Merge branch 'jk/capabilities-doc'
[git/git.git] / parse-options.h
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1#ifndef PARSE_OPTIONS_H
2#define PARSE_OPTIONS_H
3
4enum parse_opt_type {
db7244bd 5 /* special types */
4a59fd13 6 OPTION_END,
580d5bff 7 OPTION_ARGUMENT,
d7a38c54 8 OPTION_GROUP,
e0319ff5 9 OPTION_NUMBER,
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10 /* options with no arguments */
11 OPTION_BIT,
2f4b97f9 12 OPTION_NEGBIT,
b04ba2bb 13 OPTION_COUNTUP,
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14 OPTION_SET_INT,
15 OPTION_SET_PTR,
16 /* options with arguments (usually) */
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17 OPTION_STRING,
18 OPTION_INTEGER,
ffe659f9 19 OPTION_CALLBACK,
b0b3a8b6 20 OPTION_LOWLEVEL_CALLBACK,
df217ed6 21 OPTION_FILENAME
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22};
23
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24/* Deprecated synonym */
25#define OPTION_BOOLEAN OPTION_COUNTUP
26
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27enum parse_opt_flags {
28 PARSE_OPT_KEEP_DASHDASH = 1,
a0ec9d25 29 PARSE_OPT_STOP_AT_NON_OPTION = 2,
a32a4eaa 30 PARSE_OPT_KEEP_ARGV0 = 4,
b5ce3a54 31 PARSE_OPT_KEEP_UNKNOWN = 8,
4b05548f 32 PARSE_OPT_NO_INTERNAL_HELP = 16
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33};
34
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35enum parse_opt_option_flags {
36 PARSE_OPT_OPTARG = 1,
f481e22a 37 PARSE_OPT_NOARG = 2,
db7244bd 38 PARSE_OPT_NONEG = 4,
dd3bf0f4 39 PARSE_OPT_HIDDEN = 8,
1cc6985c 40 PARSE_OPT_LASTARG_DEFAULT = 16,
51a9949e 41 PARSE_OPT_NODASH = 32,
29f25d49 42 PARSE_OPT_LITERAL_ARGHELP = 64,
47e9cd28 43 PARSE_OPT_SHELL_EVAL = 256
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44};
45
46struct option;
47typedef int parse_opt_cb(const struct option *, const char *arg, int unset);
48
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49struct parse_opt_ctx_t;
50typedef int parse_opt_ll_cb(struct parse_opt_ctx_t *ctx,
51 const struct option *opt, int unset);
52
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53/*
54 * `type`::
55 * holds the type of the option, you must have an OPTION_END last in your
56 * array.
57 *
58 * `short_name`::
59 * the character to use as a short option name, '\0' if none.
60 *
61 * `long_name`::
62 * the long option name, without the leading dashes, NULL if none.
63 *
64 * `value`::
65 * stores pointers to the values to be filled.
66 *
67 * `argh`::
68 * token to explain the kind of argument this option wants. Keep it
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69 * homogeneous across the repository. Should be wrapped by N_() for
70 * translation.
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71 *
72 * `help`::
73 * the short help associated to what the option does.
74 * Must never be NULL (except for OPTION_END).
75 * OPTION_GROUP uses this pointer to store the group header.
54e6dc7d 76 * Should be wrapped by N_() for translation.
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77 *
78 * `flags`::
79 * mask of parse_opt_option_flags.
3ea3c215 80 * PARSE_OPT_OPTARG: says that the argument is optional (not for BOOLEANs)
ef45e4da 81 * PARSE_OPT_NOARG: says that this option does not take an argument
db7244bd 82 * PARSE_OPT_NONEG: says that this option cannot be negated
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83 * PARSE_OPT_HIDDEN: this option is skipped in the default usage, and
84 * shown only in the full usage.
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85 * PARSE_OPT_LASTARG_DEFAULT: says that this option will take the default
86 * value if no argument is given when the option
87 * is last on the command line. If the option is
88 * not last it will require an argument.
89 * Should not be used with PARSE_OPT_OPTARG.
51a9949e 90 * PARSE_OPT_NODASH: this option doesn't start with a dash.
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91 * PARSE_OPT_LITERAL_ARGHELP: says that argh shouldn't be enclosed in brackets
92 * (i.e. '<argh>') in the help message.
93 * Useful for options with multiple parameters.
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94 *
95 * `callback`::
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96 * pointer to the callback to use for OPTION_CALLBACK or
97 * OPTION_LOWLEVEL_CALLBACK.
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98 *
99 * `defval`::
100 * default value to fill (*->value) with for PARSE_OPT_OPTARG.
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101 * OPTION_{BIT,SET_INT,SET_PTR} store the {mask,integer,pointer} to put in
102 * the value when met.
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103 * CALLBACKS can use it like they want.
104 */
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105struct option {
106 enum parse_opt_type type;
107 int short_name;
108 const char *long_name;
109 void *value;
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110 const char *argh;
111 const char *help;
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112
113 int flags;
114 parse_opt_cb *callback;
ffe659f9 115 intptr_t defval;
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116};
117
118#define OPT_END() { OPTION_END }
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119#define OPT_ARGUMENT(l, h) { OPTION_ARGUMENT, 0, (l), NULL, NULL, \
120 (h), PARSE_OPT_NOARG}
d7a38c54 121#define OPT_GROUP(h) { OPTION_GROUP, 0, NULL, NULL, NULL, (h) }
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122#define OPT_BIT(s, l, v, h, b) { OPTION_BIT, (s), (l), (v), NULL, (h), \
123 PARSE_OPT_NOARG, NULL, (b) }
124#define OPT_NEGBIT(s, l, v, h, b) { OPTION_NEGBIT, (s), (l), (v), NULL, \
125 (h), PARSE_OPT_NOARG, NULL, (b) }
b04ba2bb 126#define OPT_COUNTUP(s, l, v, h) { OPTION_COUNTUP, (s), (l), (v), NULL, \
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127 (h), PARSE_OPT_NOARG }
128#define OPT_SET_INT(s, l, v, h, i) { OPTION_SET_INT, (s), (l), (v), NULL, \
129 (h), PARSE_OPT_NOARG, NULL, (i) }
b04ba2bb 130#define OPT_BOOL(s, l, v, h) OPT_SET_INT(s, l, v, h, 1)
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131#define OPT_SET_PTR(s, l, v, h, p) { OPTION_SET_PTR, (s), (l), (v), NULL, \
132 (h), PARSE_OPT_NOARG, NULL, (p) }
54e6dc7d 133#define OPT_INTEGER(s, l, v, h) { OPTION_INTEGER, (s), (l), (v), N_("n"), (h) }
d7a38c54 134#define OPT_STRING(s, l, v, a, h) { OPTION_STRING, (s), (l), (v), (a), (h) }
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135#define OPT_STRING_LIST(s, l, v, a, h) \
136 { OPTION_CALLBACK, (s), (l), (v), (a), \
137 (h), 0, &parse_opt_string_list }
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138#define OPT_UYN(s, l, v, h) { OPTION_CALLBACK, (s), (l), (v), NULL, \
139 (h), PARSE_OPT_NOARG, &parse_opt_tertiary }
1f4a711a 140#define OPT_DATE(s, l, v, h) \
54e6dc7d 141 { OPTION_CALLBACK, (s), (l), (v), N_("time"),(h), 0, \
1f4a711a 142 parse_opt_approxidate_cb }
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143#define OPT_EXPIRY_DATE(s, l, v, h) \
144 { OPTION_CALLBACK, (s), (l), (v), N_("expiry date"),(h), 0, \
145 parse_opt_expiry_date_cb }
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146#define OPT_CALLBACK(s, l, v, a, h, f) \
147 { OPTION_CALLBACK, (s), (l), (v), (a), (h), 0, (f) }
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148#define OPT_NUMBER_CALLBACK(v, h, f) \
149 { OPTION_NUMBER, 0, NULL, (v), NULL, (h), \
150 PARSE_OPT_NOARG | PARSE_OPT_NONEG, (f) }
df217ed6 151#define OPT_FILENAME(s, l, v, h) { OPTION_FILENAME, (s), (l), (v), \
54e6dc7d 152 N_("file"), (h) }
73e9da01 153#define OPT_COLOR_FLAG(s, l, v, h) \
54e6dc7d 154 { OPTION_CALLBACK, (s), (l), (v), N_("when"), (h), PARSE_OPT_OPTARG, \
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155 parse_opt_color_flag_cb, (intptr_t)"always" }
156
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157#define OPT_NOOP_NOARG(s, l) \
158 { OPTION_CALLBACK, (s), (l), NULL, NULL, \
54e6dc7d 159 N_("no-op (backward compatibility)"), \
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160 PARSE_OPT_HIDDEN | PARSE_OPT_NOARG, parse_opt_noop_cb }
161
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162/* Deprecated synonym */
163#define OPT_BOOLEAN OPT_COUNTUP
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164
165/* parse_options() will filter out the processed options and leave the
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166 * non-option arguments in argv[]. usagestr strings should be marked
167 * for translation with N_().
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168 * Returns the number of arguments left in argv[].
169 */
37782920 170extern int parse_options(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix,
4a59fd13 171 const struct option *options,
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172 const char * const usagestr[], int flags);
173
174extern NORETURN void usage_with_options(const char * const *usagestr,
175 const struct option *options);
4a59fd13 176
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177extern NORETURN void usage_msg_opt(const char *msg,
178 const char * const *usagestr,
179 const struct option *options);
180
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181extern int optbug(const struct option *opt, const char *reason);
182extern int opterror(const struct option *opt, const char *reason, int flags);
5ded807f 183#if defined(__GNUC__) && ! defined(clang)
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184#define opterror(o,r,f) (opterror((o),(r),(f)), -1)
185#endif
186
3ea3c215 187/*----- incremental advanced APIs -----*/
7e7bbcb4 188
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189enum {
190 PARSE_OPT_HELP = -1,
191 PARSE_OPT_DONE,
979240fe 192 PARSE_OPT_NON_OPTION,
4b05548f 193 PARSE_OPT_UNKNOWN
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194};
195
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196/*
197 * It's okay for the caller to consume argv/argc in the usual way.
198 * Other fields of that structure are private to parse-options and should not
199 * be modified in any way.
200 */
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201struct parse_opt_ctx_t {
202 const char **argv;
203 const char **out;
204 int argc, cpidx;
205 const char *opt;
206 int flags;
37782920 207 const char *prefix;
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208};
209
210extern void parse_options_start(struct parse_opt_ctx_t *ctx,
37782920 211 int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix,
9ca1169f 212 const struct option *options, int flags);
7e7bbcb4 213
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214extern int parse_options_step(struct parse_opt_ctx_t *ctx,
215 const struct option *options,
216 const char * const usagestr[]);
217
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218extern int parse_options_end(struct parse_opt_ctx_t *ctx);
219
8b74d75c 220extern int parse_options_concat(struct option *dst, size_t, struct option *src);
7e7bbcb4 221
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222/*----- some often used options -----*/
223extern int parse_opt_abbrev_cb(const struct option *, const char *, int);
1f4a711a 224extern int parse_opt_approxidate_cb(const struct option *, const char *, int);
27ec394a 225extern int parse_opt_expiry_date_cb(const struct option *, const char *, int);
73e9da01 226extern int parse_opt_color_flag_cb(const struct option *, const char *, int);
7f87aff2 227extern int parse_opt_verbosity_cb(const struct option *, const char *, int);
269defdf 228extern int parse_opt_with_commit(const struct option *, const char *, int);
cb6020bb 229extern int parse_opt_tertiary(const struct option *, const char *, int);
c8ba1639 230extern int parse_opt_string_list(const struct option *, const char *, int);
6acec038 231extern int parse_opt_noop_cb(const struct option *, const char *, int);
0ce865b1 232
fd03881a 233#define OPT__VERBOSE(var, h) OPT_BOOLEAN('v', "verbose", (var), (h))
d52ee6e6 234#define OPT__QUIET(var, h) OPT_BOOLEAN('q', "quiet", (var), (h))
7f87aff2 235#define OPT__VERBOSITY(var) \
54e6dc7d 236 { OPTION_CALLBACK, 'v', "verbose", (var), NULL, N_("be more verbose"), \
7f87aff2 237 PARSE_OPT_NOARG, &parse_opt_verbosity_cb, 0 }, \
54e6dc7d 238 { OPTION_CALLBACK, 'q', "quiet", (var), NULL, N_("be more quiet"), \
7f87aff2 239 PARSE_OPT_NOARG, &parse_opt_verbosity_cb, 0 }
e21adb8c 240#define OPT__DRY_RUN(var, h) OPT_BOOLEAN('n', "dry-run", (var), (h))
76946b76 241#define OPT__FORCE(var, h) OPT_BOOLEAN('f', "force", (var), (h))
0ce865b1 242#define OPT__ABBREV(var) \
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243 { OPTION_CALLBACK, 0, "abbrev", (var), N_("n"), \
244 N_("use <n> digits to display SHA-1s"), \
0ce865b1 245 PARSE_OPT_OPTARG, &parse_opt_abbrev_cb, 0 }
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246#define OPT__COLOR(var, h) \
247 OPT_COLOR_FLAG(0, "color", (var), (h))
7e29b825 248#define OPT_COLUMN(s, l, v, h) \
a054e049 249 { OPTION_CALLBACK, (s), (l), (v), N_("style"), (h), PARSE_OPT_OPTARG, parseopt_column_callback }
0ce865b1 250
4a59fd13 251#endif