Merge branch 'maint'
[git/git.git] / config.c
CommitLineData
10bea152
JS
1/*
2 * GIT - The information manager from hell
3 *
4 * Copyright (C) Linus Torvalds, 2005
5 * Copyright (C) Johannes Schindelin, 2005
6 *
7 */
17712991 8#include "cache.h"
10bea152 9#include <regex.h>
17712991
LT
10
11#define MAXNAME (256)
12
13static FILE *config_file;
0dccc7dc 14static const char *config_file_name;
17712991
LT
15static int config_linenr;
16static int get_next_char(void)
17{
18 int c;
19 FILE *f;
20
21 c = '\n';
22 if ((f = config_file) != NULL) {
23 c = fgetc(f);
db2c075d
JH
24 if (c == '\r') {
25 /* DOS like systems */
26 c = fgetc(f);
27 if (c != '\n') {
28 ungetc(c, f);
29 c = '\r';
30 }
31 }
17712991
LT
32 if (c == '\n')
33 config_linenr++;
34 if (c == EOF) {
35 config_file = NULL;
36 c = '\n';
37 }
38 }
39 return c;
40}
41
42static char *parse_value(void)
43{
44 static char value[1024];
45 int quote = 0, comment = 0, len = 0, space = 0;
46
47 for (;;) {
48 int c = get_next_char();
49 if (len >= sizeof(value))
50 return NULL;
51 if (c == '\n') {
52 if (quote)
53 return NULL;
54 value[len] = 0;
55 return value;
56 }
57 if (comment)
58 continue;
59 if (isspace(c) && !quote) {
60 space = 1;
61 continue;
62 }
7ebdba61
JS
63 if (!quote) {
64 if (c == ';' || c == '#') {
65 comment = 1;
66 continue;
67 }
68 }
17712991
LT
69 if (space) {
70 if (len)
71 value[len++] = ' ';
72 space = 0;
73 }
74 if (c == '\\') {
75 c = get_next_char();
76 switch (c) {
77 case '\n':
78 continue;
79 case 't':
80 c = '\t';
81 break;
82 case 'b':
83 c = '\b';
84 break;
85 case 'n':
86 c = '\n';
87 break;
5cbb401d
LT
88 /* Some characters escape as themselves */
89 case '\\': case '"':
90 break;
91 /* Reject unknown escape sequences */
92 default:
93 return NULL;
17712991
LT
94 }
95 value[len++] = c;
96 continue;
97 }
98 if (c == '"') {
99 quote = 1-quote;
100 continue;
101 }
17712991
LT
102 value[len++] = c;
103 }
104}
105
106static int get_value(config_fn_t fn, char *name, unsigned int len)
107{
108 int c;
109 char *value;
110
111 /* Get the full name */
112 for (;;) {
113 c = get_next_char();
114 if (c == EOF)
115 break;
116 if (!isalnum(c))
117 break;
118 name[len++] = tolower(c);
119 if (len >= MAXNAME)
120 return -1;
121 }
122 name[len] = 0;
123 while (c == ' ' || c == '\t')
124 c = get_next_char();
125
126 value = NULL;
127 if (c != '\n') {
128 if (c != '=')
129 return -1;
130 value = parse_value();
131 if (!value)
132 return -1;
133 }
134 return fn(name, value);
135}
136
d14f7764
LT
137static int get_extended_base_var(char *name, int baselen, int c)
138{
139 do {
140 if (c == '\n')
141 return -1;
142 c = get_next_char();
143 } while (isspace(c));
144
145 /* We require the format to be '[base "extension"]' */
146 if (c != '"')
147 return -1;
148 name[baselen++] = '.';
149
150 for (;;) {
151 int c = get_next_char();
152 if (c == '\n')
153 return -1;
154 if (c == '"')
155 break;
156 if (c == '\\') {
157 c = get_next_char();
158 if (c == '\n')
159 return -1;
160 }
161 name[baselen++] = c;
162 if (baselen > MAXNAME / 2)
163 return -1;
164 }
165
166 /* Final ']' */
167 if (get_next_char() != ']')
168 return -1;
169 return baselen;
170}
171
17712991
LT
172static int get_base_var(char *name)
173{
174 int baselen = 0;
175
176 for (;;) {
177 int c = get_next_char();
178 if (c == EOF)
179 return -1;
180 if (c == ']')
181 return baselen;
d14f7764
LT
182 if (isspace(c))
183 return get_extended_base_var(name, baselen, c);
b17e659d 184 if (!isalnum(c) && c != '.')
17712991
LT
185 return -1;
186 if (baselen > MAXNAME / 2)
187 return -1;
188 name[baselen++] = tolower(c);
189 }
190}
191
192static int git_parse_file(config_fn_t fn)
193{
194 int comment = 0;
195 int baselen = 0;
196 static char var[MAXNAME];
197
198 for (;;) {
199 int c = get_next_char();
200 if (c == '\n') {
201 /* EOF? */
202 if (!config_file)
203 return 0;
204 comment = 0;
205 continue;
206 }
207 if (comment || isspace(c))
208 continue;
209 if (c == '#' || c == ';') {
210 comment = 1;
211 continue;
212 }
213 if (c == '[') {
214 baselen = get_base_var(var);
215 if (baselen <= 0)
216 break;
217 var[baselen++] = '.';
218 var[baselen] = 0;
219 continue;
220 }
221 if (!isalpha(c))
222 break;
128af9d1 223 var[baselen] = tolower(c);
17712991
LT
224 if (get_value(fn, var, baselen+1) < 0)
225 break;
226 }
4f629539 227 die("bad config file line %d in %s", config_linenr, config_file_name);
17712991
LT
228}
229
230int git_config_int(const char *name, const char *value)
231{
232 if (value && *value) {
233 char *end;
234 int val = strtol(value, &end, 0);
235 if (!*end)
236 return val;
237 }
4f629539 238 die("bad config value for '%s' in %s", name, config_file_name);
17712991
LT
239}
240
241int git_config_bool(const char *name, const char *value)
242{
243 if (!value)
244 return 1;
245 if (!*value)
246 return 0;
624314fd 247 if (!strcasecmp(value, "true") || !strcasecmp(value, "yes"))
17712991 248 return 1;
624314fd 249 if (!strcasecmp(value, "false") || !strcasecmp(value, "no"))
17712991
LT
250 return 0;
251 return git_config_int(name, value) != 0;
252}
253
254int git_default_config(const char *var, const char *value)
255{
256 /* This needs a better name */
257 if (!strcmp(var, "core.filemode")) {
258 trust_executable_bit = git_config_bool(var, value);
259 return 0;
260 }
261
5f73076c
JH
262 if (!strcmp(var, "core.ignorestat")) {
263 assume_unchanged = git_config_bool(var, value);
264 return 0;
265 }
266
e388c738
JH
267 if (!strcmp(var, "core.prefersymlinkrefs")) {
268 prefer_symlink_refs = git_config_bool(var, value);
f8348be3
JS
269 return 0;
270 }
271
6de08ae6
SP
272 if (!strcmp(var, "core.logallrefupdates")) {
273 log_all_ref_updates = git_config_bool(var, value);
274 return 0;
275 }
276
2f8acdb3
JH
277 if (!strcmp(var, "core.warnambiguousrefs")) {
278 warn_ambiguous_refs = git_config_bool(var, value);
279 return 0;
280 }
281
93821bd9
LT
282 if (!strcmp(var, "core.legacyheaders")) {
283 use_legacy_headers = git_config_bool(var, value);
284 return 0;
285 }
286
12f6c308
JBH
287 if (!strcmp(var, "core.compression")) {
288 int level = git_config_int(var, value);
289 if (level == -1)
290 level = Z_DEFAULT_COMPRESSION;
291 else if (level < 0 || level > Z_BEST_COMPRESSION)
292 die("bad zlib compression level %d", level);
293 zlib_compression_level = level;
294 return 0;
295 }
296
e1b10391 297 if (!strcmp(var, "user.name")) {
817151e6 298 strlcpy(git_default_name, value, sizeof(git_default_name));
e1b10391
LT
299 return 0;
300 }
301
302 if (!strcmp(var, "user.email")) {
817151e6 303 strlcpy(git_default_email, value, sizeof(git_default_email));
e1b10391
LT
304 return 0;
305 }
306
4e72dcec 307 if (!strcmp(var, "i18n.commitencoding")) {
817151e6 308 strlcpy(git_commit_encoding, value, sizeof(git_commit_encoding));
4e72dcec
JH
309 return 0;
310 }
311
aa086eb8
ML
312 if (!strcmp(var, "pager.color")) {
313 pager_use_color = git_config_bool(var,value);
314 return 0;
315 }
316
1ab661dd 317 /* Add other config variables here and to Documentation/config.txt. */
17712991
LT
318 return 0;
319}
320
4f629539 321int git_config_from_file(config_fn_t fn, const char *filename)
17712991
LT
322{
323 int ret;
4f629539 324 FILE *f = fopen(filename, "r");
17712991
LT
325
326 ret = -1;
327 if (f) {
328 config_file = f;
4f629539 329 config_file_name = filename;
17712991
LT
330 config_linenr = 1;
331 ret = git_parse_file(fn);
332 fclose(f);
4f629539 333 config_file_name = NULL;
17712991
LT
334 }
335 return ret;
336}
10bea152 337
4f629539
JH
338int git_config(config_fn_t fn)
339{
5f1a63e0
JS
340 int ret = 0;
341 char *repo_config = NULL;
342 const char *home = NULL, *filename;
343
344 /* $GIT_CONFIG makes git read _only_ the given config file,
345 * $GIT_CONFIG_LOCAL will make it process it in addition to the
346 * global config file, the same way it would the per-repository
347 * config file otherwise. */
348 filename = getenv("GIT_CONFIG");
349 if (!filename) {
350 home = getenv("HOME");
7f29f7a9 351 filename = getenv("GIT_CONFIG_LOCAL");
5f1a63e0 352 if (!filename)
9befac47 353 filename = repo_config = xstrdup(git_path("config"));
7f29f7a9 354 }
5f1a63e0
JS
355
356 if (home) {
9befac47 357 char *user_config = xstrdup(mkpath("%s/.gitconfig", home));
e33d0611 358 if (!access(user_config, R_OK))
5f1a63e0
JS
359 ret = git_config_from_file(fn, user_config);
360 free(user_config);
361 }
362
363 ret += git_config_from_file(fn, filename);
4cac42b1 364 free(repo_config);
5f1a63e0 365 return ret;
4f629539
JH
366}
367
10bea152
JS
368/*
369 * Find all the stuff for git_config_set() below.
370 */
4ddba79d
JS
371
372#define MAX_MATCHES 512
373
10bea152
JS
374static struct {
375 int baselen;
376 char* key;
f98d863d 377 int do_not_match;
10bea152 378 regex_t* value_regex;
4ddba79d
JS
379 int multi_replace;
380 off_t offset[MAX_MATCHES];
10bea152
JS
381 enum { START, SECTION_SEEN, SECTION_END_SEEN, KEY_SEEN } state;
382 int seen;
383} store;
384
f98d863d
JS
385static int matches(const char* key, const char* value)
386{
387 return !strcmp(key, store.key) &&
388 (store.value_regex == NULL ||
389 (store.do_not_match ^
390 !regexec(store.value_regex, value, 0, NULL, 0)));
391}
392
10bea152
JS
393static int store_aux(const char* key, const char* value)
394{
395 switch (store.state) {
396 case KEY_SEEN:
f98d863d 397 if (matches(key, value)) {
4ddba79d 398 if (store.seen == 1 && store.multi_replace == 0) {
10bea152
JS
399 fprintf(stderr,
400 "Warning: %s has multiple values\n",
401 key);
4ddba79d
JS
402 } else if (store.seen >= MAX_MATCHES) {
403 fprintf(stderr, "Too many matches\n");
404 return 1;
10bea152 405 }
4ddba79d
JS
406
407 store.offset[store.seen] = ftell(config_file);
10bea152
JS
408 store.seen++;
409 }
410 break;
411 case SECTION_SEEN:
412 if (strncmp(key, store.key, store.baselen+1)) {
413 store.state = SECTION_END_SEEN;
414 break;
415 } else
4ddba79d
JS
416 /* do not increment matches: this is no match */
417 store.offset[store.seen] = ftell(config_file);
10bea152
JS
418 /* fallthru */
419 case SECTION_END_SEEN:
420 case START:
f98d863d 421 if (matches(key, value)) {
4ddba79d 422 store.offset[store.seen] = ftell(config_file);
10bea152
JS
423 store.state = KEY_SEEN;
424 store.seen++;
d14f7764
LT
425 } else {
426 if (strrchr(key, '.') - key == store.baselen &&
bdf0ef08 427 !strncmp(key, store.key, store.baselen)) {
93ddef3e 428 store.state = SECTION_SEEN;
bdf0ef08 429 store.offset[store.seen] = ftell(config_file);
d14f7764 430 }
bdf0ef08 431 }
10bea152
JS
432 }
433 return 0;
434}
435
436static void store_write_section(int fd, const char* key)
437{
d14f7764
LT
438 const char *dot = strchr(key, '.');
439 int len1 = store.baselen, len2 = -1;
440
441 dot = strchr(key, '.');
442 if (dot) {
443 int dotlen = dot - key;
444 if (dotlen < len1) {
445 len2 = len1 - dotlen - 1;
446 len1 = dotlen;
447 }
448 }
449
10bea152 450 write(fd, "[", 1);
d14f7764
LT
451 write(fd, key, len1);
452 if (len2 >= 0) {
453 write(fd, " \"", 2);
454 while (--len2 >= 0) {
455 unsigned char c = *++dot;
456 if (c == '"')
457 write(fd, "\\", 1);
458 write(fd, &c, 1);
459 }
460 write(fd, "\"", 1);
461 }
10bea152
JS
462 write(fd, "]\n", 2);
463}
464
465static void store_write_pair(int fd, const char* key, const char* value)
466{
467 int i;
468
469 write(fd, "\t", 1);
470 write(fd, key+store.baselen+1,
471 strlen(key+store.baselen+1));
472 write(fd, " = ", 3);
473 for (i = 0; value[i]; i++)
474 switch (value[i]) {
475 case '\n': write(fd, "\\n", 2); break;
476 case '\t': write(fd, "\\t", 2); break;
477 case '"': case '\\': write(fd, "\\", 1);
478 default: write(fd, value+i, 1);
479 }
480 write(fd, "\n", 1);
481}
482
4ddba79d
JS
483static int find_beginning_of_line(const char* contents, int size,
484 int offset_, int* found_bracket)
485{
486 int equal_offset = size, bracket_offset = size;
487 int offset;
488
489 for (offset = offset_-2; offset > 0
490 && contents[offset] != '\n'; offset--)
491 switch (contents[offset]) {
492 case '=': equal_offset = offset; break;
493 case ']': bracket_offset = offset; break;
494 }
495 if (bracket_offset < equal_offset) {
496 *found_bracket = 1;
497 offset = bracket_offset+1;
498 } else
499 offset++;
500
501 return offset;
502}
503
10bea152
JS
504int git_config_set(const char* key, const char* value)
505{
4ddba79d 506 return git_config_set_multivar(key, value, NULL, 0);
10bea152
JS
507}
508
509/*
510 * If value==NULL, unset in (remove from) config,
511 * if value_regex!=NULL, disregard key/value pairs where value does not match.
4ddba79d
JS
512 * if multi_replace==0, nothing, or only one matching key/value is replaced,
513 * else all matching key/values (regardless how many) are removed,
514 * before the new pair is written.
10bea152
JS
515 *
516 * Returns 0 on success.
517 *
518 * This function does this:
519 *
520 * - it locks the config file by creating ".git/config.lock"
521 *
522 * - it then parses the config using store_aux() as validator to find
523 * the position on the key/value pair to replace. If it is to be unset,
524 * it must be found exactly once.
525 *
526 * - the config file is mmap()ed and the part before the match (if any) is
527 * written to the lock file, then the changed part and the rest.
528 *
529 * - the config file is removed and the lock file rename()d to it.
530 *
531 */
532int git_config_set_multivar(const char* key, const char* value,
4ddba79d 533 const char* value_regex, int multi_replace)
10bea152 534{
d14f7764 535 int i, dot;
f8ba655e 536 int fd = -1, in_fd;
dafc88b1 537 int ret;
9c3796fc
JS
538 char* config_filename;
539 char* lock_file;
b17e659d 540 const char* last_dot = strrchr(key, '.');
4ddba79d 541
9c3796fc
JS
542 config_filename = getenv("GIT_CONFIG");
543 if (!config_filename) {
544 config_filename = getenv("GIT_CONFIG_LOCAL");
545 if (!config_filename)
546 config_filename = git_path("config");
547 }
9befac47
SP
548 config_filename = xstrdup(config_filename);
549 lock_file = xstrdup(mkpath("%s.lock", config_filename));
9c3796fc 550
10bea152
JS
551 /*
552 * Since "key" actually contains the section name and the real
553 * key name separated by a dot, we have to know where the dot is.
554 */
b17e659d 555
dafc88b1 556 if (last_dot == NULL) {
10bea152 557 fprintf(stderr, "key does not contain a section: %s\n", key);
dafc88b1
SH
558 ret = 2;
559 goto out_free;
10bea152 560 }
b17e659d
JS
561 store.baselen = last_dot - key;
562
563 store.multi_replace = multi_replace;
10bea152
JS
564
565 /*
566 * Validate the key and while at it, lower case it for matching.
567 */
2d7320d0 568 store.key = xmalloc(strlen(key) + 1);
d14f7764
LT
569 dot = 0;
570 for (i = 0; key[i]; i++) {
571 unsigned char c = key[i];
572 if (c == '.')
573 dot = 1;
574 /* Leave the extended basename untouched.. */
575 if (!dot || i > store.baselen) {
576 if (!isalnum(c) || (i == store.baselen+1 && !isalpha(c))) {
577 fprintf(stderr, "invalid key: %s\n", key);
578 free(store.key);
579 ret = 1;
580 goto out_free;
581 }
582 c = tolower(c);
583 }
584 store.key[i] = c;
585 }
3dd94e3b 586 store.key[i] = 0;
10bea152
JS
587
588 /*
589 * The lock_file serves a purpose in addition to locking: the new
590 * contents of .git/config will be written into it.
591 */
592 fd = open(lock_file, O_WRONLY | O_CREAT | O_EXCL, 0666);
138086a7 593 if (fd < 0 || adjust_shared_perm(lock_file)) {
10bea152
JS
594 fprintf(stderr, "could not lock config file\n");
595 free(store.key);
dafc88b1
SH
596 ret = -1;
597 goto out_free;
10bea152
JS
598 }
599
600 /*
601 * If .git/config does not exist yet, write a minimal version.
602 */
88fb958b
AR
603 in_fd = open(config_filename, O_RDONLY);
604 if ( in_fd < 0 ) {
10bea152
JS
605 free(store.key);
606
88fb958b
AR
607 if ( ENOENT != errno ) {
608 error("opening %s: %s", config_filename,
609 strerror(errno));
dafc88b1
SH
610 ret = 3; /* same as "invalid config file" */
611 goto out_free;
88fb958b 612 }
10bea152
JS
613 /* if nothing to unset, error out */
614 if (value == NULL) {
dafc88b1
SH
615 ret = 5;
616 goto out_free;
10bea152
JS
617 }
618
619 store.key = (char*)key;
10bea152
JS
620 store_write_section(fd, key);
621 store_write_pair(fd, key, value);
622 } else{
88fb958b 623 struct stat st;
10bea152 624 char* contents;
4ddba79d 625 int i, copy_begin, copy_end, new_line = 0;
10bea152
JS
626
627 if (value_regex == NULL)
628 store.value_regex = NULL;
629 else {
f98d863d
JS
630 if (value_regex[0] == '!') {
631 store.do_not_match = 1;
632 value_regex++;
633 } else
634 store.do_not_match = 0;
635
2d7320d0 636 store.value_regex = (regex_t*)xmalloc(sizeof(regex_t));
10bea152
JS
637 if (regcomp(store.value_regex, value_regex,
638 REG_EXTENDED)) {
7246ed43 639 fprintf(stderr, "Invalid pattern: %s\n",
10bea152
JS
640 value_regex);
641 free(store.value_regex);
dafc88b1
SH
642 ret = 6;
643 goto out_free;
10bea152
JS
644 }
645 }
646
4ddba79d 647 store.offset[0] = 0;
10bea152
JS
648 store.state = START;
649 store.seen = 0;
650
651 /*
652 * After this, store.offset will contain the *end* offset
653 * of the last match, or remain at 0 if no match was found.
654 * As a side effect, we make sure to transform only a valid
655 * existing config file.
656 */
9c3796fc 657 if (git_config_from_file(store_aux, config_filename)) {
10bea152
JS
658 fprintf(stderr, "invalid config file\n");
659 free(store.key);
660 if (store.value_regex != NULL) {
661 regfree(store.value_regex);
662 free(store.value_regex);
663 }
dafc88b1
SH
664 ret = 3;
665 goto out_free;
10bea152
JS
666 }
667
668 free(store.key);
669 if (store.value_regex != NULL) {
670 regfree(store.value_regex);
671 free(store.value_regex);
672 }
673
4ddba79d
JS
674 /* if nothing to unset, or too many matches, error out */
675 if ((store.seen == 0 && value == NULL) ||
676 (store.seen > 1 && multi_replace == 0)) {
dafc88b1
SH
677 ret = 5;
678 goto out_free;
10bea152
JS
679 }
680
88fb958b 681 fstat(in_fd, &st);
10bea152
JS
682 contents = mmap(NULL, st.st_size, PROT_READ,
683 MAP_PRIVATE, in_fd, 0);
684 close(in_fd);
685
4ddba79d
JS
686 if (store.seen == 0)
687 store.seen = 1;
688
689 for (i = 0, copy_begin = 0; i < store.seen; i++) {
690 if (store.offset[i] == 0) {
691 store.offset[i] = copy_end = st.st_size;
692 } else if (store.state != KEY_SEEN) {
693 copy_end = store.offset[i];
10bea152 694 } else
4ddba79d
JS
695 copy_end = find_beginning_of_line(
696 contents, st.st_size,
697 store.offset[i]-2, &new_line);
698
699 /* write the first part of the config */
700 if (copy_end > copy_begin) {
701 write(fd, contents + copy_begin,
702 copy_end - copy_begin);
703 if (new_line)
704 write(fd, "\n", 1);
705 }
706 copy_begin = store.offset[i];
10bea152
JS
707 }
708
10bea152
JS
709 /* write the pair (value == NULL means unset) */
710 if (value != NULL) {
711 if (store.state == START)
712 store_write_section(fd, key);
713 store_write_pair(fd, key, value);
714 }
715
716 /* write the rest of the config */
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717 if (copy_begin < st.st_size)
718 write(fd, contents + copy_begin,
719 st.st_size - copy_begin);
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720
721 munmap(contents, st.st_size);
3a2f2bb3 722 unlink(config_filename);
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723 }
724
3a2f2bb3 725 if (rename(lock_file, config_filename) < 0) {
10bea152 726 fprintf(stderr, "Could not rename the lock file?\n");
dafc88b1
SH
727 ret = 4;
728 goto out_free;
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729 }
730
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731 ret = 0;
732
733out_free:
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734 if (0 <= fd)
735 close(fd);
4cac42b1 736 free(config_filename);
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JH
737 if (lock_file) {
738 unlink(lock_file);
dafc88b1 739 free(lock_file);
f8ba655e 740 }
dafc88b1 741 return ret;
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742}
743
4ddba79d 744