builtin-grep: -L (--files-without-match).
[git/git.git] / builtin-grep.c
CommitLineData
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1/*
2 * Builtin "git grep"
3 *
4 * Copyright (c) 2006 Junio C Hamano
5 */
6#include "cache.h"
7#include "blob.h"
8#include "tree.h"
9#include "commit.h"
10#include "tag.h"
1362671f 11#include "tree-walk.h"
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12#include "builtin.h"
13#include <regex.h>
e0eb889f 14#include <fnmatch.h>
5010cb5f 15
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16/*
17 * git grep pathspecs are somewhat different from diff-tree pathspecs;
18 * pathname wildcards are allowed.
19 */
1362671f 20static int pathspec_matches(const char **paths, const char *name)
5010cb5f 21{
e0eb889f 22 int namelen, i;
1362671f 23 if (!paths || !*paths)
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24 return 1;
25 namelen = strlen(name);
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26 for (i = 0; paths[i]; i++) {
27 const char *match = paths[i];
28 int matchlen = strlen(match);
1e3d90e0 29 const char *cp, *meta;
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30
31 if ((matchlen <= namelen) &&
32 !strncmp(name, match, matchlen) &&
33 (match[matchlen-1] == '/' ||
34 name[matchlen] == '\0' || name[matchlen] == '/'))
35 return 1;
36 if (!fnmatch(match, name, 0))
37 return 1;
38 if (name[namelen-1] != '/')
5010cb5f 39 continue;
e0eb889f 40
1e3d90e0 41 /* We are being asked if the directory ("name") is worth
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42 * descending into.
43 *
44 * Find the longest leading directory name that does
45 * not have metacharacter in the pathspec; the name
46 * we are looking at must overlap with that directory.
5010cb5f 47 */
1e3d90e0 48 for (cp = match, meta = NULL; cp - match < matchlen; cp++) {
e0eb889f 49 char ch = *cp;
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50 if (ch == '*' || ch == '[' || ch == '?') {
51 meta = cp;
5010cb5f 52 break;
1e3d90e0 53 }
e0eb889f 54 }
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55 if (!meta)
56 meta = cp; /* fully literal */
57
58 if (namelen <= meta - match) {
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59 /* Looking at "Documentation/" and
60 * the pattern says "Documentation/howto/", or
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61 * "Documentation/diff*.txt". The name we
62 * have should match prefix.
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63 */
64 if (!memcmp(match, name, namelen))
65 return 1;
1e3d90e0 66 continue;
e0eb889f 67 }
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68
69 if (meta - match < namelen) {
e0eb889f 70 /* Looking at "Documentation/howto/" and
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71 * the pattern says "Documentation/h*";
72 * match up to "Do.../h"; this avoids descending
73 * into "Documentation/technical/".
e0eb889f 74 */
1e3d90e0 75 if (!memcmp(match, name, meta - match))
e0eb889f 76 return 1;
1e3d90e0 77 continue;
e0eb889f 78 }
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79 }
80 return 0;
81}
82
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83struct grep_pat {
84 struct grep_pat *next;
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85 const char *pattern;
86 regex_t regexp;
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87};
88
89struct grep_opt {
90 struct grep_pat *pattern_list;
91 struct grep_pat **pattern_tail;
92 regex_t regexp;
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93 unsigned linenum:1;
94 unsigned invert:1;
df0e7aa8 95 unsigned name_only:1;
e23d2d6b 96 unsigned unmatch_name_only:1;
2c866cf1 97 unsigned count:1;
7839a25e 98 unsigned word_regexp:1;
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99#define GREP_BINARY_DEFAULT 0
100#define GREP_BINARY_NOMATCH 1
101#define GREP_BINARY_TEXT 2
102 unsigned binary:2;
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103 int regflags;
104 unsigned pre_context;
105 unsigned post_context;
106};
107
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108static void add_pattern(struct grep_opt *opt, const char *pat)
109{
110 struct grep_pat *p = xcalloc(1, sizeof(*p));
111 p->pattern = pat;
112 *opt->pattern_tail = p;
113 opt->pattern_tail = &p->next;
114 p->next = NULL;
115}
116
117static void compile_patterns(struct grep_opt *opt)
118{
119 struct grep_pat *p;
120 for (p = opt->pattern_list; p; p = p->next) {
121 int err = regcomp(&p->regexp, p->pattern, opt->regflags);
122 if (err) {
123 char errbuf[1024];
124 regerror(err, &p->regexp, errbuf, 1024);
125 regfree(&p->regexp);
126 die("'%s': %s", p->pattern, errbuf);
127 }
128 }
129}
130
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131static char *end_of_line(char *cp, unsigned long *left)
132{
133 unsigned long l = *left;
134 while (l && *cp != '\n') {
135 l--;
136 cp++;
137 }
138 *left = l;
139 return cp;
140}
141
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142static int word_char(char ch)
143{
144 return isalnum(ch) || ch == '_';
145}
146
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147static void show_line(struct grep_opt *opt, const char *bol, const char *eol,
148 const char *name, unsigned lno, char sign)
149{
150 printf("%s%c", name, sign);
151 if (opt->linenum)
152 printf("%d%c", lno, sign);
a24f1e25 153 printf("%.*s\n", (int)(eol-bol), bol);
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154}
155
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156/*
157 * NEEDSWORK: share code with diff.c
158 */
159#define FIRST_FEW_BYTES 8000
160static int buffer_is_binary(const char *ptr, unsigned long size)
161{
162 if (FIRST_FEW_BYTES < size)
163 size = FIRST_FEW_BYTES;
164 if (memchr(ptr, 0, size))
165 return 1;
166 return 0;
167}
168
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169static int grep_buffer(struct grep_opt *opt, const char *name,
170 char *buf, unsigned long size)
171{
172 char *bol = buf;
173 unsigned long left = size;
174 unsigned lno = 1;
175 struct pre_context_line {
176 char *bol;
177 char *eol;
178 } *prev = NULL, *pcl;
179 unsigned last_hit = 0;
180 unsigned last_shown = 0;
b8d0f5a0 181 int binary_match_only = 0;
5010cb5f 182 const char *hunk_mark = "";
2c866cf1 183 unsigned count = 0;
5010cb5f 184
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185 if (buffer_is_binary(buf, size)) {
186 switch (opt->binary) {
187 case GREP_BINARY_DEFAULT:
188 binary_match_only = 1;
189 break;
190 case GREP_BINARY_NOMATCH:
191 return 0; /* Assume unmatch */
192 break;
193 default:
194 break;
195 }
196 }
197
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198 if (opt->pre_context)
199 prev = xcalloc(opt->pre_context, sizeof(*prev));
200 if (opt->pre_context || opt->post_context)
201 hunk_mark = "--\n";
202
203 while (left) {
204 regmatch_t pmatch[10];
205 char *eol, ch;
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206 int hit = 0;
207 struct grep_pat *p;
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208
209 eol = end_of_line(bol, &left);
210 ch = *eol;
211 *eol = 0;
212
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213 for (p = opt->pattern_list; p; p = p->next) {
214 regex_t *exp = &p->regexp;
215 hit = !regexec(exp, bol, ARRAY_SIZE(pmatch),
216 pmatch, 0);
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217
218 if (hit && opt->word_regexp) {
219 /* Match beginning must be either
220 * beginning of the line, or at word
221 * boundary (i.e. the last char must
222 * not be alnum or underscore).
223 */
224 if ((pmatch[0].rm_so < 0) ||
225 (eol - bol) <= pmatch[0].rm_so ||
226 (pmatch[0].rm_eo < 0) ||
227 (eol - bol) < pmatch[0].rm_eo)
228 die("regexp returned nonsense");
229 if (pmatch[0].rm_so != 0 &&
230 word_char(bol[pmatch[0].rm_so-1]))
231 continue; /* not a word boundary */
232 if ((eol-bol) < pmatch[0].rm_eo &&
233 word_char(bol[pmatch[0].rm_eo]))
234 continue; /* not a word boundary */
235 }
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236 if (hit)
237 break;
238 }
239 /* "grep -v -e foo -e bla" should list lines
240 * that do not have either, so inversion should
241 * be done outside.
242 */
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243 if (opt->invert)
244 hit = !hit;
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245 if (opt->unmatch_name_only) {
246 if (hit)
247 return 0;
248 goto next_line;
249 }
5010cb5f 250 if (hit) {
2c866cf1 251 count++;
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252 if (binary_match_only) {
253 printf("Binary file %s matches\n", name);
254 return 1;
255 }
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256 if (opt->name_only) {
257 printf("%s\n", name);
258 return 1;
259 }
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260 /* Hit at this line. If we haven't shown the
261 * pre-context lines, we would need to show them.
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262 * When asked to do "count", this still show
263 * the context which is nonsense, but the user
264 * deserves to get that ;-).
5010cb5f
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265 */
266 if (opt->pre_context) {
267 unsigned from;
268 if (opt->pre_context < lno)
269 from = lno - opt->pre_context;
270 else
271 from = 1;
272 if (from <= last_shown)
273 from = last_shown + 1;
274 if (last_shown && from != last_shown + 1)
275 printf(hunk_mark);
276 while (from < lno) {
277 pcl = &prev[lno-from-1];
278 show_line(opt, pcl->bol, pcl->eol,
279 name, from, '-');
280 from++;
281 }
282 last_shown = lno-1;
283 }
284 if (last_shown && lno != last_shown + 1)
285 printf(hunk_mark);
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286 if (!opt->count)
287 show_line(opt, bol, eol, name, lno, ':');
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288 last_shown = last_hit = lno;
289 }
290 else if (last_hit &&
291 lno <= last_hit + opt->post_context) {
292 /* If the last hit is within the post context,
293 * we need to show this line.
294 */
295 if (last_shown && lno != last_shown + 1)
296 printf(hunk_mark);
297 show_line(opt, bol, eol, name, lno, '-');
298 last_shown = lno;
299 }
300 if (opt->pre_context) {
301 memmove(prev+1, prev,
302 (opt->pre_context-1) * sizeof(*prev));
303 prev->bol = bol;
304 prev->eol = eol;
305 }
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306
307 next_line:
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308 *eol = ch;
309 bol = eol + 1;
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310 if (!left)
311 break;
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312 left--;
313 lno++;
314 }
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315
316 if (opt->unmatch_name_only) {
317 /* We did not see any hit, so we want to show this */
318 printf("%s\n", name);
319 return 1;
320 }
321
2c866cf1
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322 /* NEEDSWORK:
323 * The real "grep -c foo *.c" gives many "bar.c:0" lines,
324 * which feels mostly useless but sometimes useful. Maybe
325 * make it another option? For now suppress them.
326 */
327 if (opt->count && count)
328 printf("%s:%u\n", name, count);
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329 return !!last_hit;
330}
331
332static int grep_sha1(struct grep_opt *opt, const unsigned char *sha1, const char *name)
333{
334 unsigned long size;
335 char *data;
336 char type[20];
337 int hit;
338 data = read_sha1_file(sha1, type, &size);
339 if (!data) {
340 error("'%s': unable to read %s", name, sha1_to_hex(sha1));
341 return 0;
342 }
343 hit = grep_buffer(opt, name, data, size);
344 free(data);
345 return hit;
346}
347
348static int grep_file(struct grep_opt *opt, const char *filename)
349{
350 struct stat st;
351 int i;
352 char *data;
353 if (lstat(filename, &st) < 0) {
354 err_ret:
355 if (errno != ENOENT)
356 error("'%s': %s", filename, strerror(errno));
357 return 0;
358 }
359 if (!st.st_size)
360 return 0; /* empty file -- no grep hit */
361 if (!S_ISREG(st.st_mode))
362 return 0;
363 i = open(filename, O_RDONLY);
364 if (i < 0)
365 goto err_ret;
366 data = xmalloc(st.st_size + 1);
367 if (st.st_size != xread(i, data, st.st_size)) {
368 error("'%s': short read %s", filename, strerror(errno));
369 close(i);
370 free(data);
371 return 0;
372 }
373 close(i);
374 i = grep_buffer(opt, filename, data, st.st_size);
375 free(data);
376 return i;
377}
378
1362671f 379static int grep_cache(struct grep_opt *opt, const char **paths, int cached)
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380{
381 int hit = 0;
382 int nr;
383 read_cache();
384
385 for (nr = 0; nr < active_nr; nr++) {
386 struct cache_entry *ce = active_cache[nr];
387 if (ce_stage(ce) || !S_ISREG(ntohl(ce->ce_mode)))
388 continue;
1362671f 389 if (!pathspec_matches(paths, ce->name))
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390 continue;
391 if (cached)
392 hit |= grep_sha1(opt, ce->sha1, ce->name);
393 else
394 hit |= grep_file(opt, ce->name);
395 }
396 return hit;
397}
398
1362671f 399static int grep_tree(struct grep_opt *opt, const char **paths,
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400 struct tree_desc *tree,
401 const char *tree_name, const char *base)
402{
403 unsigned mode;
404 int len;
405 int hit = 0;
406 const char *path;
407 const unsigned char *sha1;
e0eb889f 408 char *down;
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409 char *path_buf = xmalloc(PATH_MAX + strlen(tree_name) + 100);
410
411 if (tree_name[0]) {
412 int offset = sprintf(path_buf, "%s:", tree_name);
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413 down = path_buf + offset;
414 strcat(down, base);
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415 }
416 else {
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417 down = path_buf;
418 strcpy(down, base);
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419 }
420 len = strlen(path_buf);
421
422 while (tree->size) {
423 int pathlen;
424 sha1 = tree_entry_extract(tree, &path, &mode);
425 pathlen = strlen(path);
426 strcpy(path_buf + len, path);
427
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428 if (S_ISDIR(mode))
429 /* Match "abc/" against pathspec to
430 * decide if we want to descend into "abc"
431 * directory.
432 */
433 strcpy(path_buf + len + pathlen, "/");
434
1362671f 435 if (!pathspec_matches(paths, down))
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436 ;
437 else if (S_ISREG(mode))
438 hit |= grep_sha1(opt, sha1, path_buf);
439 else if (S_ISDIR(mode)) {
440 char type[20];
441 struct tree_desc sub;
442 void *data;
443 data = read_sha1_file(sha1, type, &sub.size);
444 if (!data)
445 die("unable to read tree (%s)",
446 sha1_to_hex(sha1));
5010cb5f 447 sub.buf = data;
1362671f 448 hit |= grep_tree(opt, paths, &sub, tree_name, down);
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449 free(data);
450 }
451 update_tree_entry(tree);
452 }
453 return hit;
454}
455
1362671f 456static int grep_object(struct grep_opt *opt, const char **paths,
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457 struct object *obj, const char *name)
458{
459 if (!strcmp(obj->type, blob_type))
460 return grep_sha1(opt, obj->sha1, name);
461 if (!strcmp(obj->type, commit_type) ||
462 !strcmp(obj->type, tree_type)) {
463 struct tree_desc tree;
464 void *data;
465 int hit;
466 data = read_object_with_reference(obj->sha1, tree_type,
467 &tree.size, NULL);
468 if (!data)
469 die("unable to read tree (%s)", sha1_to_hex(obj->sha1));
470 tree.buf = data;
1362671f 471 hit = grep_tree(opt, paths, &tree, name, "");
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472 free(data);
473 return hit;
474 }
475 die("unable to grep from object of type %s", obj->type);
476}
477
478static const char builtin_grep_usage[] =
479"git-grep <option>* <rev>* [-e] <pattern> [<path>...]";
480
481int cmd_grep(int argc, const char **argv, char **envp)
482{
5010cb5f 483 int hit = 0;
1362671f 484 int no_more_flags = 0;
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485 int seen_noncommit = 0;
486 int cached = 0;
487 struct grep_opt opt;
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488 struct object_list *list, **tail, *object_list = NULL;
489 const char *prefix = setup_git_directory();
490 const char **paths = NULL;
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491
492 memset(&opt, 0, sizeof(opt));
f9b9faf6 493 opt.pattern_tail = &opt.pattern_list;
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494 opt.regflags = REG_NEWLINE;
495
496 /*
1362671f 497 * No point using rev_info, really.
5010cb5f 498 */
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499 while (1 < argc) {
500 const char *arg = argv[1];
501 argc--; argv++;
502 if (!strcmp("--cached", arg)) {
503 cached = 1;
504 continue;
505 }
b8d0f5a0
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506 if (!strcmp("-a", arg) ||
507 !strcmp("--text", arg)) {
508 opt.binary = GREP_BINARY_TEXT;
509 continue;
510 }
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511 if (!strcmp("-i", arg) ||
512 !strcmp("--ignore-case", arg)) {
513 opt.regflags |= REG_ICASE;
514 continue;
515 }
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516 if (!strcmp("-I", arg)) {
517 opt.binary = GREP_BINARY_NOMATCH;
518 continue;
519 }
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520 if (!strcmp("-v", arg) ||
521 !strcmp("--invert-match", arg)) {
522 opt.invert = 1;
523 continue;
524 }
525 if (!strcmp("-E", arg) ||
526 !strcmp("--extended-regexp", arg)) {
527 opt.regflags |= REG_EXTENDED;
528 continue;
529 }
530 if (!strcmp("-G", arg) ||
531 !strcmp("--basic-regexp", arg)) {
532 opt.regflags &= ~REG_EXTENDED;
533 continue;
534 }
535 if (!strcmp("-n", arg)) {
536 opt.linenum = 1;
537 continue;
538 }
539 if (!strcmp("-H", arg)) {
540 /* We always show the pathname, so this
541 * is a noop.
542 */
543 continue;
544 }
545 if (!strcmp("-l", arg) ||
546 !strcmp("--files-with-matches", arg)) {
547 opt.name_only = 1;
548 continue;
549 }
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550 if (!strcmp("-L", arg) ||
551 !strcmp("--files-without-match", arg)) {
552 opt.unmatch_name_only = 1;
553 continue;
554 }
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555 if (!strcmp("-c", arg) ||
556 !strcmp("--count", arg)) {
557 opt.count = 1;
558 continue;
559 }
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560 if (!strcmp("-w", arg) ||
561 !strcmp("--word-regexp", arg)) {
562 opt.word_regexp = 1;
563 continue;
564 }
f462ebb4
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565 if (!strncmp("-A", arg, 2) ||
566 !strncmp("-B", arg, 2) ||
567 !strncmp("-C", arg, 2) ||
568 (arg[0] == '-' && '1' <= arg[1] && arg[1] <= '9')) {
1362671f 569 unsigned num;
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570 const char *scan;
571 switch (arg[1]) {
572 case 'A': case 'B': case 'C':
573 if (!arg[2]) {
574 if (argc <= 1)
575 usage(builtin_grep_usage);
576 scan = *++argv;
577 argc--;
578 }
579 else
580 scan = arg + 2;
581 break;
582 default:
583 scan = arg + 1;
584 break;
585 }
586 if (sscanf(scan, "%u", &num) != 1)
5010cb5f 587 usage(builtin_grep_usage);
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588 switch (arg[1]) {
589 case 'A':
590 opt.post_context = num;
591 break;
f462ebb4 592 default:
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593 case 'C':
594 opt.post_context = num;
595 case 'B':
596 opt.pre_context = num;
597 break;
5010cb5f 598 }
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599 continue;
600 }
601 if (!strcmp("-e", arg)) {
602 if (1 < argc) {
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603 add_pattern(&opt, argv[1]);
604 argv++;
1362671f 605 argc--;
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606 continue;
607 }
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608 usage(builtin_grep_usage);
609 }
610 if (!strcmp("--", arg)) {
611 no_more_flags = 1;
612 continue;
613 }
614 /* Either unrecognized option or a single pattern */
615 if (!no_more_flags && *arg == '-')
616 usage(builtin_grep_usage);
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617 if (!opt.pattern_list) {
618 add_pattern(&opt, arg);
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619 break;
620 }
621 else {
622 /* We are looking at the first path or rev;
623 * it is found at argv[0] after leaving the
624 * loop.
625 */
626 argc++; argv--;
627 break;
5010cb5f 628 }
5010cb5f 629 }
f9b9faf6 630 if (!opt.pattern_list)
5010cb5f 631 die("no pattern given.");
f9b9faf6 632 compile_patterns(&opt);
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633 tail = &object_list;
634 while (1 < argc) {
635 struct object *object;
636 struct object_list *elem;
637 const char *arg = argv[1];
638 unsigned char sha1[20];
639 if (get_sha1(arg, sha1) < 0)
640 break;
641 object = parse_object(sha1);
642 if (!object)
643 die("bad object %s", arg);
644 elem = object_list_insert(object, tail);
645 elem->name = arg;
646 tail = &elem->next;
647 argc--; argv++;
648 }
649 if (1 < argc)
650 paths = get_pathspec(prefix, argv + 1);
651 else if (prefix) {
652 paths = xcalloc(2, sizeof(const char *));
653 paths[0] = prefix;
654 paths[1] = NULL;
655 }
5010cb5f 656
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657 if (!object_list)
658 return !grep_cache(&opt, paths, cached);
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659 /*
660 * Do not walk "grep -e foo master next pu -- Documentation/"
661 * but do walk "grep -e foo master..next -- Documentation/".
662 * Ranged request mixed with a blob or tree object, like
663 * "grep -e foo v1.0.0:Documentation/ master..next"
664 * so detect that and complain.
665 */
1362671f 666 for (list = object_list; list; list = list->next) {
5010cb5f 667 struct object *real_obj;
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668 real_obj = deref_tag(list->item, NULL, 0);
669 if (strcmp(real_obj->type, commit_type))
670 seen_noncommit = 1;
671 }
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672 if (cached)
673 die("both --cached and revisions given.");
674
1362671f 675 for (list = object_list; list; list = list->next) {
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676 struct object *real_obj;
677 real_obj = deref_tag(list->item, NULL, 0);
1362671f 678 if (grep_object(&opt, paths, real_obj, list->name))
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679 hit = 1;
680 }
681 return !hit;
682}