Change the scope of the $cc variable as it is not needed outside of send_message.
[git/git.git] / git-send-email.perl
CommitLineData
83b24437 1#!/usr/bin/perl -w
83b24437 2#
f3d9f354
RA
3# Copyright 2002,2005 Greg Kroah-Hartman <greg@kroah.com>
4# Copyright 2005 Ryan Anderson <ryan@michonline.com>
83b24437
RA
5#
6# GPL v2 (See COPYING)
5825e5b2 7#
83b24437
RA
8# Ported to support git "mbox" format files by Ryan Anderson <ryan@michonline.com>
9#
f3d9f354 10# Sends a collection of emails to the given email addresses, disturbingly fast.
5825e5b2 11#
f3d9f354
RA
12# Supports two formats:
13# 1. mbox format files (ignoring most headers and MIME formatting - this is designed for sending patches)
14# 2. The original format support by Greg's script:
5825e5b2 15# first line of the message is who to CC,
f3d9f354 16# and second line is the subject of the message.
5825e5b2 17#
83b24437
RA
18
19use strict;
20use warnings;
21use Term::ReadLine;
83b24437
RA
22use Getopt::Long;
23use Data::Dumper;
3cb8caf7 24use Git;
83b24437 25
280242d1
JH
26package FakeTerm;
27sub new {
28 my ($class, $reason) = @_;
29 return bless \$reason, shift;
30}
31sub readline {
32 my $self = shift;
33 die "Cannot use readline on FakeTerm: $$self";
34}
35package main;
36
1b0baf14
MC
37
38sub usage {
39 print <<EOT;
40git-send-email [options] <file | directory>...
41Options:
42 --from Specify the "From:" line of the email to be sent.
43
44 --to Specify the primary "To:" line of the email.
45
46 --cc Specify an initial "Cc:" list for the entire series
47 of emails.
48
49 --bcc Specify a list of email addresses that should be Bcc:
50 on all the emails.
51
52 --compose Use \$EDITOR to edit an introductory message for the
53 patch series.
54
55 --subject Specify the initial "Subject:" line.
56 Only necessary if --compose is also set. If --compose
57 is not set, this will be prompted for.
58
59 --in-reply-to Specify the first "In-Reply-To:" header line.
60 Only used if --compose is also set. If --compose is not
61 set, this will be prompted for.
62
63 --chain-reply-to If set, the replies will all be to the previous
64 email sent, rather than to the first email sent.
65 Defaults to on.
66
67 --no-signed-off-cc Suppress the automatic addition of email addresses
abec100c
BF
68 that appear in Signed-off-by: or Cc: lines to the cc:
69 list. Note: Using this option is not recommended.
1b0baf14
MC
70
71 --smtp-server If set, specifies the outgoing SMTP server to use.
72 Defaults to localhost.
73
74 --suppress-from Suppress sending emails to yourself if your address
75 appears in a From: line.
76
77 --quiet Make git-send-email less verbose. One line per email
78 should be all that is output.
79
238cc635
RJ
80 --dry-run Do everything except actually send the emails.
81
1b0baf14
MC
82EOT
83 exit(1);
84}
85
4bc87a28 86# most mail servers generate the Date: header, but not all...
6bdca890
JN
87sub format_2822_time {
88 my ($time) = @_;
89 my @localtm = localtime($time);
90 my @gmttm = gmtime($time);
91 my $localmin = $localtm[1] + $localtm[2] * 60;
92 my $gmtmin = $gmttm[1] + $gmttm[2] * 60;
93 if ($localtm[0] != $gmttm[0]) {
94 die "local zone differs from GMT by a non-minute interval\n";
95 }
96 if ((($gmttm[6] + 1) % 7) == $localtm[6]) {
97 $localmin += 1440;
98 } elsif ((($gmttm[6] - 1) % 7) == $localtm[6]) {
99 $localmin -= 1440;
100 } elsif ($gmttm[6] != $localtm[6]) {
101 die "local time offset greater than or equal to 24 hours\n";
102 }
103 my $offset = $localmin - $gmtmin;
104 my $offhour = $offset / 60;
105 my $offmin = abs($offset % 60);
106 if (abs($offhour) >= 24) {
107 die ("local time offset greater than or equal to 24 hours\n");
108 }
109
110 return sprintf("%s, %2d %s %d %02d:%02d:%02d %s%02d%02d",
111 qw(Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat)[$localtm[6]],
112 $localtm[3],
113 qw(Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
114 Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec)[$localtm[4]],
115 $localtm[5]+1900,
116 $localtm[2],
117 $localtm[1],
118 $localtm[0],
119 ($offset >= 0) ? '+' : '-',
120 abs($offhour),
121 $offmin,
122 );
123}
4bc87a28 124
567ffeb7 125my $have_email_valid = eval { require Email::Valid; 1 };
4bc87a28
EW
126my $smtp;
127
e205735d 128sub unique_email_list(@);
1f038a0c
RA
129sub cleanup_compose_files();
130
131# Constants (essentially)
132my $compose_filename = ".msg.$$";
e205735d 133
83b24437 134# Variables we fill in automatically, or via prompting:
ce91c2f6 135my (@to,@cc,@initial_cc,@bcclist,@xh,
58063245 136 $initial_reply_to,$initial_subject,@files,$from,$compose,$time);
83b24437 137
78488b2c 138# Behavior modification variables
6130259c
MW
139my ($chain_reply_to, $quiet, $suppress_from, $no_signed_off_cc,
140 $dry_run) = (1, 0, 0, 0, 0);
aca7ad76 141my $smtp_server;
78488b2c 142
9133261f 143# Example reply to:
83b24437 144#$initial_reply_to = ''; #<20050203173208.GA23964@foobar.com>';
83b24437 145
3cb8caf7 146my $repo = Git->repository();
280242d1
JH
147my $term = eval {
148 new Term::ReadLine 'git-send-email';
149};
150if ($@) {
151 $term = new FakeTerm "$@: going non-interactive";
152}
83b24437 153
4a62d3f5
AK
154my $def_chain = $repo->config_boolean('sendemail.chainreplyto');
155if ($def_chain and $def_chain eq 'false') {
156 $chain_reply_to = 0;
157}
158
159@bcclist = $repo->config('sendemail.bcc');
160if (!@bcclist or !$bcclist[0]) {
161 @bcclist = ();
162}
163
83b24437
RA
164# Begin by accumulating all the variables (defined above), that we will end up
165# needing, first, from the command line:
166
167my $rc = GetOptions("from=s" => \$from,
168 "in-reply-to=s" => \$initial_reply_to,
169 "subject=s" => \$initial_subject,
170 "to=s" => \@to,
da140f8b 171 "cc=s" => \@initial_cc,
58063245 172 "bcc=s" => \@bcclist,
78488b2c 173 "chain-reply-to!" => \$chain_reply_to,
3342d850 174 "smtp-server=s" => \$smtp_server,
1f038a0c 175 "compose" => \$compose,
30d08b34 176 "quiet" => \$quiet,
a985d595 177 "suppress-from" => \$suppress_from,
8e69b31e 178 "no-signed-off-cc|no-signed-off-by-cc" => \$no_signed_off_cc,
6130259c 179 "dry-run" => \$dry_run,
83b24437
RA
180 );
181
1b0baf14
MC
182unless ($rc) {
183 usage();
184}
185
79ee555b
EB
186# Verify the user input
187
188foreach my $entry (@to) {
189 die "Comma in --to entry: $entry'\n" unless $entry !~ m/,/;
190}
191
192foreach my $entry (@initial_cc) {
193 die "Comma in --cc entry: $entry'\n" unless $entry !~ m/,/;
194}
195
196foreach my $entry (@bcclist) {
197 die "Comma in --bcclist entry: $entry'\n" unless $entry !~ m/,/;
198}
199
83b24437
RA
200# Now, let's fill any that aren't set in with defaults:
201
c7a30e56
PB
202my ($author) = $repo->ident_person('author');
203my ($committer) = $repo->ident_person('committer');
83b24437 204
994d6c66 205my %aliases;
3cb8caf7
PB
206my @alias_files = $repo->config('sendemail.aliasesfile');
207my $aliasfiletype = $repo->config('sendemail.aliasfiletype');
994d6c66
EW
208my %parse_alias = (
209 # multiline formats can be supported in the future
210 mutt => sub { my $fh = shift; while (<$fh>) {
211 if (/^alias\s+(\S+)\s+(.*)$/) {
212 my ($alias, $addr) = ($1, $2);
213 $addr =~ s/#.*$//; # mutt allows # comments
214 # commas delimit multiple addresses
215 $aliases{$alias} = [ split(/\s*,\s*/, $addr) ];
216 }}},
217 mailrc => sub { my $fh = shift; while (<$fh>) {
218 if (/^alias\s+(\S+)\s+(.*)$/) {
219 # spaces delimit multiple addresses
220 $aliases{$1} = [ split(/\s+/, $2) ];
221 }}},
222 pine => sub { my $fh = shift; while (<$fh>) {
223 if (/^(\S+)\s+(.*)$/) {
224 $aliases{$1} = [ split(/\s*,\s*/, $2) ];
225 }}},
226 gnus => sub { my $fh = shift; while (<$fh>) {
227 if (/\(define-mail-alias\s+"(\S+?)"\s+"(\S+?)"\)/) {
228 $aliases{$1} = [ $2 ];
229 }}}
230);
231
3cb8caf7 232if (@alias_files and $aliasfiletype and defined $parse_alias{$aliasfiletype}) {
994d6c66
EW
233 foreach my $file (@alias_files) {
234 open my $fh, '<', $file or die "opening $file: $!\n";
235 $parse_alias{$aliasfiletype}->($fh);
236 close $fh;
237 }
238}
239
1f038a0c 240my $prompting = 0;
83b24437
RA
241if (!defined $from) {
242 $from = $author || $committer;
8037d1a3 243 do {
2ef58055 244 $_ = $term->readline("Who should the emails appear to be from? [$from] ");
ca9a7d65 245 } while (!defined $_);
8037d1a3 246
2ef58055 247 $from = $_ if ($_);
83b24437 248 print "Emails will be sent from: ", $from, "\n";
1f038a0c 249 $prompting++;
83b24437
RA
250}
251
252if (!@to) {
8037d1a3 253 do {
5825e5b2 254 $_ = $term->readline("Who should the emails be sent to? ",
8037d1a3
RA
255 "");
256 } while (!defined $_);
83b24437
RA
257 my $to = $_;
258 push @to, split /,/, $to;
1f038a0c 259 $prompting++;
83b24437
RA
260}
261
994d6c66
EW
262sub expand_aliases {
263 my @cur = @_;
264 my @last;
265 do {
266 @last = @cur;
267 @cur = map { $aliases{$_} ? @{$aliases{$_}} : $_ } @last;
268 } while (join(',',@cur) ne join(',',@last));
269 return @cur;
270}
271
272@to = expand_aliases(@to);
273@initial_cc = expand_aliases(@initial_cc);
58063245 274@bcclist = expand_aliases(@bcclist);
994d6c66 275
1f038a0c 276if (!defined $initial_subject && $compose) {
8037d1a3 277 do {
5825e5b2 278 $_ = $term->readline("What subject should the emails start with? ",
8037d1a3
RA
279 $initial_subject);
280 } while (!defined $_);
83b24437 281 $initial_subject = $_;
1f038a0c 282 $prompting++;
83b24437
RA
283}
284
1f038a0c 285if (!defined $initial_reply_to && $prompting) {
8037d1a3 286 do {
1f038a0c 287 $_= $term->readline("Message-ID to be used as In-Reply-To for the first email? ",
8037d1a3
RA
288 $initial_reply_to);
289 } while (!defined $_);
290
83b24437 291 $initial_reply_to = $_;
78488b2c 292 $initial_reply_to =~ s/(^\s+|\s+$)//g;
83b24437
RA
293}
294
6dcfa306
SV
295if (!$smtp_server) {
296 $smtp_server = $repo->config('sendemail.smtpserver');
297}
aca7ad76
EW
298if (!$smtp_server) {
299 foreach (qw( /usr/sbin/sendmail /usr/lib/sendmail )) {
300 if (-x $_) {
301 $smtp_server = $_;
302 last;
303 }
304 }
305 $smtp_server ||= 'localhost'; # could be 127.0.0.1, too... *shrug*
3342d850
RA
306}
307
1f038a0c
RA
308if ($compose) {
309 # Note that this does not need to be secure, but we will make a small
310 # effort to have it be unique
311 open(C,">",$compose_filename)
312 or die "Failed to open for writing $compose_filename: $!";
d366c703 313 print C "From $from # This line is ignored.\n";
1f038a0c
RA
314 printf C "Subject: %s\n\n", $initial_subject;
315 printf C <<EOT;
316GIT: Please enter your email below.
317GIT: Lines beginning in "GIT: " will be removed.
318GIT: Consider including an overall diffstat or table of contents
319GIT: for the patch you are writing.
320
321EOT
322 close(C);
323
324 my $editor = $ENV{EDITOR};
325 $editor = 'vi' unless defined $editor;
326 system($editor, $compose_filename);
327
328 open(C2,">",$compose_filename . ".final")
329 or die "Failed to open $compose_filename.final : " . $!;
330
331 open(C,"<",$compose_filename)
332 or die "Failed to open $compose_filename : " . $!;
333
334 while(<C>) {
335 next if m/^GIT: /;
336 print C2 $_;
337 }
338 close(C);
339 close(C2);
340
341 do {
342 $_ = $term->readline("Send this email? (y|n) ");
343 } while (!defined $_);
344
345 if (uc substr($_,0,1) ne 'Y') {
346 cleanup_compose_files();
347 exit(0);
348 }
349
350 @files = ($compose_filename . ".final");
351}
352
353
83b24437
RA
354# Now that all the defaults are set, process the rest of the command line
355# arguments and collect up the files that need to be processed.
356for my $f (@ARGV) {
357 if (-d $f) {
358 opendir(DH,$f)
359 or die "Failed to opendir $f: $!";
360
5825e5b2 361 push @files, grep { -f $_ } map { +$f . "/" . $_ }
8037d1a3
RA
362 sort readdir(DH);
363
83b24437
RA
364 } elsif (-f $f) {
365 push @files, $f;
366
367 } else {
368 print STDERR "Skipping $f - not found.\n";
369 }
370}
371
372if (@files) {
2718435b
RA
373 unless ($quiet) {
374 print $_,"\n" for (@files);
375 }
83b24437 376} else {
1b0baf14
MC
377 print STDERR "\nNo patch files specified!\n\n";
378 usage();
83b24437
RA
379}
380
381# Variables we set as part of the loop over files
af068d27 382our ($message_id, %mail, $subject, $reply_to, $references, $message);
83b24437 383
567ffeb7
EW
384sub extract_valid_address {
385 my $address = shift;
ad9c18f5 386 my $local_part_regexp = '[^<>"\s@]+';
09302e17 387 my $domain_regexp = '[^.<>"\s@]+(?:\.[^.<>"\s@]+)+';
db3106b2
EW
388
389 # check for a local address:
ad9c18f5 390 return $address if ($address =~ /^($local_part_regexp)$/);
db3106b2 391
567ffeb7 392 if ($have_email_valid) {
ad9c18f5 393 return scalar Email::Valid->address($address);
567ffeb7
EW
394 } else {
395 # less robust/correct than the monster regexp in Email::Valid,
396 # but still does a 99% job, and one less dependency
ad9c18f5 397 $address =~ /($local_part_regexp\@$domain_regexp)/;
e96fd305 398 return $1;
567ffeb7
EW
399 }
400}
83b24437
RA
401
402# Usually don't need to change anything below here.
403
404# we make a "fake" message id by taking the current number
405# of seconds since the beginning of Unix time and tacking on
406# a random number to the end, in case we are called quicker than
407# 1 second since the last time we were called.
8037d1a3
RA
408
409# We'll setup a template for the message id, using the "from" address:
567ffeb7 410my $message_id_from = extract_valid_address($from);
e205735d 411my $message_id_template = "<%s-git-send-email-$message_id_from>";
8037d1a3 412
83b24437
RA
413sub make_message_id
414{
72095d5c 415 my $date = time;
83b24437 416 my $pseudo_rand = int (rand(4200));
8037d1a3
RA
417 $message_id = sprintf $message_id_template, "$date$pseudo_rand";
418 #print "new message id = $message_id\n"; # Was useful for debugging
83b24437
RA
419}
420
421
422
a5370b16 423$time = time - scalar $#files;
83b24437 424
374c5905
JR
425sub unquote_rfc2047 {
426 local ($_) = @_;
427 if (s/=\?utf-8\?q\?(.*)\?=/$1/g) {
428 s/_/ /g;
429 s/=([0-9A-F]{2})/chr(hex($1))/eg;
430 }
3740b04f 431 return "$_";
374c5905
JR
432}
433
83b24437
RA
434sub send_message
435{
4bc87a28
EW
436 my @recipients = unique_email_list(@to);
437 my $to = join (",\n\t", @recipients);
58063245 438 @recipients = unique_email_list(@recipients,@cc,@bcclist);
6bdca890 439 my $date = format_2822_time($time++);
e923effb
ML
440 my $gitversion = '@@GIT_VERSION@@';
441 if ($gitversion =~ m/..GIT_VERSION../) {
3cb8caf7 442 $gitversion = Git::version();
e923effb 443 }
4bc87a28 444
af068d27
RJ
445 my $cc = join(", ", unique_email_list(@cc));
446my ($author_name) = ($from =~ /^(.*?)\s+</);
7768e27e 447 if ($author_name && $author_name =~ /\./ && $author_name !~ /^".*"$/) {
7a2a0d21
JH
448 my ($name, $addr) = ($from =~ /^(.*?)(\s+<.*)/);
449 $from = "\"$name\"$addr";
450 }
4bc87a28
EW
451 my $header = "From: $from
452To: $to
453Cc: $cc
454Subject: $subject
4bc87a28
EW
455Date: $date
456Message-Id: $message_id
e923effb 457X-Mailer: git-send-email $gitversion
4bc87a28 458";
7ccf7927
RA
459 if ($reply_to) {
460
461 $header .= "In-Reply-To: $reply_to\n";
462 $header .= "References: $references\n";
463 }
ce91c2f6
JH
464 if (@xh) {
465 $header .= join("\n", @xh) . "\n";
466 }
4bc87a28 467
8e3d436b
RJ
468 my @sendmail_parameters = ('-i', map { extract_valid_address($_) } @recipients);
469
6130259c
MW
470 if ($dry_run) {
471 # We don't want to send the email.
472 } elsif ($smtp_server =~ m#^/#) {
aca7ad76
EW
473 my $pid = open my $sm, '|-';
474 defined $pid or die $!;
475 if (!$pid) {
8e3d436b 476 exec($smtp_server, @sendmail_parameters) or die $!;
aca7ad76
EW
477 }
478 print $sm "$header\n$message";
479 close $sm or die $?;
480 } else {
87840620 481 require Net::SMTP;
aca7ad76
EW
482 $smtp ||= Net::SMTP->new( $smtp_server );
483 $smtp->mail( $from ) or die $smtp->message;
484 $smtp->to( @recipients ) or die $smtp->message;
485 $smtp->data or die $smtp->message;
486 $smtp->datasend("$header\n$message") or die $smtp->message;
487 $smtp->dataend() or die $smtp->message;
488 $smtp->ok or die "Failed to send $subject\n".$smtp->message;
489 }
2718435b 490 if ($quiet) {
71c7da94 491 printf (($dry_run ? "Dry-" : "")."Sent %s\n", $subject);
2718435b 492 } else {
71c7da94 493 print (($dry_run ? "Dry-" : "")."OK. Log says:\nDate: $date\n");
aca7ad76
EW
494 if ($smtp) {
495 print "Server: $smtp_server\n";
8e3d436b
RJ
496 print "MAIL FROM: $from\n";
497 print "RCPT TO: ".join(',',@recipients)."\n";
aca7ad76 498 } else {
8e3d436b 499 print "Sendmail: $smtp_server ".join(' ',@sendmail_parameters)."\n";
aca7ad76
EW
500 }
501 print "From: $from\nSubject: $subject\nCc: $cc\nTo: $to\n\n";
502 if ($smtp) {
503 print "Result: ", $smtp->code, ' ',
504 ($smtp->message =~ /\n([^\n]+\n)$/s), "\n";
505 } else {
506 print "Result: OK\n";
507 }
30d08b34 508 }
83b24437
RA
509}
510
83b24437 511$reply_to = $initial_reply_to;
2186d566 512$references = $initial_reply_to || '';
83b24437
RA
513make_message_id();
514$subject = $initial_subject;
515
516foreach my $t (@files) {
83b24437
RA
517 open(F,"<",$t) or die "can't open file $t";
518
8a8e6235 519 my $author_not_sender = undef;
da140f8b 520 @cc = @initial_cc;
ce91c2f6 521 @xh = ();
e6b0964a 522 my $input_format = undef;
83b24437
RA
523 my $header_done = 0;
524 $message = "";
525 while(<F>) {
526 if (!$header_done) {
e6b0964a
JH
527 if (/^From /) {
528 $input_format = 'mbox';
529 next;
530 }
83b24437 531 chomp;
e6b0964a
JH
532 if (!defined $input_format && /^[-A-Za-z]+:\s/) {
533 $input_format = 'mbox';
534 }
83b24437 535
e6b0964a 536 if (defined $input_format && $input_format eq 'mbox') {
83b24437
RA
537 if (/^Subject:\s+(.*)$/) {
538 $subject = $1;
539
540 } elsif (/^(Cc|From):\s+(.*)$/) {
8a8e6235
JH
541 if ($2 eq $from) {
542 next if ($suppress_from);
543 }
68d42c41 544 elsif ($1 eq 'From') {
8a8e6235
JH
545 $author_not_sender = $2;
546 }
83b24437 547 printf("(mbox) Adding cc: %s from line '%s'\n",
2718435b 548 $2, $_) unless $quiet;
83b24437
RA
549 push @cc, $2;
550 }
1d6a003a 551 elsif (!/^Date:\s/ && /^[-A-Za-z]+:\s+\S/) {
ce91c2f6
JH
552 push @xh, $_;
553 }
83b24437
RA
554
555 } else {
556 # In the traditional
557 # "send lots of email" format,
558 # line 1 = cc
559 # line 2 = subject
560 # So let's support that, too.
e6b0964a 561 $input_format = 'lots';
83b24437
RA
562 if (@cc == 0) {
563 printf("(non-mbox) Adding cc: %s from line '%s'\n",
2718435b 564 $_, $_) unless $quiet;
83b24437
RA
565
566 push @cc, $_;
567
568 } elsif (!defined $subject) {
569 $subject = $_;
570 }
571 }
5825e5b2 572
83b24437
RA
573 # A whitespace line will terminate the headers
574 if (m/^\s*$/) {
575 $header_done = 1;
576 }
577 } else {
578 $message .= $_;
abec100c
BF
579 if (/^(Signed-off-by|Cc): (.*)$/i && !$no_signed_off_cc) {
580 my $c = $2;
83b24437
RA
581 chomp $c;
582 push @cc, $c;
583 printf("(sob) Adding cc: %s from line '%s'\n",
2718435b 584 $c, $_) unless $quiet;
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585 }
586 }
587 }
588 close F;
8a8e6235 589 if (defined $author_not_sender) {
374c5905 590 $author_not_sender = unquote_rfc2047($author_not_sender);
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591 $message = "From: $author_not_sender\n\n$message";
592 }
83b24437 593
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594
595 send_message();
596
597 # set up for the next message
bc108f63 598 if ($chain_reply_to || !defined $reply_to || length($reply_to) == 0) {
78488b2c 599 $reply_to = $message_id;
7ccf7927 600 if (length $references > 0) {
a925b89c 601 $references .= "\n $message_id";
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602 } else {
603 $references = "$message_id";
604 }
78488b2c 605 }
83b24437 606 make_message_id();
83b24437 607}
e205735d 608
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609if ($compose) {
610 cleanup_compose_files();
611}
612
613sub cleanup_compose_files() {
614 unlink($compose_filename, $compose_filename . ".final");
615
616}
617
4bc87a28 618$smtp->quit if $smtp;
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619
620sub unique_email_list(@) {
621 my %seen;
622 my @emails;
623
624 foreach my $entry (@_) {
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625 if (my $clean = extract_valid_address($entry)) {
626 $seen{$clean} ||= 0;
627 next if $seen{$clean}++;
628 push @emails, $entry;
629 } else {
630 print STDERR "W: unable to extract a valid address",
631 " from: $entry\n";
632 }
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633 }
634 return @emails;
635}