regex: -G<pattern> feeds a non NUL-terminated string to regexec() and fails
[git/git.git] / git-compat-util.h
CommitLineData
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1#ifndef GIT_COMPAT_UTIL_H
2#define GIT_COMPAT_UTIL_H
3
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4#define _FILE_OFFSET_BITS 64
5
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6
7/* Derived from Linux "Features Test Macro" header
8 * Convenience macros to test the versions of gcc (or
9 * a compatible compiler).
10 * Use them like this:
11 * #if GIT_GNUC_PREREQ (2,8)
12 * ... code requiring gcc 2.8 or later ...
13 * #endif
14*/
15#if defined(__GNUC__) && defined(__GNUC_MINOR__)
16# define GIT_GNUC_PREREQ(maj, min) \
17 ((__GNUC__ << 16) + __GNUC_MINOR__ >= ((maj) << 16) + (min))
18#else
19 #define GIT_GNUC_PREREQ(maj, min) 0
20#endif
21
22
8f1d2e6f 23#ifndef FLEX_ARRAY
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24/*
25 * See if our compiler is known to support flexible array members.
26 */
203ee91f 27#if defined(__STDC_VERSION__) && (__STDC_VERSION__ >= 199901L) && (!defined(__SUNPRO_C) || (__SUNPRO_C > 0x580))
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28# define FLEX_ARRAY /* empty */
29#elif defined(__GNUC__)
30# if (__GNUC__ >= 3)
31# define FLEX_ARRAY /* empty */
32# else
33# define FLEX_ARRAY 0 /* older GNU extension */
34# endif
35#endif
36
37/*
38 * Otherwise, default to safer but a bit wasteful traditional style
39 */
40#ifndef FLEX_ARRAY
41# define FLEX_ARRAY 1
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42#endif
43#endif
44
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45
46/*
47 * BUILD_ASSERT_OR_ZERO - assert a build-time dependency, as an expression.
48 * @cond: the compile-time condition which must be true.
49 *
50 * Your compile will fail if the condition isn't true, or can't be evaluated
51 * by the compiler. This can be used in an expression: its value is "0".
52 *
53 * Example:
54 * #define foo_to_char(foo) \
55 * ((char *)(foo) \
56 * + BUILD_ASSERT_OR_ZERO(offsetof(struct foo, string) == 0))
57 */
58#define BUILD_ASSERT_OR_ZERO(cond) \
59 (sizeof(char [1 - 2*!(cond)]) - 1)
60
e2c6f7cd 61#if GIT_GNUC_PREREQ(3, 1)
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62 /* &arr[0] degrades to a pointer: a different type from an array */
63# define BARF_UNLESS_AN_ARRAY(arr) \
64 BUILD_ASSERT_OR_ZERO(!__builtin_types_compatible_p(__typeof__(arr), \
65 __typeof__(&(arr)[0])))
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66#else
67# define BARF_UNLESS_AN_ARRAY(arr) 0
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68#endif
69/*
70 * ARRAY_SIZE - get the number of elements in a visible array
71 * <at> x: the array whose size you want.
72 *
73 * This does not work on pointers, or arrays declared as [], or
74 * function parameters. With correct compiler support, such usage
75 * will cause a build error (see the build_assert_or_zero macro).
76 */
77#define ARRAY_SIZE(x) (sizeof(x) / sizeof((x)[0]) + BARF_UNLESS_AN_ARRAY(x))
78
f630cfda 79#define bitsizeof(x) (CHAR_BIT * sizeof(x))
b4f2a6ac 80
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81#define maximum_signed_value_of_type(a) \
82 (INTMAX_MAX >> (bitsizeof(intmax_t) - bitsizeof(a)))
83
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84#define maximum_unsigned_value_of_type(a) \
85 (UINTMAX_MAX >> (bitsizeof(uintmax_t) - bitsizeof(a)))
86
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87/*
88 * Signed integer overflow is undefined in C, so here's a helper macro
89 * to detect if the sum of two integers will overflow.
90 *
91 * Requires: a >= 0, typeof(a) equals typeof(b)
92 */
93#define signed_add_overflows(a, b) \
94 ((b) > maximum_signed_value_of_type(a) - (a))
95
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96#define unsigned_add_overflows(a, b) \
97 ((b) > maximum_unsigned_value_of_type(a) - (a))
98
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99/*
100 * Returns true if the multiplication of "a" and "b" will
101 * overflow. The types of "a" and "b" must match and must be unsigned.
102 * Note that this macro evaluates "a" twice!
103 */
104#define unsigned_mult_overflows(a, b) \
105 ((a) && (b) > maximum_unsigned_value_of_type(a) / (a))
106
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107#ifdef __GNUC__
108#define TYPEOF(x) (__typeof__(x))
109#else
110#define TYPEOF(x)
111#endif
112
f630cfda 113#define MSB(x, bits) ((x) & TYPEOF(x)(~0ULL << (bitsizeof(x) - (bits))))
db7244bd 114#define HAS_MULTI_BITS(i) ((i) & ((i) - 1)) /* checks if an integer has more than 1 bit set */
8723f216 115
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116#define DIV_ROUND_UP(n,d) (((n) + (d) - 1) / (d))
117
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118/* Approximation of the length of the decimal representation of this type. */
119#define decimal_length(x) ((int)(sizeof(x) * 2.56 + 0.5) + 1)
120
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121#if defined(__sun__)
122 /*
123 * On Solaris, when _XOPEN_EXTENDED is set, its header file
124 * forces the programs to be XPG4v2, defeating any _XOPEN_SOURCE
125 * setting to say we are XPG5 or XPG6. Also on Solaris,
126 * XPG6 programs must be compiled with a c99 compiler, while
127 * non XPG6 programs must be compiled with a pre-c99 compiler.
128 */
129# if __STDC_VERSION__ - 0 >= 199901L
130# define _XOPEN_SOURCE 600
131# else
132# define _XOPEN_SOURCE 500
133# endif
6555b196 134#elif !defined(__APPLE__) && !defined(__FreeBSD__) && !defined(__USLC__) && \
6c109904 135 !defined(_M_UNIX) && !defined(__sgi) && !defined(__DragonFly__) && \
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136 !defined(__TANDEM) && !defined(__QNX__) && !defined(__MirBSD__) && \
137 !defined(__CYGWIN__)
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138#define _XOPEN_SOURCE 600 /* glibc2 and AIX 5.3L need 500, OpenBSD needs 600 for S_ISLNK() */
139#define _XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED 1 /* AIX 5.3L needs this */
c902c9a6 140#endif
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141#define _ALL_SOURCE 1
142#define _GNU_SOURCE 1
143#define _BSD_SOURCE 1
f978a99f 144#define _DEFAULT_SOURCE 1
9a695fbf 145#define _NETBSD_SOURCE 1
9398b859 146#define _SGI_SOURCE 1
85023577 147
380395d0 148#if defined(WIN32) && !defined(__CYGWIN__) /* Both MinGW and MSVC */
8453c125 149# if defined (_MSC_VER) && !defined(_WIN32_WINNT)
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150# define _WIN32_WINNT 0x0502
151# endif
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152#define WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN /* stops windows.h including winsock.h */
153#include <winsock2.h>
154#include <windows.h>
380395d0 155#define GIT_WINDOWS_NATIVE
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156#endif
157
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158#include <unistd.h>
159#include <stdio.h>
160#include <sys/stat.h>
161#include <fcntl.h>
162#include <stddef.h>
163#include <stdlib.h>
164#include <stdarg.h>
165#include <string.h>
b3e103da 166#ifdef HAVE_STRINGS_H
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167#include <strings.h> /* for strcasecmp() */
168#endif
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169#include <errno.h>
170#include <limits.h>
b2d05e06 171#ifdef NEEDS_SYS_PARAM_H
4050c0df 172#include <sys/param.h>
6ede7205 173#endif
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174#include <sys/types.h>
175#include <dirent.h>
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176#include <sys/time.h>
177#include <time.h>
178#include <signal.h>
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179#include <assert.h>
180#include <regex.h>
181#include <utime.h>
088d8802 182#include <syslog.h>
2844923d 183#ifndef NO_SYS_POLL_H
fdc12114 184#include <sys/poll.h>
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185#else
186#include <poll.h>
187#endif
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188#ifdef HAVE_BSD_SYSCTL
189#include <sys/sysctl.h>
190#endif
2f0aaaf9 191
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192#if defined(__MINGW32__)
193/* pull in Windows compatibility stuff */
194#include "compat/mingw.h"
195#elif defined(_MSC_VER)
196#include "compat/msvc.h"
197#else
1e8fef60 198#include <sys/utsname.h>
f4626df5 199#include <sys/wait.h>
ebae9ff9 200#include <sys/resource.h>
85023577 201#include <sys/socket.h>
80bbe72b 202#include <sys/ioctl.h>
eb80042c 203#include <termios.h>
2600973f 204#ifndef NO_SYS_SELECT_H
80bbe72b 205#include <sys/select.h>
2600973f 206#endif
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207#include <netinet/in.h>
208#include <netinet/tcp.h>
209#include <arpa/inet.h>
210#include <netdb.h>
211#include <pwd.h>
e2770979 212#include <sys/un.h>
2844923d 213#ifndef NO_INTTYPES_H
007e2ba6 214#include <inttypes.h>
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215#else
216#include <stdint.h>
217#endif
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218#ifdef NO_INTPTR_T
219/*
220 * On I16LP32, ILP32 and LP64 "long" is the save bet, however
221 * on LLP86, IL33LLP64 and P64 it needs to be "long long",
222 * while on IP16 and IP16L32 it is "int" (resp. "short")
223 * Size needs to match (or exceed) 'sizeof(void *)'.
224 * We can't take "long long" here as not everybody has it.
225 */
226typedef long intptr_t;
227typedef unsigned long uintptr_t;
228#endif
fb952206 229#undef _ALL_SOURCE /* AIX 5.3L defines a struct list with _ALL_SOURCE. */
85023577 230#include <grp.h>
fb952206 231#define _ALL_SOURCE 1
41b20017 232#endif
85023577 233
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234/* used on Mac OS X */
235#ifdef PRECOMPOSE_UNICODE
236#include "compat/precompose_utf8.h"
237#else
238#define precompose_str(in,i_nfd2nfc)
239#define precompose_argv(c,v)
fdf72966 240#define probe_utf8_pathname_composition()
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241#endif
242
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243#ifdef MKDIR_WO_TRAILING_SLASH
244#define mkdir(a,b) compat_mkdir_wo_trailing_slash((a),(b))
245extern int compat_mkdir_wo_trailing_slash(const char*, mode_t);
246#endif
247
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248#ifdef NO_STRUCT_ITIMERVAL
249struct itimerval {
250 struct timeval it_interval;
251 struct timeval it_value;
981ff520 252};
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253#endif
254
255#ifdef NO_SETITIMER
256#define setitimer(which,value,ovalue)
257#endif
258
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259#ifndef NO_LIBGEN_H
260#include <libgen.h>
261#else
262#define basename gitbasename
263extern char *gitbasename(char *);
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264#define dirname gitdirname
265extern char *gitdirname(char *);
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266#endif
267
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268#ifndef NO_ICONV
269#include <iconv.h>
270#endif
4050c0df 271
684ec6c6 272#ifndef NO_OPENSSL
88c03eb5 273#ifdef __APPLE__
b195aa00 274#define __AVAILABILITY_MACROS_USES_AVAILABILITY 0
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275#include <AvailabilityMacros.h>
276#undef DEPRECATED_ATTRIBUTE
277#define DEPRECATED_ATTRIBUTE
278#undef __AVAILABILITY_MACROS_USES_AVAILABILITY
279#endif
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280#include <openssl/ssl.h>
281#include <openssl/err.h>
282#endif
283
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284/* On most systems <netdb.h> would have given us this, but
285 * not on some systems (e.g. z/OS).
286 */
287#ifndef NI_MAXHOST
288#define NI_MAXHOST 1025
289#endif
290
291#ifndef NI_MAXSERV
292#define NI_MAXSERV 32
293#endif
294
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295/* On most systems <limits.h> would have given us this, but
296 * not on some systems (e.g. GNU/Hurd).
297 */
298#ifndef PATH_MAX
299#define PATH_MAX 4096
300#endif
301
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302#ifndef PRIuMAX
303#define PRIuMAX "llu"
304#endif
305
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306#ifndef SCNuMAX
307#define SCNuMAX PRIuMAX
308#endif
309
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310#ifndef PRIu32
311#define PRIu32 "u"
312#endif
313
314#ifndef PRIx32
315#define PRIx32 "x"
316#endif
317
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318#ifndef PRIo32
319#define PRIo32 "o"
320#endif
321
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322#ifndef PATH_SEP
323#define PATH_SEP ':'
324#endif
325
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326#ifdef HAVE_PATHS_H
327#include <paths.h>
328#endif
329#ifndef _PATH_DEFPATH
330#define _PATH_DEFPATH "/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin"
331#endif
332
25fe217b 333#ifndef has_dos_drive_prefix
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334static inline int git_has_dos_drive_prefix(const char *path)
335{
336 return 0;
337}
338#define has_dos_drive_prefix git_has_dos_drive_prefix
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339#endif
340
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341#ifndef skip_dos_drive_prefix
342static inline int git_skip_dos_drive_prefix(char **path)
343{
344 return 0;
345}
346#define skip_dos_drive_prefix git_skip_dos_drive_prefix
347#endif
348
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349#ifndef is_dir_sep
350static inline int git_is_dir_sep(int c)
351{
352 return c == '/';
353}
354#define is_dir_sep git_is_dir_sep
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355#endif
356
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357#ifndef offset_1st_component
358static inline int git_offset_1st_component(const char *path)
359{
360 return is_dir_sep(path[0]);
361}
362#define offset_1st_component git_offset_1st_component
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363#endif
364
d1c69255 365#ifndef find_last_dir_sep
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366static inline char *git_find_last_dir_sep(const char *path)
367{
368 return strrchr(path, '/');
369}
370#define find_last_dir_sep git_find_last_dir_sep
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371#endif
372
e4ac953b 373#if defined(__HP_cc) && (__HP_cc >= 61000)
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374#define NORETURN __attribute__((noreturn))
375#define NORETURN_PTR
6520c846 376#elif defined(__GNUC__) && !defined(NO_NORETURN)
4050c0df 377#define NORETURN __attribute__((__noreturn__))
18660bc9 378#define NORETURN_PTR __attribute__((__noreturn__))
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379#elif defined(_MSC_VER)
380#define NORETURN __declspec(noreturn)
381#define NORETURN_PTR
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382#else
383#define NORETURN
18660bc9 384#define NORETURN_PTR
8cd7ebc8 385#ifndef __GNUC__
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386#ifndef __attribute__
387#define __attribute__(x)
388#endif
389#endif
8cd7ebc8 390#endif
4050c0df 391
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392/* The sentinel attribute is valid from gcc version 4.0 */
393#if defined(__GNUC__) && (__GNUC__ >= 4)
394#define LAST_ARG_MUST_BE_NULL __attribute__((sentinel))
395#else
396#define LAST_ARG_MUST_BE_NULL
397#endif
398
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399#include "compat/bswap.h"
400
cebcab18 401#include "wildmatch.h"
cebcab18 402
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403struct strbuf;
404
4050c0df 405/* General helper functions */
ebaa79f4 406extern void vreportf(const char *prefix, const char *err, va_list params);
a4f3131c 407extern NORETURN void usage(const char *err);
64b1cb74 408extern NORETURN void usagef(const char *err, ...) __attribute__((format (printf, 1, 2)));
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409extern NORETURN void die(const char *err, ...) __attribute__((format (printf, 1, 2)));
410extern NORETURN void die_errno(const char *err, ...) __attribute__((format (printf, 1, 2)));
4050c0df 411extern int error(const char *err, ...) __attribute__((format (printf, 1, 2)));
46efd2d9 412extern void warning(const char *err, ...) __attribute__((format (printf, 1, 2)));
4050c0df 413
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414#ifndef NO_OPENSSL
415#ifdef APPLE_COMMON_CRYPTO
416#include "compat/apple-common-crypto.h"
417#else
418#include <openssl/evp.h>
419#include <openssl/hmac.h>
420#endif /* APPLE_COMMON_CRYPTO */
421#include <openssl/x509v3.h>
422#endif /* NO_OPENSSL */
423
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424/*
425 * Let callers be aware of the constant return value; this can help
9798f7e5
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426 * gcc with -Wuninitialized analysis. We restrict this trick to gcc, though,
427 * because some compilers may not support variadic macros. Since we're only
428 * trying to help gcc, anyway, it's OK; other compilers will fall back to
429 * using the function as usual.
e208f9cc 430 */
ff0a80af 431#if defined(__GNUC__)
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432static inline int const_error(void)
433{
434 return -1;
435}
436#define error(...) (error(__VA_ARGS__), const_error())
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437#endif
438
18660bc9 439extern void set_die_routine(NORETURN_PTR void (*routine)(const char *err, va_list params));
3bc4181f 440extern void set_error_routine(void (*routine)(const char *err, va_list params));
c19a490e 441extern void set_die_is_recursing_routine(int (*routine)(void));
3b331e92 442extern void set_error_handle(FILE *);
39a3f5ea 443
95662315 444extern int starts_with(const char *str, const char *prefix);
698a68be 445
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446/*
447 * If the string "str" begins with the string found in "prefix", return 1.
448 * The "out" parameter is set to "str + strlen(prefix)" (i.e., to the point in
449 * the string right after the prefix).
450 *
451 * Otherwise, return 0 and leave "out" untouched.
452 *
453 * Examples:
454 *
455 * [extract branch name, fail if not a branch]
456 * if (!skip_prefix(ref, "refs/heads/", &branch)
457 * return -1;
458 *
459 * [skip prefix if present, otherwise use whole string]
460 * skip_prefix(name, "refs/heads/", &name);
461 */
462static inline int skip_prefix(const char *str, const char *prefix,
463 const char **out)
fbca5837 464{
ba399c46 465 do {
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466 if (!*prefix) {
467 *out = str;
468 return 1;
469 }
ba399c46 470 } while (*str++ == *prefix++);
cf4fff57 471 return 0;
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472}
473
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474/*
475 * If buf ends with suffix, return 1 and subtract the length of the suffix
476 * from *len. Otherwise, return 0 and leave *len untouched.
477 */
478static inline int strip_suffix_mem(const char *buf, size_t *len,
479 const char *suffix)
480{
481 size_t suflen = strlen(suffix);
482 if (*len < suflen || memcmp(buf + (*len - suflen), suffix, suflen))
483 return 0;
484 *len -= suflen;
485 return 1;
486}
487
488/*
489 * If str ends with suffix, return 1 and set *len to the size of the string
490 * without the suffix. Otherwise, return 0 and set *len to the size of the
491 * string.
492 *
493 * Note that we do _not_ NUL-terminate str to the new length.
494 */
495static inline int strip_suffix(const char *str, const char *suffix, size_t *len)
496{
497 *len = strlen(str);
498 return strip_suffix_mem(str, len, suffix);
499}
500
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501static inline int ends_with(const char *str, const char *suffix)
502{
503 size_t len;
504 return strip_suffix(str, suffix, &len);
505}
506
b130a72b 507#if defined(NO_MMAP) || defined(USE_WIN32_MMAP)
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508
509#ifndef PROT_READ
510#define PROT_READ 1
511#define PROT_WRITE 2
512#define MAP_PRIVATE 1
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513#endif
514
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515#define mmap git_mmap
516#define munmap git_munmap
517extern void *git_mmap(void *start, size_t length, int prot, int flags, int fd, off_t offset);
518extern int git_munmap(void *start, size_t length);
4050c0df 519
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520#else /* NO_MMAP || USE_WIN32_MMAP */
521
522#include <sys/mman.h>
523
524#endif /* NO_MMAP || USE_WIN32_MMAP */
525
526#ifdef NO_MMAP
527
5faaf246 528/* This value must be multiple of (pagesize * 2) */
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529#define DEFAULT_PACKED_GIT_WINDOW_SIZE (1 * 1024 * 1024)
530
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531#else /* NO_MMAP */
532
5faaf246 533/* This value must be multiple of (pagesize * 2) */
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534#define DEFAULT_PACKED_GIT_WINDOW_SIZE \
535 (sizeof(void*) >= 8 \
536 ? 1 * 1024 * 1024 * 1024 \
537 : 32 * 1024 * 1024)
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538
539#endif /* NO_MMAP */
540
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541#ifndef MAP_FAILED
542#define MAP_FAILED ((void *)-1)
543#endif
544
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545#ifdef NO_ST_BLOCKS_IN_STRUCT_STAT
546#define on_disk_bytes(st) ((st).st_size)
547#else
548#define on_disk_bytes(st) ((st).st_blocks * 512)
549#endif
550
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551#ifdef NEEDS_MODE_TRANSLATION
552#undef S_IFMT
553#undef S_IFREG
554#undef S_IFDIR
555#undef S_IFLNK
556#undef S_IFBLK
557#undef S_IFCHR
558#undef S_IFIFO
559#undef S_IFSOCK
560#define S_IFMT 0170000
561#define S_IFREG 0100000
562#define S_IFDIR 0040000
563#define S_IFLNK 0120000
564#define S_IFBLK 0060000
565#define S_IFCHR 0020000
566#define S_IFIFO 0010000
567#define S_IFSOCK 0140000
568#ifdef stat
569#undef stat
570#endif
571#define stat(path, buf) git_stat(path, buf)
572extern int git_stat(const char *, struct stat *);
573#ifdef fstat
574#undef fstat
575#endif
576#define fstat(fd, buf) git_fstat(fd, buf)
577extern int git_fstat(int, struct stat *);
578#ifdef lstat
579#undef lstat
580#endif
581#define lstat(path, buf) git_lstat(path, buf)
582extern int git_lstat(const char *, struct stat *);
583#endif
584
22bac0ea 585#define DEFAULT_PACKED_GIT_LIMIT \
8f774423 586 ((1024L * 1024L) * (size_t)(sizeof(void*) >= 8 ? 8192 : 256))
8c82534d 587
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588#ifdef NO_PREAD
589#define pread git_pread
590extern ssize_t git_pread(int fd, void *buf, size_t count, off_t offset);
591#endif
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SP
592/*
593 * Forward decl that will remind us if its twin in cache.h changes.
594 * This function is used in compat/pread.c. But we can't include
595 * cache.h there.
596 */
597extern ssize_t read_in_full(int fd, void *buf, size_t count);
6900679c 598
4050c0df
JH
599#ifdef NO_SETENV
600#define setenv gitsetenv
601extern int gitsetenv(const char *, const char *, int);
602#endif
603
ca5bb5d5
SP
604#ifdef NO_MKDTEMP
605#define mkdtemp gitmkdtemp
606extern char *gitmkdtemp(char *);
607#endif
608
0620b39b
DA
609#ifdef NO_MKSTEMPS
610#define mkstemps gitmkstemps
611extern int gitmkstemps(char *, int);
612#endif
613
731043fd
JR
614#ifdef NO_UNSETENV
615#define unsetenv gitunsetenv
616extern void gitunsetenv(const char *);
617#endif
618
4050c0df
JH
619#ifdef NO_STRCASESTR
620#define strcasestr gitstrcasestr
621extern char *gitstrcasestr(const char *haystack, const char *needle);
622#endif
623
817151e6
PE
624#ifdef NO_STRLCPY
625#define strlcpy gitstrlcpy
626extern size_t gitstrlcpy(char *, const char *, size_t);
627#endif
628
bc6b4f52
JR
629#ifdef NO_STRTOUMAX
630#define strtoumax gitstrtoumax
631extern uintmax_t gitstrtoumax(const char *, char **, int);
97000ba6
JS
632#define strtoimax gitstrtoimax
633extern intmax_t gitstrtoimax(const char *, char **, int);
bc6b4f52
JR
634#endif
635
fa0c87c3
AR
636#ifdef NO_HSTRERROR
637#define hstrerror githstrerror
638extern const char *githstrerror(int herror);
639#endif
640
b21b9f1d
RS
641#ifdef NO_MEMMEM
642#define memmem gitmemmem
643void *gitmemmem(const void *haystack, size_t haystacklen,
644 const void *needle, size_t needlelen);
645#endif
646
40036bed
MK
647#ifdef NO_GETPAGESIZE
648#define getpagesize() sysconf(_SC_PAGESIZE)
649#endif
650
cba22528 651#ifdef FREAD_READS_DIRECTORIES
c5445fe0
JS
652#ifdef fopen
653#undef fopen
654#endif
cba22528
BC
655#define fopen(a,b) git_fopen(a,b)
656extern FILE *git_fopen(const char*, const char*);
657#endif
658
c4582f93 659#ifdef SNPRINTF_RETURNS_BOGUS
ab03803c
BS
660#ifdef snprintf
661#undef snprintf
662#endif
c4582f93
MR
663#define snprintf git_snprintf
664extern int git_snprintf(char *str, size_t maxsize,
665 const char *format, ...);
ab03803c
BS
666#ifdef vsnprintf
667#undef vsnprintf
668#endif
c4582f93
MR
669#define vsnprintf git_vsnprintf
670extern int git_vsnprintf(char *str, size_t maxsize,
671 const char *format, va_list ap);
672#endif
673
726c8ef5
JS
674#ifdef __GLIBC_PREREQ
675#if __GLIBC_PREREQ(2, 1)
676#define HAVE_STRCHRNUL
677#endif
678#endif
679
680#ifndef HAVE_STRCHRNUL
659c69cf 681#define strchrnul gitstrchrnul
9e79f00f
AE
682static inline char *gitstrchrnul(const char *s, int c)
683{
684 while (*s && *s != c)
685 s++;
686 return (char *)s;
687}
659c69cf
RS
688#endif
689
da523cc5
MP
690#ifdef NO_INET_PTON
691int inet_pton(int af, const char *src, void *dst);
692#endif
693
694#ifdef NO_INET_NTOP
695const char *inet_ntop(int af, const void *src, char *dst, size_t size);
696#endif
697
0f4b6db3
EB
698#ifdef NO_PTHREADS
699#define atexit git_atexit
700extern int git_atexit(void (*handler)(void));
701#endif
702
7c3ecb32 703extern void release_pack_memory(size_t);
97bfeb34 704
851c34b0
JS
705typedef void (*try_to_free_t)(size_t);
706extern try_to_free_t set_try_to_free_routine(try_to_free_t);
320d0b49
JK
707
708static inline size_t st_add(size_t a, size_t b)
709{
710 if (unsigned_add_overflows(a, b))
711 die("size_t overflow: %"PRIuMAX" + %"PRIuMAX,
712 (uintmax_t)a, (uintmax_t)b);
713 return a + b;
714}
d616fbf2
ES
715#define st_add3(a,b,c) st_add(st_add((a),(b)),(c))
716#define st_add4(a,b,c,d) st_add(st_add3((a),(b),(c)),(d))
320d0b49
JK
717
718static inline size_t st_mult(size_t a, size_t b)
719{
720 if (unsigned_mult_overflows(a, b))
721 die("size_t overflow: %"PRIuMAX" * %"PRIuMAX,
722 (uintmax_t)a, (uintmax_t)b);
723 return a * b;
724}
725
726static inline size_t st_sub(size_t a, size_t b)
727{
728 if (a < b)
729 die("size_t underflow: %"PRIuMAX" - %"PRIuMAX,
730 (uintmax_t)a, (uintmax_t)b);
731 return a - b;
732}
a9a74636 733
61f76a36
KS
734#ifdef HAVE_ALLOCA_H
735# include <alloca.h>
736# define xalloca(size) (alloca(size))
737# define xalloca_free(p) do {} while (0)
738#else
739# define xalloca(size) (xmalloc(size))
740# define xalloca_free(p) (free(p))
741#endif
112db553
LT
742extern char *xstrdup(const char *str);
743extern void *xmalloc(size_t size);
5bf9219d 744extern void *xmallocz(size_t size);
f8bb1d94 745extern void *xmallocz_gently(size_t size);
112db553
LT
746extern void *xmemdupz(const void *data, size_t len);
747extern char *xstrndup(const char *str, size_t len);
748extern void *xrealloc(void *ptr, size_t size);
749extern void *xcalloc(size_t nmemb, size_t size);
750extern void *xmmap(void *start, size_t length, int prot, int flags, int fd, off_t offset);
1570856b 751extern void *xmmap_gently(void *start, size_t length, int prot, int flags, int fd, off_t offset);
3ff53df7 752extern int xopen(const char *path, int flags, ...);
112db553
LT
753extern ssize_t xread(int fd, void *buf, size_t len);
754extern ssize_t xwrite(int fd, const void *buf, size_t len);
9aa91af0 755extern ssize_t xpread(int fd, void *buf, size_t len, off_t offset);
112db553 756extern int xdup(int fd);
260eec29 757extern FILE *xfopen(const char *path, const char *mode);
112db553
LT
758extern FILE *xfdopen(int fd, const char *mode);
759extern int xmkstemp(char *template);
463db9b1 760extern int xmkstemp_mode(char *template, int mode);
6e180cdc 761extern int odb_mkstemp(char *template, size_t limit, const char *pattern);
8640d496 762extern int odb_pack_keep(char *name, size_t namesz, const unsigned char *sha1);
aa14e980 763extern char *xgetcwd(void);
79d7582e 764extern FILE *fopen_for_writing(const char *path);
f21a47b2 765
e7792a74
JK
766#define ALLOC_ARRAY(x, alloc) (x) = xmalloc(st_mult(sizeof(*(x)), (alloc)))
767#define REALLOC_ARRAY(x, alloc) (x) = xrealloc((x), st_mult(sizeof(*(x)), (alloc)))
3ac22f82 768
36895391
JK
769/*
770 * These functions help you allocate structs with flex arrays, and copy
771 * the data directly into the array. For example, if you had:
772 *
773 * struct foo {
774 * int bar;
775 * char name[FLEX_ARRAY];
776 * };
777 *
778 * you can do:
779 *
780 * struct foo *f;
781 * FLEX_ALLOC_MEM(f, name, src, len);
782 *
783 * to allocate a "foo" with the contents of "src" in the "name" field.
784 * The resulting struct is automatically zero'd, and the flex-array field
785 * is NUL-terminated (whether the incoming src buffer was or not).
786 *
787 * The FLEXPTR_* variants operate on structs that don't use flex-arrays,
788 * but do want to store a pointer to some extra data in the same allocated
789 * block. For example, if you have:
790 *
791 * struct foo {
792 * char *name;
793 * int bar;
794 * };
795 *
796 * you can do:
797 *
798 * struct foo *f;
799 * FLEX_ALLOC_STR(f, name, src);
800 *
801 * and "name" will point to a block of memory after the struct, which will be
802 * freed along with the struct (but the pointer can be repointed anywhere).
803 *
804 * The *_STR variants accept a string parameter rather than a ptr/len
805 * combination.
806 *
807 * Note that these macros will evaluate the first parameter multiple
808 * times, and it must be assignable as an lvalue.
809 */
810#define FLEX_ALLOC_MEM(x, flexname, buf, len) do { \
811 (x) = NULL; /* silence -Wuninitialized for offset calculation */ \
812 (x) = xalloc_flex(sizeof(*(x)), (char *)(&((x)->flexname)) - (char *)(x), (buf), (len)); \
813} while (0)
814#define FLEXPTR_ALLOC_MEM(x, ptrname, buf, len) do { \
815 (x) = xalloc_flex(sizeof(*(x)), sizeof(*(x)), (buf), (len)); \
816 (x)->ptrname = (void *)((x)+1); \
817} while(0)
818#define FLEX_ALLOC_STR(x, flexname, str) \
819 FLEX_ALLOC_MEM((x), flexname, (str), strlen(str))
820#define FLEXPTR_ALLOC_STR(x, ptrname, str) \
821 FLEXPTR_ALLOC_MEM((x), ptrname, (str), strlen(str))
822
823static inline void *xalloc_flex(size_t base_len, size_t offset,
824 const void *src, size_t src_len)
825{
826 unsigned char *ret = xcalloc(1, st_add3(base_len, src_len, 1));
827 memcpy(ret + offset, src, src_len);
828 return ret;
829}
830
d64ea0f8
JK
831static inline char *xstrdup_or_null(const char *str)
832{
833 return str ? xstrdup(str) : NULL;
834}
835
dc49cd76
SP
836static inline size_t xsize_t(off_t len)
837{
46be82df
TR
838 if (len > (size_t) len)
839 die("Cannot handle files this big");
dc49cd76
SP
840 return (size_t)len;
841}
842
7b03c89e
JK
843__attribute__((format (printf, 3, 4)))
844extern int xsnprintf(char *dst, size_t max, const char *fmt, ...);
845
f1589d10 846/* in ctype.c, for kwset users */
189c860c 847extern const unsigned char tolower_trans_tbl[256];
f1589d10 848
4050c0df 849/* Sane ctype - no locale, and works with signed chars */
c2e9364a 850#undef isascii
4050c0df
JH
851#undef isspace
852#undef isdigit
853#undef isalpha
854#undef isalnum
0fcec2ce 855#undef isprint
43ccdf56
NK
856#undef islower
857#undef isupper
4050c0df
JH
858#undef tolower
859#undef toupper
1c149ab2
NTND
860#undef iscntrl
861#undef ispunct
862#undef isxdigit
2adf7247 863
ca5ab7d1 864extern const unsigned char sane_ctype[256];
4050c0df
JH
865#define GIT_SPACE 0x01
866#define GIT_DIGIT 0x02
867#define GIT_ALPHA 0x04
8cc32992 868#define GIT_GLOB_SPECIAL 0x08
f9b7cce6 869#define GIT_REGEX_SPECIAL 0x10
2f6c9760 870#define GIT_PATHSPEC_MAGIC 0x20
1c149ab2
NTND
871#define GIT_CNTRL 0x40
872#define GIT_PUNCT 0x80
4050c0df 873#define sane_istest(x,mask) ((sane_ctype[(unsigned char)(x)] & (mask)) != 0)
c2e9364a 874#define isascii(x) (((x) & ~0x7f) == 0)
4050c0df
JH
875#define isspace(x) sane_istest(x,GIT_SPACE)
876#define isdigit(x) sane_istest(x,GIT_DIGIT)
877#define isalpha(x) sane_istest(x,GIT_ALPHA)
878#define isalnum(x) sane_istest(x,GIT_ALPHA | GIT_DIGIT)
0fcec2ce 879#define isprint(x) ((x) >= 0x20 && (x) <= 0x7e)
43ccdf56
NK
880#define islower(x) sane_iscase(x, 1)
881#define isupper(x) sane_iscase(x, 0)
8cc32992 882#define is_glob_special(x) sane_istest(x,GIT_GLOB_SPECIAL)
f9b7cce6 883#define is_regex_special(x) sane_istest(x,GIT_GLOB_SPECIAL | GIT_REGEX_SPECIAL)
1c149ab2
NTND
884#define iscntrl(x) (sane_istest(x,GIT_CNTRL))
885#define ispunct(x) sane_istest(x, GIT_PUNCT | GIT_REGEX_SPECIAL | \
886 GIT_GLOB_SPECIAL | GIT_PATHSPEC_MAGIC)
50a71776 887#define isxdigit(x) (hexval_table[(unsigned char)(x)] != -1)
4050c0df
JH
888#define tolower(x) sane_case((unsigned char)(x), 0x20)
889#define toupper(x) sane_case((unsigned char)(x), 0)
2f6c9760 890#define is_pathspec_magic(x) sane_istest(x,GIT_PATHSPEC_MAGIC)
4050c0df
JH
891
892static inline int sane_case(int x, int high)
893{
894 if (sane_istest(x, GIT_ALPHA))
895 x = (x & ~0x20) | high;
896 return x;
897}
898
43ccdf56
NK
899static inline int sane_iscase(int x, int is_lower)
900{
901 if (!sane_istest(x, GIT_ALPHA))
902 return 0;
903
904 if (is_lower)
905 return (x & 0x20) != 0;
906 else
907 return (x & 0x20) == 0;
908}
909
6aead43d
JM
910static inline int strtoul_ui(char const *s, int base, unsigned int *result)
911{
912 unsigned long ul;
913 char *p;
914
915 errno = 0;
e6f2599c
MM
916 /* negative values would be accepted by strtoul */
917 if (strchr(s, '-'))
918 return -1;
6aead43d
JM
919 ul = strtoul(s, &p, base);
920 if (errno || *p || p == s || (unsigned int) ul != ul)
921 return -1;
922 *result = ul;
923 return 0;
924}
925
7791ecbc
JH
926static inline int strtol_i(char const *s, int base, int *result)
927{
928 long ul;
929 char *p;
930
931 errno = 0;
932 ul = strtol(s, &p, base);
933 if (errno || *p || p == s || (int) ul != ul)
934 return -1;
935 *result = ul;
936 return 0;
937}
938
43fe901b
BD
939#ifdef INTERNAL_QSORT
940void git_qsort(void *base, size_t nmemb, size_t size,
941 int(*compar)(const void *, const void *));
942#define qsort git_qsort
943#endif
944
81a24b52
AR
945#ifndef DIR_HAS_BSD_GROUP_SEMANTICS
946# define FORCE_DIR_SET_GID S_ISGID
947#else
948# define FORCE_DIR_SET_GID 0
949#endif
950
c06ff490
KB
951#ifdef NO_NSEC
952#undef USE_NSEC
953#define ST_CTIME_NSEC(st) 0
954#define ST_MTIME_NSEC(st) 0
955#else
c567383b
BG
956#ifdef USE_ST_TIMESPEC
957#define ST_CTIME_NSEC(st) ((unsigned int)((st).st_ctimespec.tv_nsec))
958#define ST_MTIME_NSEC(st) ((unsigned int)((st).st_mtimespec.tv_nsec))
959#else
c06ff490
KB
960#define ST_CTIME_NSEC(st) ((unsigned int)((st).st_ctim.tv_nsec))
961#define ST_MTIME_NSEC(st) ((unsigned int)((st).st_mtim.tv_nsec))
962#endif
c567383b 963#endif
c06ff490 964
34779c53
JS
965#ifdef UNRELIABLE_FSTAT
966#define fstat_is_reliable() 0
967#else
968#define fstat_is_reliable() 1
969#endif
970
ab8632ae 971#ifndef va_copy
26db0f2e
JN
972/*
973 * Since an obvious implementation of va_list would be to make it a
974 * pointer into the stack frame, a simple assignment will work on
975 * many systems. But let's try to be more portable.
976 */
977#ifdef __va_copy
978#define va_copy(dst, src) __va_copy(dst, src)
979#else
980#define va_copy(dst, src) ((dst) = (src))
981#endif
ab8632ae
JK
982#endif
983
f51140c2 984#if defined(__GNUC__) || (_MSC_VER >= 1400) || defined(__C99_MACRO_WITH_VA_ARGS)
e05bed96
KB
985#define HAVE_VARIADIC_MACROS 1
986#endif
987
fc71db39
AR
988/*
989 * Preserves errno, prints a message, but gives no warning for ENOENT.
1054af7d
RS
990 * Returns 0 on success, which includes trying to unlink an object that does
991 * not exist.
fc71db39
AR
992 */
993int unlink_or_warn(const char *path);
9ccc0c08
RS
994 /*
995 * Tries to unlink file. Returns 0 if unlink succeeded
996 * or the file already didn't exist. Returns -1 and
997 * appends a message to err suitable for
998 * 'error("%s", err->buf)' on error.
999 */
1000int unlink_or_msg(const char *file, struct strbuf *err);
d1723296 1001/*
1054af7d
RS
1002 * Preserves errno, prints a message, but gives no warning for ENOENT.
1003 * Returns 0 on success, which includes trying to remove a directory that does
1004 * not exist.
d1723296
PC
1005 */
1006int rmdir_or_warn(const char *path);
80d706af
PC
1007/*
1008 * Calls the correct function out of {unlink,rmdir}_or_warn based on
1009 * the supplied file mode.
1010 */
1011int remove_or_warn(unsigned int mode, const char *path);
fc71db39 1012
e5c52c98
JN
1013/*
1014 * Call access(2), but warn for any error except "missing file"
1015 * (ENOENT or ENOTDIR).
1016 */
4698c8fe
JN
1017#define ACCESS_EACCES_OK (1U << 0)
1018int access_or_warn(const char *path, int mode, unsigned flag);
1019int access_or_die(const char *path, int mode, unsigned flag);
ba8bd830 1020
55b38a48
JH
1021/* Warn on an inaccessible file that ought to be accessible */
1022void warn_on_inaccessible(const char *path);
1023
66547547
JK
1024#ifdef GMTIME_UNRELIABLE_ERRORS
1025struct tm *git_gmtime(const time_t *);
1026struct tm *git_gmtime_r(const time_t *, struct tm *);
1027#define gmtime git_gmtime
1028#define gmtime_r git_gmtime_r
1029#endif
1030
290c8e7a
KM
1031#if !defined(USE_PARENS_AROUND_GETTEXT_N) && defined(__GNUC__)
1032#define USE_PARENS_AROUND_GETTEXT_N 1
1033#endif
1034
1b56cdf9
KM
1035#ifndef SHELL_PATH
1036# define SHELL_PATH "/bin/sh"
1037#endif
1038
f43cce23
JK
1039#ifndef _POSIX_THREAD_SAFE_FUNCTIONS
1040#define flockfile(fh)
1041#define funlockfile(fh)
1042#define getc_unlocked(fh) getc(fh)
1043#endif
1044
4050c0df 1045#endif