including the
835 * terminating '\0' that we add), and is followed by
836 * a space.
837 */
838 i = 10;
839 for (;;) {
840 char c = *hdr++;
841 if (c == ' ')
842 break;
843 if (!--i)
844 return -1;
845 *type++ = c;
846 }
847 *type = 0;
848
849 /*
850 * The length must follow immediately, and be in canonical
851 * decimal format (ie "010" is not valid).
852 */
853 size = *hdr++ - '0';
854 if (size > 9)
855 return -1;
856 if (size) {
857 for (;;) {
858 unsigned long c = *hdr - '0';
859 if (c > 9)
860 break;
861 hdr++;
862 size = size * 10 + c;
863 }
864 }
865 *sizep = size;
866
867 /*
868 * The length must be followed by a zero byte
869 */
870 return *hdr ? -1 : 0;
871}
872
0fcfd160
LT
873void * unpack_sha1_file(void *map, unsigned long mapsize, char *type, unsigned long *size)
874{
5180cacc 875 int ret;
0fcfd160 876 z_stream stream;
5180cacc 877 char hdr[8192];
0fcfd160 878
5180cacc
LT
879 ret = unpack_sha1_header(&stream, map, mapsize, hdr, sizeof(hdr));
880 if (ret < Z_OK || parse_sha1_header(hdr, type, size) < 0)
0fcfd160
LT
881 return NULL;
882
5180cacc 883 return unpack_sha1_rest(&stream, hdr, *size);
0fcfd160
LT
884}
885
f3bf9224
JH
886/* forward declaration for a mutually recursive function */
887static int packed_object_info(struct pack_entry *entry,
888 char *type, unsigned long *sizep);
889
5db47c2b
JH
890static int packed_delta_info(unsigned char *base_sha1,
891 unsigned long delta_size,
892 unsigned long left,
893 char *type,
f3bf9224
JH
894 unsigned long *sizep,
895 struct packed_git *p)
5db47c2b 896{
f3bf9224
JH
897 struct pack_entry base_ent;
898
5db47c2b
JH
899 if (left < 20)
900 die("truncated pack file");
5db47c2b 901
f3bf9224
JH
902 /* The base entry _must_ be in the same pack */
903 if (!find_pack_entry_one(base_sha1, &base_ent, p))
904 die("failed to find delta-pack base object %s",
905 sha1_to_hex(base_sha1));
906
c62266f3
JH
907 /* We choose to only get the type of the base object and
908 * ignore potentially corrupt pack file that expects the delta
909 * based on a base with a wrong size. This saves tons of
910 * inflate() calls.
911 */
5db47c2b 912
f3bf9224 913 if (packed_object_info(&base_ent, type, NULL))
c62266f3 914 die("cannot get info for delta-pack base");
5db47c2b 915
c62266f3
JH
916 if (sizep) {
917 const unsigned char *data;
918 unsigned char delta_head[64];
919 unsigned long result_size;
920 z_stream stream;
921 int st;
922
923 memset(&stream, 0, sizeof(stream));
924
925 data = stream.next_in = base_sha1 + 20;
926 stream.avail_in = left - 20;
927 stream.next_out = delta_head;
928 stream.avail_out = sizeof(delta_head);
929
930 inflateInit(&stream);
931 st = inflate(&stream, Z_FINISH);
932 inflateEnd(&stream);
933 if ((st != Z_STREAM_END) &&
934 stream.total_out != sizeof(delta_head))
935 die("delta data unpack-initial failed");
936
937 /* Examine the initial part of the delta to figure out
938 * the result size.
939 */
940 data = delta_head;
8960844a
NP
941
942 /* ignore base size */
943 get_delta_hdr_size(&data, delta_head+sizeof(delta_head));
5db47c2b 944
c62266f3 945 /* Read the result size */
8960844a 946 result_size = get_delta_hdr_size(&data, delta_head+sizeof(delta_head));
c62266f3
JH
947 *sizep = result_size;
948 }
5db47c2b
JH
949 return 0;
950}
951
a733cb60
LT
952static unsigned long unpack_object_header(struct packed_git *p, unsigned long offset,
953 enum object_type *type, unsigned long *sizep)
954{
ad1ed5ee 955 unsigned long used;
a733cb60 956
ad1ed5ee 957 if (p->pack_size <= offset)
a733cb60 958 die("object offset outside of pack file");
ad1ed5ee
JH
959
960 used = unpack_object_header_gently((unsigned char *)p->pack_base +
961 offset,
962 p->pack_size - offset, type, sizep);
963 if (!used)
964 die("object offset outside of pack file");
965
966 return offset + used;
a733cb60
LT
967}
968
a49dd05f
JH
969int check_reuse_pack_delta(struct packed_git *p, unsigned long offset,
970 unsigned char *base, unsigned long *sizep,
971 enum object_type *kindp)
972{
973 unsigned long ptr;
974 int status = -1;
975
976 use_packed_git(p);
977 ptr = offset;
978 ptr = unpack_object_header(p, ptr, kindp, sizep);
979 if (*kindp != OBJ_DELTA)
980 goto done;
e702496e 981 hashcpy(base, (unsigned char *) p->pack_base + ptr);
a49dd05f
JH
982 status = 0;
983 done:
984 unuse_packed_git(p);
985 return status;
986}
987
ad8c80a5
JH
988void packed_object_info_detail(struct pack_entry *e,
989 char *type,
990 unsigned long *size,
991 unsigned long *store_size,
f8f135c9 992 unsigned int *delta_chain_length,
ad8c80a5
JH
993 unsigned char *base_sha1)
994{
995 struct packed_git *p = e->p;
2855d580 996 unsigned long offset;
ad8c80a5
JH
997 unsigned char *pack;
998 enum object_type kind;
999
1000 offset = unpack_object_header(p, e->offset, &kind, size);
1d7f171c 1001 pack = (unsigned char *) p->pack_base + offset;
ad8c80a5
JH
1002 if (kind != OBJ_DELTA)
1003 *delta_chain_length = 0;
1004 else {
f8f135c9 1005 unsigned int chain_length = 0;
2855d580
JH
1006 if (p->pack_size <= offset + 20)
1007 die("pack file %s records an incomplete delta base",
1008 p->pack_name);
e702496e 1009 hashcpy(base_sha1, pack);
ad8c80a5
JH
1010 do {
1011 struct pack_entry base_ent;
1012 unsigned long junk;
1013
1014 find_pack_entry_one(pack, &base_ent, p);
1015 offset = unpack_object_header(p, base_ent.offset,
1016 &kind, &junk);
1d7f171c 1017 pack = (unsigned char *) p->pack_base + offset;
ad8c80a5
JH
1018 chain_length++;
1019 } while (kind == OBJ_DELTA);
1020 *delta_chain_length = chain_length;
1021 }
1022 switch (kind) {
1023 case OBJ_COMMIT:
ad8c80a5 1024 case OBJ_TREE:
ad8c80a5 1025 case OBJ_BLOB:
ad8c80a5 1026 case OBJ_TAG:
5a18f540 1027 strcpy(type, type_names[kind]);
ad8c80a5
JH
1028 break;
1029 default:
264b16b6
JH
1030 die("corrupted pack file %s containing object of kind %d",
1031 p->pack_name, kind);
ad8c80a5
JH
1032 }
1033 *store_size = 0; /* notyet */
1034}
1035
1f688557
JH
1036static int packed_object_info(struct pack_entry *entry,
1037 char *type, unsigned long *sizep)
1038{
1039 struct packed_git *p = entry->p;
1040 unsigned long offset, size, left;
1041 unsigned char *pack;
a733cb60 1042 enum object_type kind;
f9253394 1043 int retval;
5db47c2b
JH
1044
1045 if (use_packed_git(p))
1046 die("cannot map packed file");
1047
a733cb60 1048 offset = unpack_object_header(p, entry->offset, &kind, &size);
1d7f171c 1049 pack = (unsigned char *) p->pack_base + offset;
a733cb60
LT
1050 left = p->pack_size - offset;
1051
1052 switch (kind) {
1053 case OBJ_DELTA:
f3bf9224 1054 retval = packed_delta_info(pack, size, left, type, sizep, p);
f9253394
JH
1055 unuse_packed_git(p);
1056 return retval;
a733cb60 1057 case OBJ_COMMIT:
a733cb60 1058 case OBJ_TREE:
a733cb60 1059 case OBJ_BLOB:
a733cb60 1060 case OBJ_TAG:
5a18f540 1061 strcpy(type, type_names[kind]);
a69d0943 1062 break;
1f688557 1063 default:
264b16b6
JH
1064 die("corrupted pack file %s containing object of kind %d",
1065 p->pack_name, kind);
1f688557 1066 }
c62266f3
JH
1067 if (sizep)
1068 *sizep = size;
f9253394 1069 unuse_packed_git(p);
1f688557
JH
1070 return 0;
1071}
1072
eb950c19
SP
1073static void *unpack_compressed_entry(struct packed_git *p,
1074 unsigned long offset,
1075 unsigned long size)
de530aaa
SP
1076{
1077 int st;
1078 z_stream stream;
1079 unsigned char *buffer;
1080
1081 buffer = xmalloc(size + 1);
1082 buffer[size] = 0;
1083 memset(&stream, 0, sizeof(stream));
eb950c19
SP
1084 stream.next_in = (unsigned char*)p->pack_base + offset;
1085 stream.avail_in = p->pack_size - offset;
de530aaa
SP
1086 stream.next_out = buffer;
1087 stream.avail_out = size;
1088
1089 inflateInit(&stream);
1090 st = inflate(&stream, Z_FINISH);
1091 inflateEnd(&stream);
1092 if ((st != Z_STREAM_END) || stream.total_out != size) {
1093 free(buffer);
1094 return NULL;
1095 }
1096
1097 return buffer;
1098}
1099
eb950c19
SP
1100static void *unpack_delta_entry(struct packed_git *p,
1101 unsigned long offset,
1f688557 1102 unsigned long delta_size,
1f688557 1103 char *type,
eb950c19 1104 unsigned long *sizep)
1f688557 1105{
f3bf9224 1106 struct pack_entry base_ent;
7c3e8be3
SP
1107 void *delta_data, *result, *base;
1108 unsigned long result_size, base_size;
eb950c19 1109 unsigned char* base_sha1;
1f688557 1110
eb950c19 1111 if ((offset + 20) >= p->pack_size)
1f688557 1112 die("truncated pack file");
67686d95
JH
1113
1114 /* The base entry _must_ be in the same pack */
eb950c19 1115 base_sha1 = (unsigned char*)p->pack_base + offset;
67686d95
JH
1116 if (!find_pack_entry_one(base_sha1, &base_ent, p))
1117 die("failed to find delta-pack base object %s",
1118 sha1_to_hex(base_sha1));
1119 base = unpack_entry_gently(&base_ent, type, &base_size);
1120 if (!base)
1121 die("failed to read delta-pack base object %s",
1122 sha1_to_hex(base_sha1));
1123
eb950c19 1124 delta_data = unpack_compressed_entry(p, offset + 20, delta_size);
1f688557
JH
1125 result = patch_delta(base, base_size,
1126 delta_data, delta_size,
1127 &result_size);
1128 if (!result)
1129 die("failed to apply delta");
1130 free(delta_data);
1131 free(base);
1132 *sizep = result_size;
1133 return result;
1134}
1135
1f688557
JH
1136static void *unpack_entry(struct pack_entry *entry,
1137 char *type, unsigned long *sizep)
1138{
1139 struct packed_git *p = entry->p;
f9253394 1140 void *retval;
1f688557
JH
1141
1142 if (use_packed_git(p))
1143 die("cannot map packed file");
f3bf9224
JH
1144 retval = unpack_entry_gently(entry, type, sizep);
1145 unuse_packed_git(p);
1146 if (!retval)
264b16b6 1147 die("corrupted pack file %s", p->pack_name);
f3bf9224
JH
1148 return retval;
1149}
1150
1151/* The caller is responsible for use_packed_git()/unuse_packed_git() pair */
1152void *unpack_entry_gently(struct pack_entry *entry,
1153 char *type, unsigned long *sizep)
1154{
1155 struct packed_git *p = entry->p;
eb950c19 1156 unsigned long offset, size;
f3bf9224 1157 enum object_type kind;
1f688557 1158
a733cb60 1159 offset = unpack_object_header(p, entry->offset, &kind, &size);
a733cb60
LT
1160 switch (kind) {
1161 case OBJ_DELTA:
eb950c19 1162 return unpack_delta_entry(p, offset, size, type, sizep);
a733cb60 1163 case OBJ_COMMIT:
a733cb60 1164 case OBJ_TREE:
a733cb60 1165 case OBJ_BLOB:
a733cb60 1166 case OBJ_TAG:
5a18f540
SP
1167 strcpy(type, type_names[kind]);
1168 *sizep = size;
eb950c19 1169 return unpack_compressed_entry(p, offset, size);
1f688557 1170 default:
f3bf9224 1171 return NULL;
1f688557 1172 }
1f688557
JH
1173}
1174
9a217f2a
JH
1175int num_packed_objects(const struct packed_git *p)
1176{
f9253394 1177 /* See check_packed_git_idx() */
9a217f2a
JH
1178 return (p->index_size - 20 - 20 - 4*256) / 24;
1179}
1180
1181int nth_packed_object_sha1(const struct packed_git *p, int n,
1182 unsigned char* sha1)
1183{
1184 void *index = p->index_base + 256;
1185 if (n < 0 || num_packed_objects(p) <= n)
1186 return -1;
e702496e 1187 hashcpy(sha1, (unsigned char *) index + (24 * n) + 4);
9a217f2a
JH
1188 return 0;
1189}
1190
f3bf9224
JH
1191int find_pack_entry_one(const unsigned char *sha1,
1192 struct pack_entry *e, struct packed_git *p)
1f688557 1193{
4d235c80 1194 unsigned int *level1_ofs = p->index_base;
1f688557
JH
1195 int hi = ntohl(level1_ofs[*sha1]);
1196 int lo = ((*sha1 == 0x0) ? 0 : ntohl(level1_ofs[*sha1 - 1]));
1197 void *index = p->index_base + 256;
1198
1199 do {
1200 int mi = (lo + hi) / 2;
a89fccd2 1201 int cmp = hashcmp((unsigned char *)index + (24 * mi) + 4, sha1);
1f688557 1202 if (!cmp) {
1d7f171c 1203 e->offset = ntohl(*((unsigned int *) ((char *) index + (24 * mi))));
e702496e 1204 hashcpy(e->sha1, sha1);
1f688557
JH
1205 e->p = p;
1206 return 1;
1207 }
1208 if (cmp > 0)
1209 hi = mi;
1210 else
1211 lo = mi+1;
1212 } while (lo < hi);
1213 return 0;
1214}
1215
106d710b 1216static int find_pack_entry(const unsigned char *sha1, struct pack_entry *e, const char **ignore_packed)
1f688557
JH
1217{
1218 struct packed_git *p;
1219 prepare_packed_git();
1220
1221 for (p = packed_git; p; p = p->next) {
106d710b
JH
1222 if (ignore_packed) {
1223 const char **ig;
1224 for (ig = ignore_packed; *ig; ig++)
1225 if (!strcmp(p->pack_name, *ig))
1226 break;
1227 if (*ig)
1228 continue;
1229 }
f3bf9224 1230 if (find_pack_entry_one(sha1, e, p))
1f688557
JH
1231 return 1;
1232 }
1233 return 0;
1234}
1235
bf592c50
DB
1236struct packed_git *find_sha1_pack(const unsigned char *sha1,
1237 struct packed_git *packs)
1238{
1239 struct packed_git *p;
1240 struct pack_entry e;
1241
1242 for (p = packs; p; p = p->next) {
1243 if (find_pack_entry_one(sha1, &e, p))
1244 return p;
1245 }
1246 return NULL;
1247
1248}
1249
36e4d74a 1250int sha1_object_info(const unsigned char *sha1, char *type, unsigned long *sizep)
65c2e0c3 1251{
36e4d74a 1252 int status;
65c2e0c3
JH
1253 unsigned long mapsize, size;
1254 void *map;
1255 z_stream stream;
36e4d74a 1256 char hdr[128];
65c2e0c3 1257
bb6b8e4f 1258 map = map_sha1_file(sha1, &mapsize);
1f688557
JH
1259 if (!map) {
1260 struct pack_entry e;
1261
106d710b 1262 if (find_pack_entry(sha1, &e, NULL))
637cdd9d
JK
1263 return packed_object_info(&e, type, sizep);
1264 reprepare_packed_git();
106d710b 1265 if (find_pack_entry(sha1, &e, NULL))
637cdd9d
JK
1266 return packed_object_info(&e, type, sizep);
1267 return error("unable to find %s", sha1_to_hex(sha1));
1f688557 1268 }
36e4d74a
JH
1269 if (unpack_sha1_header(&stream, map, mapsize, hdr, sizeof(hdr)) < 0)
1270 status = error("unable to unpack %s header",
1271 sha1_to_hex(sha1));
1272 if (parse_sha1_header(hdr, type, &size) < 0)
1273 status = error("unable to parse %s header", sha1_to_hex(sha1));
c4584ae3 1274 else {
65c2e0c3 1275 status = 0;
c62266f3
JH
1276 if (sizep)
1277 *sizep = size;
65c2e0c3 1278 }
65c2e0c3
JH
1279 inflateEnd(&stream);
1280 munmap(map, mapsize);
1281 return status;
1282}
1283
1f688557
JH
1284static void *read_packed_sha1(const unsigned char *sha1, char *type, unsigned long *size)
1285{
1286 struct pack_entry e;
1287
106d710b 1288 if (!find_pack_entry(sha1, &e, NULL)) {
1f688557
JH
1289 error("cannot read sha1_file for %s", sha1_to_hex(sha1));
1290 return NULL;
1291 }
1292 return unpack_entry(&e, type, size);
1293}
1294
0fcfd160
LT
1295void * read_sha1_file(const unsigned char *sha1, char *type, unsigned long *size)
1296{
1297 unsigned long mapsize;
1298 void *map, *buf;
ab90ea5d 1299 struct pack_entry e;
0fcfd160 1300
106d710b 1301 if (find_pack_entry(sha1, &e, NULL))
ab90ea5d 1302 return read_packed_sha1(sha1, type, size);
bb6b8e4f 1303 map = map_sha1_file(sha1, &mapsize);
0fcfd160
LT
1304 if (map) {
1305 buf = unpack_sha1_file(map, mapsize, type, size);
1306 munmap(map, mapsize);
1307 return buf;
1308 }
637cdd9d 1309 reprepare_packed_git();
106d710b 1310 if (find_pack_entry(sha1, &e, NULL))
637cdd9d 1311 return read_packed_sha1(sha1, type, size);
ab90ea5d 1312 return NULL;
0fcfd160
LT
1313}
1314
40469ee9 1315void *read_object_with_reference(const unsigned char *sha1,
bf0f910d 1316 const char *required_type,
40469ee9
JH
1317 unsigned long *size,
1318 unsigned char *actual_sha1_return)
f4913f91
JH
1319{
1320 char type[20];
1321 void *buffer;
1322 unsigned long isize;
40469ee9 1323 unsigned char actual_sha1[20];
f4913f91 1324
e702496e 1325 hashcpy(actual_sha1, sha1);
40469ee9
JH
1326 while (1) {
1327 int ref_length = -1;
1328 const char *ref_type = NULL;
f4913f91 1329
40469ee9
JH
1330 buffer = read_sha1_file(actual_sha1, type, &isize);
1331 if (!buffer)
1332 return NULL;
1333 if (!strcmp(type, required_type)) {
1334 *size = isize;
1335 if (actual_sha1_return)
e702496e 1336 hashcpy(actual_sha1_return, actual_sha1);
40469ee9
JH
1337 return buffer;
1338 }
1339 /* Handle references */
8e440259 1340 else if (!strcmp(type, commit_type))
40469ee9 1341 ref_type = "tree ";
8e440259 1342 else if (!strcmp(type, tag_type))
40469ee9
JH
1343 ref_type = "object ";
1344 else {
1345 free(buffer);
1346 return NULL;
1347 }
1348 ref_length = strlen(ref_type);
f4913f91 1349
40469ee9 1350 if (memcmp(buffer, ref_type, ref_length) ||
1d7f171c 1351 get_sha1_hex((char *) buffer + ref_length, actual_sha1)) {
40469ee9
JH
1352 free(buffer);
1353 return NULL;
1354 }
1cf58e72 1355 free(buffer);
40469ee9
JH
1356 /* Now we have the ID of the referred-to object in
1357 * actual_sha1. Check again. */
f4913f91 1358 }
f4913f91
JH
1359}
1360
7672db20
BL
1361char *write_sha1_file_prepare(void *buf,
1362 unsigned long len,
1363 const char *type,
1364 unsigned char *sha1,
1365 unsigned char *hdr,
1366 int *hdrlen)
d410c0f5
JH
1367{
1368 SHA_CTX c;
1369
1370 /* Generate the header */
1371 *hdrlen = sprintf((char *)hdr, "%s %lu", type, len)+1;
1372
1373 /* Sha1.. */
1374 SHA1_Init(&c);
1375 SHA1_Update(&c, hdr, *hdrlen);
1376 SHA1_Update(&c, buf, len);
1377 SHA1_Final(sha1, &c);
1378
1379 return sha1_file_name(sha1);
1380}
1381
230f1322
LT
1382/*
1383 * Link the tempfile to the final place, possibly creating the
1384 * last directory level as you do so.
1385 *
1386 * Returns the errno on failure, 0 on success.
1387 */
839837b9 1388static int link_temp_to_file(const char *tmpfile, const char *filename)
230f1322
LT
1389{
1390 int ret;
756aaf4a 1391 char *dir;
230f1322
LT
1392
1393 if (!link(tmpfile, filename))
1394 return 0;
1395
1396 /*
756aaf4a 1397 * Try to mkdir the last path component if that failed.
230f1322
LT
1398 *
1399 * Re-try the "link()" regardless of whether the mkdir
1400 * succeeds, since a race might mean that somebody
1401 * else succeeded.
1402 */
1403 ret = errno;
756aaf4a
SP
1404 dir = strrchr(filename, '/');
1405 if (dir) {
1406 *dir = 0;
1407 mkdir(filename, 0777);
1408 if (adjust_shared_perm(filename))
1409 return -2;
1410 *dir = '/';
1411 if (!link(tmpfile, filename))
1412 return 0;
1413 ret = errno;
230f1322
LT
1414 }
1415 return ret;
1416}
1417
1418/*
1419 * Move the just written object into its final resting place
1420 */
839837b9 1421int move_temp_to_file(const char *tmpfile, const char *filename)
230f1322
LT
1422{
1423 int ret = link_temp_to_file(tmpfile, filename);
7ebb6fca
LT
1424
1425 /*
1426 * Coda hack - coda doesn't like cross-directory links,
1427 * so we fall back to a rename, which will mean that it
1428 * won't be able to check collisions, but that's not a
1429 * big deal.
1430 *
1431 * The same holds for FAT formatted media.
1432 *
1433 * When this succeeds, we just return 0. We have nothing
1434 * left to unlink.
1435 */
1436 if (ret && ret != EEXIST) {
1437 if (!rename(tmpfile, filename))
230f1322 1438 return 0;
9e48b389 1439 ret = errno;
230f1322
LT
1440 }
1441 unlink(tmpfile);
1442 if (ret) {
1443 if (ret != EEXIST) {
7246ed43 1444 fprintf(stderr, "unable to write sha1 filename %s: %s\n", filename, strerror(ret));
230f1322
LT
1445 return -1;
1446 }
1447 /* FIXME!!! Collision check here ? */
1448 }
1449
1450 return 0;
1451}
1452
4d548150
LT
1453static int write_buffer(int fd, const void *buf, size_t len)
1454{
1455 while (len) {
1456 ssize_t size;
1457
1458 size = write(fd, buf, len);
1459 if (!size)
1460 return error("file write: disk full");
1461 if (size < 0) {
1462 if (errno == EINTR || errno == EAGAIN)
1463 continue;
1464 return error("file write error (%s)", strerror(errno));
1465 }
1466 len -= size;
1d7f171c 1467 buf = (char *) buf + size;
4d548150
LT
1468 }
1469 return 0;
1470}
1471
93821bd9
LT
1472static int write_binary_header(unsigned char *hdr, enum object_type type, unsigned long len)
1473{
1474 int hdr_len;
1475 unsigned char c;
1476
1477 c = (type << 4) | (len & 15);
1478 len >>= 4;
1479 hdr_len = 1;
1480 while (len) {
1481 *hdr++ = c | 0x80;
1482 hdr_len++;
1483 c = (len & 0x7f);
1484 len >>= 7;
1485 }
1486 *hdr = c;
1487 return hdr_len;
1488}
1489
1490static void setup_object_header(z_stream *stream, const char *type, unsigned long len)
1491{
1492 int obj_type, hdr;
1493
1494 if (use_legacy_headers) {
1495 while (deflate(stream, 0) == Z_OK)
1496 /* nothing */;
1497 return;
1498 }
1499 if (!strcmp(type, blob_type))
1500 obj_type = OBJ_BLOB;
1501 else if (!strcmp(type, tree_type))
1502 obj_type = OBJ_TREE;
1503 else if (!strcmp(type, commit_type))
1504 obj_type = OBJ_COMMIT;
1505 else if (!strcmp(type, tag_type))
1506 obj_type = OBJ_TAG;
1507 else
1508 die("trying to generate bogus object of type '%s'", type);
1509 hdr = write_binary_header(stream->next_out, obj_type, len);
1510 stream->total_out = hdr;
1511 stream->next_out += hdr;
1512 stream->avail_out -= hdr;
1513}
1514
bf0f910d 1515int write_sha1_file(void *buf, unsigned long len, const char *type, unsigned char *returnsha1)
0fcfd160
LT
1516{
1517 int size;
bf0f910d 1518 unsigned char *compressed;
0fcfd160
LT
1519 z_stream stream;
1520 unsigned char sha1[20];
706bc531 1521 char *filename;
aac17941 1522 static char tmpfile[PATH_MAX];
bf0f910d 1523 unsigned char hdr[50];
230f1322 1524 int fd, hdrlen;
a44c9a5e 1525
d410c0f5
JH
1526 /* Normally if we have it in the pack then we do not bother writing
1527 * it out into .git/objects/??/?{38} file.
1528 */
1529 filename = write_sha1_file_prepare(buf, len, type, sha1, hdr, &hdrlen);
706bc531 1530 if (returnsha1)
e702496e 1531 hashcpy(returnsha1, sha1);
d410c0f5
JH
1532 if (has_sha1_file(sha1))
1533 return 0;
aac17941
LT
1534 fd = open(filename, O_RDONLY);
1535 if (fd >= 0) {
706bc531 1536 /*
aac17941
LT
1537 * FIXME!!! We might do collision checking here, but we'd
1538 * need to uncompress the old file and check it. Later.
706bc531 1539 */
aac17941 1540 close(fd);
706bc531
LT
1541 return 0;
1542 }
1543
aac17941 1544 if (errno != ENOENT) {
7246ed43 1545 fprintf(stderr, "sha1 file %s: %s\n", filename, strerror(errno));
aac17941
LT
1546 return -1;
1547 }
1548
1549 snprintf(tmpfile, sizeof(tmpfile), "%s/obj_XXXXXX", get_object_directory());
ace1534d 1550
aac17941
LT
1551 fd = mkstemp(tmpfile);
1552 if (fd < 0) {
7246ed43 1553 fprintf(stderr, "unable to create temporary sha1 filename %s: %s\n", tmpfile, strerror(errno));
aac17941
LT
1554 return -1;
1555 }
1556
0fcfd160
LT
1557 /* Set it up */
1558 memset(&stream, 0, sizeof(stream));
12f6c308 1559 deflateInit(&stream, zlib_compression_level);
93821bd9 1560 size = 8 + deflateBound(&stream, len+hdrlen);
812666c8 1561 compressed = xmalloc(size);
0fcfd160
LT
1562
1563 /* Compress it */
0fcfd160
LT
1564 stream.next_out = compressed;
1565 stream.avail_out = size;
a44c9a5e
LT
1566
1567 /* First header.. */
1568 stream.next_in = hdr;
1569 stream.avail_in = hdrlen;
93821bd9 1570 setup_object_header(&stream, type, len);
a44c9a5e
LT
1571
1572 /* Then the data itself.. */
1573 stream.next_in = buf;
1574 stream.avail_in = len;
0fcfd160
LT
1575 while (deflate(&stream, Z_FINISH) == Z_OK)
1576 /* nothing */;
1577 deflateEnd(&stream);
1578 size = stream.total_out;
1579
4d548150
LT
1580 if (write_buffer(fd, compressed, size) < 0)
1581 die("unable to write sha1 file");
aac17941 1582 fchmod(fd, 0444);
706bc531 1583 close(fd);
383f85b7 1584 free(compressed);
0fcfd160 1585
230f1322 1586 return move_temp_to_file(tmpfile, filename);
0fcfd160 1587}
8237b185 1588
4d548150
LT
1589/*
1590 * We need to unpack and recompress the object for writing
1591 * it out to a different file.
1592 */
1593static void *repack_object(const unsigned char *sha1, unsigned long *objsize)
a5eda52b 1594{
4d548150 1595 size_t size;
a5eda52b 1596 z_stream stream;
4d548150
LT
1597 unsigned char *unpacked;
1598 unsigned long len;
1599 char type[20];
1600 char hdr[50];
1601 int hdrlen;
1602 void *buf;
bfc66daf 1603
a9486b02 1604 /* need to unpack and recompress it by itself */
4d548150 1605 unpacked = read_packed_sha1(sha1, type, &len);
a5eda52b 1606
4d548150 1607 hdrlen = sprintf(hdr, "%s %lu", type, len) + 1;
a5eda52b 1608
4d548150
LT
1609 /* Set it up */
1610 memset(&stream, 0, sizeof(stream));
12f6c308 1611 deflateInit(&stream, zlib_compression_level);
4d548150
LT
1612 size = deflateBound(&stream, len + hdrlen);
1613 buf = xmalloc(size);
a5eda52b 1614
4d548150
LT
1615 /* Compress it */
1616 stream.next_out = buf;
1617 stream.avail_out = size;
a5eda52b 1618
4d548150
LT
1619 /* First header.. */
1620 stream.next_in = (void *)hdr;
1621 stream.avail_in = hdrlen;
1622 while (deflate(&stream, 0) == Z_OK)
1623 /* nothing */;
bfc66daf 1624
4d548150
LT
1625 /* Then the data itself.. */
1626 stream.next_in = unpacked;
1627 stream.avail_in = len;
1628 while (deflate(&stream, Z_FINISH) == Z_OK)
1629 /* nothing */;
1630 deflateEnd(&stream);
1631 free(unpacked);
bfc66daf 1632
4d548150
LT
1633 *objsize = stream.total_out;
1634 return buf;
1635}
1636
1637int write_sha1_to_fd(int fd, const unsigned char *sha1)
1638{
1639 int retval;
1640 unsigned long objsize;
bb6b8e4f 1641 void *buf = map_sha1_file(sha1, &objsize);
4d548150
LT
1642
1643 if (buf) {
1644 retval = write_buffer(fd, buf, objsize);
1645 munmap(buf, objsize);
1646 return retval;
1647 }
1648
1649 buf = repack_object(sha1, &objsize);
1650 retval = write_buffer(fd, buf, objsize);
1651 free(buf);
1652 return retval;
a5eda52b
DB
1653}
1654
70b9829e
DB
1655int write_sha1_from_fd(const unsigned char *sha1, int fd, char *buffer,
1656 size_t bufsize, size_t *bufposn)
8237b185 1657{
230f1322 1658 char tmpfile[PATH_MAX];
8237b185
DB
1659 int local;
1660 z_stream stream;
1661 unsigned char real_sha1[20];
bf0f910d 1662 unsigned char discard[4096];
8237b185
DB
1663 int ret;
1664 SHA_CTX c;
1665
230f1322 1666 snprintf(tmpfile, sizeof(tmpfile), "%s/obj_XXXXXX", get_object_directory());
8237b185 1667
230f1322 1668 local = mkstemp(tmpfile);
8237b185 1669 if (local < 0)
bd2afde8
JH
1670 return error("Couldn't open %s for %s",
1671 tmpfile, sha1_to_hex(sha1));
8237b185
DB
1672
1673 memset(&stream, 0, sizeof(stream));
1674
1675 inflateInit(&stream);
1676
1677 SHA1_Init(&c);
1678
1679 do {
1680 ssize_t size;
70b9829e
DB
1681 if (*bufposn) {
1682 stream.avail_in = *bufposn;
96ad15ae 1683 stream.next_in = (unsigned char *) buffer;
70b9829e
DB
1684 do {
1685 stream.next_out = discard;
1686 stream.avail_out = sizeof(discard);
1687 ret = inflate(&stream, Z_SYNC_FLUSH);
1688 SHA1_Update(&c, discard, sizeof(discard) -
1689 stream.avail_out);
1690 } while (stream.avail_in && ret == Z_OK);
4d548150
LT
1691 if (write_buffer(local, buffer, *bufposn - stream.avail_in) < 0)
1692 die("unable to write sha1 file");
70b9829e
DB
1693 memmove(buffer, buffer + *bufposn - stream.avail_in,
1694 stream.avail_in);
1695 *bufposn = stream.avail_in;
1696 if (ret != Z_OK)
1697 break;
1698 }
1699 size = read(fd, buffer + *bufposn, bufsize - *bufposn);
8237b185
DB
1700 if (size <= 0) {
1701 close(local);
230f1322 1702 unlink(tmpfile);
8237b185
DB
1703 if (!size)
1704 return error("Connection closed?");
1705 perror("Reading from connection");
1706 return -1;
1707 }
70b9829e
DB
1708 *bufposn += size;
1709 } while (1);
8237b185
DB
1710 inflateEnd(&stream);
1711
1712 close(local);
1713 SHA1_Final(real_sha1, &c);
1714 if (ret != Z_STREAM_END) {
230f1322 1715 unlink(tmpfile);
8237b185
DB
1716 return error("File %s corrupted", sha1_to_hex(sha1));
1717 }
a89fccd2 1718 if (hashcmp(sha1, real_sha1)) {
230f1322 1719 unlink(tmpfile);
bd2afde8 1720 return error("File %s has bad hash", sha1_to_hex(sha1));
8237b185 1721 }
230f1322
LT
1722
1723 return move_temp_to_file(tmpfile, sha1_file_name(sha1));
8237b185
DB
1724}
1725
bf592c50
DB
1726int has_pack_index(const unsigned char *sha1)
1727{
1728 struct stat st;
1729 if (stat(sha1_pack_index_name(sha1), &st))
1730 return 0;
1731 return 1;
1732}
1733
1734int has_pack_file(const unsigned char *sha1)
1735{
1736 struct stat st;
1737 if (stat(sha1_pack_name(sha1), &st))
1738 return 0;
1739 return 1;
1740}
1741
106d710b 1742int has_sha1_pack(const unsigned char *sha1, const char **ignore_packed)
dade09c2
LT
1743{
1744 struct pack_entry e;
106d710b 1745 return find_pack_entry(sha1, &e, ignore_packed);
dade09c2
LT
1746}
1747
8237b185
DB
1748int has_sha1_file(const unsigned char *sha1)
1749{
8237b185 1750 struct stat st;
1f688557
JH
1751 struct pack_entry e;
1752
106d710b 1753 if (find_pack_entry(sha1, &e, NULL))
1f688557 1754 return 1;
ab90ea5d 1755 return find_sha1_file(sha1, &st) ? 1 : 0;
8237b185 1756}
74400e71 1757
e7332f96
BE
1758/*
1759 * reads from fd as long as possible into a supplied buffer of size bytes.
82e5a82f 1760 * If necessary the buffer's size is increased using realloc()
e7332f96
BE
1761 *
1762 * returns 0 if anything went fine and -1 otherwise
1763 *
1764 * NOTE: both buf and size may change, but even when -1 is returned
1765 * you still have to free() it yourself.
1766 */
1767int read_pipe(int fd, char** return_buf, unsigned long* return_size)
024510c8 1768{
e7332f96
BE
1769 char* buf = *return_buf;
1770 unsigned long size = *return_size;
1771 int iret;
024510c8 1772 unsigned long off = 0;
e7332f96 1773
024510c8 1774 do {
e7332f96 1775 iret = xread(fd, buf + off, size - off);
024510c8
DB
1776 if (iret > 0) {
1777 off += iret;
1778 if (off == size) {
1779 size *= 2;
83572c1a 1780 buf = xrealloc(buf, size);
024510c8
DB
1781 }
1782 }
1783 } while (iret > 0);
e7332f96
BE
1784
1785 *return_buf = buf;
1786 *return_size = off;
1787
1788 if (iret < 0)
1789 return -1;
1790 return 0;
1791}
1792
1793int index_pipe(unsigned char *sha1, int fd, const char *type, int write_object)
1794{
1795 unsigned long size = 4096;
2d7320d0 1796 char *buf = xmalloc(size);
e7332f96
BE
1797 int ret;
1798 unsigned char hdr[50];
1799 int hdrlen;
1800
1801 if (read_pipe(fd, &buf, &size)) {
024510c8
DB
1802 free(buf);
1803 return -1;
1804 }
e7332f96 1805
024510c8 1806 if (!type)
8e440259 1807 type = blob_type;
024510c8 1808 if (write_object)
e7332f96 1809 ret = write_sha1_file(buf, size, type, sha1);
024510c8 1810 else {
e7332f96 1811 write_sha1_file_prepare(buf, size, type, sha1, hdr, &hdrlen);
024510c8
DB
1812 ret = 0;
1813 }
1814 free(buf);
1815 return ret;
1816}
1817
7672db20 1818int index_fd(unsigned char *sha1, int fd, struct stat *st, int write_object, const char *type)
74400e71 1819{
74400e71 1820 unsigned long size = st->st_size;
aac17941
LT
1821 void *buf;
1822 int ret;
7672db20
BL
1823 unsigned char hdr[50];
1824 int hdrlen;
74400e71 1825
aac17941 1826 buf = "";
74400e71 1827 if (size)
aac17941 1828 buf = mmap(NULL, size, PROT_READ, MAP_PRIVATE, fd, 0);
74400e71 1829 close(fd);
e35f9824 1830 if (buf == MAP_FAILED)
74400e71
JH
1831 return -1;
1832
7672db20 1833 if (!type)
8e440259 1834 type = blob_type;
7672db20
BL
1835 if (write_object)
1836 ret = write_sha1_file(buf, size, type, sha1);
1837 else {
1838 write_sha1_file_prepare(buf, size, type, sha1, hdr, &hdrlen);
1839 ret = 0;
1840 }
aac17941
LT
1841 if (size)
1842 munmap(buf, size);
1843 return ret;
74400e71 1844}
ec1fcc16
JH
1845
1846int index_path(unsigned char *sha1, const char *path, struct stat *st, int write_object)
1847{
1848 int fd;
1849 char *target;
1850
1851 switch (st->st_mode & S_IFMT) {
1852 case S_IFREG:
1853 fd = open(path, O_RDONLY);
1854 if (fd < 0)
1855 return error("open(\"%s\"): %s", path,
1856 strerror(errno));
1857 if (index_fd(sha1, fd, st, write_object, NULL) < 0)
1858 return error("%s: failed to insert into database",
1859 path);
1860 break;
1861 case S_IFLNK:
1862 target = xmalloc(st->st_size+1);
1863 if (readlink(path, target, st->st_size+1) != st->st_size) {
1864 char *errstr = strerror(errno);
1865 free(target);
1866 return error("readlink(\"%s\"): %s", path,
1867 errstr);
1868 }
1869 if (!write_object) {
1870 unsigned char hdr[50];
1871 int hdrlen;
8e440259 1872 write_sha1_file_prepare(target, st->st_size, blob_type,
ec1fcc16 1873 sha1, hdr, &hdrlen);
8e440259 1874 } else if (write_sha1_file(target, st->st_size, blob_type, sha1))
ec1fcc16
JH
1875 return error("%s: failed to insert into database",
1876 path);
1877 free(target);
1878 break;
1879 default:
1880 return error("%s: unsupported file type", path);
1881 }
1882 return 0;
1883}