Merge branch 'ds/midx-expire-repack'
[git/git.git] / compat / mingw.c
CommitLineData
f4626df5 1#include "../git-compat-util.h"
444dc903 2#include "win32.h"
28a559c0 3#include <conio.h>
85faec9d 4#include <wchar.h>
7e5d7768 5#include "../strbuf.h"
c9b78400 6#include "../run-command.h"
7eb2619c 7#include "../cache.h"
564be791 8#include "win32/lazyload.h"
bdfbb0ea 9#include "../config.h"
9e9da23c 10#include "dir.h"
f4626df5 11
7c00bc39
JS
12#define HCAST(type, handle) ((type)(intptr_t)handle)
13
19e12549
HV
14static const int delay[] = { 0, 1, 10, 20, 40 };
15
44626dc7 16int err_win_to_posix(DWORD winerr)
b3debd2b
PK
17{
18 int error = ENOSYS;
19 switch(winerr) {
20 case ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED: error = EACCES; break;
21 case ERROR_ACCOUNT_DISABLED: error = EACCES; break;
22 case ERROR_ACCOUNT_RESTRICTION: error = EACCES; break;
23 case ERROR_ALREADY_ASSIGNED: error = EBUSY; break;
24 case ERROR_ALREADY_EXISTS: error = EEXIST; break;
25 case ERROR_ARITHMETIC_OVERFLOW: error = ERANGE; break;
26 case ERROR_BAD_COMMAND: error = EIO; break;
27 case ERROR_BAD_DEVICE: error = ENODEV; break;
28 case ERROR_BAD_DRIVER_LEVEL: error = ENXIO; break;
29 case ERROR_BAD_EXE_FORMAT: error = ENOEXEC; break;
30 case ERROR_BAD_FORMAT: error = ENOEXEC; break;
31 case ERROR_BAD_LENGTH: error = EINVAL; break;
32 case ERROR_BAD_PATHNAME: error = ENOENT; break;
33 case ERROR_BAD_PIPE: error = EPIPE; break;
34 case ERROR_BAD_UNIT: error = ENODEV; break;
35 case ERROR_BAD_USERNAME: error = EINVAL; break;
36 case ERROR_BROKEN_PIPE: error = EPIPE; break;
37 case ERROR_BUFFER_OVERFLOW: error = ENAMETOOLONG; break;
38 case ERROR_BUSY: error = EBUSY; break;
39 case ERROR_BUSY_DRIVE: error = EBUSY; break;
40 case ERROR_CALL_NOT_IMPLEMENTED: error = ENOSYS; break;
41 case ERROR_CANNOT_MAKE: error = EACCES; break;
42 case ERROR_CANTOPEN: error = EIO; break;
43 case ERROR_CANTREAD: error = EIO; break;
44 case ERROR_CANTWRITE: error = EIO; break;
45 case ERROR_CRC: error = EIO; break;
46 case ERROR_CURRENT_DIRECTORY: error = EACCES; break;
47 case ERROR_DEVICE_IN_USE: error = EBUSY; break;
48 case ERROR_DEV_NOT_EXIST: error = ENODEV; break;
49 case ERROR_DIRECTORY: error = EINVAL; break;
50 case ERROR_DIR_NOT_EMPTY: error = ENOTEMPTY; break;
51 case ERROR_DISK_CHANGE: error = EIO; break;
52 case ERROR_DISK_FULL: error = ENOSPC; break;
53 case ERROR_DRIVE_LOCKED: error = EBUSY; break;
54 case ERROR_ENVVAR_NOT_FOUND: error = EINVAL; break;
55 case ERROR_EXE_MARKED_INVALID: error = ENOEXEC; break;
56 case ERROR_FILENAME_EXCED_RANGE: error = ENAMETOOLONG; break;
57 case ERROR_FILE_EXISTS: error = EEXIST; break;
58 case ERROR_FILE_INVALID: error = ENODEV; break;
59 case ERROR_FILE_NOT_FOUND: error = ENOENT; break;
60 case ERROR_GEN_FAILURE: error = EIO; break;
61 case ERROR_HANDLE_DISK_FULL: error = ENOSPC; break;
62 case ERROR_INSUFFICIENT_BUFFER: error = ENOMEM; break;
63 case ERROR_INVALID_ACCESS: error = EACCES; break;
64 case ERROR_INVALID_ADDRESS: error = EFAULT; break;
65 case ERROR_INVALID_BLOCK: error = EFAULT; break;
66 case ERROR_INVALID_DATA: error = EINVAL; break;
67 case ERROR_INVALID_DRIVE: error = ENODEV; break;
68 case ERROR_INVALID_EXE_SIGNATURE: error = ENOEXEC; break;
69 case ERROR_INVALID_FLAGS: error = EINVAL; break;
70 case ERROR_INVALID_FUNCTION: error = ENOSYS; break;
71 case ERROR_INVALID_HANDLE: error = EBADF; break;
72 case ERROR_INVALID_LOGON_HOURS: error = EACCES; break;
73 case ERROR_INVALID_NAME: error = EINVAL; break;
74 case ERROR_INVALID_OWNER: error = EINVAL; break;
75 case ERROR_INVALID_PARAMETER: error = EINVAL; break;
76 case ERROR_INVALID_PASSWORD: error = EPERM; break;
77 case ERROR_INVALID_PRIMARY_GROUP: error = EINVAL; break;
78 case ERROR_INVALID_SIGNAL_NUMBER: error = EINVAL; break;
79 case ERROR_INVALID_TARGET_HANDLE: error = EIO; break;
80 case ERROR_INVALID_WORKSTATION: error = EACCES; break;
81 case ERROR_IO_DEVICE: error = EIO; break;
82 case ERROR_IO_INCOMPLETE: error = EINTR; break;
83 case ERROR_LOCKED: error = EBUSY; break;
84 case ERROR_LOCK_VIOLATION: error = EACCES; break;
85 case ERROR_LOGON_FAILURE: error = EACCES; break;
86 case ERROR_MAPPED_ALIGNMENT: error = EINVAL; break;
87 case ERROR_META_EXPANSION_TOO_LONG: error = E2BIG; break;
88 case ERROR_MORE_DATA: error = EPIPE; break;
89 case ERROR_NEGATIVE_SEEK: error = ESPIPE; break;
90 case ERROR_NOACCESS: error = EFAULT; break;
91 case ERROR_NONE_MAPPED: error = EINVAL; break;
92 case ERROR_NOT_ENOUGH_MEMORY: error = ENOMEM; break;
93 case ERROR_NOT_READY: error = EAGAIN; break;
94 case ERROR_NOT_SAME_DEVICE: error = EXDEV; break;
95 case ERROR_NO_DATA: error = EPIPE; break;
96 case ERROR_NO_MORE_SEARCH_HANDLES: error = EIO; break;
97 case ERROR_NO_PROC_SLOTS: error = EAGAIN; break;
98 case ERROR_NO_SUCH_PRIVILEGE: error = EACCES; break;
99 case ERROR_OPEN_FAILED: error = EIO; break;
100 case ERROR_OPEN_FILES: error = EBUSY; break;
101 case ERROR_OPERATION_ABORTED: error = EINTR; break;
102 case ERROR_OUTOFMEMORY: error = ENOMEM; break;
103 case ERROR_PASSWORD_EXPIRED: error = EACCES; break;
104 case ERROR_PATH_BUSY: error = EBUSY; break;
105 case ERROR_PATH_NOT_FOUND: error = ENOENT; break;
106 case ERROR_PIPE_BUSY: error = EBUSY; break;
107 case ERROR_PIPE_CONNECTED: error = EPIPE; break;
108 case ERROR_PIPE_LISTENING: error = EPIPE; break;
109 case ERROR_PIPE_NOT_CONNECTED: error = EPIPE; break;
110 case ERROR_PRIVILEGE_NOT_HELD: error = EACCES; break;
111 case ERROR_READ_FAULT: error = EIO; break;
112 case ERROR_SEEK: error = EIO; break;
113 case ERROR_SEEK_ON_DEVICE: error = ESPIPE; break;
114 case ERROR_SHARING_BUFFER_EXCEEDED: error = ENFILE; break;
115 case ERROR_SHARING_VIOLATION: error = EACCES; break;
116 case ERROR_STACK_OVERFLOW: error = ENOMEM; break;
117 case ERROR_SWAPERROR: error = ENOENT; break;
118 case ERROR_TOO_MANY_MODULES: error = EMFILE; break;
119 case ERROR_TOO_MANY_OPEN_FILES: error = EMFILE; break;
120 case ERROR_UNRECOGNIZED_MEDIA: error = ENXIO; break;
121 case ERROR_UNRECOGNIZED_VOLUME: error = ENODEV; break;
122 case ERROR_WAIT_NO_CHILDREN: error = ECHILD; break;
123 case ERROR_WRITE_FAULT: error = EIO; break;
124 case ERROR_WRITE_PROTECT: error = EROFS; break;
125 }
126 return error;
127}
128
19e12549
HV
129static inline int is_file_in_use_error(DWORD errcode)
130{
131 switch (errcode) {
132 case ERROR_SHARING_VIOLATION:
133 case ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED:
134 return 1;
135 }
136
137 return 0;
138}
139
c9b78400
HV
140static int read_yes_no_answer(void)
141{
142 char answer[1024];
143
144 if (fgets(answer, sizeof(answer), stdin)) {
145 size_t answer_len = strlen(answer);
146 int got_full_line = 0, c;
147
148 /* remove the newline */
149 if (answer_len >= 2 && answer[answer_len-2] == '\r') {
150 answer[answer_len-2] = '\0';
151 got_full_line = 1;
152 } else if (answer_len >= 1 && answer[answer_len-1] == '\n') {
153 answer[answer_len-1] = '\0';
154 got_full_line = 1;
155 }
156 /* flush the buffer in case we did not get the full line */
157 if (!got_full_line)
158 while ((c = getchar()) != EOF && c != '\n')
159 ;
160 } else
161 /* we could not read, return the
162 * default answer which is no */
163 return 0;
164
165 if (tolower(answer[0]) == 'y' && !answer[1])
166 return 1;
167 if (!strncasecmp(answer, "yes", sizeof(answer)))
168 return 1;
169 if (tolower(answer[0]) == 'n' && !answer[1])
170 return 0;
171 if (!strncasecmp(answer, "no", sizeof(answer)))
172 return 0;
173
174 /* did not find an answer we understand */
175 return -1;
176}
177
178static int ask_yes_no_if_possible(const char *format, ...)
179{
180 char question[4096];
181 const char *retry_hook[] = { NULL, NULL, NULL };
182 va_list args;
183
184 va_start(args, format);
185 vsnprintf(question, sizeof(question), format, args);
186 va_end(args);
187
06bc4b79 188 if ((retry_hook[0] = mingw_getenv("GIT_ASK_YESNO"))) {
c9b78400
HV
189 retry_hook[1] = question;
190 return !run_command_v_opt(retry_hook, 0);
191 }
192
193 if (!isatty(_fileno(stdin)) || !isatty(_fileno(stderr)))
194 return 0;
195
196 while (1) {
197 int answer;
198 fprintf(stderr, "%s (y/n) ", question);
199
200 if ((answer = read_yes_no_answer()) >= 0)
201 return answer;
202
203 fprintf(stderr, "Sorry, I did not understand your answer. "
204 "Please type 'y' or 'n'\n");
205 }
206}
207
bdfbb0ea
JS
208/* Windows only */
209enum hide_dotfiles_type {
210 HIDE_DOTFILES_FALSE = 0,
211 HIDE_DOTFILES_TRUE,
212 HIDE_DOTFILES_DOTGITONLY
213};
214
215static enum hide_dotfiles_type hide_dotfiles = HIDE_DOTFILES_DOTGITONLY;
0e218f91 216static char *unset_environment_variables;
bdfbb0ea 217
70fc5793
JS
218int mingw_core_config(const char *var, const char *value, void *cb)
219{
bdfbb0ea
JS
220 if (!strcmp(var, "core.hidedotfiles")) {
221 if (value && !strcasecmp(value, "dotgitonly"))
222 hide_dotfiles = HIDE_DOTFILES_DOTGITONLY;
223 else
224 hide_dotfiles = git_config_bool(var, value);
225 return 0;
226 }
227
0e218f91
JS
228 if (!strcmp(var, "core.unsetenvvars")) {
229 free(unset_environment_variables);
230 unset_environment_variables = xstrdup(value);
231 return 0;
232 }
233
70fc5793
JS
234 return 0;
235}
236
4745feeb
AS
237/* Normalizes NT paths as returned by some low-level APIs. */
238static wchar_t *normalize_ntpath(wchar_t *wbuf)
239{
240 int i;
241 /* fix absolute path prefixes */
242 if (wbuf[0] == '\\') {
243 /* strip NT namespace prefixes */
244 if (!wcsncmp(wbuf, L"\\??\\", 4) ||
245 !wcsncmp(wbuf, L"\\\\?\\", 4))
246 wbuf += 4;
247 else if (!wcsnicmp(wbuf, L"\\DosDevices\\", 12))
248 wbuf += 12;
249 /* replace remaining '...UNC\' with '\\' */
250 if (!wcsnicmp(wbuf, L"UNC\\", 4)) {
251 wbuf += 2;
252 *wbuf = '\\';
253 }
254 }
255 /* convert backslashes to slashes */
256 for (i = 0; wbuf[i]; i++)
257 if (wbuf[i] == '\\')
258 wbuf[i] = '/';
259 return wbuf;
260}
261
337967fb
HV
262int mingw_unlink(const char *pathname)
263{
19e12549 264 int ret, tries = 0;
85faec9d
KB
265 wchar_t wpathname[MAX_PATH];
266 if (xutftowcs_path(wpathname, pathname) < 0)
267 return -1;
19e12549 268
337967fb 269 /* read-only files cannot be removed */
85faec9d
KB
270 _wchmod(wpathname, 0666);
271 while ((ret = _wunlink(wpathname)) == -1 && tries < ARRAY_SIZE(delay)) {
19e12549
HV
272 if (!is_file_in_use_error(GetLastError()))
273 break;
274 /*
275 * We assume that some other process had the source or
276 * destination file open at the wrong moment and retry.
277 * In order to give the other process a higher chance to
278 * complete its operation, we give up our time slice now.
279 * If we have to retry again, we do sleep a bit.
280 */
281 Sleep(delay[tries]);
282 tries++;
283 }
c9b78400
HV
284 while (ret == -1 && is_file_in_use_error(GetLastError()) &&
285 ask_yes_no_if_possible("Unlink of file '%s' failed. "
286 "Should I try again?", pathname))
85faec9d 287 ret = _wunlink(wpathname);
19e12549 288 return ret;
337967fb
HV
289}
290
85faec9d 291static int is_dir_empty(const wchar_t *wpath)
ab1a11be 292{
85faec9d 293 WIN32_FIND_DATAW findbuf;
ab1a11be 294 HANDLE handle;
85faec9d
KB
295 wchar_t wbuf[MAX_PATH + 2];
296 wcscpy(wbuf, wpath);
297 wcscat(wbuf, L"\\*");
298 handle = FindFirstFileW(wbuf, &findbuf);
299 if (handle == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
ab1a11be 300 return GetLastError() == ERROR_NO_MORE_FILES;
ab1a11be 301
85faec9d
KB
302 while (!wcscmp(findbuf.cFileName, L".") ||
303 !wcscmp(findbuf.cFileName, L".."))
304 if (!FindNextFileW(handle, &findbuf)) {
305 DWORD err = GetLastError();
306 FindClose(handle);
307 return err == ERROR_NO_MORE_FILES;
ab1a11be
JS
308 }
309 FindClose(handle);
ab1a11be
JS
310 return 0;
311}
312
4f288100
HV
313int mingw_rmdir(const char *pathname)
314{
315 int ret, tries = 0;
85faec9d
KB
316 wchar_t wpathname[MAX_PATH];
317 if (xutftowcs_path(wpathname, pathname) < 0)
318 return -1;
4f288100 319
85faec9d 320 while ((ret = _wrmdir(wpathname)) == -1 && tries < ARRAY_SIZE(delay)) {
4f288100 321 if (!is_file_in_use_error(GetLastError()))
a83b2b57
EFL
322 errno = err_win_to_posix(GetLastError());
323 if (errno != EACCES)
4f288100 324 break;
85faec9d 325 if (!is_dir_empty(wpathname)) {
ab1a11be
JS
326 errno = ENOTEMPTY;
327 break;
328 }
4f288100
HV
329 /*
330 * We assume that some other process had the source or
331 * destination file open at the wrong moment and retry.
332 * In order to give the other process a higher chance to
333 * complete its operation, we give up our time slice now.
334 * If we have to retry again, we do sleep a bit.
335 */
336 Sleep(delay[tries]);
337 tries++;
338 }
a83b2b57 339 while (ret == -1 && errno == EACCES && is_file_in_use_error(GetLastError()) &&
4f288100
HV
340 ask_yes_no_if_possible("Deletion of directory '%s' failed. "
341 "Should I try again?", pathname))
85faec9d
KB
342 ret = _wrmdir(wpathname);
343 return ret;
344}
345
f30afdab
JS
346static inline int needs_hiding(const char *path)
347{
348 const char *basename;
349
350 if (hide_dotfiles == HIDE_DOTFILES_FALSE)
351 return 0;
352
353 /* We cannot use basename(), as it would remove trailing slashes */
1cadad6f 354 win32_skip_dos_drive_prefix((char **)&path);
f30afdab
JS
355 if (!*path)
356 return 0;
357
358 for (basename = path; *path; path++)
359 if (is_dir_sep(*path)) {
360 do {
361 path++;
362 } while (is_dir_sep(*path));
363 /* ignore trailing slashes */
364 if (*path)
365 basename = path;
366 }
367
368 if (hide_dotfiles == HIDE_DOTFILES_TRUE)
369 return *basename == '.';
370
371 assert(hide_dotfiles == HIDE_DOTFILES_DOTGITONLY);
372 return !strncasecmp(".git", basename, 4) &&
373 (!basename[4] || is_dir_sep(basename[4]));
374}
375
376static int set_hidden_flag(const wchar_t *path, int set)
377{
378 DWORD original = GetFileAttributesW(path), modified;
379 if (set)
380 modified = original | FILE_ATTRIBUTE_HIDDEN;
381 else
382 modified = original & ~FILE_ATTRIBUTE_HIDDEN;
383 if (original == modified || SetFileAttributesW(path, modified))
384 return 0;
385 errno = err_win_to_posix(GetLastError());
386 return -1;
387}
388
85faec9d
KB
389int mingw_mkdir(const char *path, int mode)
390{
391 int ret;
392 wchar_t wpath[MAX_PATH];
393 if (xutftowcs_path(wpath, path) < 0)
394 return -1;
395 ret = _wmkdir(wpath);
f30afdab
JS
396 if (!ret && needs_hiding(path))
397 return set_hidden_flag(wpath, 1);
4f288100
HV
398 return ret;
399}
400
eeaf7dda
JH
401/*
402 * Calling CreateFile() using FILE_APPEND_DATA and without FILE_WRITE_DATA
403 * is documented in [1] as opening a writable file handle in append mode.
404 * (It is believed that) this is atomic since it is maintained by the
405 * kernel unlike the O_APPEND flag which is racily maintained by the CRT.
406 *
407 * [1] https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/desktop/fileio/file-access-rights-constants
408 *
409 * This trick does not appear to work for named pipes. Instead it creates
410 * a named pipe client handle that cannot be written to. Callers should
411 * just use the regular _wopen() for them. (And since client handle gets
412 * bound to a unique server handle, it isn't really an issue.)
413 */
d6410975
JS
414static int mingw_open_append(wchar_t const *wfilename, int oflags, ...)
415{
416 HANDLE handle;
417 int fd;
418 DWORD create = (oflags & O_CREAT) ? OPEN_ALWAYS : OPEN_EXISTING;
419
420 /* only these flags are supported */
421 if ((oflags & ~O_CREAT) != (O_WRONLY | O_APPEND))
422 return errno = ENOSYS, -1;
423
424 /*
425 * FILE_SHARE_WRITE is required to permit child processes
426 * to append to the file.
427 */
428 handle = CreateFileW(wfilename, FILE_APPEND_DATA,
429 FILE_SHARE_WRITE | FILE_SHARE_READ,
430 NULL, create, FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL, NULL);
431 if (handle == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
432 return errno = err_win_to_posix(GetLastError()), -1;
eeaf7dda 433
d6410975
JS
434 /*
435 * No O_APPEND here, because the CRT uses it only to reset the
eeaf7dda
JH
436 * file pointer to EOF before each write(); but that is not
437 * necessary (and may lead to races) for a file created with
438 * FILE_APPEND_DATA.
d6410975
JS
439 */
440 fd = _open_osfhandle((intptr_t)handle, O_BINARY);
441 if (fd < 0)
442 CloseHandle(handle);
443 return fd;
444}
445
eeaf7dda
JH
446/*
447 * Does the pathname map to the local named pipe filesystem?
448 * That is, does it have a "//./pipe/" prefix?
449 */
450static int is_local_named_pipe_path(const char *filename)
451{
452 return (is_dir_sep(filename[0]) &&
453 is_dir_sep(filename[1]) &&
454 filename[2] == '.' &&
455 is_dir_sep(filename[3]) &&
456 !strncasecmp(filename+4, "pipe", 4) &&
457 is_dir_sep(filename[8]) &&
458 filename[9]);
459}
460
3e4a1ba0
JS
461int mingw_open (const char *filename, int oflags, ...)
462{
d6410975 463 typedef int (*open_fn_t)(wchar_t const *wfilename, int oflags, ...);
3e4a1ba0
JS
464 va_list args;
465 unsigned mode;
0d30ad71 466 int fd;
85faec9d 467 wchar_t wfilename[MAX_PATH];
d6410975 468 open_fn_t open_fn;
0d30ad71 469
3e4a1ba0
JS
470 va_start(args, oflags);
471 mode = va_arg(args, int);
472 va_end(args);
473
1a404209 474 if (filename && !strcmp(filename, "/dev/null"))
3e4a1ba0 475 filename = "nul";
0d30ad71 476
eeaf7dda 477 if ((oflags & O_APPEND) && !is_local_named_pipe_path(filename))
d6410975
JS
478 open_fn = mingw_open_append;
479 else
480 open_fn = _wopen;
481
85faec9d
KB
482 if (xutftowcs_path(wfilename, filename) < 0)
483 return -1;
d6410975 484 fd = open_fn(wfilename, oflags, mode);
0d30ad71 485
ba6fad02 486 if (fd < 0 && (oflags & O_ACCMODE) != O_RDONLY && errno == EACCES) {
85faec9d 487 DWORD attrs = GetFileAttributesW(wfilename);
3e4a1ba0
JS
488 if (attrs != INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES && (attrs & FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DIRECTORY))
489 errno = EISDIR;
490 }
f30afdab
JS
491 if ((oflags & O_CREAT) && needs_hiding(filename)) {
492 /*
493 * Internally, _wopen() uses the CreateFile() API which errors
494 * out with an ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED if CREATE_ALWAYS was
495 * specified and an already existing file's attributes do not
496 * match *exactly*. As there is no mode or flag we can set that
497 * would correspond to FILE_ATTRIBUTE_HIDDEN, let's just try
498 * again *without* the O_CREAT flag (that corresponds to the
499 * CREATE_ALWAYS flag of CreateFile()).
500 */
501 if (fd < 0 && errno == EACCES)
d6410975 502 fd = open_fn(wfilename, oflags & ~O_CREAT, mode);
f30afdab
JS
503 if (fd >= 0 && set_hidden_flag(wfilename, 1))
504 warning("could not mark '%s' as hidden.", filename);
505 }
3e4a1ba0
JS
506 return fd;
507}
508
176478a8
EFL
509static BOOL WINAPI ctrl_ignore(DWORD type)
510{
511 return TRUE;
512}
513
514#undef fgetc
515int mingw_fgetc(FILE *stream)
516{
517 int ch;
518 if (!isatty(_fileno(stream)))
519 return fgetc(stream);
520
521 SetConsoleCtrlHandler(ctrl_ignore, TRUE);
522 while (1) {
523 ch = fgetc(stream);
524 if (ch != EOF || GetLastError() != ERROR_OPERATION_ABORTED)
525 break;
526
527 /* Ctrl+C was pressed, simulate SIGINT and retry */
528 mingw_raise(SIGINT);
529 }
530 SetConsoleCtrlHandler(ctrl_ignore, FALSE);
531 return ch;
532}
533
3fdcdbdf
JS
534#undef fopen
535FILE *mingw_fopen (const char *filename, const char *otype)
536{
f30afdab 537 int hide = needs_hiding(filename);
85faec9d
KB
538 FILE *file;
539 wchar_t wfilename[MAX_PATH], wotype[4];
1a404209 540 if (filename && !strcmp(filename, "/dev/null"))
3fdcdbdf 541 filename = "nul";
85faec9d
KB
542 if (xutftowcs_path(wfilename, filename) < 0 ||
543 xutftowcs(wotype, otype, ARRAY_SIZE(wotype)) < 0)
544 return NULL;
f30afdab
JS
545 if (hide && !access(filename, F_OK) && set_hidden_flag(wfilename, 0)) {
546 error("could not unhide %s", filename);
547 return NULL;
548 }
85faec9d 549 file = _wfopen(wfilename, wotype);
e5b31344
JS
550 if (!file && GetLastError() == ERROR_INVALID_NAME)
551 errno = ENOENT;
f30afdab
JS
552 if (file && hide && set_hidden_flag(wfilename, 1))
553 warning("could not mark '%s' as hidden.", filename);
85faec9d 554 return file;
3fdcdbdf
JS
555}
556
3fdcdbdf
JS
557FILE *mingw_freopen (const char *filename, const char *otype, FILE *stream)
558{
f30afdab 559 int hide = needs_hiding(filename);
85faec9d
KB
560 FILE *file;
561 wchar_t wfilename[MAX_PATH], wotype[4];
3fdcdbdf
JS
562 if (filename && !strcmp(filename, "/dev/null"))
563 filename = "nul";
85faec9d
KB
564 if (xutftowcs_path(wfilename, filename) < 0 ||
565 xutftowcs(wotype, otype, ARRAY_SIZE(wotype)) < 0)
566 return NULL;
f30afdab
JS
567 if (hide && !access(filename, F_OK) && set_hidden_flag(wfilename, 0)) {
568 error("could not unhide %s", filename);
569 return NULL;
570 }
85faec9d 571 file = _wfreopen(wfilename, wotype, stream);
f30afdab
JS
572 if (file && hide && set_hidden_flag(wfilename, 1))
573 warning("could not mark '%s' as hidden.", filename);
85faec9d 574 return file;
3fdcdbdf
JS
575}
576
84adb641
JS
577#undef fflush
578int mingw_fflush(FILE *stream)
579{
580 int ret = fflush(stream);
581
582 /*
583 * write() is used behind the scenes of stdio output functions.
584 * Since git code does not check for errors after each stdio write
585 * operation, it can happen that write() is called by a later
586 * stdio function even if an earlier write() call failed. In the
587 * case of a pipe whose readable end was closed, only the first
588 * call to write() reports EPIPE on Windows. Subsequent write()
589 * calls report EINVAL. It is impossible to notice whether this
590 * fflush invocation triggered such a case, therefore, we have to
591 * catch all EINVAL errors whole-sale.
592 */
593 if (ret && errno == EINVAL)
594 errno = EPIPE;
595
596 return ret;
597}
598
2b86292e
JS
599#undef write
600ssize_t mingw_write(int fd, const void *buf, size_t len)
601{
602 ssize_t result = write(fd, buf, len);
603
604 if (result < 0 && errno == EINVAL && buf) {
605 /* check if fd is a pipe */
606 HANDLE h = (HANDLE) _get_osfhandle(fd);
607 if (GetFileType(h) == FILE_TYPE_PIPE)
608 errno = EPIPE;
609 else
610 errno = EINVAL;
611 }
612
613 return result;
614}
615
85faec9d
KB
616int mingw_access(const char *filename, int mode)
617{
618 wchar_t wfilename[MAX_PATH];
619 if (xutftowcs_path(wfilename, filename) < 0)
620 return -1;
621 /* X_OK is not supported by the MSVCRT version */
622 return _waccess(wfilename, mode & ~X_OK);
623}
624
625int mingw_chdir(const char *dirname)
626{
627 wchar_t wdirname[MAX_PATH];
628 if (xutftowcs_path(wdirname, dirname) < 0)
629 return -1;
630 return _wchdir(wdirname);
631}
632
633int mingw_chmod(const char *filename, int mode)
634{
635 wchar_t wfilename[MAX_PATH];
636 if (xutftowcs_path(wfilename, filename) < 0)
637 return -1;
638 return _wchmod(wfilename, mode);
639}
640
a6d15bc3
JS
641/*
642 * The unit of FILETIME is 100-nanoseconds since January 1, 1601, UTC.
643 * Returns the 100-nanoseconds ("hekto nanoseconds") since the epoch.
644 */
645static inline long long filetime_to_hnsec(const FILETIME *ft)
5411bdc4
MSO
646{
647 long long winTime = ((long long)ft->dwHighDateTime << 32) + ft->dwLowDateTime;
a6d15bc3
JS
648 /* Windows to Unix Epoch conversion */
649 return winTime - 116444736000000000LL;
650}
651
d7e8c874 652static inline void filetime_to_timespec(const FILETIME *ft, struct timespec *ts)
a6d15bc3 653{
d7e8c874
KB
654 long long hnsec = filetime_to_hnsec(ft);
655 ts->tv_sec = (time_t)(hnsec / 10000000);
656 ts->tv_nsec = (hnsec % 10000000) * 100;
5411bdc4
MSO
657}
658
4b0abd5c
JS
659/**
660 * Verifies that safe_create_leading_directories() would succeed.
661 */
662static int has_valid_directory_prefix(wchar_t *wfilename)
663{
664 int n = wcslen(wfilename);
665
666 while (n > 0) {
667 wchar_t c = wfilename[--n];
668 DWORD attributes;
669
670 if (!is_dir_sep(c))
671 continue;
672
673 wfilename[n] = L'\0';
674 attributes = GetFileAttributesW(wfilename);
675 wfilename[n] = c;
676 if (attributes == FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DIRECTORY ||
677 attributes == FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DEVICE)
678 return 1;
679 if (attributes == INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES)
680 switch (GetLastError()) {
681 case ERROR_PATH_NOT_FOUND:
682 continue;
683 case ERROR_FILE_NOT_FOUND:
684 /* This implies parent directory exists. */
685 return 1;
686 }
687 return 0;
688 }
689 return 1;
690}
691
5411bdc4
MSO
692/* We keep the do_lstat code in a separate function to avoid recursion.
693 * When a path ends with a slash, the stat will fail with ENOENT. In
694 * this case, we strip the trailing slashes and stat again.
9b9784ca
PT
695 *
696 * If follow is true then act like stat() and report on the link
697 * target. Otherwise report on the link itself.
5411bdc4 698 */
9b9784ca 699static int do_lstat(int follow, const char *file_name, struct stat *buf)
5411bdc4
MSO
700{
701 WIN32_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DATA fdata;
85faec9d
KB
702 wchar_t wfilename[MAX_PATH];
703 if (xutftowcs_path(wfilename, file_name) < 0)
704 return -1;
5411bdc4 705
85faec9d 706 if (GetFileAttributesExW(wfilename, GetFileExInfoStandard, &fdata)) {
5411bdc4
MSO
707 buf->st_ino = 0;
708 buf->st_gid = 0;
709 buf->st_uid = 0;
180964f0 710 buf->st_nlink = 1;
444dc903 711 buf->st_mode = file_attr_to_st_mode(fdata.dwFileAttributes);
1d4e4cd4
JS
712 buf->st_size = fdata.nFileSizeLow |
713 (((off_t)fdata.nFileSizeHigh)<<32);
8252df62 714 buf->st_dev = buf->st_rdev = 0; /* not used by Git */
d7e8c874
KB
715 filetime_to_timespec(&(fdata.ftLastAccessTime), &(buf->st_atim));
716 filetime_to_timespec(&(fdata.ftLastWriteTime), &(buf->st_mtim));
717 filetime_to_timespec(&(fdata.ftCreationTime), &(buf->st_ctim));
9b9784ca 718 if (fdata.dwFileAttributes & FILE_ATTRIBUTE_REPARSE_POINT) {
85faec9d
KB
719 WIN32_FIND_DATAW findbuf;
720 HANDLE handle = FindFirstFileW(wfilename, &findbuf);
9b9784ca
PT
721 if (handle != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE) {
722 if ((findbuf.dwFileAttributes & FILE_ATTRIBUTE_REPARSE_POINT) &&
723 (findbuf.dwReserved0 == IO_REPARSE_TAG_SYMLINK)) {
724 if (follow) {
725 char buffer[MAXIMUM_REPARSE_DATA_BUFFER_SIZE];
726 buf->st_size = readlink(file_name, buffer, MAXIMUM_REPARSE_DATA_BUFFER_SIZE);
727 } else {
728 buf->st_mode = S_IFLNK;
729 }
730 buf->st_mode |= S_IREAD;
731 if (!(findbuf.dwFileAttributes & FILE_ATTRIBUTE_READONLY))
732 buf->st_mode |= S_IWRITE;
733 }
734 FindClose(handle);
735 }
736 }
5411bdc4
MSO
737 return 0;
738 }
85faec9d
KB
739 switch (GetLastError()) {
740 case ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED:
741 case ERROR_SHARING_VIOLATION:
742 case ERROR_LOCK_VIOLATION:
743 case ERROR_SHARING_BUFFER_EXCEEDED:
744 errno = EACCES;
745 break;
746 case ERROR_BUFFER_OVERFLOW:
747 errno = ENAMETOOLONG;
748 break;
749 case ERROR_NOT_ENOUGH_MEMORY:
750 errno = ENOMEM;
751 break;
4b0abd5c
JS
752 case ERROR_PATH_NOT_FOUND:
753 if (!has_valid_directory_prefix(wfilename)) {
754 errno = ENOTDIR;
755 break;
756 }
757 /* fallthru */
85faec9d
KB
758 default:
759 errno = ENOENT;
760 break;
761 }
5411bdc4
MSO
762 return -1;
763}
764
765/* We provide our own lstat/fstat functions, since the provided
766 * lstat/fstat functions are so slow. These stat functions are
767 * tailored for Git's usage (read: fast), and are not meant to be
768 * complete. Note that Git stat()s are redirected to mingw_lstat()
769 * too, since Windows doesn't really handle symlinks that well.
770 */
9b9784ca 771static int do_stat_internal(int follow, const char *file_name, struct stat *buf)
5411bdc4
MSO
772{
773 int namelen;
58aa3d2a 774 char alt_name[PATH_MAX];
5411bdc4 775
9b9784ca 776 if (!do_lstat(follow, file_name, buf))
5411bdc4
MSO
777 return 0;
778
779 /* if file_name ended in a '/', Windows returned ENOENT;
780 * try again without trailing slashes
781 */
782 if (errno != ENOENT)
783 return -1;
784
785 namelen = strlen(file_name);
786 if (namelen && file_name[namelen-1] != '/')
787 return -1;
788 while (namelen && file_name[namelen-1] == '/')
789 --namelen;
790 if (!namelen || namelen >= PATH_MAX)
791 return -1;
792
793 memcpy(alt_name, file_name, namelen);
794 alt_name[namelen] = 0;
9b9784ca
PT
795 return do_lstat(follow, alt_name, buf);
796}
797
7bf19838
JS
798static int get_file_info_by_handle(HANDLE hnd, struct stat *buf)
799{
800 BY_HANDLE_FILE_INFORMATION fdata;
801
802 if (!GetFileInformationByHandle(hnd, &fdata)) {
803 errno = err_win_to_posix(GetLastError());
804 return -1;
805 }
806
807 buf->st_ino = 0;
808 buf->st_gid = 0;
809 buf->st_uid = 0;
810 buf->st_nlink = 1;
811 buf->st_mode = file_attr_to_st_mode(fdata.dwFileAttributes);
812 buf->st_size = fdata.nFileSizeLow |
813 (((off_t)fdata.nFileSizeHigh)<<32);
814 buf->st_dev = buf->st_rdev = 0; /* not used by Git */
d7e8c874
KB
815 filetime_to_timespec(&(fdata.ftLastAccessTime), &(buf->st_atim));
816 filetime_to_timespec(&(fdata.ftLastWriteTime), &(buf->st_mtim));
817 filetime_to_timespec(&(fdata.ftCreationTime), &(buf->st_ctim));
7bf19838
JS
818 return 0;
819}
820
9b9784ca
PT
821int mingw_lstat(const char *file_name, struct stat *buf)
822{
823 return do_stat_internal(0, file_name, buf);
824}
825int mingw_stat(const char *file_name, struct stat *buf)
826{
827 return do_stat_internal(1, file_name, buf);
5411bdc4
MSO
828}
829
180964f0 830int mingw_fstat(int fd, struct stat *buf)
5411bdc4
MSO
831{
832 HANDLE fh = (HANDLE)_get_osfhandle(fd);
d75e6973 833 DWORD avail, type = GetFileType(fh) & ~FILE_TYPE_REMOTE;
5411bdc4 834
d75e6973
KB
835 switch (type) {
836 case FILE_TYPE_DISK:
837 return get_file_info_by_handle(fh, buf);
5411bdc4 838
d75e6973
KB
839 case FILE_TYPE_CHAR:
840 case FILE_TYPE_PIPE:
841 /* initialize stat fields */
842 memset(buf, 0, sizeof(*buf));
180964f0 843 buf->st_nlink = 1;
d75e6973
KB
844
845 if (type == FILE_TYPE_CHAR) {
846 buf->st_mode = _S_IFCHR;
847 } else {
848 buf->st_mode = _S_IFIFO;
849 if (PeekNamedPipe(fh, NULL, 0, NULL, &avail, NULL))
850 buf->st_size = avail;
851 }
5411bdc4 852 return 0;
7bf19838 853
d75e6973
KB
854 default:
855 errno = EBADF;
856 return -1;
5411bdc4 857 }
5411bdc4
MSO
858}
859
7c0ffa1c
JS
860static inline void time_t_to_filetime(time_t t, FILETIME *ft)
861{
862 long long winTime = t * 10000000LL + 116444736000000000LL;
863 ft->dwLowDateTime = winTime;
864 ft->dwHighDateTime = winTime >> 32;
865}
866
867int mingw_utime (const char *file_name, const struct utimbuf *times)
868{
869 FILETIME mft, aft;
870 int fh, rc;
85faec9d
KB
871 DWORD attrs;
872 wchar_t wfilename[MAX_PATH];
873 if (xutftowcs_path(wfilename, file_name) < 0)
874 return -1;
7c0ffa1c
JS
875
876 /* must have write permission */
85faec9d 877 attrs = GetFileAttributesW(wfilename);
852f098c
JS
878 if (attrs != INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES &&
879 (attrs & FILE_ATTRIBUTE_READONLY)) {
880 /* ignore errors here; open() will report them */
85faec9d 881 SetFileAttributesW(wfilename, attrs & ~FILE_ATTRIBUTE_READONLY);
852f098c
JS
882 }
883
85faec9d 884 if ((fh = _wopen(wfilename, O_RDWR | O_BINARY)) < 0) {
852f098c
JS
885 rc = -1;
886 goto revert_attrs;
887 }
7c0ffa1c 888
ded2d476
SG
889 if (times) {
890 time_t_to_filetime(times->modtime, &mft);
891 time_t_to_filetime(times->actime, &aft);
892 } else {
893 GetSystemTimeAsFileTime(&mft);
894 aft = mft;
895 }
7c0ffa1c
JS
896 if (!SetFileTime((HANDLE)_get_osfhandle(fh), NULL, &aft, &mft)) {
897 errno = EINVAL;
898 rc = -1;
899 } else
900 rc = 0;
901 close(fh);
852f098c
JS
902
903revert_attrs:
904 if (attrs != INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES &&
905 (attrs & FILE_ATTRIBUTE_READONLY)) {
906 /* ignore errors again */
85faec9d 907 SetFileAttributesW(wfilename, attrs);
852f098c 908 }
7c0ffa1c
JS
909 return rc;
910}
911
9ee0540a
JS
912#undef strftime
913size_t mingw_strftime(char *s, size_t max,
914 const char *format, const struct tm *tm)
915{
916 size_t ret = strftime(s, max, format, tm);
917
918 if (!ret && errno == EINVAL)
919 die("invalid strftime format: '%s'", format);
920 return ret;
921}
922
f4626df5
JS
923unsigned int sleep (unsigned int seconds)
924{
925 Sleep(seconds*1000);
926 return 0;
927}
928
85faec9d
KB
929char *mingw_mktemp(char *template)
930{
931 wchar_t wtemplate[MAX_PATH];
932 if (xutftowcs_path(wtemplate, template) < 0)
933 return NULL;
934 if (!_wmktemp(wtemplate))
935 return NULL;
936 if (xwcstoutf(template, wtemplate, strlen(template) + 1) < 0)
937 return NULL;
938 return template;
939}
940
f4626df5
JS
941int mkstemp(char *template)
942{
943 char *filename = mktemp(template);
944 if (filename == NULL)
945 return -1;
946 return open(filename, O_RDWR | O_CREAT, 0600);
947}
948
949int gettimeofday(struct timeval *tv, void *tz)
950{
a6d15bc3
JS
951 FILETIME ft;
952 long long hnsec;
953
954 GetSystemTimeAsFileTime(&ft);
955 hnsec = filetime_to_hnsec(&ft);
956 tv->tv_sec = hnsec / 10000000;
957 tv->tv_usec = (hnsec % 10000000) / 10;
a42a0c2e 958 return 0;
f4626df5
JS
959}
960
897bb8cb
JS
961int pipe(int filedes[2])
962{
3e34d665 963 HANDLE h[2];
897bb8cb 964
3e34d665
JS
965 /* this creates non-inheritable handles */
966 if (!CreatePipe(&h[0], &h[1], NULL, 8192)) {
967 errno = err_win_to_posix(GetLastError());
897bb8cb
JS
968 return -1;
969 }
7c00bc39 970 filedes[0] = _open_osfhandle(HCAST(int, h[0]), O_NOINHERIT);
3e34d665 971 if (filedes[0] < 0) {
897bb8cb
JS
972 CloseHandle(h[0]);
973 CloseHandle(h[1]);
974 return -1;
975 }
7c00bc39 976 filedes[1] = _open_osfhandle(HCAST(int, h[1]), O_NOINHERIT);
c3cb7b6f 977 if (filedes[1] < 0) {
897bb8cb 978 close(filedes[0]);
897bb8cb
JS
979 CloseHandle(h[1]);
980 return -1;
981 }
897bb8cb
JS
982 return 0;
983}
984
f4626df5
JS
985struct tm *gmtime_r(const time_t *timep, struct tm *result)
986{
987 /* gmtime() in MSVCRT.DLL is thread-safe, but not reentrant */
988 memcpy(result, gmtime(timep), sizeof(struct tm));
989 return result;
990}
991
992struct tm *localtime_r(const time_t *timep, struct tm *result)
993{
994 /* localtime() in MSVCRT.DLL is thread-safe, but not reentrant */
995 memcpy(result, localtime(timep), sizeof(struct tm));
996 return result;
997}
998
25fe217b
JS
999char *mingw_getcwd(char *pointer, int len)
1000{
937974fc
JS
1001 wchar_t cwd[MAX_PATH], wpointer[MAX_PATH];
1002 DWORD ret = GetCurrentDirectoryW(ARRAY_SIZE(cwd), cwd);
1003
1004 if (!ret || ret >= ARRAY_SIZE(cwd)) {
1005 errno = ret ? ENAMETOOLONG : err_win_to_posix(GetLastError());
1006 return NULL;
1007 }
1008 ret = GetLongPathNameW(cwd, wpointer, ARRAY_SIZE(wpointer));
4745feeb
AS
1009 if (!ret && GetLastError() == ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED) {
1010 HANDLE hnd = CreateFileW(cwd, 0,
1011 FILE_SHARE_READ | FILE_SHARE_WRITE | FILE_SHARE_DELETE, NULL,
1012 OPEN_EXISTING, FILE_FLAG_BACKUP_SEMANTICS, NULL);
1013 if (hnd == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
1014 return NULL;
1015 ret = GetFinalPathNameByHandleW(hnd, wpointer, ARRAY_SIZE(wpointer), 0);
1016 CloseHandle(hnd);
1017 if (!ret || ret >= ARRAY_SIZE(wpointer))
1018 return NULL;
1019 if (xwcstoutf(pointer, normalize_ntpath(wpointer), len) < 0)
1020 return NULL;
1021 return pointer;
1022 }
937974fc 1023 if (!ret || ret >= ARRAY_SIZE(wpointer))
85faec9d
KB
1024 return NULL;
1025 if (xwcstoutf(pointer, wpointer, len) < 0)
1026 return NULL;
8e9b2080 1027 convert_slashes(pointer);
85faec9d 1028 return pointer;
25fe217b
JS
1029}
1030
7e5d7768 1031/*
2ef2ae29
JS
1032 * See "Parsing C++ Command-Line Arguments" at Microsoft's Docs:
1033 * https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/cpp/cpp/parsing-cpp-command-line-arguments
7e5d7768 1034 */
9e9da23c 1035static const char *quote_arg_msvc(const char *arg)
7e5d7768
JS
1036{
1037 /* count chars to quote */
1038 int len = 0, n = 0;
1039 int force_quotes = 0;
1040 char *q, *d;
1041 const char *p = arg;
1042 if (!*p) force_quotes = 1;
1043 while (*p) {
3aea1a5a 1044 if (isspace(*p) || *p == '*' || *p == '?' || *p == '{' || *p == '\'')
7e5d7768
JS
1045 force_quotes = 1;
1046 else if (*p == '"')
1047 n++;
1048 else if (*p == '\\') {
1049 int count = 0;
1050 while (*p == '\\') {
1051 count++;
1052 p++;
1053 len++;
1054 }
1055 if (*p == '"')
1056 n += count*2 + 1;
1057 continue;
1058 }
1059 len++;
1060 p++;
1061 }
1062 if (!force_quotes && n == 0)
1063 return arg;
1064
1065 /* insert \ where necessary */
50a6c8ef 1066 d = q = xmalloc(st_add3(len, n, 3));
7e5d7768
JS
1067 *d++ = '"';
1068 while (*arg) {
1069 if (*arg == '"')
1070 *d++ = '\\';
1071 else if (*arg == '\\') {
1072 int count = 0;
1073 while (*arg == '\\') {
1074 count++;
1075 *d++ = *arg++;
1076 }
1077 if (*arg == '"') {
1078 while (count-- > 0)
1079 *d++ = '\\';
1080 *d++ = '\\';
1081 }
1082 }
1083 *d++ = *arg++;
1084 }
1085 *d++ = '"';
1086 *d++ = 0;
1087 return q;
1088}
1089
9e9da23c
JS
1090#include "quote.h"
1091
1092static const char *quote_arg_msys2(const char *arg)
1093{
1094 struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
1095 const char *p2 = arg, *p;
1096
1097 for (p = arg; *p; p++) {
1098 int ws = isspace(*p);
1099 if (!ws && *p != '\\' && *p != '"' && *p != '{')
1100 continue;
1101 if (!buf.len)
1102 strbuf_addch(&buf, '"');
1103 if (p != p2)
1104 strbuf_add(&buf, p2, p - p2);
1105 if (!ws && *p != '{')
1106 strbuf_addch(&buf, '\\');
1107 p2 = p;
1108 }
1109
1110 if (p == arg)
1111 strbuf_addch(&buf, '"');
1112 else if (!buf.len)
1113 return arg;
1114 else
1115 strbuf_add(&buf, p2, p - p2),
1116
1117 strbuf_addch(&buf, '"');
1118 return strbuf_detach(&buf, 0);
1119}
1120
f1a4dfb8
JS
1121static const char *parse_interpreter(const char *cmd)
1122{
1123 static char buf[100];
1124 char *p, *opt;
1125 int n, fd;
1126
1127 /* don't even try a .exe */
1128 n = strlen(cmd);
1129 if (n >= 4 && !strcasecmp(cmd+n-4, ".exe"))
1130 return NULL;
1131
1132 fd = open(cmd, O_RDONLY);
1133 if (fd < 0)
1134 return NULL;
1135 n = read(fd, buf, sizeof(buf)-1);
1136 close(fd);
1137 if (n < 4) /* at least '#!/x' and not error */
1138 return NULL;
1139
1140 if (buf[0] != '#' || buf[1] != '!')
1141 return NULL;
1142 buf[n] = '\0';
bedc4279
PH
1143 p = buf + strcspn(buf, "\r\n");
1144 if (!*p)
f1a4dfb8
JS
1145 return NULL;
1146
1147 *p = '\0';
1148 if (!(p = strrchr(buf+2, '/')) && !(p = strrchr(buf+2, '\\')))
1149 return NULL;
1150 /* strip options */
1151 if ((opt = strchr(p+1, ' ')))
1152 *opt = '\0';
1153 return p+1;
1154}
1155
f1a4dfb8
JS
1156/*
1157 * exe_only means that we only want to detect .exe files, but not scripts
1158 * (which do not have an extension)
1159 */
e0ca1ca2
RS
1160static char *lookup_prog(const char *dir, int dirlen, const char *cmd,
1161 int isexe, int exe_only)
f1a4dfb8
JS
1162{
1163 char path[MAX_PATH];
e0ca1ca2 1164 snprintf(path, sizeof(path), "%.*s\\%s.exe", dirlen, dir, cmd);
f1a4dfb8
JS
1165
1166 if (!isexe && access(path, F_OK) == 0)
1167 return xstrdup(path);
1168 path[strlen(path)-4] = '\0';
1169 if ((!exe_only || isexe) && access(path, F_OK) == 0)
fe77b695
ER
1170 if (!(GetFileAttributes(path) & FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DIRECTORY))
1171 return xstrdup(path);
f1a4dfb8
JS
1172 return NULL;
1173}
1174
1175/*
22e5e58a 1176 * Determines the absolute path of cmd using the split path in path.
f1a4dfb8
JS
1177 * If cmd contains a slash or backslash, no lookup is performed.
1178 */
e0ca1ca2 1179static char *path_lookup(const char *cmd, int exe_only)
f1a4dfb8 1180{
e0ca1ca2 1181 const char *path;
f1a4dfb8
JS
1182 char *prog = NULL;
1183 int len = strlen(cmd);
1184 int isexe = len >= 4 && !strcasecmp(cmd+len-4, ".exe");
1185
1186 if (strchr(cmd, '/') || strchr(cmd, '\\'))
e0ca1ca2
RS
1187 return xstrdup(cmd);
1188
1189 path = mingw_getenv("PATH");
1190 if (!path)
1191 return NULL;
f1a4dfb8 1192
e0ca1ca2
RS
1193 while (!prog) {
1194 const char *sep = strchrnul(path, ';');
1195 int dirlen = sep - path;
1196 if (dirlen)
1197 prog = lookup_prog(path, dirlen, cmd, isexe, exe_only);
1198 if (!*sep)
1199 break;
1200 path = sep + 1;
1201 }
f1a4dfb8
JS
1202
1203 return prog;
1204}
1205
fe21c6b2
JS
1206static const wchar_t *wcschrnul(const wchar_t *s, wchar_t c)
1207{
1208 while (*s && *s != c)
1209 s++;
1210 return s;
1211}
1212
1213/* Compare only keys */
1214static int wenvcmp(const void *a, const void *b)
1215{
1216 wchar_t *p = *(wchar_t **)a, *q = *(wchar_t **)b;
1217 size_t p_len, q_len;
1218
1219 /* Find the keys */
1220 p_len = wcschrnul(p, L'=') - p;
1221 q_len = wcschrnul(q, L'=') - q;
f279242d 1222
fe21c6b2
JS
1223 /* If the length differs, include the shorter key's NUL */
1224 if (p_len < q_len)
1225 p_len++;
1226 else if (p_len > q_len)
1227 p_len = q_len + 1;
1228
1229 return _wcsnicmp(p, q, p_len);
1230}
f279242d 1231
fe21c6b2
JS
1232/* We need a stable sort to convert the environment between UTF-16 <-> UTF-8 */
1233#ifndef INTERNAL_QSORT
1234#include "qsort.c"
1235#endif
77734da2 1236
df0e998c 1237/*
fe21c6b2
JS
1238 * Build an environment block combining the inherited environment
1239 * merged with the given list of settings.
1240 *
1241 * Values of the form "KEY=VALUE" in deltaenv override inherited values.
1242 * Values of the form "KEY" in deltaenv delete inherited values.
1243 *
1244 * Multiple entries in deltaenv for the same key are explicitly allowed.
1245 *
1246 * We return a contiguous block of UNICODE strings with a final trailing
1247 * zero word.
df0e998c 1248 */
77734da2 1249static wchar_t *make_environment_block(char **deltaenv)
7e5d7768 1250{
fe21c6b2
JS
1251 wchar_t *wenv = GetEnvironmentStringsW(), *wdeltaenv, *result, *p;
1252 size_t wlen, s, delta_size, size;
df0e998c 1253
fe21c6b2
JS
1254 wchar_t **array = NULL;
1255 size_t alloc = 0, nr = 0, i;
df0e998c 1256
fe21c6b2
JS
1257 size = 1; /* for extra NUL at the end */
1258
1259 /* If there is no deltaenv to apply, simply return a copy. */
1260 if (!deltaenv || !*deltaenv) {
1261 for (p = wenv; p && *p; ) {
1262 size_t s = wcslen(p) + 1;
1263 size += s;
1264 p += s;
1265 }
77734da2 1266
fe21c6b2
JS
1267 ALLOC_ARRAY(result, size);
1268 memcpy(result, wenv, size * sizeof(*wenv));
1269 FreeEnvironmentStringsW(wenv);
1270 return result;
1271 }
77734da2 1272
fe21c6b2
JS
1273 /*
1274 * If there is a deltaenv, let's accumulate all keys into `array`,
1275 * sort them using the stable git_qsort() and then copy, skipping
1276 * duplicate keys
1277 */
1278 for (p = wenv; p && *p; ) {
1279 ALLOC_GROW(array, nr + 1, alloc);
1280 s = wcslen(p) + 1;
1281 array[nr++] = p;
1282 p += s;
1283 size += s;
df0e998c 1284 }
fe21c6b2
JS
1285
1286 /* (over-)assess size needed for wchar version of deltaenv */
1287 for (delta_size = 0, i = 0; deltaenv[i]; i++)
1288 delta_size += strlen(deltaenv[i]) * 2 + 1;
1289 ALLOC_ARRAY(wdeltaenv, delta_size);
1290
1291 /* convert the deltaenv, appending to array */
1292 for (i = 0, p = wdeltaenv; deltaenv[i]; i++) {
1293 ALLOC_GROW(array, nr + 1, alloc);
1294 wlen = xutftowcs(p, deltaenv[i], wdeltaenv + delta_size - p);
1295 array[nr++] = p;
1296 p += wlen + 1;
1297 }
df0e998c 1298
fe21c6b2
JS
1299 git_qsort(array, nr, sizeof(*array), wenvcmp);
1300 ALLOC_ARRAY(result, size + delta_size);
df0e998c 1301
fe21c6b2
JS
1302 for (p = result, i = 0; i < nr; i++) {
1303 /* Skip any duplicate keys; last one wins */
1304 while (i + 1 < nr && !wenvcmp(array + i, array + i + 1))
1305 i++;
77734da2 1306
fe21c6b2
JS
1307 /* Skip "to delete" entry */
1308 if (!wcschr(array[i], L'='))
1309 continue;
77734da2 1310
fe21c6b2
JS
1311 size = wcslen(array[i]) + 1;
1312 memcpy(p, array[i], size * sizeof(*p));
1313 p += size;
df0e998c 1314 }
fe21c6b2
JS
1315 *p = L'\0';
1316
1317 free(array);
1318 free(wdeltaenv);
1319 FreeEnvironmentStringsW(wenv);
1320 return result;
7e5d7768
JS
1321}
1322
0e218f91
JS
1323static void do_unset_environment_variables(void)
1324{
1325 static int done;
1326 char *p = unset_environment_variables;
1327
1328 if (done || !p)
1329 return;
1330 done = 1;
1331
1332 for (;;) {
1333 char *comma = strchr(p, ',');
1334
1335 if (comma)
1336 *comma = '\0';
1337 unsetenv(p);
1338 if (!comma)
1339 break;
1340 p = comma + 1;
1341 }
1342}
1343
52de4db5
EFL
1344struct pinfo_t {
1345 struct pinfo_t *next;
1346 pid_t pid;
1347 HANDLE proc;
657b35f4
RJ
1348};
1349static struct pinfo_t *pinfo = NULL;
52de4db5
EFL
1350CRITICAL_SECTION pinfo_cs;
1351
9e9da23c
JS
1352/* Used to match and chomp off path components */
1353static inline int match_last_path_component(const char *path, size_t *len,
1354 const char *component)
1355{
1356 size_t component_len = strlen(component);
1357 if (*len < component_len + 1 ||
1358 !is_dir_sep(path[*len - component_len - 1]) ||
1359 fspathncmp(path + *len - component_len, component, component_len))
1360 return 0;
1361 *len -= component_len + 1;
1362 /* chomp off repeated dir separators */
1363 while (*len > 0 && is_dir_sep(path[*len - 1]))
1364 (*len)--;
1365 return 1;
1366}
1367
1368static int is_msys2_sh(const char *cmd)
1369{
1370 if (cmd && !strcmp(cmd, "sh")) {
1371 static int ret = -1;
1372 char *p;
1373
1374 if (ret >= 0)
1375 return ret;
1376
1377 p = path_lookup(cmd, 0);
1378 if (!p)
1379 ret = 0;
1380 else {
1381 size_t len = strlen(p);
1382
1383 ret = match_last_path_component(p, &len, "sh.exe") &&
1384 match_last_path_component(p, &len, "bin") &&
1385 match_last_path_component(p, &len, "usr");
1386 free(p);
1387 }
1388 return ret;
1389 }
1390 return 0;
1391}
1392
77734da2 1393static pid_t mingw_spawnve_fd(const char *cmd, const char **argv, char **deltaenv,
f9a2743c 1394 const char *dir,
75301f90 1395 int prepend_cmd, int fhin, int fhout, int fherr)
7e5d7768 1396{
99c3c76d 1397 STARTUPINFOW si;
7e5d7768 1398 PROCESS_INFORMATION pi;
7eb2619c
KB
1399 struct strbuf args;
1400 wchar_t wcmd[MAX_PATH], wdir[MAX_PATH], *wargs, *wenvblk = NULL;
1401 unsigned flags = CREATE_UNICODE_ENVIRONMENT;
7e5d7768 1402 BOOL ret;
0e218f91 1403 HANDLE cons;
9e9da23c
JS
1404 const char *(*quote_arg)(const char *arg) =
1405 is_msys2_sh(*argv) ? quote_arg_msys2 : quote_arg_msvc;
0e218f91
JS
1406
1407 do_unset_environment_variables();
7e5d7768
JS
1408
1409 /* Determine whether or not we are associated to a console */
94238859 1410 cons = CreateFileW(L"CONOUT$", GENERIC_WRITE,
7e5d7768
JS
1411 FILE_SHARE_WRITE, NULL, OPEN_EXISTING,
1412 FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL, NULL);
1413 if (cons == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE) {
1414 /* There is no console associated with this process.
1415 * Since the child is a console process, Windows
1416 * would normally create a console window. But
1417 * since we'll be redirecting std streams, we do
1418 * not need the console.
19fb896f
AG
1419 * It is necessary to use DETACHED_PROCESS
1420 * instead of CREATE_NO_WINDOW to make ssh
1421 * recognize that it has no console.
7e5d7768 1422 */
7eb2619c 1423 flags |= DETACHED_PROCESS;
7e5d7768
JS
1424 } else {
1425 /* There is already a console. If we specified
19fb896f 1426 * DETACHED_PROCESS here, too, Windows would
7e5d7768 1427 * disassociate the child from the console.
19fb896f 1428 * The same is true for CREATE_NO_WINDOW.
7e5d7768
JS
1429 * Go figure!
1430 */
7e5d7768
JS
1431 CloseHandle(cons);
1432 }
1433 memset(&si, 0, sizeof(si));
1434 si.cb = sizeof(si);
1435 si.dwFlags = STARTF_USESTDHANDLES;
eac14f89
KB
1436 si.hStdInput = winansi_get_osfhandle(fhin);
1437 si.hStdOutput = winansi_get_osfhandle(fhout);
1438 si.hStdError = winansi_get_osfhandle(fherr);
7e5d7768 1439
eb7c7863
JS
1440 if (*argv && !strcmp(cmd, *argv))
1441 wcmd[0] = L'\0';
1442 else if (xutftowcs_path(wcmd, cmd) < 0)
99c3c76d
KB
1443 return -1;
1444 if (dir && xutftowcs_path(wdir, dir) < 0)
1445 return -1;
1446
7e5d7768
JS
1447 /* concatenate argv, quoting args as we go */
1448 strbuf_init(&args, 0);
1449 if (prepend_cmd) {
1450 char *quoted = (char *)quote_arg(cmd);
1451 strbuf_addstr(&args, quoted);
1452 if (quoted != cmd)
1453 free(quoted);
1454 }
1455 for (; *argv; argv++) {
1456 char *quoted = (char *)quote_arg(*argv);
1457 if (*args.buf)
1458 strbuf_addch(&args, ' ');
1459 strbuf_addstr(&args, quoted);
1460 if (quoted != *argv)
1461 free(quoted);
1462 }
1463
8d5b3325 1464 ALLOC_ARRAY(wargs, st_add(st_mult(2, args.len), 1));
99c3c76d
KB
1465 xutftowcs(wargs, args.buf, 2 * args.len + 1);
1466 strbuf_release(&args);
1467
77734da2 1468 wenvblk = make_environment_block(deltaenv);
7e5d7768
JS
1469
1470 memset(&pi, 0, sizeof(pi));
eb7c7863
JS
1471 ret = CreateProcessW(*wcmd ? wcmd : NULL, wargs, NULL, NULL, TRUE,
1472 flags, wenvblk, dir ? wdir : NULL, &si, &pi);
7e5d7768 1473
7eb2619c 1474 free(wenvblk);
99c3c76d 1475 free(wargs);
7e5d7768
JS
1476
1477 if (!ret) {
1478 errno = ENOENT;
1479 return -1;
1480 }
1481 CloseHandle(pi.hThread);
52de4db5
EFL
1482
1483 /*
1484 * The process ID is the human-readable identifier of the process
1485 * that we want to present in log and error messages. The handle
1486 * is not useful for this purpose. But we cannot close it, either,
1487 * because it is not possible to turn a process ID into a process
1488 * handle after the process terminated.
1489 * Keep the handle in a list for waitpid.
1490 */
1491 EnterCriticalSection(&pinfo_cs);
1492 {
1493 struct pinfo_t *info = xmalloc(sizeof(struct pinfo_t));
1494 info->pid = pi.dwProcessId;
1495 info->proc = pi.hProcess;
1496 info->next = pinfo;
1497 pinfo = info;
1498 }
1499 LeaveCriticalSection(&pinfo_cs);
1500
1501 return (pid_t)pi.dwProcessId;
7e5d7768
JS
1502}
1503
3e66e47b 1504static pid_t mingw_spawnv(const char *cmd, const char **argv, int prepend_cmd)
75301f90 1505{
77734da2 1506 return mingw_spawnve_fd(cmd, argv, NULL, NULL, prepend_cmd, 0, 1, 2);
75301f90
JS
1507}
1508
77734da2 1509pid_t mingw_spawnvpe(const char *cmd, const char **argv, char **deltaenv,
f9a2743c 1510 const char *dir,
75301f90 1511 int fhin, int fhout, int fherr)
7e5d7768
JS
1512{
1513 pid_t pid;
e0ca1ca2 1514 char *prog = path_lookup(cmd, 0);
7e5d7768
JS
1515
1516 if (!prog) {
1517 errno = ENOENT;
1518 pid = -1;
1519 }
1520 else {
1521 const char *interpr = parse_interpreter(prog);
1522
1523 if (interpr) {
1524 const char *argv0 = argv[0];
e0ca1ca2 1525 char *iprog = path_lookup(interpr, 1);
7e5d7768
JS
1526 argv[0] = prog;
1527 if (!iprog) {
1528 errno = ENOENT;
1529 pid = -1;
1530 }
1531 else {
77734da2 1532 pid = mingw_spawnve_fd(iprog, argv, deltaenv, dir, 1,
75301f90 1533 fhin, fhout, fherr);
7e5d7768
JS
1534 free(iprog);
1535 }
1536 argv[0] = argv0;
1537 }
1538 else
77734da2 1539 pid = mingw_spawnve_fd(prog, argv, deltaenv, dir, 0,
75301f90 1540 fhin, fhout, fherr);
7e5d7768
JS
1541 free(prog);
1542 }
7e5d7768
JS
1543 return pid;
1544}
1545
3e66e47b 1546static int try_shell_exec(const char *cmd, char *const *argv)
f1a4dfb8
JS
1547{
1548 const char *interpr = parse_interpreter(cmd);
f1a4dfb8
JS
1549 char *prog;
1550 int pid = 0;
1551
1552 if (!interpr)
1553 return 0;
e0ca1ca2 1554 prog = path_lookup(interpr, 1);
f1a4dfb8 1555 if (prog) {
ee4512ed 1556 int exec_id;
f1a4dfb8 1557 int argc = 0;
12fb9bd8
JH
1558#ifndef _MSC_VER
1559 const
1560#endif
1561 char **argv2;
f1a4dfb8 1562 while (argv[argc]) argc++;
b32fa95f 1563 ALLOC_ARRAY(argv2, argc + 1);
7e5d7768
JS
1564 argv2[0] = (char *)cmd; /* full path to the script file */
1565 memcpy(&argv2[1], &argv[1], sizeof(*argv) * argc);
ee4512ed 1566 exec_id = trace2_exec(prog, argv2);
3e66e47b 1567 pid = mingw_spawnv(prog, argv2, 1);
f1a4dfb8
JS
1568 if (pid >= 0) {
1569 int status;
1570 if (waitpid(pid, &status, 0) < 0)
1571 status = 255;
ee4512ed 1572 trace2_exec_result(exec_id, status);
f1a4dfb8
JS
1573 exit(status);
1574 }
ee4512ed 1575 trace2_exec_result(exec_id, -1);
f1a4dfb8
JS
1576 pid = 1; /* indicate that we tried but failed */
1577 free(prog);
1578 free(argv2);
1579 }
f1a4dfb8
JS
1580 return pid;
1581}
1582
3e66e47b 1583int mingw_execv(const char *cmd, char *const *argv)
f1a4dfb8
JS
1584{
1585 /* check if git_command is a shell script */
3e66e47b 1586 if (!try_shell_exec(cmd, argv)) {
f1a4dfb8 1587 int pid, status;
ee4512ed 1588 int exec_id;
f1a4dfb8 1589
ee4512ed 1590 exec_id = trace2_exec(cmd, (const char **)argv);
3e66e47b 1591 pid = mingw_spawnv(cmd, (const char **)argv, 0);
ee4512ed
JH
1592 if (pid < 0) {
1593 trace2_exec_result(exec_id, -1);
570f1e6e 1594 return -1;
ee4512ed 1595 }
f1a4dfb8
JS
1596 if (waitpid(pid, &status, 0) < 0)
1597 status = 255;
ee4512ed 1598 trace2_exec_result(exec_id, status);
f1a4dfb8
JS
1599 exit(status);
1600 }
570f1e6e 1601 return -1;
f1a4dfb8
JS
1602}
1603
1696d723 1604int mingw_execvp(const char *cmd, char *const *argv)
f1a4dfb8 1605{
e0ca1ca2 1606 char *prog = path_lookup(cmd, 0);
f1a4dfb8
JS
1607
1608 if (prog) {
3e66e47b 1609 mingw_execv(prog, argv);
f1a4dfb8
JS
1610 free(prog);
1611 } else
1612 errno = ENOENT;
1613
1696d723 1614 return -1;
f1a4dfb8
JS
1615}
1616
82fc07b7
EFL
1617int mingw_kill(pid_t pid, int sig)
1618{
1619 if (pid > 0 && sig == SIGTERM) {
1620 HANDLE h = OpenProcess(PROCESS_TERMINATE, FALSE, pid);
1621
1622 if (TerminateProcess(h, -1)) {
1623 CloseHandle(h);
1624 return 0;
1625 }
1626
1627 errno = err_win_to_posix(GetLastError());
1628 CloseHandle(h);
1629 return -1;
64a99eb4
NTND
1630 } else if (pid > 0 && sig == 0) {
1631 HANDLE h = OpenProcess(PROCESS_QUERY_INFORMATION, FALSE, pid);
1632 if (h) {
1633 CloseHandle(h);
1634 return 0;
1635 }
82fc07b7
EFL
1636 }
1637
1638 errno = EINVAL;
1639 return -1;
1640}
1641
343ff06d 1642/*
fe21c6b2
JS
1643 * UTF-8 versions of getenv(), putenv() and unsetenv().
1644 * Internally, they use the CRT's stock UNICODE routines
1645 * to avoid data loss.
343ff06d 1646 */
fe21c6b2 1647char *mingw_getenv(const char *name)
343ff06d 1648{
ca1b4116 1649#define GETENV_MAX_RETAIN 64
fe21c6b2
JS
1650 static char *values[GETENV_MAX_RETAIN];
1651 static int value_counter;
1652 int len_key, len_value;
1653 wchar_t *w_key;
1654 char *value;
1655 wchar_t w_value[32768];
343ff06d 1656
fe21c6b2
JS
1657 if (!name || !*name)
1658 return NULL;
ba26f296 1659
fe21c6b2
JS
1660 len_key = strlen(name) + 1;
1661 /* We cannot use xcalloc() here because that uses getenv() itself */
1662 w_key = calloc(len_key, sizeof(wchar_t));
1663 if (!w_key)
1664 die("Out of memory, (tried to allocate %u wchar_t's)", len_key);
1665 xutftowcs(w_key, name, len_key);
1666 len_value = GetEnvironmentVariableW(w_key, w_value, ARRAY_SIZE(w_value));
1667 if (!len_value && GetLastError() == ERROR_ENVVAR_NOT_FOUND) {
1668 free(w_key);
1669 return NULL;
ba26f296 1670 }
fe21c6b2
JS
1671 free(w_key);
1672
1673 len_value = len_value * 3 + 1;
1674 /* We cannot use xcalloc() here because that uses getenv() itself */
1675 value = calloc(len_value, sizeof(char));
1676 if (!value)
1677 die("Out of memory, (tried to allocate %u bytes)", len_value);
1678 xwcstoutf(value, w_value, len_value);
1679
1680 /*
1681 * We return `value` which is an allocated value and the caller is NOT
1682 * expecting to have to free it, so we keep a round-robin array,
1683 * invalidating the buffer after GETENV_MAX_RETAIN getenv() calls.
1684 */
1685 free(values[value_counter]);
1686 values[value_counter++] = value;
1687 if (value_counter >= ARRAY_SIZE(values))
1688 value_counter = 0;
1689
1690 return value;
ba26f296
JS
1691}
1692
fe21c6b2 1693int mingw_putenv(const char *namevalue)
ba26f296 1694{
fe21c6b2
JS
1695 int size;
1696 wchar_t *wide, *equal;
1697 BOOL result;
ba26f296 1698
fe21c6b2
JS
1699 if (!namevalue || !*namevalue)
1700 return 0;
ba26f296 1701
fe21c6b2
JS
1702 size = strlen(namevalue) * 2 + 1;
1703 wide = calloc(size, sizeof(wchar_t));
1704 if (!wide)
1705 die("Out of memory, (tried to allocate %u wchar_t's)", size);
1706 xutftowcs(wide, namevalue, size);
1707 equal = wcschr(wide, L'=');
1708 if (!equal)
1709 result = SetEnvironmentVariableW(wide, NULL);
1710 else {
1711 *equal = L'\0';
1712 result = SetEnvironmentVariableW(wide, equal + 1);
ba26f296 1713 }
fe21c6b2 1714 free(wide);
2affea41 1715
fe21c6b2
JS
1716 if (!result)
1717 errno = err_win_to_posix(GetLastError());
df599e96 1718
fe21c6b2 1719 return result ? 0 : -1;
06bc4b79
JS
1720}
1721
b7cc9f82 1722static void ensure_socket_initialization(void)
746fb857
JS
1723{
1724 WSADATA wsa;
b7cc9f82
MS
1725 static int initialized = 0;
1726
1727 if (initialized)
1728 return;
746fb857
JS
1729
1730 if (WSAStartup(MAKEWORD(2,2), &wsa))
1731 die("unable to initialize winsock subsystem, error %d",
1732 WSAGetLastError());
fe3b2b7b 1733
b9f0193b 1734 atexit((void(*)(void)) WSACleanup);
b7cc9f82
MS
1735 initialized = 1;
1736}
1737
13d24b01
PT
1738#undef gethostname
1739int mingw_gethostname(char *name, int namelen)
1740{
1741 ensure_socket_initialization();
1742 return gethostname(name, namelen);
1743}
1744
b7cc9f82
MS
1745#undef gethostbyname
1746struct hostent *mingw_gethostbyname(const char *host)
1747{
1748 ensure_socket_initialization();
746fb857
JS
1749 return gethostbyname(host);
1750}
1751
b9f0193b 1752#undef getaddrinfo
fe3b2b7b
MS
1753int mingw_getaddrinfo(const char *node, const char *service,
1754 const struct addrinfo *hints, struct addrinfo **res)
1755{
1756 ensure_socket_initialization();
b9f0193b 1757 return getaddrinfo(node, service, hints, res);
fe3b2b7b
MS
1758}
1759
746fb857
JS
1760int mingw_socket(int domain, int type, int protocol)
1761{
1762 int sockfd;
772991af
MP
1763 SOCKET s;
1764
1765 ensure_socket_initialization();
1766 s = WSASocket(domain, type, protocol, NULL, 0, 0);
746fb857
JS
1767 if (s == INVALID_SOCKET) {
1768 /*
1769 * WSAGetLastError() values are regular BSD error codes
1770 * biased by WSABASEERR.
1771 * However, strerror() does not know about networking
1772 * specific errors, which are values beginning at 38 or so.
1773 * Therefore, we choose to leave the biased error code
1774 * in errno so that _if_ someone looks up the code somewhere,
1775 * then it is at least the number that are usually listed.
1776 */
1777 errno = WSAGetLastError();
1778 return -1;
1779 }
1780 /* convert into a file descriptor */
1781 if ((sockfd = _open_osfhandle(s, O_RDWR|O_BINARY)) < 0) {
1782 closesocket(s);
1783 return error("unable to make a socket file descriptor: %s",
1784 strerror(errno));
1785 }
1786 return sockfd;
1787}
1788
1789#undef connect
1790int mingw_connect(int sockfd, struct sockaddr *sa, size_t sz)
1791{
1792 SOCKET s = (SOCKET)_get_osfhandle(sockfd);
1793 return connect(s, sa, sz);
1794}
1795
772991af
MP
1796#undef bind
1797int mingw_bind(int sockfd, struct sockaddr *sa, size_t sz)
1798{
1799 SOCKET s = (SOCKET)_get_osfhandle(sockfd);
1800 return bind(s, sa, sz);
1801}
1802
1803#undef setsockopt
1804int mingw_setsockopt(int sockfd, int lvl, int optname, void *optval, int optlen)
1805{
1806 SOCKET s = (SOCKET)_get_osfhandle(sockfd);
1807 return setsockopt(s, lvl, optname, (const char*)optval, optlen);
1808}
1809
a7941795
JS
1810#undef shutdown
1811int mingw_shutdown(int sockfd, int how)
1812{
1813 SOCKET s = (SOCKET)_get_osfhandle(sockfd);
1814 return shutdown(s, how);
1815}
1816
772991af
MP
1817#undef listen
1818int mingw_listen(int sockfd, int backlog)
1819{
1820 SOCKET s = (SOCKET)_get_osfhandle(sockfd);
1821 return listen(s, backlog);
1822}
1823
1824#undef accept
1825int mingw_accept(int sockfd1, struct sockaddr *sa, socklen_t *sz)
1826{
1827 int sockfd2;
1828
1829 SOCKET s1 = (SOCKET)_get_osfhandle(sockfd1);
1830 SOCKET s2 = accept(s1, sa, sz);
1831
1832 /* convert into a file descriptor */
1833 if ((sockfd2 = _open_osfhandle(s2, O_RDWR|O_BINARY)) < 0) {
1834 int err = errno;
1835 closesocket(s2);
1836 return error("unable to make a socket file descriptor: %s",
1837 strerror(err));
1838 }
1839 return sockfd2;
1840}
1841
ea9e98c3
JS
1842#undef rename
1843int mingw_rename(const char *pold, const char *pnew)
1844{
6ac6f878
JS
1845 DWORD attrs, gle;
1846 int tries = 0;
85faec9d
KB
1847 wchar_t wpold[MAX_PATH], wpnew[MAX_PATH];
1848 if (xutftowcs_path(wpold, pold) < 0 || xutftowcs_path(wpnew, pnew) < 0)
1849 return -1;
632f7017 1850
ea9e98c3
JS
1851 /*
1852 * Try native rename() first to get errno right.
1853 * It is based on MoveFile(), which cannot overwrite existing files.
1854 */
85faec9d 1855 if (!_wrename(wpold, wpnew))
ea9e98c3
JS
1856 return 0;
1857 if (errno != EEXIST)
1858 return -1;
6ac6f878 1859repeat:
85faec9d 1860 if (MoveFileExW(wpold, wpnew, MOVEFILE_REPLACE_EXISTING))
ea9e98c3
JS
1861 return 0;
1862 /* TODO: translate more errors */
6ac6f878
JS
1863 gle = GetLastError();
1864 if (gle == ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED &&
85faec9d 1865 (attrs = GetFileAttributesW(wpnew)) != INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES) {
632f7017 1866 if (attrs & FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DIRECTORY) {
4426fb51 1867 DWORD attrsold = GetFileAttributesW(wpold);
1868 if (attrsold == INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES ||
1869 !(attrsold & FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DIRECTORY))
1870 errno = EISDIR;
1871 else if (!_wrmdir(wpnew))
1872 goto repeat;
ea9e98c3
JS
1873 return -1;
1874 }
632f7017 1875 if ((attrs & FILE_ATTRIBUTE_READONLY) &&
85faec9d
KB
1876 SetFileAttributesW(wpnew, attrs & ~FILE_ATTRIBUTE_READONLY)) {
1877 if (MoveFileExW(wpold, wpnew, MOVEFILE_REPLACE_EXISTING))
632f7017 1878 return 0;
6ac6f878 1879 gle = GetLastError();
632f7017 1880 /* revert file attributes on failure */
85faec9d 1881 SetFileAttributesW(wpnew, attrs);
632f7017 1882 }
ea9e98c3 1883 }
6ac6f878
JS
1884 if (tries < ARRAY_SIZE(delay) && gle == ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED) {
1885 /*
1886 * We assume that some other process had the source or
1887 * destination file open at the wrong moment and retry.
1888 * In order to give the other process a higher chance to
1889 * complete its operation, we give up our time slice now.
1890 * If we have to retry again, we do sleep a bit.
1891 */
1892 Sleep(delay[tries]);
1893 tries++;
1894 goto repeat;
1895 }
c9b78400
HV
1896 if (gle == ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED &&
1897 ask_yes_no_if_possible("Rename from '%s' to '%s' failed. "
1898 "Should I try again?", pold, pnew))
1899 goto repeat;
1900
ea9e98c3
JS
1901 errno = EACCES;
1902 return -1;
1903}
1904
b1b95204
RJ
1905/*
1906 * Note that this doesn't return the actual pagesize, but
1907 * the allocation granularity. If future Windows specific git code
1908 * needs the real getpagesize function, we need to find another solution.
1909 */
1910int mingw_getpagesize(void)
1911{
1912 SYSTEM_INFO si;
1913 GetSystemInfo(&si);
1914 return si.dwAllocationGranularity;
1915}
1916
564be791
JS
1917/* See https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/ms724435.aspx */
1918enum EXTENDED_NAME_FORMAT {
1919 NameDisplay = 3,
1920 NameUserPrincipal = 8
1921};
1922
1923static char *get_extended_user_info(enum EXTENDED_NAME_FORMAT type)
1924{
1925 DECLARE_PROC_ADDR(secur32.dll, BOOL, GetUserNameExW,
1926 enum EXTENDED_NAME_FORMAT, LPCWSTR, PULONG);
1927 static wchar_t wbuffer[1024];
1928 DWORD len;
1929
1930 if (!INIT_PROC_ADDR(GetUserNameExW))
1931 return NULL;
1932
1933 len = ARRAY_SIZE(wbuffer);
1934 if (GetUserNameExW(type, wbuffer, &len)) {
1935 char *converted = xmalloc((len *= 3));
1936 if (xwcstoutf(converted, wbuffer, len) >= 0)
1937 return converted;
1938 free(converted);
1939 }
1940
1941 return NULL;
1942}
1943
501afcb8
JS
1944char *mingw_query_user_email(void)
1945{
1946 return get_extended_user_info(NameUserPrincipal);
1947}
1948
f4626df5
JS
1949struct passwd *getpwuid(int uid)
1950{
55b6513e 1951 static unsigned initialized;
f7597aca 1952 static char user_name[100];
55b6513e 1953 static struct passwd *p;
39a98e9b 1954 wchar_t buf[100];
55b6513e 1955 DWORD len;
f7597aca 1956
55b6513e
JS
1957 if (initialized)
1958 return p;
f7597aca 1959
697bdd22 1960 len = ARRAY_SIZE(buf);
39a98e9b
JS
1961 if (!GetUserNameW(buf, &len)) {
1962 initialized = 1;
1963 return NULL;
1964 }
1965
1966 if (xwcstoutf(user_name, buf, sizeof(user_name)) < 0) {
55b6513e 1967 initialized = 1;
f7597aca 1968 return NULL;
55b6513e
JS
1969 }
1970
1971 p = xmalloc(sizeof(*p));
1972 p->pw_name = user_name;
564be791
JS
1973 p->pw_gecos = get_extended_user_info(NameDisplay);
1974 if (!p->pw_gecos)
1975 p->pw_gecos = "unknown";
55b6513e
JS
1976 p->pw_dir = NULL;
1977
1978 initialized = 1;
1979 return p;
f4626df5
JS
1980}
1981
6072fc31
JS
1982static HANDLE timer_event;
1983static HANDLE timer_thread;
1984static int timer_interval;
1985static int one_shot;
176478a8 1986static sig_handler_t timer_fn = SIG_DFL, sigint_fn = SIG_DFL;
6072fc31
JS
1987
1988/* The timer works like this:
1989 * The thread, ticktack(), is a trivial routine that most of the time
1990 * only waits to receive the signal to terminate. The main thread tells
1991 * the thread to terminate by setting the timer_event to the signalled
1992 * state.
1993 * But ticktack() interrupts the wait state after the timer's interval
1994 * length to call the signal handler.
1995 */
1996
d7fa500f 1997static unsigned __stdcall ticktack(void *dummy)
6072fc31
JS
1998{
1999 while (WaitForSingleObject(timer_event, timer_interval) == WAIT_TIMEOUT) {
176478a8 2000 mingw_raise(SIGALRM);
6072fc31
JS
2001 if (one_shot)
2002 break;
2003 }
2004 return 0;
2005}
2006
2007static int start_timer_thread(void)
2008{
2009 timer_event = CreateEvent(NULL, FALSE, FALSE, NULL);
2010 if (timer_event) {
2011 timer_thread = (HANDLE) _beginthreadex(NULL, 0, ticktack, NULL, 0, NULL);
2012 if (!timer_thread )
2013 return errno = ENOMEM,
2014 error("cannot start timer thread");
2015 } else
2016 return errno = ENOMEM,
2017 error("cannot allocate resources for timer");
2018 return 0;
2019}
2020
2021static void stop_timer_thread(void)
2022{
2023 if (timer_event)
2024 SetEvent(timer_event); /* tell thread to terminate */
2025 if (timer_thread) {
72d63b2f 2026 int rc = WaitForSingleObject(timer_thread, 10000);
6072fc31
JS
2027 if (rc == WAIT_TIMEOUT)
2028 error("timer thread did not terminate timely");
2029 else if (rc != WAIT_OBJECT_0)
2030 error("waiting for timer thread failed: %lu",
2031 GetLastError());
2032 CloseHandle(timer_thread);
2033 }
2034 if (timer_event)
2035 CloseHandle(timer_event);
2036 timer_event = NULL;
2037 timer_thread = NULL;
2038}
2039
2040static inline int is_timeval_eq(const struct timeval *i1, const struct timeval *i2)
2041{
2042 return i1->tv_sec == i2->tv_sec && i1->tv_usec == i2->tv_usec;
2043}
2044
f4626df5
JS
2045int setitimer(int type, struct itimerval *in, struct itimerval *out)
2046{
6072fc31
JS
2047 static const struct timeval zero;
2048 static int atexit_done;
2049
2050 if (out != NULL)
2051 return errno = EINVAL,
2052 error("setitimer param 3 != NULL not implemented");
2053 if (!is_timeval_eq(&in->it_interval, &zero) &&
2054 !is_timeval_eq(&in->it_interval, &in->it_value))
2055 return errno = EINVAL,
2056 error("setitimer: it_interval must be zero or eq it_value");
2057
2058 if (timer_thread)
2059 stop_timer_thread();
2060
2061 if (is_timeval_eq(&in->it_value, &zero) &&
2062 is_timeval_eq(&in->it_interval, &zero))
2063 return 0;
2064
2065 timer_interval = in->it_value.tv_sec * 1000 + in->it_value.tv_usec / 1000;
2066 one_shot = is_timeval_eq(&in->it_interval, &zero);
2067 if (!atexit_done) {
2068 atexit(stop_timer_thread);
2069 atexit_done = 1;
2070 }
2071 return start_timer_thread();
f4626df5
JS
2072}
2073
2074int sigaction(int sig, struct sigaction *in, struct sigaction *out)
2075{
6072fc31
JS
2076 if (sig != SIGALRM)
2077 return errno = EINVAL,
2078 error("sigaction only implemented for SIGALRM");
2079 if (out != NULL)
2080 return errno = EINVAL,
2081 error("sigaction: param 3 != NULL not implemented");
2082
2083 timer_fn = in->sa_handler;
2084 return 0;
2085}
2086
2087#undef signal
2088sig_handler_t mingw_signal(int sig, sig_handler_t handler)
2089{
a4540658 2090 sig_handler_t old;
176478a8
EFL
2091
2092 switch (sig) {
2093 case SIGALRM:
a4540658 2094 old = timer_fn;
176478a8
EFL
2095 timer_fn = handler;
2096 break;
2097
2098 case SIGINT:
a4540658 2099 old = sigint_fn;
176478a8
EFL
2100 sigint_fn = handler;
2101 break;
2102
2103 default:
6072fc31 2104 return signal(sig, handler);
176478a8
EFL
2105 }
2106
6072fc31 2107 return old;
f4626df5 2108}
4804aabc 2109
176478a8
EFL
2110#undef raise
2111int mingw_raise(int sig)
2112{
2113 switch (sig) {
2114 case SIGALRM:
2115 if (timer_fn == SIG_DFL) {
2116 if (isatty(STDERR_FILENO))
2117 fputs("Alarm clock\n", stderr);
2118 exit(128 + SIGALRM);
2119 } else if (timer_fn != SIG_IGN)
2120 timer_fn(SIGALRM);
2121 return 0;
2122
2123 case SIGINT:
2124 if (sigint_fn == SIG_DFL)
2125 exit(128 + SIGINT);
2126 else if (sigint_fn != SIG_IGN)
2127 sigint_fn(SIGINT);
2128 return 0;
2129
446df603
JH
2130#if defined(_MSC_VER)
2131 case SIGILL:
2132 case SIGFPE:
2133 case SIGSEGV:
2134 case SIGTERM:
2135 case SIGBREAK:
2136 case SIGABRT:
2137 case SIGABRT_COMPAT:
2138 /*
2139 * The <signal.h> header in the MS C Runtime defines 8 signals
2140 * as being supported on the platform. Anything else causes an
2141 * "Invalid signal or error" (which in DEBUG builds causes the
2142 * Abort/Retry/Ignore dialog). We by-pass the CRT for things we
2143 * already know will fail.
2144 */
2145 return raise(sig);
2146 default:
2147 errno = EINVAL;
2148 return -1;
2149
2150#else
2151
176478a8
EFL
2152 default:
2153 return raise(sig);
446df603
JH
2154
2155#endif
2156
176478a8
EFL
2157 }
2158}
2159
7be401e0
PK
2160int link(const char *oldpath, const char *newpath)
2161{
85faec9d
KB
2162 wchar_t woldpath[MAX_PATH], wnewpath[MAX_PATH];
2163 if (xutftowcs_path(woldpath, oldpath) < 0 ||
2164 xutftowcs_path(wnewpath, newpath) < 0)
2165 return -1;
2166
1e1a876b 2167 if (!CreateHardLinkW(wnewpath, woldpath, NULL)) {
7be401e0
PK
2168 errno = err_win_to_posix(GetLastError());
2169 return -1;
2170 }
2171 return 0;
2172}
0dbbbc1e 2173
956d86d1 2174pid_t waitpid(pid_t pid, int *status, int options)
52de4db5
EFL
2175{
2176 HANDLE h = OpenProcess(SYNCHRONIZE | PROCESS_QUERY_INFORMATION,
2177 FALSE, pid);
2178 if (!h) {
2179 errno = ECHILD;
2180 return -1;
2181 }
2182
ef7108ca
EFL
2183 if (pid > 0 && options & WNOHANG) {
2184 if (WAIT_OBJECT_0 != WaitForSingleObject(h, 0)) {
2185 CloseHandle(h);
2186 return 0;
2187 }
2188 options &= ~WNOHANG;
2189 }
2190
52de4db5
EFL
2191 if (options == 0) {
2192 struct pinfo_t **ppinfo;
2193 if (WaitForSingleObject(h, INFINITE) != WAIT_OBJECT_0) {
2194 CloseHandle(h);
2195 return 0;
2196 }
2197
2198 if (status)
2199 GetExitCodeProcess(h, (LPDWORD)status);
2200
2201 EnterCriticalSection(&pinfo_cs);
2202
2203 ppinfo = &pinfo;
2204 while (*ppinfo) {
2205 struct pinfo_t *info = *ppinfo;
2206 if (info->pid == pid) {
2207 CloseHandle(info->proc);
2208 *ppinfo = info->next;
2209 free(info);
2210 break;
2211 }
2212 ppinfo = &info->next;
2213 }
2214
2215 LeaveCriticalSection(&pinfo_cs);
2216
2217 CloseHandle(h);
2218 return pid;
2219 }
2220 CloseHandle(h);
2221
2222 errno = EINVAL;
2223 return -1;
2224}
c2369bdf 2225
1c950a59
KB
2226int xutftowcsn(wchar_t *wcs, const char *utfs, size_t wcslen, int utflen)
2227{
2228 int upos = 0, wpos = 0;
2229 const unsigned char *utf = (const unsigned char*) utfs;
2230 if (!utf || !wcs || wcslen < 1) {
2231 errno = EINVAL;
2232 return -1;
2233 }
2234 /* reserve space for \0 */
2235 wcslen--;
2236 if (utflen < 0)
2237 utflen = INT_MAX;
2238
2239 while (upos < utflen) {
2240 int c = utf[upos++] & 0xff;
2241 if (utflen == INT_MAX && c == 0)
2242 break;
2243
2244 if (wpos >= wcslen) {
2245 wcs[wpos] = 0;
2246 errno = ERANGE;
2247 return -1;
2248 }
2249
2250 if (c < 0x80) {
2251 /* ASCII */
2252 wcs[wpos++] = c;
2253 } else if (c >= 0xc2 && c < 0xe0 && upos < utflen &&
2254 (utf[upos] & 0xc0) == 0x80) {
2255 /* 2-byte utf-8 */
2256 c = ((c & 0x1f) << 6);
2257 c |= (utf[upos++] & 0x3f);
2258 wcs[wpos++] = c;
2259 } else if (c >= 0xe0 && c < 0xf0 && upos + 1 < utflen &&
2260 !(c == 0xe0 && utf[upos] < 0xa0) && /* over-long encoding */
2261 (utf[upos] & 0xc0) == 0x80 &&
2262 (utf[upos + 1] & 0xc0) == 0x80) {
2263 /* 3-byte utf-8 */
2264 c = ((c & 0x0f) << 12);
2265 c |= ((utf[upos++] & 0x3f) << 6);
2266 c |= (utf[upos++] & 0x3f);
2267 wcs[wpos++] = c;
2268 } else if (c >= 0xf0 && c < 0xf5 && upos + 2 < utflen &&
2269 wpos + 1 < wcslen &&
2270 !(c == 0xf0 && utf[upos] < 0x90) && /* over-long encoding */
2271 !(c == 0xf4 && utf[upos] >= 0x90) && /* > \u10ffff */
2272 (utf[upos] & 0xc0) == 0x80 &&
2273 (utf[upos + 1] & 0xc0) == 0x80 &&
2274 (utf[upos + 2] & 0xc0) == 0x80) {
2275 /* 4-byte utf-8: convert to \ud8xx \udcxx surrogate pair */
2276 c = ((c & 0x07) << 18);
2277 c |= ((utf[upos++] & 0x3f) << 12);
2278 c |= ((utf[upos++] & 0x3f) << 6);
2279 c |= (utf[upos++] & 0x3f);
2280 c -= 0x10000;
2281 wcs[wpos++] = 0xd800 | (c >> 10);
2282 wcs[wpos++] = 0xdc00 | (c & 0x3ff);
2283 } else if (c >= 0xa0) {
2284 /* invalid utf-8 byte, printable unicode char: convert 1:1 */
2285 wcs[wpos++] = c;
2286 } else {
2287 /* invalid utf-8 byte, non-printable unicode: convert to hex */
2288 static const char *hex = "0123456789abcdef";
2289 wcs[wpos++] = hex[c >> 4];
2290 if (wpos < wcslen)
2291 wcs[wpos++] = hex[c & 0x0f];
2292 }
2293 }
2294 wcs[wpos] = 0;
2295 return wpos;
2296}
2297
2298int xwcstoutf(char *utf, const wchar_t *wcs, size_t utflen)
2299{
2300 if (!wcs || !utf || utflen < 1) {
2301 errno = EINVAL;
2302 return -1;
2303 }
2304 utflen = WideCharToMultiByte(CP_UTF8, 0, wcs, -1, utf, utflen, NULL, NULL);
2305 if (utflen)
2306 return utflen - 1;
2307 errno = ERANGE;
2308 return -1;
2309}
2310
0767172b 2311static void setup_windows_environment(void)
02e6edc0 2312{
1fc7bf79
JS
2313 char *tmp = getenv("TMPDIR");
2314
02e6edc0 2315 /* on Windows it is TMP and TEMP */
1fc7bf79
JS
2316 if (!tmp) {
2317 if (!(tmp = getenv("TMP")))
02e6edc0 2318 tmp = getenv("TEMP");
1fc7bf79 2319 if (tmp) {
02e6edc0 2320 setenv("TMPDIR", tmp, 1);
1fc7bf79
JS
2321 tmp = getenv("TMPDIR");
2322 }
2323 }
2324
2325 if (tmp) {
2326 /*
2327 * Convert all dir separators to forward slashes,
2328 * to help shell commands called from the Git
2329 * executable (by not mistaking the dir separators
2330 * for escape characters).
2331 */
8e9b2080 2332 convert_slashes(tmp);
02e6edc0
KB
2333 }
2334
2335 /* simulate TERM to enable auto-color (see color.c) */
2336 if (!getenv("TERM"))
2337 setenv("TERM", "cygwin", 1);
e12a9556
KB
2338
2339 /* calculate HOME if not set */
2340 if (!getenv("HOME")) {
2341 /*
2342 * try $HOMEDRIVE$HOMEPATH - the home share may be a network
2343 * location, thus also check if the path exists (i.e. is not
2344 * disconnected)
2345 */
2346 if ((tmp = getenv("HOMEDRIVE"))) {
2347 struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
2348 strbuf_addstr(&buf, tmp);
2349 if ((tmp = getenv("HOMEPATH"))) {
2350 strbuf_addstr(&buf, tmp);
2351 if (is_directory(buf.buf))
2352 setenv("HOME", buf.buf, 1);
2353 else
2354 tmp = NULL; /* use $USERPROFILE */
2355 }
2356 strbuf_release(&buf);
2357 }
2358 /* use $USERPROFILE if the home share is not available */
2359 if (!tmp && (tmp = getenv("USERPROFILE")))
2360 setenv("HOME", tmp, 1);
2361 }
02e6edc0
KB
2362}
2363
396ff754 2364#if !defined(_MSC_VER)
5901dc66
KB
2365/*
2366 * Disable MSVCRT command line wildcard expansion (__getmainargs called from
2367 * mingw startup code, see init.c in mingw runtime).
2368 */
2369int _CRT_glob = 0;
396ff754 2370#endif
3f046148 2371
0767172b 2372static NORETURN void die_startup(void)
3f046148
KB
2373{
2374 fputs("fatal: not enough memory for initialization", stderr);
2375 exit(128);
2376}
2377
6f1c189c
KB
2378static void *malloc_startup(size_t size)
2379{
2380 void *result = malloc(size);
2381 if (!result)
2382 die_startup();
2383 return result;
2384}
2385
2386static char *wcstoutfdup_startup(char *buffer, const wchar_t *wcs, size_t len)
2387{
2388 len = xwcstoutf(buffer, wcs, len) + 1;
2389 return memcpy(malloc_startup(len), buffer, len);
2390}
2391
3f944424
JS
2392static void maybe_redirect_std_handle(const wchar_t *key, DWORD std_id, int fd,
2393 DWORD desired_access, DWORD flags)
2394{
2395 DWORD create_flag = fd ? OPEN_ALWAYS : OPEN_EXISTING;
2396 wchar_t buf[MAX_PATH];
2397 DWORD max = ARRAY_SIZE(buf);
2398 HANDLE handle;
2399 DWORD ret = GetEnvironmentVariableW(key, buf, max);
2400
2401 if (!ret || ret >= max)
2402 return;
2403
2404 /* make sure this does not leak into child processes */
2405 SetEnvironmentVariableW(key, NULL);
2406 if (!wcscmp(buf, L"off")) {
2407 close(fd);
2408 handle = GetStdHandle(std_id);
2409 if (handle != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
2410 CloseHandle(handle);
2411 return;
2412 }
1a172e4a
JS
2413 if (std_id == STD_ERROR_HANDLE && !wcscmp(buf, L"2>&1")) {
2414 handle = GetStdHandle(STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE);
2415 if (handle == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE) {
2416 close(fd);
2417 handle = GetStdHandle(std_id);
2418 if (handle != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
2419 CloseHandle(handle);
2420 } else {
2421 int new_fd = _open_osfhandle((intptr_t)handle, O_BINARY);
2422 SetStdHandle(std_id, handle);
2423 dup2(new_fd, fd);
2424 /* do *not* close the new_fd: that would close stdout */
2425 }
2426 return;
2427 }
3f944424
JS
2428 handle = CreateFileW(buf, desired_access, 0, NULL, create_flag,
2429 flags, NULL);
2430 if (handle != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE) {
2431 int new_fd = _open_osfhandle((intptr_t)handle, O_BINARY);
2432 SetStdHandle(std_id, handle);
2433 dup2(new_fd, fd);
2434 close(new_fd);
2435 }
2436}
2437
2438static void maybe_redirect_std_handles(void)
2439{
2440 maybe_redirect_std_handle(L"GIT_REDIRECT_STDIN", STD_INPUT_HANDLE, 0,
2441 GENERIC_READ, FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL);
2442 maybe_redirect_std_handle(L"GIT_REDIRECT_STDOUT", STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE, 1,
2443 GENERIC_WRITE, FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL);
2444 maybe_redirect_std_handle(L"GIT_REDIRECT_STDERR", STD_ERROR_HANDLE, 2,
2445 GENERIC_WRITE, FILE_FLAG_NO_BUFFERING);
2446}
2447
dce7d295
JH
2448#ifdef _MSC_VER
2449#ifdef _DEBUG
2450#include <crtdbg.h>
2451#endif
2452#endif
2453
396ff754
JS
2454/*
2455 * We implement wmain() and compile with -municode, which would
2456 * normally ignore main(), but we call the latter from the former
2457 * so that we can handle non-ASCII command-line parameters
2458 * appropriately.
2459 *
2460 * To be more compatible with the core git code, we convert
2461 * argv into UTF8 and pass them directly to main().
2462 */
2463int wmain(int argc, const wchar_t **wargv)
13f1df43 2464{
396ff754
JS
2465 int i, maxlen, exit_status;
2466 char *buffer, **save;
2467 const char **argv;
3f046148 2468
a0897249
JH
2469 trace2_initialize_clock();
2470
556702f8 2471#ifdef _MSC_VER
f6a63937
JS
2472#ifdef _DEBUG
2473 _CrtSetReportMode(_CRT_ASSERT, _CRTDBG_MODE_DEBUG);
2474#endif
2475
556702f8
JH
2476#ifdef USE_MSVC_CRTDBG
2477 _CrtSetDbgFlag(_CRTDBG_ALLOC_MEM_DF | _CRTDBG_LEAK_CHECK_DF);
2478#endif
2479#endif
2480
3f944424
JS
2481 maybe_redirect_std_handles();
2482
3f046148 2483 /* determine size of argv and environ conversion buffer */
86e25458 2484 maxlen = wcslen(wargv[0]);
3f046148
KB
2485 for (i = 1; i < argc; i++)
2486 maxlen = max(maxlen, wcslen(wargv[i]));
2487
2488 /* allocate buffer (wchar_t encodes to max 3 UTF-8 bytes) */
2489 maxlen = 3 * maxlen + 1;
6f1c189c 2490 buffer = malloc_startup(maxlen);
3f046148 2491
396ff754
JS
2492 /*
2493 * Create a UTF-8 version of w_argv. Also create a "save" copy
2494 * to remember all the string pointers because parse_options()
2495 * will remove claimed items from the argv that we pass down.
2496 */
2497 ALLOC_ARRAY(argv, argc + 1);
2498 ALLOC_ARRAY(save, argc + 1);
86e25458 2499 for (i = 0; i < argc; i++)
396ff754
JS
2500 argv[i] = save[i] = wcstoutfdup_startup(buffer, wargv[i], maxlen);
2501 argv[i] = save[i] = NULL;
3f046148 2502 free(buffer);
13f1df43 2503
6dc71543 2504 /* fix Windows specific environment settings */
02e6edc0 2505 setup_windows_environment();
baea068d 2506
0e218f91
JS
2507 unset_environment_variables = xstrdup("PERL5LIB");
2508
13f1df43
KB
2509 /* initialize critical section for waitpid pinfo_t list */
2510 InitializeCriticalSection(&pinfo_cs);
2511
2512 /* set up default file mode and file modes for stdin/out/err */
2513 _fmode = _O_BINARY;
2514 _setmode(_fileno(stdin), _O_BINARY);
2515 _setmode(_fileno(stdout), _O_BINARY);
2516 _setmode(_fileno(stderr), _O_BINARY);
eac14f89
KB
2517
2518 /* initialize Unicode console */
2519 winansi_init();
396ff754
JS
2520
2521 /* invoke the real main() using our utf8 version of argv. */
2522 exit_status = main(argc, argv);
2523
2524 for (i = 0; i < argc; i++)
2525 free(save[i]);
2526 free(save);
2527 free(argv);
2528
2529 return exit_status;
13f1df43 2530}
7b6aff06
NTND
2531
2532int uname(struct utsname *buf)
2533{
d62c89af 2534 unsigned v = (unsigned)GetVersion();
7b6aff06 2535 memset(buf, 0, sizeof(*buf));
5096d490
JK
2536 xsnprintf(buf->sysname, sizeof(buf->sysname), "Windows");
2537 xsnprintf(buf->release, sizeof(buf->release),
2538 "%u.%u", v & 0xff, (v >> 8) & 0xff);
7b6aff06 2539 /* assuming NT variants only.. */
5096d490
JK
2540 xsnprintf(buf->version, sizeof(buf->version),
2541 "%u", (v >> 16) & 0x7fff);
7b6aff06
NTND
2542 return 0;
2543}